An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 12948 Search : far
compulsory
  وادارشی، وادارکردی   
vâdâreši, vâdârkardi

Fr.: obligatoire   

Required by law or a rule; obligatory; involving or exercising compulsion; coercive (OxforddDctionaries.com).

From M.L. compulsorius, from L. compulsus, p.p. of compellere, → compel.

Adjective from vâdâreš, vâdârkard, → compulsion.

computation
  حساب   
hesâb (#)

Fr.: calcul   

The act, process, or method of calculating.

Verbal noun of → compute.

compute
  حسابیدن   
hesâbidan (#)

Fr.: calculer   

To determine by calculation, especially by numerical methods; to determine by using a computer or calculator. See also → calculate.

From Fr. computer, from L. computare "to count, sum up," from → com- "with" + putare "to prune, clean, settle an account, think over, reflect;" PIE base *pau- "to cut, strike, stamp."

Hesâbidan, from Ar. hesâb "reckoning, computation," + infinitive suffix -idan.

computer
  رایانگر   
râyângar (#)

Fr.: ordinateur   

An electronic device which can accept data, apply a series of logical instructions rapidly, and supply the results of the processes as information.

From → compute + suffix → -er.

Râyângar "arranger, organizer," on the model of Fr. ordinateur according to which the electronic device arranges/organizes instructions and information. Râyângar, from râyân- stem of râyânidan "to regulate, set in order," from Mid.Pers. râyânīdan "to arrange, organize" + -gar agent suffix. Râyân-, from rây-, Mod.Pers. ârây-, ârâyeš, ârâyidan "to arrange, adorn," Mid.Pers. ârây-, ârâstan "to arrange, adorn;" O.Pers. rād- "to prepare," rās- "to be right, straight, true," rāsta- "straight, true" (Mod.Pers. râst "straight, true"); Av. rāz- "to direct, put in line, set," razan- "order;" Gk. oregein "to stretch out;" L. regere "to lead straight, guide, rule," p.p. rectus "right, straight;" Skt. rji- "to make straight or right, arrange, decorate;" PIE base *reg- "move in a straight line;" see also → direct.

computerization
  رایانگرش، رایانگرانش   
râyângareš, râyângarâneš

Fr.:   

The process or state of computerizing.

computerize.

computerize
  رایانگریدن، رایانگراندن   
râyângaridan, râyângarândan

Fr.:   

To control, perform, process, or store by means of or in an electronic computer or computers.

From → computer + verb forming suffix → -ize.

concave
  کاو   
kâv (#)

Fr.: concave   

Of a surface, curving inward.

From L. concavus "hollow," from → com- intensive prefix + cavus "hollow;" PIE base *keu- "a swelling, arch, cavity."

Kâv "hollow," verb kâvidan (kâftan) "to dig; to examine, investigate," cf. L. cavus "hollow" (E. derivatives: cavity, concave, cave, excavate), Gk. koilos "hollow," Armenian sor; PIE *kowos "hollow."

concave grating
  توری ِ کاو   
turi-ye kâv (#)

Fr.: réseau concave   

A → diffraction grating ruled on a concave spherical mirror that eliminates chromatic aberration and transmits regions of the spectrum, such as the ultraviolet, which is not transmitted by glass lenses.

concave; → grating.

concave lens
  عدسی ِ کاو   
adasi-ye kâv (#)

Fr.: lentille concave   

A lens which is thinner at the center than at the edges and diverges the light rays.

concave; → lens.

concave mirror
  آینه‌ی ِ کاو   
âyene-ye kâv (#)

Fr.: miroir concave   

A mirror whose surface is curved inward and converges the light rays.

concave; → mirror.

concavo-convex lens
  عدسی ِ کاو-کوژ   
adasi-ye kâv-kuž (#)

Fr.: lentille concavo-convexe   

A type of → convergent lens that is concave on one surface and convex on the opposite surface. Also called → meniscus lens. Meniscus lenses are used most often in conjunction with another lens to produce an optical system of a longer or shorter → focal length than the original lens.

concave; → convex; → lens.

conceive
  بگرتیدن   
begertidan

Fr.: concevoir   

To form a notion or idea of.

