An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dog Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn e-f Ear ecl eco edu eig Ein ela ele ele ele Ele elo emi emp ene Enl env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh Exo exp exp ext ext f(R fac fam fat fee Fer Fib fig fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre Fre fri fun fuz Gal gal gal Gam gau Gay gen Geo geo geo geo gim glo gov gra gra gra gra gre gro Gun hab hal han Har haz hea hel hel Hen Her het Hig hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind Ind inf inf inf inf inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv ion ion Irr iso iso iso jan jit Jul jus Kel ker kin kni La lam lan Lap las lat Lay Led Len let lif lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou low lum lun Lym M d Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man mar mas mas mat mea mea mec mem mer Mes met met mho mic Mie Mil min mis MKS MOd mol Mon moo mot mul mul myo nak Nas nat neb neg neu neu New New nit noi non non nor nor nuc nuc nul nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi pai Pan par par Par par pas Pav Pel per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy Pip Pla pla PLA pla ple plu pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pot Pra pre pre pre Pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro pro Pto pul pur qua qua qua qua qui rad rad rad rad rad rad rai ran rar Ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel rep res res res res ret RHB rid rig ris roc Ros rot rub Rut Sag sam sat sca sca Sch sci Sea sec sec see sel sem sen set Sha sha shi shu sid sil sim sin SIS ski Slo smo Soc sol sol sol sol son sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi Spo squ sta sta sta sta Ste ste ste sto str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur Swa syn syn tab tar tel tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tit top tot tra tra TRA tra tre tri tri tru Tun Tus tym Typ ult unb und uni uni uns upp Urs vac van var Vei Ven ver vic Vir vir vis vol W 4 war wat wav wea wed wet wid win WN2 Wol wri xen yok zen zin > >>

Number of Results: 12955 Search : far
WN2 star
  ستاره‌ی ِ WN2   
setâre-ye WN2

Fr.: étoile WN2   

A → WN Wolf-Rayet star whose spectrum shows the following emission line characteristics: N V 4603, 4619 Å weak or absent,He II 4686 Å strong.

W, from → Wolf-Rayet; N, from → nitrogen; → star.

WN2.5 star
  ستاره‌ی ِ WN2.5   
setâre-ye WN2.5

Fr.: étoile WN2.5   

A → WN Wolf-Rayet star whose spectrum shows the following emission line characteristics: N V 4603, 4619 Å present, N IV 3479-3484, 4058 Å absent.

W, from → Wolf-Rayet; N, from → nitrogen; → star.

WN3 star
  ستاره‌ی ِ WN3   
setâre-ye WN3

Fr.: étoile WN3   

A → WN Wolf-Rayet star whose spectrum shows the following emission line characteristics: N IV 3479-3484, 4058 Å very weaker than N V 3479-3484, 4058 Å and N III 4634-4641, 5314 Å weak or absent.

W, from → Wolf-Rayet; N, from → nitrogen; → star.

WN3/O3 star
  ستاره‌ی ِ WN3/O3   
setâre-ye WN/O3

Fr.: étoile WN3/O3   

A new type of → Wolf-Rayet stars found in the → Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC). These stars have both strong → emission lines, as well as → He II lines and → Balmer lines in absorption and spectroscopically resemble a → WN3 and → O3V binary pair. However, they are visually too faint to be WN3+O3 V → binary systems. So far nine WN3/O3 types have been detected, making up ~ 6% of the population of LMC WRs. Their temperatures are estimated to be around 100,000 K, a bit hotter than the majority of → WN Wolf-Rayet stars (by around 10,000 K) although a few hotter WNs are known. The abundances are what you would expect for → CNO equilibrium. However, most anomalous are their → mass-loss rates which are more like that of an → O star than a WN star. While their evolutionary status is uncertain, their low mass-loss rates and → wind velocities suggest that they are not products of homogeneous evolution. It is possible instead that these stars represent an intermediate stage between O stars and WNs. Since WN3/O3 stars are unknown in the Milky Way, their formation would depend upon → metallicity (Neugent et al., 2017, arxiv:1704.05497).

WN3; → O3; → star.

