An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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<< < -es -iv -ti 21- a p abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi ads aes Age Alb Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app app arb are ari art ass ast ast ast Atl ato ato Aug aut Avo azi bac bal ban bar bas bea bel Bet bia Big bin bio bir bla bla blo blu Boh Bon bot Bow bre Bri bro but cal cal Can Cap car cas cat cau cel cen cen cha cha cha che Chi chr cir cir civ Cla clo clu CNO coa coe coi col col Col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo Cor Cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou cra Cre cro Cru cub cur cyc cyl dar dat Daw de- Deb dec dec def def deg Del den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dog Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn e-f Ear ecl eco edu eig Ein ela ele ele ele Ele elo emi emp ene Enl env epi equ equ erg est Euc eva evo exa exc exe exo exp exp ext ext f m fac fal fas fee Fer fib fie fin Fir fix fle flu foc for for For fou Fra fre Fri ful fuz Gal Gal gal Gam gas Gau gen geo geo geo geo Gib glo gov gra gra gra gra gre gro gul H-b hal Ham har Hay hea hel hel hem her het Hig hik hol hom hor hot Hub hum hyb hyd hyd hyp hyp ide ign ima imp imp imp inc ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos jun K-T Kep key kin Kol lad Lam lan lar las lat lea leg len lev lig lik lin lin lin Lis lob loc log loo low lum lun lun Lym Mac Mag mag mag mag mag Mag mak map Mar mas mat mat mea mea med mem mer MES met met MHD mic mid mil min mis mix mod mol mom Moo mos Mu mul mus nab nar nat neb neg nes neu New New nig nod non non non Nor noz nuc nul num OB obl obs Occ oct off Ohm on- ope Opp opt opt orb orb org Ori ort osm out ove ozo pal pap par par par pas pat pec pen per per per per per pH pha pho pho pho phy pie pla Pla Pla pla pla Plo poi pol pol pol pol por pos pot pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sag sam sat sca Sch Sch sco sec sec sec seg sel sem sen set sha Sha sho SI sid sil sim sin sis sky slo sna Soc sol sol sol Sol Som sou spa spa spe spe spe spe sph spi spo squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste sto sto str str sub sub sub sum sup sup sup sup sur sus sym syn sys tan Tay Tem ten ter The the the the thi thr tic tid tim Tol tor tot tra tra tra tra Tri tri tro tru tur two Typ UHE ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis VLT vol wad was wav wav wea wei Whe Wie win WN5 Wol WZ Yag yot zen zir > >>

Number of Results: 13033 Search : far
Socratic
  سقراطی، سقراتی   
Soqrâti

Fr.: socratique   

Of or pertaining to Socrates or his philosophy, followers, etc., → Socratic irony, → Socratic method.

Socrates (469?-399 B.C.), Athenian philosopher.

Socratic irony
  گواژه‌ی ِ سقراطی، ~ سقراتی   
govâže-ye Soqrâti

Fr.: ironie socratique   

A means by which the pretended ignorance of a skillful questioner leads the person answering to expose his own ignorance (Collins).

Socratic; → irony.

Socratic method
  روش ِ سقراطی، ~ سقراتی   
raveš-e Soqrâti

Fr.: méthode socratique   

The use of questions, as employed by Socrates, to develop a latent idea, as in the mind of a pupil, or to elicit admissions, as from an opponent, tending to establish a proposition (Dictionary.com).

Socratic; → method.

sodium
  سودیوم   
sodiom (#)

Fr.: sodium   

A metallic chemical element; symbol Na (L. natrium]. Atomic number 11; atomic weight 22.98977; melting point 97.81°C; boiling point 892.9°C; specific gravity 0.971 at 20°C. It was discovered in 1807 by the English chemist Humphry Davy from electrolysis of caustic soda (NaOH).

