An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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<< < -es -iv -ti 21- a p abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi ads aes Age Alb Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app app arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att Aur aut axi azi bac Bal Bar Bar Bay Bec Ber bet bic bij bin bio Bir bla Bla blu blu bol Boo bou bra Bre bro bug C r cal Cal can car Car Cas cat cau cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che cho cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- cod coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cop Cor cor cor cos cos Cou cou CP cre cri cro CSP cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec dee def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu doc doo dou dow Dru dus dwa dyn Dys Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ Era est eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext eye fac fal Far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fit fla flo flu fol for for Fou fra fre Fre ful fuz Gal gal Gal gam gas Gau gen gen geo geo geo gib glo gos gra gra gra gra Gre gri gui H I hal Ham har Haw hea hei hel Hel her het hie hig Hob hom Hor hot Hub hum Huy hyd hyd hyp hyp ico if ima imp imp in- inc Ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins int int int int int int int int int inv ion iro ise iso iso Jab jet Jov Jur Kee Kep kil Kis kry Lag lam lan Lar lat law lea lem lep Li lig lim lin lin lin lit loc loc lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lym mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec meg Mer Mer met met met mic mid mil Min Mir mix mod mod MOL mon mor mov mul mur N66 Nap nat nea neg Ner neu New New nic nod non non non nor nov nuc nul num O-t obl obs obt och off Ohm on- opa Oph opt opt ora orb ord Ori ort osc out ove ozo pal pan par par par par pat pec pen per per per per per Pfu pha pho pho pho phy pie pla Pla Pla pla pla Plo poi pol pol pol pol por pos pot pow pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro Pro pro Pru pul pul Pyt qua qua qua qua quo rad rad rad rad rad rad ram Ran rat re- rea rec rec red red ref ref reg Reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho rif Rin Rob Rom rot rot rul S D Sai san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky Slo sno sof sol sol sol sol sor sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr SS sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto str str stu sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swe syn syn tad Tau tel ten ter tet the the the thi Tho thr tid tim Tit top tot tra tra tra tra tre tri Tro tru tur TW Typ U G ult unb und uni uni uns ura use val vap vec Vel Ven Ver Vie Vir vir vis vol W V war wav wav wea Wei Wez wid win WN3 Wol Wro Y d YOR zen zir > >>

Number of Results: 12974 Search : far
progression
  فرایازی   
farâyâzi (#)

Fr.: progression   

Math.: A succession of numbers or quantities in which there is a constant relation between each member and the one succeeding it. See also → arithmetic progression, → geometric progression, → harmonic progression.

From O.Fr. progression, from L. progressionem "a going forward," from progressus, p.p. of progredi "go forward," from → pro- "forward" + gradi "to step, walk," from gradus "step."

Farâyâzi, from farâ-, → pro-, + yâzi, verbal noun of yâzidan "to stretch out the arms; grow up;" Parthian Mid.Pers. y'd "to reach a goal, come to, stretch out;" Av. yat- to reach, take one's place," yaiiata "places,' frā-iiatāt "has reached;" cf. Skt. yat- "to be in place, put in place, line up;" PIE base *iet- "to be in place."

project
  ۱) فراشان؛ ۲) فراشاندن   
1) farâšân; 2) farâšândan

Fr.: 1) projet; 2) projeter   

1) (n.) A specific task or planned program of investigation, especially in scholarship.
2a) (v.) To propose, contemplate, or plan.
2b) To throw or cause to fall upon a surface or into space, as a ray of light or a shadow.
2c) To cause (a figure or image) to appear, as on a background.
2d) Geometry: To transform the points of one figure into those of another by a correspondence between points.

1) From L. projectum "something thrown forth," noun use of neuter of projectus, p.p. of projicere "to stretch out, throw forth," from → pro- "forward" + combining form of jacere (p.p. jactus) "to throw."
2) From L. projectus, as above.

