An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>

Number of Results: 12948 Search : far
window function
  کریای ِ روزنه   
karyâ-ye rowzané

Fr.: fonction fenêtre   

A function whose value is zero outside a given interval. Applications of window functions include signal filtering and spectral analysis. The various types of windw functions include: → rectangular window, cosine window, triangular window, Gaussian window, Hanning window, and so on.

window; → function.

wine
  می، باده، نبید   
mey (#), bâdé (#), nabid (#)

Fr.: vin   

The fermented juice of grapes, made in many varieties, such as red, white, sweet, dry, still, and sparkling, for use as a beverage, in cooking, in religious rites, etc., and usually having an alcoholic content of 14 percent or less (Dictionary.com).

M.E., O.E. win, cognate with O.H.G. win, Du. wijn, Ger. Wein, from L. vinum "wine," from PIE *woin-o-, related Gk. word oinos.

Mey, variant mol "wine;" Mid.Pers. mad, may "wine;" Av. maδu- "wine;" cf. Skt. madhu- "wine, sweet drink, sweet;" Gk. methy "wine;" O.C.S. medu; Lith. medus "honey;" O.Irish mid; Welsh medd; Breton mez "mead;" O.E. medu; E. mead "fermented honey drink;" Russ. medved "(honey-eater) bear."
Bâdé, from Mid.Pers. bâdag, from O.Pers. *bātu- "wine" (from bātu-gara- "cup, bowl"); cf. Khotanese Saka bātaa- "wine;" O.Pers. *batiaka- "cup, bowl" (cf. Pers. bâdiyé "bowl") loaned in Gk. batiaké "bowl, cup."
Nabid, "wine, date-wine," ultimately from Proto-Ir. *paH- "to drink;" cf. Av. paitīš- "drink" in vīspô.paitīš- "having all sorts of drinks;" pitu- "juice, food;" Wakhi puv-, pəv-, pit-; Sanglechi pöv-/pövδ- "to drink;" Skt. pā- "to drink;" Gk. pinein "to drink;" L. bibere "to drink," related to potare "to drink."

wing
  بال   
bâl (#)

Fr.: aile   

1) Either of the two limbs of a bird allowing her to fly. → Pegasus.
2) Either of the large flat structures in an aircraft's body that provide the main source of lift.
3) In spectroscopy, same as → line wing.

M.E. wenge from O.N. vængr "wing of a bird, aisle, etc." (cf. Dan., Swed. vinge "wing").

Bâl "wing," Mid.Pers. bâl, variant of par / parr "feather, " with the conversion of p to b and r to l; Av. parəna- "feather;" cf. Skt. parnam; O.H.G. farn "fern;" PIE pornom "feather."

Wing-Ford band
  باند ِ وینگ-فورد   
bând-e Wing-Ford

Fr.: bande de Wing-Ford   

A spectral feature at 9850-10200 Å appearing in the spectrum of some late-type → M dwarfs. It is attributed to iron hybrid (FeH), a typical signature of the atmospheres of the coolest stars.

First detected by R. F. Wing and W. K. Ford (1969, PASP 81, 527); → band.

winter
  زمستان   
zemestân (#)

Fr.: hiver   

The season beginning at the → winter solstice, about December 22 and lasting until the → vernal equinox, about March 21.

M.E., OE; cf. O.Fris., Du. winter, O.S., O.H.G. wintar, Ger. winter, Dan., Swed. vinter, Goth. wintrus "winter"),

Zemestân "winter," related to zam "cold," Mid.Pers. zam, zamistân "winter;" Av. zimô "winter;" cf. Skt. hima- "cold, frost;" Ossetic zymæg/zumæg "winter;" Gk. xeimon "winter;" L. hiems "winter;" Lith. ziema "winter;" PIE *gheim- "snow, winter."