WN4 star
  ستاره‌ی ِ WN4   
setâre-ye WN4

Fr.: étoile WN4   

A → WN Wolf-Rayet star whose spectrum shows the following emission line characteristics: N IV 3479-3484, 4058 Å about N V 3479-3484, 4058 Å and N III 4634-4641, 5314 Å weak or absent.

W, from → Wolf-Rayet; N, from → nitrogen; → star.

WN4.5 star
  ستاره‌ی ِ WN4.5   
setâre-ye WN4.5

Fr.: étoile WN4.5   

A → WN Wolf-Rayet star whose spectrum shows the following emission line characteristics: N IV 3479-3484, 4058 Å stronger than N V 3479-3484, 4058 Å and N III 4634-4641, 5314 Å weak or absent.

W, from → Wolf-Rayet; N, from → nitrogen; → star.

WN5 star
  ستاره‌ی ِ WN5   
setâre-ye WN5

Fr.: étoile WN5   

A → WN Wolf-Rayet star whose spectrum shows the following emission line characteristics: N III 4634-4641, 5314 Å as strong as N IV 3479-3484, 4058 Å as strong as N V 3479-3484, 4058 Å.

W, from → Wolf-Rayet; N, from → nitrogen; → star.

WN6 star
  ستاره‌ی ِ WN6   
setâre-ye WN6

Fr.: étoile WN6   

A → WN Wolf-Rayet star whose spectrum shows the following emission line characteristics: N III 4634-4641, 5314 Å about N IV 3479-3484, 4058 Å and N V 3479-3484, 4058 Å present, but weak.

W, from → Wolf-Rayet; N, from → nitrogen; → star.

WN6ha
     
WN6ha

Fr.: WN6ha   

A → WNh type → Wolf-Rayet (→ WN6 star) with → absorption lines in its spectrum that have not been attributed to the presence of a → companion. For example → NGC 3603-A1.

The letter "a" indicating → absorption; → WNh type.

WN7 star
  ستاره‌ی ِ WN7   
setâre-ye WN7

Fr.: étoile WN7   

A → WN Wolf-Rayet star whose spectrum shows the following emission line characteristics: N III 4634-4641, 5314 Å stronger than N IV 3479-3484, 4058 Å, N III weaker than He II 4686 Å, He I weak with → P Cygni profile.

W, from → Wolf-Rayet; N, from → nitrogen; → star.

WN8 star
  ستاره‌ی ِ WN8   
setâre-ye WN8

Fr.: étoile WN8   

A → WN Wolf-Rayet star whose spectrum shows the following emission line characteristics: N III 4634-4641, 5314 Å very stronger than N IV 3479-3484, 4058 Å, N III about He II 4686 Å, and He I with → P Cygni profile.

W, from → Wolf-Rayet; N, from → nitrogen; → star.

WN9 star
  ستاره‌ی ِ WN9   
setâre-ye WN9

Fr.: étoile WN9   

A → WN Wolf-Rayet star whose spectrum shows the following emission line characteristics: N III 4634-4641, 5314 Å stronger than N II 3995 Å, N IV 3479-3484, 4058 Å absent, He I with → P Cygni profile.

W, from → Wolf-Rayet; N, from → nitrogen; → star.

WNE Wolf-Rayet
  وُلف-رایه‌ی ِ WNE   
Wolf-Rayet-e WNE

Fr.: Wolf-Rayet WNE   

In theoretical models, a → Wolf-Rayet star without hydrogen at its surface (< 10-5 in number) and with surface carbon abundance smaller than nitrogen abundance.

W short for Wolf-Rayet star, N for → nitrogen, E for early.

WNh type
  گونه‌ی ِ WNh   
guneh-ye WNh

Fr.: étoile de type WNh   

A → WN Wolf-Rayet star which is hydrogen rich. WNh stars are initially more massive and have lost relatively little mass compared to other WR stars. It is suggested that these types are core hydrogen burning → main sequence objects. The most massive stars currently known are all WNh stars rather than O-type main sequence stars.

WN, from → WN Wolf-Rayet; h, from → hydrogen.

WNL Wolf-Rayet
  وُلف-رایه‌ی ِ WNL   
Wolf-Rayet-e WNL

Fr.: Wolf-Rayet WNL   

In theoretical models, a → Wolf-Rayet star with hydrogen at its surface (> 10-5 in number). A star enters the Wolf-Rayet phase as a WNL, then may evolve through the sequence WNL → WNE, → WC, → WO. It can end its evolution at any of these stages.