M.E., from O.Fr. conceivre, from L. concipere "to take fully, take in," → concept.

Verb from begert, → concept.

concentrate
  ۱) هم‌مرکزیدن، هم‌مرکز کردن؛ ۲) دبزیدن   
1) hammarkazidan, hammarkaz kardan; 2) dabzidan

Fr.: concentrer   

1) To bring or draw to a common center or point of union.
2) Of a solution, to make denser, stronger, or purer, esp. by the removal or reduction of liquid.

Verb with p.p. → concentrated.

concentrated
  ۱) هم‌مرکزیده؛ ۲) دبز   
1) hammarkazidé; 2) dabz

Fr.: concentré   

1) Gathered together closely.
2) Made denser, purer.

Past participle of → concentrate.

1) Past participle of hammarkazidan, → concentrate.
2) Dabz "dense, thick, concentrated, coarse," variants dafzak and gabz; Av. bəzuuant- "thick, dense," bazah- "thickness, denseness;" Baluchi baz "thick, coarse;" Zazaki vezdin "oily, greasy" Ossetic bæzgin "thick, dense;" cf. Skt. bamh "to thicken, become dense;" Gk. pakhos "thickness, density;" PIE base bhengh- "to become/make dense, thick" (see Cheung 2007).

concentration
  ۱) هم‌مرکزش، دبزش؛ ۲) دبزش   
1) hammarkazeš, dabzeš 2) dabzeš

Fr.: concentration   

1) The act of concentrating or the state of being concentrated.
2) Chemistry: A measure of the amount of dissolved substance contained per unit of volume in a solution.

Verbal noun from → concentrate.

concentric
  هم‌مرکز   
hammarkaz (#)

Fr.: concentrique   

Having a common center, as circles or spheres.

From O.Fr. concentrique, from M.L. concentricus, from → com- "together" + centrum "circle, center."

ham- + centric, from → center

concentric lens
  عدسی ِ هم‌مرکز   
adasi-ye hammarkaz (#)

Fr.: lentille concentrique   

A lens having surfaces whose centers of curvature coincide.

concentric; → lens.

concept
  بگرت   
begert

Fr.: concept   

1) Something → conceived in the → mind; a constituent of → thought.
2) The generic term for the members of a given → class of any sort, or the → term for the class itself. In other words, a unit of → knowledge abstracted from a set of characteristics or properties attributed to a class of objects, relations, or entities.

From M.L. conceptus "something conceived," p.p. of concipere "to take in," from → com- intensive prefix + cipere, combining form of capere "to take," PIE base *kap- "to grasp;" cf. Skt. kapati "two handfuls;" Gk. kaptein "to swallow;" O.Ir. cacht "servant-girl," literally "captive;" Goth. haban "have, hold;" O.E. habban "to have, hold;" Av. haf-, hap- "to keep, observe;" probably Mod.Pers. kapidan, qâpidan "to seize."

Begert "seized, taken, caught; supposed, imagined," from intensive prefix be- "to, for, in, on, with, by" (→ ad hoc) + gert, from gerté, variant of gerefté "seized, taken," from gereftan "to seize, take, catch; to suppose, imagine," as in Laki gert, gerten, Lori gereta, Kurd. girtin "to take, seize, catch;" Abyâne-yi geratan, Ardestâni girette, Abuzeydâbâdi grata; Mid.Pers. griftan, Av./O.Pers. grab- "to take, to seize," cf. Skt. grah-, grabh- "to seize, to take," graha "seizing, holding, perceiving;" M.L.G. grabben "to grab;" Gothic greipan, O.H.G. grifan, Ger. greifen "to seize," begreifen "to seize, understand," Begriff "concept;" E. grab "to take or grasp suddenly;" PIE *ghrebh- "to seize."

concept map
  نقشه‌ی ِ بگرتی   
naqše-ye begerti

Fr.: schéma conceptuel   

A chart showing a central concept with suggested relationships with other concepts, which are subtopics of the central concept. The map is ordered into a tree structure with multiple branches.

concept; → map.

conception
  بگرتش   
begerteš

Fr.: conception   

1) The act of conceiving; the state of being conceived.
2) The process of arriving at an abstract idea or belief.

Verbal noun of → conceive.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>