Sodium, from soda (NaOH).

sodium tail
  دم ِ سودیومی   
dom-e sodiomi

Fr.: queue de sodium   

1) A kind of → cometary tail appearing in some → comets, such as → Hale-Bopp. Sodium tails arise from the very strong → fluorescence of their sodium atom → D lines in the visible. They are rapidly accelerated to high velocities by the Sun, forming a very straight tail distinct from the → ion tail. The release mechanism of sodium from comets is still a matter of debate. Also called → neutral tail.
2) An enormous, comet-like tail of sodium gas stretching out behind the Moon, at least 800,000 km (many hundreds, and perhaps thousands, of lunar radii). The tail is due to the strong influence of the Sun's → radiation pressure on sodium atoms (→ D line) present in the → lunar exosphere. Near → new Moon phase, the extended lunar sodium tail can be observed as it sweeps over the Earth and is gravitationally focused into a visible sodium "spot" in the → anti-solar direction. It is too faint to be detected by the human eye.

sodium; → tail.

soft
  نرم   
narm (#)

Fr.: mou   

General: Delicate in texture, grain, or fiber.
Not bright or glaring.
Physics: Of a beam of particles or electromagnetic radiation, having relatively low energy, as opposed to → hard. → soft X-rays

M.E. softe "yielding, gentle, mild;" O.E. softe "gentle, easy;" cf. O.S. safti, O.H.G. semfti, Ger. sanft, M.Du. sachte, Du. zacht.

Narm "soft; smooth; mild," from Mid.Pers. narm "soft; humble."

soft binary
  درین ِ نرم   
dorin-e narm

Fr.: binaire mou   

In → stellar dynamics studies of → three-body encounters, a → binary system whose → binding energy is smaller than the typical → kinetic energy of the relative motion of an incoming third body. See also → hard binary.

soft; → binary.

soft gamma repeater (SGR)
  بازگرشگر ِ گامای ِ نرم   
bâzgaršgar-e gâmmâ-ye narm

Fr.: répéteur gamma mou   

A member of a small class of objects which emit intense bursts of → gamma rays and → X-rays (> 100 keV) at irregular intervals. The bursts last for some 100 milli-seconds. It is conjectured that they are → magnetars. See also → starquake.

soft; → gamma rays; → repeater.

soft gamma-ray repeater (SGR)
  بازگرشگر ِ پرتوهای ِ گامای ِ نرم   
bâzgaršgar-e partowhâ-ye gâmmâ-ye narm

Fr.: répéteur des rayons gamma mous   

Same as → soft gamma repeater (SGR).

soft; → gamma ray; → repeater.

soft iron
  آهن ِ نرم   
âhan-e narm

Fr.: fer doux   

Iron that has a low carbon content, in contrast to → steel. Because it is easily magnetized and demagnetized, it is used to make the cores of → solenoids and other electrical equipment.

soft; → iron.

soft palate
  نرمکام   
narmkâm (#)

Fr.: voile du palais, palais mou, velum   

The back, muscular (not bony) part of the roof of the → mouth in front of the → pharynx.

soft; → palate.

Soft X-ray Transient (SXT)
  گذرای ِ پرتو ِ ایکس ِ نرم   
gozarâ-ye partow-e X-e narm

Fr.:   

An → X-ray binary system that has a long period of → quiescence interrupted by → outbursts of low-energy → soft X-rays. Alternatively known as X-ray novae, the majority (~ 75%) of SXTs contain a → black hole and a low-mass → main sequence  → companion star in orbit around one another. It is thought that SXTs arise in a similar manner to → dwarf novae, through instabilities in the → accretion disk around the → compact object (→ disk instability model).

soft; → X-ray; → transient..

soft X-rays
  پرتوهای ِ ایکس ِ نرم   
partowhâ-ye iks-e narm

Fr.: rayons X mous   

X-ray photons with energies between about 0.1 to 10 keV. → hard X-rays.

soft; → X-rays.

software
  نرم‌افزار   
narm-afzâr (#)

Fr.: logiciel   

A general term used to describe a collection of computer programs, procedures, and documentation that perform some tasks on a computer system. → hardware.

soft + ware, from M.E., from O.E. waru, from P.Gmc. *waro (cf. Swed. vara, Dan. vare, M.Du. were, Du. waar, Ger. Ware "goods").

Narm, → soft + afzâr "instrument, means, tool," from Mid.Pers. afzâr, abzâr, awzâr "instrument, means," Proto-Iranian *abi-cāra- or *upa-cāra-, from cāra-, cf. Av. cārā- "instrument, device, means" (Mid.Pers. câr, cârag "means, remedy;" loaned into Arm. aucar, aucan "instrument, remedy;" Mod.Pers. câré "remedy, cure, help"), from kar- "to do, make, build;" kərənaoiti "he makes" (Pers. kardan, kard- "to do, to make"); cf. Skt. kr- "to do, to make," krnoti "he makes, he does," karoti "he makes, he does," karma "act, deed;" PIE base kwer- "to do, to make").

software architecture
  مهرازیک ِ نرم‌افزار   
mehrâzik-e narm-afzâr

Fr.: architecture de logiciel   

The overall structure of a software system consisting of mutually dependent components that create a logical whole.

software; → architecture.

soil
  خاک   
xâk (#)

Fr.: terre, sol   

All loose, unconsolidated earth and organic materials above bedrock that support plant growth.

