An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>

Number of Results: 12948 Search : far
resonant
  باز‌آوا   
bâzâvâ

Fr.: résonnant   

Pertaining to a system in a state of → resonance; producing resonance; resounding.

Verbal adj. from → resonate.

resonant circuit
  برقراه ِ باز‌آوا   
barqrâh-e bâzâvâ

Fr.: circuit résonnant   

An electrical circuit containing both capacitance and inductance in such a way that a certain periodic electric oscillation will reach maximum amplitude.

resonant; → circuit.

resonant reaction
  واژیرش ِ باز‌آوا   
vâžireš-e bâzâvâ

Fr.: réaction résonnante   

A nuclear reaction whose probability is enhanced at an energy corresponding to an energy level of one of the nuclei. → resonance capture.

Resonant, verbal adj. of → resonate; → reaction.

resonant relaxation
  واهلش ِ باز‌آوا   
vâheleš-e bâzâvâ

Fr.: relaxation résonnante   

A process whereby stellar orbit relaxation can be dramatically enhanced in orbits in a nearly Keplerian star cluster close to a → massive black hole (MBH). This process can modify the angular momentum distribution and affect the interaction rates of the stars with the MBH more efficiently than non-resonant relaxation. In the standard relaxation picture, each encounter is random and uncorrelated, so stars undergo a random walk. Relaxation is driven by the diffusion of energy which then leads to angular momentum transfer. However, in a stellar cluster around a MBH, each star will be on a Keplerian orbit, which is a fixed ellipse in space. The orbits of two nearby stars will thus exert correlated torques on one another, which can lead to a direct resonant evolution of the angular momentum. Since resonant relaxation increases the rate of angular momentum scattering, stars reach highly eccentric orbits more rapidly where they can become → extreme mass ratio inspiral (EMRI)s (Rauch, K.P., Tremaine, S., 1996, arXiv:astro-ph/9603018; Gair J.R. et al. 2013, Living Rev. Relativity, 16, (2013), 7 http://www.livingreviews.org/lrr-2013-7, doi:10.12942/lrr-2013-7).

resonant; → relaxation.

resonate
  باز‌آواییدن   
bâzâvâyidan

Fr.: résonner   

To produce or exhibit mechanical, electrical, or chemical resonance, or cause a system to produce or exhibit resonance.

Verbal form of → resonance.

resorption
  بازشم   
bâzšam

Fr.: résorption   

The absorption of a material by a medium or system after having been released from absorption by that same medium or system. → absorption; → desorption; → sorption.

Verbal noun of resorb, from L. resorbere, from → re- + sorbere "to swallow, suck up."

Bâzšam, from bâz "again, back," → re-, + šam, variant of zšâm, as in âšâm, âšâmidan "to drink, to sip;" Av. šam- "to drink, sip, swallow;" Skt. cam, camati "to sip, dirink, lick up, absorb."

resource
  بازخن   
bâzxan

Fr.: ressource   

1) A source of supply, support, or aid, especially one that can be readily drawn upon when needed.
2) (often plural) A source of economic wealth, especially of a country (mineral, land, labour, etc.) or business enterprise (capital, equipment, personnel, etc.) (Dictionary.com).

From Fr. ressourse, from O.Fr. resourdre "to rally, raise again," from L. resurgere "rise again," → re-, + → source.

Bâzxan, from bâz-, → re-, + xan, → source.

respect
  ۱) سپاک؛ ۲) سپاکیدن   
1) sepâk; 2) sepâkidan

Fr.: 1) respect; 2) respecter   

1a) Esteem for or a sense of the worth or excellence of a person, a personal quality or ability, or something considered as a manifestation of a personal quality or ability.
1b) The condition of being esteemed or honored.
1c) A particular, detail, or point (usually preceded by in).
1d) Relation or reference (e.g., with respect to).
2a) To hold in esteem or honor.
2b) To show regard or consideration for (Dictionary.com).

M.E., from O.Fr., from L. respectus "regard, a looking at," literally "act of looking back (or often) at one," p.p. of respicere "to look back at, regard, consider," from → re- "back" + specere "to look at," cognate with Pers. sepâs "favor, thanksgiving," as below.

