An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 12929 Search : far
regular reflection
  بازتاب ِ باسامان   
bâztâb-e bâsâmân

Fr.: réflexion régulière   

The reflection of light when the reflecting surface is very smooth and the reflected rays bounce off parallel to each other. Opposite of → diffuse reflection; same as → specular reflection.

regular; → reflection.

regular satellite
  بنده‌وار ِ باسامان، ماه ِ ~   
bandevâr-e bâsâmân, mâh-e ~

Fr.: satellite régulier   

A satellite that revolves around its planet in an equatorial orbit of low or moderate eccentricity close to the planet. One example of a regular satellite system is the Galilean satellites of Jupiter.

regular; → satellite.

regulate
  رزنیدن   
razanidan

Fr.: réguler   

To control, direct, or adjust by a rule, principle, method, etc.

From L.L. regulatus, p.p. of regulare "to control by rule, direct," from L. regula, cognate with Pers. râstright.

Razanidan, verbal form of razan, → rule, cognate with L. regula.

regulated
  رزنیده   
razânidé

Fr.: régulé, réglementé   

Controlled or governed according to a rule or principle or law.

Past participle of → regulate.

regulation
  رزنش   
razaneš

Fr.: régulation   

1) The act of regulating; the state of being regulated.
2) A law, rule, or other order prescribed by authority.
3) Electronics: The degree by which a voltage source is held near its no-load amplitude when a load is applied.

Verbal noun of → regulate.

regulator
  رزنگر   
razângar

Fr.: régulateur   

A person or thing that regulates.
A governor mechanism for regulating the flow of fuel, steam, etc., to an engine in order to maintain constant speed under varying load or resistance.

Agent noun of → regulate.

Regulus (α Leonis)
  شیردل   
Širdel

Fr.: Régulus   

The brightest star in the constellation → Leo (V = 1.35). Regulus is approximately 77.5 light-years from Earth. It is a triple star system composed of a hot, bluish-white star with a pair of small, faint companions. The main star (Regulus A) is a main sequence of type B7, with a luminosity 140 times brighter than the Sun. Its equatorial rotation speed being 317 kilometers per second, the fast rotation distorts Regulus into an oblate spheroid with an equatorial diameter about 30 percent larger than the polar diameter. As a result, the poles, with a temperature of 15,400 Kelvin, are much hotter than the equator, which glows at 10,200 Kelvin.

L., literally "little king," diminutive of rex "king," related to regere "to keep straight, guide, lead, rule," from PIE base *reg- "to rule, to lead straight, to put right;" akin to Pers. râst "right, straight, correct," → right.

Širdel, literally "the Lion's heart," on the model of Ar. Qalb al-Asad (قلب‌الاسد), from šir "lion;" Mid.Pers. šagr "lion" + del "heart;" Mid.Pers. dil; Av. zərəd- "heart;" cf. Skt. hrd-; Gk. kardia; L. cor Arm. sirt; PIE base *kerd- "heart;" O.E. heorte; E. heart; Ger. Herz; Bret. kreiz "middle."

reionization
  بازیونش   
bâzyoneš

Fr.: reionisation   

1) The act or process of reionizing a gas; an instance of this action.
2) The → ionization of → neutral hydrogen atoms formed during → recombination epoch in the → early Universe. See also → reionization epoch.

re-; → ionize.

reionization epoch
  زیمه‌ی ِ بازیونش   
zime-ye bâzyoneš

Fr.: époque de réionisation   

An early epoch in the → Universe's history, but after the → recombination epoch, when the → first stars formed and their → ultraviolet light began to ionize the → neutral hydrogen gas that filled the Universe. The epoch of reionization is estimated to last between → redshifts of 12 to 6 (or when the Universe had between 2 and 5% of its age). Reionization marks the end of the → Dark Age in cosmic history.

reionization; → epoch.

reionize
  بازیونیدن   
bâzyonidan

Fr.: reioniser   

1) To become → ionized again.
2) To → ionize again.

re-; → ionize.

Reissner-Nordstrom black hole
  سیه‌چال ِ رایسنر-نوردستروم   
siyah câl-e Reissner-Nordström

Fr.: tou noir de Reissner-Nordström   

A type of electrically charged → black hole that is spherically symmetric and non-rotating. Another type of such objects is the → Kerr-Newman black hole.

Named after the German physicist Hans Jacob Reissner (1874-1967) in 1916 and the Finnish Gunnar Nordstrom (1881-1923) in 1918 independently worked out solutions different from those of Schwarzschild; → black hole.

reject
  واشاندن   
vâšândan

Fr.: rejeter   

To refuse to accept, take, consider, recognize, etc.

re- + jec-, combining form of jacere "to throw" + -tus p.p. suffix, → project.

relate
  ۱) بازانیدن؛ ۲) بازانش داشتن   
1) bâzânidan; 2) bâzâneš dâštan

Fr.: 1) établir un rapport entre, rapprocher; 2) se rapporter   

1) (tr.) To find or show a connection between two or more people or things.
2) (intr.) To have a significant connection with or bearing on something.