winter solstice
  خوریستان ِ زمستانی   
xoristân-e zemestâni

Fr.: solstice d'hiver   

The moment in the northern hemisphere when the → Sun attains its lowest → declination of -23°26' (or -23°.44) with respect the → equator plane. It happens when the Earth's axis is orientated directly away from the Sun, on 21 or 22 December. During the northern winter solstice the Sun appears to be directly overhead at noon for places situated at → latitude 23.44 degrees south, known as the → tropic of Capricorn. The winter solstice can occur at any moment during the day. Two successive winter solstices are shifted in time by about 6 h. The winter solstice in the northern hemisphere is the → summer solstice in the southern hemisphere.

winter; → solstice..

wire
  سیم   
sim (#)

Fr.: fil   

A slender flexible thread or rod of metal.

M.E., O.E. wir, cf. O.N. viravirka "filigree work," Swed. vira "to twist," O.H.G. wiara "fine gold work."

Sim "wire," initially "strand of silver," from sim "silver," from Mid.Pers. asêm "silver," from Gk. asemon "without mark, uncoined, shapeless, formless," from argurion asemon "uncoined money." For semantic similarity, see → silver.

wisdom
  خرد   
xerad (#)

Fr.: sagesse   

The quality or state of being → wise; knowledge of what is true or right coupled with just judgment as to action; sagacity, discernment, or insight (Dictionary.com). Wisdom is gained over the years through experience. It is the insight in knowing the probable outcome learned through experience. In contrast, → reason is using the → rational → reasoning to evaluate pros and cons in making a decision.

M.E.; O.E. wisdom, from wis "→ wise" + -dom. The first component is related to → vision and Pers. bin, didan "to see."

Xerad "understanding, judjement, intellect, wisdom;" Mid.Pers. xrad "reason, intellect, intelligence, wisdom, understanding;" O.Pers. xraθu- "wisdom;" Av. xratu- "intelligence, understanding, wisdom; will, purpose, council;" cf. Skt. krátu- "power, will-power;" Gk. kratos "power, strength."

wise
  خردمند   
xeradmand (#)

Fr.: sage   

Having the power of discerning and judging properly as to what is true or right; possessing discernment, judgment, or discretion (Dictionary.com).

From M.E. wis, wys, from O.E. wis ("wise"), cognate with Du. wijs, Ger. weise, Norw. and Swed. vis.

Xeradmand, from xerad, → wisdom, + -mand relatrion and possession suffix.

WN Wolf-Rayet
  وُلف-رایه‌ی ِ WN   
Wolf-Rayet-e WN

Fr.: Wolf-Rayet WN   

A → Wolf-Rayet star whose spectrum is dominated by emission lines of ionized nitrogen: N II 3995 Å, N III 4634-4661 Å, N III 5314 Å, N IV 3479-3484 Å, N IV 4058 Å, N V 4603 Å, N V 4619 Å, and N V 4933-4944 Å. This type is divided in sub-types WN2 to WN11.

W short for Wolf-Rayet star, N for → nitrogen.

WN/WC star
  ستاره‌ی ِ WN/WC   
setâre-ye WN/WC

Fr.: étoile WN/WC   

An object showing signatures of both → WN Wolf-Rayet stars and → WC Wolf-Rayet stars in the same spectrum, originating from individual stars rather than from WN + WC → binary systems. Such a WN/WC signature implies that the surface composition of the star is → nitrogen and → carbon enriched. This hybrid state results from a mixing process between He-burning → convective core and the overlying nitrogen enriched layers. According to model predictions, this situation corresponds to a short transition phase, lasting 103 to 104 years, during which a WN star evolves into a WC star. The WN/WC stars so far detected are all of early types.

WN Wolf-Rayet; → WC Wolf-Rayet.

WN10 star
  ستاره‌ی ِ WN10   
setâre-ye WN10

Fr.: étoile WN10   

A → WN Wolf-Rayet star whose spectrum shows the following emission line characteristics: N III 4634-4641, 5314 Å as strong as N II 3995 Å, Balmer lines, He I with → P Cygni profile.

W, from → Wolf-Rayet; N, from → nitrogen; → star.