Farâšândan, from farâ- "forward," → pro- + šândan, from ešândan "to eject," from Hamadâni ešândan "to throw out," Laki owštan "to throw, to shoot (with bow and arrow);" Lori šane "throwing," šane kerde "to throw;" Av. ah- "to throw," present ahya- "throws," asta- "thrown, shot," astar- "thrower, shooter;" cf. Khotanese ah- "to throw, shoot," Skt. as- "to throw, shoot," ásyati "throws," ásana- "throw, shot," asanā- "missile."

project director
  راشتار ِ فراشان   
râštâr-e farâšân

Fr.: directeur de recherche   

A person who directs a project.

project; → director.

project manager
  گنارگر ِ فراشان   
gonârgar-e farâšân

Fr.: chef de projet   

A person who is responsible for directing and controlling the work and staff of a project.

project; → manager.

projected rotational velocity
  تندای چرخشی ِ فراشانده   
tondâ-ye carxeši-ye farâšândé

Fr.: vitesse rotationnelle projetée   

The → angular velocity of a star deduced from the → rotational broadening of its → spectral lines. It is expressed as v sini, where i is the → inclination of the rotational axis with respect to the normal to the → plane of the sky. The real equatorial rotational velocity can be determined only if the inclination of the rotational axis is known.

Projected, p.p. of → project; → rotational; → velocity.

projectile
  پرتابه   
partâbé (#)

Fr.: projectile   

A body projected or impelled forward, as through the air.

From Mod.L. projectilis, from L. projectus, p.p. of proicere; → project.

Partâbé, from partâb "a throw, an arrow that flies far," partâbidan "to throw," from Proto-Iranian *para-tau-, from *para- "forward," → pro- + *tau- "to throw, spread, sow;" cf. Tabari tâb "throwing," tâb dəən "to throw;" Chorasmian mftw- "to perish, be destroyed, disturbed;" Ossetic aeftawyn "to throw on; to increase; to pull out."

projection
  فراشانش   
farâšâneš

Fr.: projection   

1) The act, process, or result of projecting.
2) The act of reproducing on a surface, by optical means, a remote image on a film, slide, etc.

Verbal noun of → project.

projector
  فراشانگر، فراشاننده   
farâšângar, farâšânandé

Fr.: projecteur   

An apparatus for projecting an image from a film, a slide onto a screen.
A device for projecting a beam of light.

project + → -or.

prolate
  کشیده   
kešidé (#)

Fr.: allongé   

Elongated in the direction of the polar diameter; opposed to → oblate

From L. prolatus, pt.p. of proferre "to bring forward, extend," from → pro- + → oblate.

Kešidé p.p. of Mod./Mid.Pers. kešidan, kašidan "to draw, protract, trail, drag, carry," dialectal Yaqnavi xaš "to draw," Qomi xaš "streak, stria, mark," Lori kerr "line;" Av. karš- "to draw; to plow," karša- "furrow;" Proto-Iranian *kerš-/*xrah- "to draw, plow;" cf. Skt. kars-, kársati "to pull, drag, plow;" Gk. pelo, pelomai "to move, to bustle;" PIE base kwels- "to plow."

prolate spheroid
  کره‌وار ِ کشیده   
korevâr-e kešidé

Fr.: sphéroïde allongé   

An ellipsoid produced by rotating an ellipse through 360° about its major axis. → oblate spheroid.

prolate; → spheroid.

Prometheus
  پرومتیءوس   
Prometeus (#)

Fr.: Prométhée   

The third closest satellite of Saturn, also known as Saturn XVI, orbiting at a distance of 139,350 km. It orbits Saturn in 0.613 days and acts as a shepherd moon to Saturn's F ring beyond it. It is irregularly shaped, 145 x 85 x 62 km. Prometheus was iscovered by S. Collins and others in 1980 from Voyager photos.

