An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 12948 Search : far
radiative heating
  گرمش ِ تابشی   
garmeš-e tâbeši

Fr.: chauffage radiatif   

The process by which temperature increases due to an excess of absorbed radiation over emitted radiation.

radiative; → heating.

radiative levitation
  بالاشد ِ تابشی   
bâlâšod tâbeši

Fr.: lévitation radiative   

A physical process occurring in → stellar atmospheres whereby → radiation pressure selectively pushes certain → chemical elements outward, leading to an atmospheric overabundance of such elements. See also → gravitational settling.

radiative; → levitation.

radiative phase
  فاز ِ تابشی   
fâz-e tâbeši

Fr.: phase radiative   

For a → supernova remnant (SNR), same as the → snowplow phase.

radiative; → phase.

radiative process
  فراروند ِ تابشی   
farâravand-e tâbeši

Fr.: processus radiatif   

An process in which an excited state loses its absorbed energy by emission of radiation. → non-radiative process.

radiative; → process.

radiative recombination
  بازمیازش ِ تابشی   
bâzmiyâzeš-e tâbeši

Fr.: recombinaison radiative   

The process by which an ionized atom binds a free electron in a → plasma to produce a new atomic state with the subsequent radiation of photons.

radiative; → recombination.

radiative shock
  تش ِ تابشی، شوک ِ ~   
toš-e tâbeši, šok-e ~

Fr.: choc radiatif   

A → shock wave in which the → time-scale for → cooling is much shorter than the appropriate → dynamical or → evolutionary time-scale of the system that drives the shock. Radiative shock waves are believed to play a key role in a variety of different astrophysical environments, including → magnetic cataclysmic variables, → jets from → young stellar objects, → accretion in → T Tauri stars, → colliding stellar winds, and → supernova remnants.

radiative; → shock.

radiative transfer
  تراواژ ِ تابش، ~ تابشی   
tarâvâž-e tâbeš, ~ tâbeši

Fr.: transfer radiatif, ~ de rayonnement   

The process by which the → electromagnetic radiation passes through a medium that may contain any combination of → scatterers, → absorbers, and → emitters.

radiative; → transfer.

radiative transfer equation
  هموگش ِ تراوَژ ِ تابش   
hamugeš-e tarâvaž-e tâbeš

Fr.: équation de transfer radiatif, ~ ~ de rayonnement   

The equation that describes the → radiative transfer. It states that the → specific intensity of radiation Iσ during its propagation in a medium is subject to losses due to → extinction and to → gains due to → emission: dIσ/dx = - μσ . Iσ + ρ . jσ, where x is the coordinate along the → optical path, μσ is the → extinction coefficient, ρ is the mass → density, and jσ is the → emission coefficient per unit mass.

radiative; → transfer; → equation.

radiative transition
  گذرش ِ تابشی   
gozareš-e tâbeši

Fr.: transition radiative   

A transition between two states of an atomic or molecular entity, the energy difference being emitted or absorbed as photons.

radiative; → transition.

radiative zone
  زنار ِ تابشی   
zonâr-e tâbeši

Fr.: zone radiative   

The region of a star in which the energy generated by → nuclear fusion in the core is transferred outward by → electromagnetic radiation and not by → convection. Such zones occur in the interior of low-mass stars, like the Sun, and the envelopes of → massive star. The radiative zone of the Sun starts at the edge of the core of the Sun, about 0.2 solar radii, and extends up to about 0.7 radii, just below the → convective zone.

radiative; → zone.

radiatively driven wind
  باد ِ تابشی   
bâd-e tâbeši

Fr.: vent radiatif   

Same as → radiation-driven wind

radiative; → drive; → wind.

radical
  ریشه، ریشگی، ریشال   
rišé (#), rišegi (#), rišâl

Fr.: racine   

1) Math.: The indicated root of a quantity, as denoted by an expression written under the → radical sign.
2) Chemistry: A group of atoms present in a series of compounds which conserves its identity in the course of chemical changes which affect the rest of the molecule. For example, the → cyano radical and → hydroxyl group.

M.E., from L.L. radicalis "of or having roots," from → radix "root."

root.

radical axis
  آسه‌ی ِ پایه   
âse-ye pâyé

Fr.: axe radical   

Of two circles, the straight line containing all points P such that the lengths of the tangents from P to the two circles are equal.

radical; → axis.

radical sign
  نشانه‌ی ِ ریشال، ~ ریشگی   
nešâne-ye rišâl, ~ rišegi

Fr.: signe radical   

The symbol √ placed before a number or quantity to indicate the extraction of the square root. The value of a higher (the n-th) root is indicated by a raised positive digit (n) in front of the symbol, as in 3√ (cube root). The first known occurrence of this symbol was in the book Die Cross, published in 1525, by the German mathematician Christoff Rudolff.

radical; → symbol.

radii
  شعاعها   
šo'â'hâ

Fr.: rayons   

Plural form of → radius.

radius.

radio
  ۱)؛ ۲) رادیو؛ ۳) پرتو، رادیو   
1); 2) râdio; 3) partow, râdio

Fr.: radio   

1) An apparatus for receiving or transmitting radio broadcasts.
2) Pertaining to the → radio waves of the → electromagnetic radiation.
3) As a prefix, indicating → radition or → radioactivity.

1); 2) Short from radiophone and radio-telegraphy.
3) Combining form of → radiation.

Râdio, loan from Fr., as above; partowray.

radio Arc
  کمان ِ رادیویی   
kamân-e râdio-yi

Fr.: arc radio   

A large number of narrow filaments in → radio continuum occurring toward the → Galactic Center, about 15 to 20 arc-minutes (some 50 parsecs in projection) north of → Sgr A*. The radio Arc is the prototype of → non-thermal filaments (NTFs) and resolves into a set of more than a dozen vertical filaments with lengths of about 30 pc distributed symmetrically with respect to the → Galactic equator (Yusef-Zadeh et al. 1984, Nature 310, 557). Among more than 100 NTFs found in the Galactic center region, the Arc is the only one known to show inverted spectrum with a → spectral index α = +0.3 (Law et al. 2008, ApJS 177, 515, and references therein). This implies a very hard energy spectrum of particles for a source of → synchrotron radiation.

radio; → arc.

radio astronomy
  رادیو-اخترشناسی، اخترشناسی ِ رادیویی   
râdio axtaršenâsi, axtaršenâsi-ye râdioi

Fr.: radio astronomie   

The branch of astronomy that deals with the study of the Universe by means of → radio waves.

radio; → astronomy.

radio burst
  بلک ِ رادیویی   
belk-e râdio-yi

Fr.: sursaut radio   

A burst of emission in the radio frequencies of the electromagnetic spectrum.

radio; → burst.

radio continuum emission
  گسیل ِ پیوستار ِ رادیویی   
gosil-e peyvastâr-e râdio-yi

Fr.: émission de continuum radio   

A → continuum emission with frequencies in the radio range of the electromagnetic spectrum.

radio; → continuum; → emission.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>