From O.Fr. relater, from L. relatus literally "carried, brought back," from re- "back, again" + latus "carried, brought," used as p.p. of referre, from re- "back, again" + ferre "carry, bear," cognate with Pers. bordan "to carry, bear" (Mid.Pers. burdan, O.Pers./Av. bar- "to bear, carry," barəθre "to bear (infinitive)," Skt. bharati "he carries," Gk. pherein, L. fero "to carry;" PIE base *bher- "to carry").

Bâzânidan, literally "to bring, lead back," from bâz- "back, again," → re- + ân stem of ânidan "to bring; to lead; to guide," cf. dialectical Kurd. ânin "to bring, to lead to," Tâleši ânân, ânoe "to bring together two edges;" Mid.Pers. ônidan, nidan, nay- "to lead; to bring;" O.Pers. nay- "to lead; to bring" anaya "leads;" Av. nay- "to lead; to bring," naiieiti "leads;" cf. Skt. nī- "to lead," náyati "leads," aorist s. anait.

related
  بازانیده   
bâzânidé

Fr.: apparenté   

Connected; associated.

P.p. of → relate.

relation
  بازانش   
bâzâneš

Fr.: relation   

General: A connection or association between two or more things.
Math.: A property that associates two quantities in a definite order, as equality or inequality.

Verbal noun of → relate.

relation symbol
  نماد ِ باز‌آنش   
nemâd-e bâzâneš

Fr.: symbole de relation   

Same as → predicate symbol.

relation; → symbol.

relational
  بازانشی   
bâzâneši

Fr.: relationnel   

Of or pertaining to relations.

relation + → -al.

relational data structure
  ساختار ِ داده‌های ِ بازانشی   
sâxtâr-e dâdehâ-ye bâzâneši

Fr.: structure de données relationnelle   

A type of data structure in which data are represented as tables in which no entry contains more than one value.

relational; → data; → structure.

relational system
  راژمان ِ بازانشی   
râžmân-e bâzâneši

Fr.: système relationnel   

A database management system in which a relational data structure is used.

relational; → system.

relative
  بازانی   
bâzâni

Fr.: relatif   

(adj.): Existing or having its specific nature only by relation to something else; not absolute or independent.
See also: → relative atomic mass, → relative azimuth, → relative dating, → relative density, → relative error, → relative frequency, → relative humidity, → relative invariant, → relative tensor, → relative vector, → relative permeability, → relative refractive index, → relative sunspot number, → relative velocity, → relatively, → relativity.

From M.E. relatif (n.), from O.Fr. relatif, from L.L. relativus "having reference or relation," from L. relatus, suppletive p.p. of referre "to refer," → relate.

Bâzâni, from bâzân- present stem of bâzânidan, → relate, + -i adj. suffix.

<< < -es -iv -ti 217 a- abe abs abs acc acc ach act act ada adi adv aff agg Alc Alf ali all alp alt Ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc arg arm art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B-t bai Bal bar bar Be bee Bes bi- bif bin bin bio bis bla bli blu Boe Bol bor bou bra bri Bro bum CAI cal Can cap car car cat cat CCD Cel cen CGS cha cha che che chr cir cir civ cla clo clo CMB coa coe coh col col col Com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos cou cov cra cri cro cry cum cur cyc d'A dar dat DC dea dec dec dec def def deh Del den dep des det dev dia dif dif dif dim dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dom dou dou dri dup dus dyn dyn ear eas ecl Edd eff Ein Ekm ele ele ele ele ell emb emi enc ene ent eph equ equ equ eru eth eup eve EX exc exe exi exo exp ext ext ext fac fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu fog for for Fou fra fre Fre Fro fus G-t gal gal Gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia gla gol gra gra gra gra Gre Gre gui H a haf Hal har har He- hea hel Hel her Her hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyl hyp ice ide ima imp imp imp inc ind ind ine inf inf Inf inj InS ins int int int int int int int int inv inv ion iro Isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil kly L d Lag lam Lap lar lat law Lea len lep lib lig lin lin lin liq lit loc log lon Los low lum lun Lut Lyr mac mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat mea mec mem mer mes met met met mic mid mil min Mir Miz mod mol mon moo MOS mul mul mut nai nas nat neb neg Neu neu New New Nih noi non non non nor nuc nuc nul nut obj obl obs occ oct off old one ope opp opt opt orb ord org Ori osc oth ove oxi pac Pal par par Par par pas Pau Pel per per per per per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pip Pla pla pla pla pla Plu Poi pol pol pol pop pos pos pot Pra pre pre pre Pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro pro Pto pul puz qua qua qua qua qui rad rad rad rad rad rad rai ran Ras Ray rea rec rec rec red red ref reg reg rel rel rel rep res res res res rev rhe Rie Rig Rit roe Ros rot Ruf Ryd Sag sam sat sca sca Sch Sco sec sec sec seg sel sem sen set sha SHB sho sib sie sil sim sin sit sky slo sno sod sol sol sol sol sor sou Spa spa spe spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste Ste sto str str sub sub sub suf sun sup sup sup sup sur swo syn sys tak Tay Tel ten ter tet the the the thi Tho thu tid tim toa top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro Tru tur twi Typ UBV ult unb uni uni uni up ura uti val var vec Vel ver ver vig vir vis VLT vol wad was wav wav wea wei Whe Wie win WN5 Wol X-r yea You zer zod > >>