In Gk. mythology, Prometheus was a Titan who stole fire from Olympus and gave it to humankind, for which Zeus punished him horribly; son of Iapetus; brother of Atlas and Epimetheus. The name literally means "forethought," from from promethes "thinking before," from → pro- "before" + mathein "to learn," from enlargement of PIE base *men- "to think;" → idea for Pers. cognates.

promethium
  پرومتیوم   
prometiom (#)

Fr.: prométhium   

Artificially produced radioactive chemical element; symbol Pm, the last of the rare-earths family elements to be discovered. Atomic number 61; mass number of most stable isotope 145; melting point 1,042°C; boiling point 3,000°C.

From → Prometheus. The name promethium was preferred to prometheum because most metallic elements have names ending in ium and eum would have caused problems.

prominence
  زبانه   
zabâné (#)

Fr.: protubérance   

A loop of hot, luminous gas in the Sun's → corona consisting of cool dense → plasma supported by magnetic fields. Prominences appear bright when seen against the cool blackness of space. When they are in silhouette against the disk they are known as → filaments. Their spectrum is dominated by lines of hydrogen, helium, and calcium. Prominences have temperatures of about 10,000 K, typical of the solar → chromosphere, and densities 100 times greater than the corona. There are → quiescent prominences and → active prominences.

From L. prominentia "a jutting out, protuberance," from prominere "jut or stand out," from → pro- "forward" + minere "to project."

Zabâné "tongue-like" (flame), from zabân "tongue; → language," + suffix .

promise
  ۱) فرگُت؛ ۲) فرگُتیدن   
1) fargot; 2) fargotidan

Fr.: 1) promesse; 2) promettre   

1a) A declaration that something will or will not be done, given, etc., by one.
1b) An express assurance on which expectation is to be based.
2) To engage or undertake by promise; to make a promise (Dictionary.com).

M.E. promis(se), from O.Fr. promesse "promise, guarantee, assurance" and directly from L. promissum "a promise," from promittere "send forth; let go; assure beforehand, promise," from → pro- + mittere "to release; send."

Fargot, literally "word (say, saying) put forth," from far-, variant of farâ-, → pro-, + got, from gotan, gutan (as in Kurd. (Kurm.) gôtin, guhtin, (Sor.) gutin, Gilaki gutan, Shahmerzadi. -got- "to speak"), variant of goftan "to say, tell, utter," Mid.Pers. guftan; O.Pers. gaub- "to say."

promising
  فرگتنده   
fargotandé

Fr.: prometteur   

Showing signs of future success (OxfordDictionaries.com).

promise; → -ing.

promote
  فرکشنیدن، فرکشن کردن   
farkašanidan, farkašan kardan

Fr.: promouvoir   

1) To further or encourage the progress or existence of.
2) To raise to a higher rank, status, degree, etc.
3) (Education) To advance (a pupil or student) to a higher course, class, etc.
4) To urge the adoption of; work for.
5) (Marketing) To encourage the sale of (a product) by advertising or securing financial support (FreeDictionary.com).

M.E. promoten, from O.Fr. promoter and directly from L. promotus, p.p. of promoverepro- "forward" + movere "to → move."

Farkašanidan, farkašan kardan, verb from farkašan, → promotion.

promotion
  فرکشن   
farkašan

Fr.: promotion   

1) The act of promoting someone to a higher job, grade, or rank, or the fact of being so promoted.
2) Support or encouragement of the progress, growth, or acceptance of something.
3) An act, event, or offer that helps to increase interest in or demand for something (FreeDictionary.com).

Verbal noun of → promote.

Farkašan, literally "draw forward, pull up," from far-, variant of farâ-, → pro-, + kašan "drawing, pull," from kaš present stem of kašidan, → galaxy, + noun suffix -an.

prompt
  تند، بی‌درنگ   
tond (#), biderang (#)

Fr.: rapide, instantané, prompt   

Quick, at once or without delay.