Sepâk, variant of sepâs "favor, kindness, thanksgiving;" cf. Sogd. spaxš, sp(a)š, speš, (ə)spaxš "to serve, to respect, to honor;" Mid.Pers. spâs "service, gratitude, thanks;" Av. spas-, spaš-, spôš- "to attend to; to serve;" Skt. spaś- "to observe, watch, spy;" Gk. skeptomai "I look around;" L. specere "to see;" PIE root *spek- "to look around, to notice."

respectable
  سپاکمند   
sepâkmand

Fr.: respectable   

Worthy of respect or esteem.

respect; → -able.

respectful
  سپاک‌آمیز، سپاکدار   
sepâkâmiz, sepâkdâr

Fr.: respectueux   

Characterized by, or showing deference or respect.

From → respect + -ful, from O.E. -full, ful, → full.

Sepâkâmiz, from sepâk, → respect, + âmiz "mingled with," from âmixtan, → mix.

respective
  سپاکوار   
sepâkvâr

Fr.: respectif   

Belonging or relating separately to each of two or more people or things that have been mentioned.

From M.E. respective "observing or noting with attention," from M.L. respectivus "having regard for," from L. respect-, → respect, + → -ive.

Sepâkvâr, from sepâk, → respect, + -vâr suffix of nuances and, as a variant of -bâr, meaning "turn (n.), a time."

respectively
  سپاکوارانه   
sepâkvârâné

Fr.: respectivement   

(of two or more items) with each relating to something previously mentioned, in the same order as first mentioned (Dictionary.Cambridge.org).

respective; → -ly.

respondence
  پاسخگویی   
pâsoxguyi (#)

Fr.:   

The act of responding; response.

respond; → -ence.

Pâsoxguyi, noun from pâsoxgu, → respondet.

respondent
  پاسخگو   
pâsoxgu (#)

Fr.: 1) qui répond; 2) défendeur   

1) A person who responds or makes reply.
2) Law: A defendant, especially in appellate and divorce proceedings (Dictionary.com).

Agent noun related to → respondence.

Pâsoxgu, from pâsox, → responce, + gu "speaker, teller," from goftan "to tell, speak, talk," → -logy.

responder
  پاسخگو   
pâsoxgu (#)

Fr.: répondeur   

The component of a radar system that returns the signals used to detect and locate objects.

Agent noun of respond, → response.

Pâsoxgu, from pâsox, → response, + gu agent noun and present stem of goftan "to say, speak, relate, tell; to compose a poem," from Mid.Pers. guftan "to say, tell, utter;" O.Pers. gaub- "to say."

response
  پاسخ   
pâsox (#)

Fr.: réponse   

Any → reaction of a → system to an external → stimulus. See also:
instrumental response function, → peripheral response, → response curve, → response time, → spectral response.

From L. responsum "answer," noun use of neuter p.p. of respondere "answer to, promise in return," from → re- "back" + spondere "to pledge."

Pâsox "answer, response;" Mid.Pers. pâssox "answer, reply;" loaned in Arm. patasxani "answer;" Proto-Iranian *pati-sanh-, from *pati- "agaist, back, opposite to, toward, face to face, in front of," → anti-, + *sanh- "to declare, say;" Mod.Pers. soxan "speech, utterance, word," → speech.

response curve
  خم ِ پاسخ   
xam-e pâsox

Fr.: courbe de réponse   

A curve graphically representing the magnitude of the → response of a → detector to → radiation, usually as a function of → wavelength.

response; → curve.

response time
  زمان ِ پاسخ   
zama-e pâsox

Fr.: temps de réponse   

The time between an occurrence and a reaction produced by the occurrence.

response; → time.

responsibility
  پاسخداری   
pâsoxdâri

Fr.: responsabilité   

1) The state or fact of being responsible, answerable, or accountable for something within one's power, control, or management.
2) An instance of being responsible.
3) A person or thing for which one is responsible (Dictionary.com).

responsible; → -ity.

responsible
  پاسخدار   
pâsoxdâr

Fr.: responsable   

1) Answerable or accountable, as for something within one's power, control, or management.
2) Involving accountability or responsibility (Dictionary.com).

response; → -able.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>