M.E. soile, O.Fr. soil "piece of ground, place," from L. solium "seat," meaning confused with that of L. solum "soil, ground."

Xâk, from Mid.Pers. xâk "earth, dust," ultimately from Proto-Ir. *āika-, from *āi- "earth, soil," cf. Av. āi- "earth, soil," Gk. aia "earth, land," + suffix -ka. The initial x- is a prothesis, as in xâya "egg" (Gershevitch 1962).

sol
  سول   
sol

Fr.: jour solaire martien   

The solar day on Mars, which has a mean period of 24 hours 39 minutes 35.244 seconds (based on SI units), about 2.7% longer than Earth's solar day. The Martian sidereal day, as measured with respect to the fixed stars, is 24h 37m 22.663s, as compared with 23h 56m 04.0905s for Earth.

Sol, from L. sol "sun," cognate with Pers. hur, → Sun.

solar
  خورشیدی   
xoršidi (#)

Fr.: solaire   

Of or pertaining to the Sun.

Adjective from L. sol; → Sun.

solar abundance
  فراوانی ِ خورشیدی   
farâvâni-ye xoršidi

Fr.: abondance solaire   

solar photospheric abundance, → solar system abundance.

solar; → abundance.

solar activity
  ژیرندگی ِ خورشید   
žirandegi-ye xoršid

Fr.: activité solaire   

The general term for all forms of short-lived phenomena on the Sun, including → solar flares, → sunspots, → prominences, etc., indicating that the Sun is an active star.

solar; → activity.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- a p abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi ads aes Age Alb Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app app arb are ari art ass ast ast ast Atl ato ato Aug aut Avo azi bac bal ban bar bas bea bel Bet bia Big bin bio bir bla bla blo blu Boh Bon bot Bow bre Bri bro but cal cal Can Cap car cas cat cau cel cen cen cha cha cha che Chi chr cir cir civ Cla clo clu CNO coa coe coi col col Col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo Cor Cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou cra Cre cro Cru cub cur cyc cyl dar dat Daw de- Deb dec dec def def deg Del den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dog Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn e-f Ear ecl eco edu eig Ein ela ele ele ele Ele elo emi emp ene Enl env epi equ equ erg est Euc eva evo exa exc exe exo exp exp ext ext f m fac fal fas fee Fer fib fie fin Fir fix fle flu foc for for For fou Fra fre Fri ful fuz Gal Gal gal Gam gas Gau gen geo geo geo geo Gib glo gov gra gra gra gra gre gro gul H-b hal Ham har Hay hea hel hel hem her het Hig hik hol hom hor hot Hub hum hyb hyd hyd hyp hyp ide ign ima imp imp imp inc ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos jun K-T Kep key kin Kol lad Lam lan lar las lat lea leg len lev lig lik lin lin lin Lis lob loc log loo low lum lun lun Lym Mac Mag mag mag mag mag Mag mak map Mar mas mat mat mea mea med mem mer MES met met MHD mic mid mil min mis mix mod mol mom Moo mos Mu mul mus nab nar nat neb neg nes neu New New nig nod non non non Nor noz nuc nul num OB obl obs Occ oct off Ohm on- ope Opp opt opt orb orb org Ori ort osm out ove ozo pal pap par par par pas pat pec pen per per per per per pH pha pho pho pho phy pie pla Pla Pla pla pla Plo poi pol pol pol pol por pos pot pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sag sam sat sca Sch Sch sco sec sec sec seg sel sem sen set sha Sha sho SI sid sil sim sin sis sky slo sna Soc sol sol sol Sol Som sou spa spa spe spe spe spe sph spi spo squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste sto sto str str sub sub sub sum sup sup sup sup sur sus sym syn sys tan Tay Tem ten ter The the the the thi thr tic tid tim Tol tor tot tra tra tra tra Tri tri tro tru tur two Typ UHE ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis VLT vol wad was wav wav wea wei Whe Wie win WN5 Wol WZ Yag yot zen zir > >>