M.E., from O.Fr. prompt, from L. promptus "brought forth, ready, quick," p.p. of promere "to bring forth," from → pro- "forward" + emere "to take."

Tond, "swift, rapid, brisk; fierce, severe," Mid.Pers. tund "sharp, violent;" Sogdian tund "violent;" cf. Skt. tod- "to thrust, give a push," tudáti "he thrusts;" L. tundere "to thrust, to hit" (Fr. percer, E. pierce, ultimately from L. pertusus, from p.p. of pertundere "to thrust or bore through," from per- + tundere, as explained); PIE base *(s)teud- "to thrust, to beat."
Biderang "without delay," from bi- negation prefix, → in-, + derang, → delay.

prompt neutrons
  نوترون‌های ِ تند   
notronhâ-ye tond (#)

Fr.: neutrons instantanés   

Neutrons emitted immediately by a nucleus undergoing fission, as opposed to → delayed neutrons, which are emitted by one of the fission products an appreciable time interval after the fission event (from a few milliseconds to a few minutes).

prompt; → neutron.

prompt supernova explosion
  اسکفت ِ تند ِ نو‌اختر، ~ بی‌درنگ ِ ~   
oskaft-e tond-e abar-now-axtar, ~ biderang-e ~

Fr.: explosion rapide de supernova   

A mechanism predicted by theoretical models of → supernova explosion in the case when the → supernova shock breaks through the outer edge of the collapsing → iron core before losing all of its energy (through → photodisintegration of the iron nuclei) and manages to expel the stellar envelope. Compare with → delayed supernova explosion.

prompt; → supernova; → explosion. See also → delay.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- a p abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi ads aes Age Alb Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app app arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att Aur aut axi azi bac Bal Bar Bar Bay Bec Ber bet bic bij bin bio Bir bla Bla blu blu bol Boo bou bra Bre bro bug C r cal Cal can car Car Cas cat cau cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che cho cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- cod coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cop Cor cor cor cos cos Cou cou CP cre cri cro CSP cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec dee def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu doc doo dou dow Dru dus dwa dyn Dys Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ Era est eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext eye fac fal Far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fit fla flo flu fol for for Fou fra fre Fre ful fuz Gal gal Gal gam gas Gau gen gen geo geo geo gib glo gos gra gra gra gra Gre gri gui H I hal Ham har Haw hea hei hel Hel her het hie hig Hob hom Hor hot Hub hum Huy hyd hyd hyp hyp ico if ima imp imp in- inc Ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins int int int int int int int int int inv ion iro ise iso iso Jab jet Jov Jur Kee Kep kil Kis kry Lag lam lan Lar lat law lea lem lep Li lig lim lin lin lin lit loc loc lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lym mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec meg Mer Mer met met met mic mid mil Min Mir mix mod mod MOL mon mor mov mul mur N66 Nap nat nea neg Ner neu New New nic nod non non non nor nov nuc nul num O-t obl obs obt och off Ohm on- opa Oph opt opt ora orb ord Ori ort osc out ove ozo pal pan par par par par pat pec pen per per per per per Pfu pha pho pho pho phy pie pla Pla Pla pla pla Plo poi pol pol pol pol por pos pot pow pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro Pro pro Pru pul pul Pyt qua qua qua qua quo rad rad rad rad rad rad ram Ran rat re- rea rec rec red red ref ref reg Reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho rif Rin Rob Rom rot rot rul S D Sai san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky Slo sno sof sol sol sol sol sor sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr SS sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto str str stu sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swe syn syn tad Tau tel ten ter tet the the the thi Tho thr tid tim Tit top tot tra tra tra tra tre tri Tro tru tur TW Typ U G ult unb und uni uni uns ura use val vap vec Vel Ven Ver Vie Vir vir vis vol W V war wav wav wea Wei Wez wid win WN3 Wol Wro Y d YOR zen zir > >>