An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 12948 Search : far
real gas
  گاز ِ هسیا   
gâz-e hasyâ

Fr.: gaz réel   

Actual gas whose molecules do not necessarily possess the properties assigned to those of an → ideal gas.

real; → gas.

real image
  تصویر ِ هسیا   
tasvir-e hasyâ

Fr.: image réelle   

In an optical system, the image of an object produced by the convergence of the light rays that make up the image. → virtual image; → real object.

real; → image.

real number
  عدد ِ هسیا   
adad-e hasyâ

Fr.: nombre réel   

A number that can be represented by a point on a line. The set of real numbers includes all rational and irrational numbers, but not the imaginary numbers.

real; → number.

real object
  بر‌آخت ِ هسیا   
baâxt-e hasyâ

Fr.: objet réel   

In an optical system, a collection of points which actually serves as a source of light rays.

real; → object.

real-time operation
  آپارش در زمان ِ هسیا   
âpâreš dar zamân-e hasyâ

Fr.: opération en temps réel   

The operation of a computer during the actual time that the related physical processes take place so that the results can be used to guide the physical processes.

real; → time; → operation.

real-time processing
  آمایش در زمان ِ هسیا   
âmâyeš dar zamân-e hasyâ

Fr.: traitement en temps réel   

Data processing that takes place instantaneously upon data entry or receipt of a command.

real; → time; → processing.

realism
  هسیاگرایی؛ هسیاباوری   
hasyâgerâyi; hasyâbâvari

Fr.: réalisme   

1) An inclination or concern for the actual or real, as distinguished from the abstract or speculative.
2) Philo.: The doctrine that material objects exist independently of our perception of them.
3) Art, literature: The attempt to describe the objects or social conditions as they actually are, without idealization or presentation in abstract form.

real; → -ism.

realist
  ۱) هسیاگرا، هسیاباور؛ ۲) هسیامند   
1) hasyâgerâ, hasyâbâvar; 2) hasyâmand

Fr.: réaliste   

1) A person who tends to view or represent things as they really are; an adherent of → realism.
2) Of or pertaining to realism or to a person who embodies its principles or practices.

real; → -ist.

realistic
  هسیامند   
hasyâmand

Fr.: réaliste   

1) Interested in, concerned with, or based on what is real or practical.
2) Philo.: Of or pertaining to realists or → realism.

From → real + -istic, from L. -isticus, Gk. -istikos, from -ikos, → -ic.

reality
  هسیایی   
hasyâi

Fr.: réalité   

1) The state or quality of being real. A real thing or fact.
2) Philo.: The totality of what is, as opposed to what merely seems to be.

real + → -ity.

really
  هسیانه   
hasyâné

Fr.: vraiment   

In reality; actually; indeed.

real; → -ly.

reason
  ۱؛ ۲؛ ۳) راین؛ ۳) خرد؛ ۴) راینیدن   
1; 2; 3) râyan; 3) xerad; 4) râyanidan

Fr.: raison   

1) A basis or cause, as for some belief, action, fact, event, etc.
2) A statement presented in justification or explanation of a belief or action.
3) The mental powers concerned with forming conclusions, judgments, or → inferences especially in orderly rational ways.
Philo.: The intellectual ability to apprehend the truth cognitively, either immediately in intuition, or by means of a process of inference. See also → wisdom.
4) (v.) To think or argue in a logical manner; to form conclusions, judgments, or inferences from facts or premises.

M.E. resoun, reisun (n.), from O.Fr. reisun, reson, raison, from L. rationem (nom. ratio) "reckoning, understanding, motive, cause," from ratus, p.p. of reor, reri "to reckon, think;" cognate with Pers. râ, rây "reason," as below; O.C.S. raditi "to take thought, attend to," O.Ir. im-radim "to deliberate, consider."

Râyan, from rây + -an. The first component rây, râ "because of, by reason of," in barây-e "because of," cerâ "for what reason, why?," irâ "for this reason, therefore," zirâ "because, on account of;" also rây "opinion, consult;" râymand "reasonable, wise;" râyzan "a person whom one consults; wise;" Mid.Pers. râd, rây "because of, for the sake of, on behalf of;" O.Pers. "reason, cause," in rādiy "for this reason;" Av. rādah- "generosity, care, generous," rāsta- "to do right, to fit;" cf. Skt. rādh- "to succeed, be successful;" Gk. arithmos "number, amount;" L. ratio, as above; PIE base *rē-, *rə-. The second component -an a suffix as in rowzan, rowšan, suzan, rasan, zaqan, hâvan, etc.

reasonable
  راین‌پذیر   
râyanpazir

Fr.: raisonable   

Being in accordance with reason.

reason; → -able.

reasoning
  راینش   
râyaneš

Fr.: raisonnement   

A process of thinking involving → inference, or of solving problems by employing general principles.