W short for Wolf-Rayet star, N for → nitrogen, L for late.

WO Wolf-Rayet
  وُلف-رایه‌ی ِ WO   
Wolf-Rayet-e WO

Fr.: Wolf-Rayet WO   

A → Wolf-Rayet star whose spectrum shows emission lines of carbon and strong emission lines of oxygen O VI 3811-34 Å. In theoretical models, a W-R star whose carbon abundance at surface is larger than nitrogen abundance and has the abundance ratio (C + O) / He > 1 (in number).

W short for Wolf-Rayet star, O for → oxygen.

WO1 type
  ستاره‌ی ِ WO1   
setâre-ye WO1

Fr.: étoile WO1   

An oxygen-rich → Wolf-Rayet star whose spectrum shows the following emission line characteristics: No O IV 3400 Å, strong O VI 3811-34 Å, O V 5572-98 Å about or stronger than C IV 5801-12 Å, no C III 5696 Å.

W, from → Wolf-Rayet; O, from → oxygen; → star.

WO2 type
  ستاره‌ی ِ WO2   
setâre-ye WO2

Fr.: étoile WO2   

An oxygen-rich → Wolf-Rayet star whose spectrum shows the following emission line characteristics: No O IV 3400 Å, strong O VI 3811-34 Å, O V 5572-98 Å weaker than C IV 5801-12 Å, no C III 5696 Å.

W, from → Wolf-Rayet; O, from → oxygen; → star.

wobble
  ۱) پلاپلیدن؛ ۲) پلاپل   
1) palâpelidan; 2) palâpel

Fr.: chanceler, osciller, vaciller; chancellement, vacillement   

1a) To incline to one side and to the other alternately, as a wheel, top, or other rotating body when not properly balanced.
1b) To move unsteadily from side to side; vacillate; waver.
2) A wobbling movement (Dictionary.com).

Probably from Low Ger. wabbeln "to wobble;" cognate with O.N. vafla "hover about, totter," related to vafra "move unsteadily."

Palâpel "wobbling, unsteady motion" in štiyâni dialect, variant in colloquial Persian pilipili, pelpel (pilipili raftan, pilipili xordan).

Wolf minimum
  کمینه‌ی ِ ولف   
kamine-ye Wolf

Fr.: minimum de Wolf   

A 70-year period of unusually low → solar activity, from about 1280 to 1350. See also the → Maunder minimum.

Wolf number; → minimum.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dog Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn e-f Ear ecl eco edu eig Ein ela ele ele ele Ele elo emi emp ene Enl env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh Exo exp exp ext ext f(R fac fam fat fee Fer Fib fig fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre Fre fri fun fuz Gal gal gal Gam gau Gay gen Geo geo geo geo gim glo gov gra gra gra gra gre gro Gun hab hal han Har haz hea hel hel Hen Her het Hig hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind Ind inf inf inf inf inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv ion ion Irr iso iso iso jan jit Jul jus Kel ker kin kni La lam lan Lap las lat Lay Led Len let lif lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou low lum lun Lym M d Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man mar mas mas mat mea mea mec mem mer Mes met met mho mic Mie Mil min mis MKS MOd mol Mon moo mot mul mul myo nak Nas nat neb neg neu neu New New nit noi non non nor nor nuc nuc nul nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi pai Pan par par Par par pas Pav Pel per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy Pip Pla pla PLA pla ple plu pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pot Pra pre pre pre Pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro pro Pto pul pur qua qua qua qua qui rad rad rad rad rad rad rai ran rar Ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel rep res res res res ret RHB rid rig ris roc Ros rot rub Rut Sag sam sat sca sca Sch sci Sea sec sec see sel sem sen set Sha sha shi shu sid sil sim sin SIS ski Slo smo Soc sol sol sol sol son sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi Spo squ sta sta sta sta Ste ste ste sto str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur Swa syn syn tab tar tel tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tit top tot tra tra TRA tra tre tri tri tru Tun Tus tym Typ ult unb und uni uni uns upp Urs vac van var Vei Ven ver vic Vir vir vis vol W 4 war wat wav wea wed wet wid win WN2 Wol wri xen yok zen zin > >>