WN11 star
  ستاره‌ی ِ WN11   
setâre-ye WN11

Fr.: étoile WN11   

A → WN Wolf-Rayet star whose spectrum shows the following emission line characteristics: N II 3995 Å as strong as He II 4686 Å, N III 4634-4641, 5314 Å weak or absent, Balmer lines, He I with → P Cygni profile.

W, from → Wolf-Rayet; N, from → nitrogen; → star.

WN2 star
  ستاره‌ی ِ WN2   
setâre-ye WN2

Fr.: étoile WN2   

A → WN Wolf-Rayet star whose spectrum shows the following emission line characteristics: N V 4603, 4619 Å weak or absent,He II 4686 Å strong.

W, from → Wolf-Rayet; N, from → nitrogen; → star.

WN2.5 star
  ستاره‌ی ِ WN2.5   
setâre-ye WN2.5

Fr.: étoile WN2.5   

A → WN Wolf-Rayet star whose spectrum shows the following emission line characteristics: N V 4603, 4619 Å present, N IV 3479-3484, 4058 Å absent.

W, from → Wolf-Rayet; N, from → nitrogen; → star.

WN3 star
  ستاره‌ی ِ WN3   
setâre-ye WN3

Fr.: étoile WN3   

A → WN Wolf-Rayet star whose spectrum shows the following emission line characteristics: N IV 3479-3484, 4058 Å very weaker than N V 3479-3484, 4058 Å and N III 4634-4641, 5314 Å weak or absent.

W, from → Wolf-Rayet; N, from → nitrogen; → star.

WN3/O3 star
  ستاره‌ی ِ WN3/O3   
setâre-ye WN/O3

Fr.: étoile WN3/O3   

A new type of → Wolf-Rayet stars found in the → Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC). These stars have both strong → emission lines, as well as → He II lines and → Balmer lines in absorption and spectroscopically resemble a → WN3 and → O3V binary pair. However, they are visually too faint to be WN3+O3 V → binary systems. So far nine WN3/O3 types have been detected, making up ~ 6% of the population of LMC WRs. Their temperatures are estimated to be around 100,000 K, a bit hotter than the majority of → WN Wolf-Rayet stars (by around 10,000 K) although a few hotter WNs are known. The abundances are what you would expect for → CNO equilibrium. However, most anomalous are their → mass-loss rates which are more like that of an → O star than a WN star. While their evolutionary status is uncertain, their low mass-loss rates and → wind velocities suggest that they are not products of homogeneous evolution. It is possible instead that these stars represent an intermediate stage between O stars and WNs. Since WN3/O3 stars are unknown in the Milky Way, their formation would depend upon → metallicity (Neugent et al., 2017, arxiv:1704.05497).

WN3; → O3; → star.

WN4 star
  ستاره‌ی ِ WN4   
setâre-ye WN4

Fr.: étoile WN4   

A → WN Wolf-Rayet star whose spectrum shows the following emission line characteristics: N IV 3479-3484, 4058 Å about N V 3479-3484, 4058 Å and N III 4634-4641, 5314 Å weak or absent.

W, from → Wolf-Rayet; N, from → nitrogen; → star.

WN4.5 star
  ستاره‌ی ِ WN4.5   
setâre-ye WN4.5

Fr.: étoile WN4.5   

A → WN Wolf-Rayet star whose spectrum shows the following emission line characteristics: N IV 3479-3484, 4058 Å stronger than N V 3479-3484, 4058 Å and N III 4634-4641, 5314 Å weak or absent.

W, from → Wolf-Rayet; N, from → nitrogen; → star.

WN5 star
  ستاره‌ی ِ WN5   
setâre-ye WN5

Fr.: étoile WN5   

A → WN Wolf-Rayet star whose spectrum shows the following emission line characteristics: N III 4634-4641, 5314 Å as strong as N IV 3479-3484, 4058 Å as strong as N V 3479-3484, 4058 Å.

W, from → Wolf-Rayet; N, from → nitrogen; → star.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>