Verbal noun of → reason.

Reaumur scale
  مرپل ِ ریءومور   
marpel-e Réaumur

Fr.: échelle Réaumur   

A temperature scale in which the → freezing point and the → boiling point of → water are set to 0 and 80 degrees respectively. See also → Celsius scale, → Fahrenheit scale, → Kelvin scale, → Rankine scale.

Named after René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur (1683-1757), who first proposed it in 1730; → scale.

rebound
  ۱) واجهیدن؛ ۲) واجست   
1) vâjahidan; 2) vâjast

Fr.: 1) rebondir; 2) rebond   

1) To bound or spring back from force of impact.
2) The act of rebounding; recoil.

M.E., from O.Fr. rebondir "leap back, resound; push back," from → re- "back" + bondir "to leap, bound."

Vâjahidan, from vâ-, → re-, + jahidan "to leap, → jump."

receding galaxy
  کهکشان ِ دورشونده   
kahkašân-e dur šavandé

Fr.: galaxie qui s'éloigne   

A galaxy whose distance increases from other galaxies due to the global expansion of the Universe.

Receding, verbal adj. of recede, M.E., from M.Fr. receder, from L. recedere "to go back, withdraw," from → re- "back" + cedere "to go;" → galaxy.

Kahkašân, → galaxy; dur šavandé "receding," from dur, → far, + šavandé agent noun of šodan "to go, to pass; to become, to be, to be doing;" Mid.Pers. šudan, šaw- "to go;" Av. š(ii)auu-, šiyav- "to move, go," šiyavati "goes," šyaoθna- "activity; action; doing, working;" O.Pers. šiyav- "to go forth, set," ašiyavam "I set forth;" cf. Skt. cyu- "to move to and fro, shake about; to stir," cyávate "stirs himself, goes;" Gk. kinein "to move;" Goth. haitan "call, be called;" O.E. hatan "command, call;" PIE base *kei- "to move to and fro."

receiver
  گیرنده   
girandé (#)

Fr.: récepteur   

An electronic device that amplifies, detects, and gives a measure of the intensity of radio signals.

M.E. receven, from O.Fr. recoivre, from L. recipere from → re- + -cipere, combining form of capere "to take, hold, seize," PIE base *kap- "to grasp" (cf. Skt. kapati "two handfuls," Gk. kaptein "to swallow," O.Ir. cacht "servant-girl," lit. "captive," Goth. haban "have, hold," O.E. habban "to have, hold," probably Mod.Pers. qâp-, qâpidan, kapidan "to seize, rob," Av. haf-, hap- "to keep, observe").

Girandé, agent noun of gereftan "to take, seize, hold;" Mid.Pers. griftan, gir- "to take, hold, restrain;" O.Pers./Av. grab- "to take, seize," cf. Skt. grah-, grabh- "to seize, take," graha- "seizing, holding, perceiving," M.L.G. grabben "to grab," from P.Gmc. *grab, E. grab "to take or grasp suddenly;" PIE *ghrebh- "to seize."

receiver noise
  نوفه‌ی ِ گیرنده   
nufe-ye girandé

Fr.: bruit de récepteur   

The unwanted signal affecting a receiver.

receiver; → noise.

recent
  ترنه   
tarné

Fr.: récent   

1) Of, belonging to, or occurring at a time immediately before the present.
2) Geology: Of, belonging to, or denoting the Holocene Epoch.

From L. recentem (nominative recens) "fresh, new, young," from → re- + PIE root *ken- "fresh, new, young;" cf. Av. kainika-, kanya- "young girl;" Mod.Pers. kaniz(ak) "maid, virigin, girl; a female slave;" Mid.Pers. kanig, kanizag "girl, maid;" Gk. kainos "new;" Skt. kanina- "young;" Old Irish cetu- "first;" O.C.S. koni "beginning."

Tarné, from Tabari tarné "fresh, new, young, recent" (tarné mâr "fresh mother," i.e. "animal that has just given birth," tarné guk "recently born calf"), related to Pers. tar "fresh, young; wet," tarké "sprout;" Mid.Pers. tarr "fresh, moist;" Proto-Ir. *tarna-; cf. Av. tauruna- "young, fresh; young boy, lad;" Skt. táruna- "young, fresh;" Gk. teren "delicate, weak."

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>