An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 12948 Search : far
conductivity
  هازندگی   
hâzandegi

Fr.: conductivité   

1) General: A measure of the ability to transmit, as electricity, thermal energy, sound, and so on.
2) → electrical conductivity.
3) → thermal conductivity.

From → conductive + → -ity suffix forming abstract nouns expressing state or condition.

conductor
  هازنده   
hâzandé

Fr.: conducteur   

Substance, or body, which offers a relatively small resistance to the passage of an electric current.

Agent noun from conduce, → conduct, + → -tor.

cone
  مخروط   
maxrut (#)

Fr.: cône   

A solid bounded by a plane and the surface generated by a straight line which always touches a simple closed curve on the plane and passes through a fixed point not on the plane.

L. conus "a wedge, peak, cone," from Gk. konos "cone, spinning top, pine cone," from PIE base *ko(n)- "to sharpen."

Maxrut from Ar.

confederation
  هم‌هیاوش   
ham-hiyâveš

Fr.: confédération   

A body comprising independent organizations that cooperate for a common purpose.

com-; → federation.

confess
  خستوییدن، خستو شدن   
xastuyidan, xastu šodan (#)

Fr.: avouer   

To acknowledge or avow (a fault, crime, misdeed, weakness, etc.) by way of revelation (Dictionary.com).

M.E. confessen, from Old French confesser (transitive and intransitive), from Vulgar Latin *confessare, from Latin confess-, past participle stem of confiteri "to acknowledge," from assimilated form of com "together" (see com-) + fateri "to admit," akin to fari "speak," from PIE root *bha- (2) "to speak, tell, say."

Xastuyidan, infinitive from xastu, → confessor.

confession
  خستویش   
xastuyeš

Fr.: aveu   

1) Something that is confessed.
2) Acknowledgment or disclosure of sin or sinfulness, especially to a priest to obtain absolution (Dictionary.com).

Verbal noun of → xastuyidan, "to → confess."

confessor
  خستو   
xastu (#)

Fr.: avouant   

A person who makes a confession.

confess; → -or.

Xastu "a person who makes a confession, confessing," from Mid.Pers. xwastûg "confessing," xwastûgih "confession;" ultimately from *xva.stavana-, from *xva- "own, one's own," + *stau- "to paray, celebrate (in songs), praise" (Pers. sotudan/setây- "to praise"); cf. Av. stau-, stû- "to praise" (āstau- "to confess"); Skt. stav- "to honour, praise;" Gk. steutai "announces solemnly, boasts."

configuration
  همپیکرش   
hampeykareš (#)

Fr.: configuration   

General: Arrangement of parts or elements in a composite object.
Physics: The distribution of electrons in the various atomic orbital and energy levels.

L.L. configuration, configuratio "similar formation," from L. configurare "to form from or after," from → com- + figurare "to form," from figura "figure."

Hampeykareš (verbal noun from hampeykaridan), from ham-, → com-, + peykar "figure, form, mould, body" + noun suffix -eš. Peykar from Mid.Pers. pahikar "picture, image," from O.Pers. patikara- "picture, (sculpted) likeness," from patiy "against" (Av. paiti, Skt. prati, Gk. poti/proti) + kara- "doer, maker," from kar- "to do, make, build," Av. kar-, Skt.. kr-; cf. Skt. pratikrti- "an image, likeness, model; counterpart."

confine
  پربستن، پربست کردن   
parbastan (#), parbast kardan (#)

Fr.: confiner   

To enclose within bounds; to restrict.

M.E., from M.Fr. confins, confines, from L. confinis "boundary, border," from con-, → com- "with" + finis "end."

Parbastan, parbast kardan, literally "close around," from par- "around," → circum-, + bast, bastan "to close," → closed.

confined plasma
  پلاسمای ِ پربسته   
pelâsmâ-ye parbasté

Fr.: plasma confiné   

Plasma in which magnetic field lines forming closed surfaces confine the plasma.

Confined, p;p. of → confine; → plasma.

confinement
  پربست   
parbast (#)

Fr.: confinement   

General: The act of confining; the state of being confined. Physics: A property of quantum electrodynamics whereby quarks cannot exist as free particles, but are forever bound into protons, neutrons, etc.

Noun from → confine.

confirm
  استوار کردن، ستواریدن   
ostovâr kardan (#), sotvâridan

Fr.: confirmer   

To support or establish the certainty or validity of; verify.

L. confirmare "make firm, establish," from → com- intensive prefix + firmare "to strengthen," from firmus "firm, stable," from PIE base *dher- "to hold firmly, support," cf. Skt. dharmah "status, law," Gk. thronos "seat."

Ostovâr kardan, sotvâridan from ostovâr "firm, reliable," Mid.Pers. awestwâr, ôst "firm, reliable," O.Pers./Av. sta- "to stand; set," (Av. hištaiti, cf. Skt. sthâ- "to stand," Gk. histemi "put, place, weigh," stasis "a standing still," L. stare "to stand"); PIE base *sta- "to stand."

confirmation
  استواری، ستوارش   
ostovâri (#), sotvâreš

Fr.: confirmation   

The act of confirming or the state of being confirmed.

Verbal noun from → confirm.

conflict
  کشمکش   
kešmakeš (#)

Fr.: conflit   

1) A serious disagreement or argument, typically a protracted one.
2) A serious incompatibility between two or more opinions, principles, or interests (Oxford.Dictionaries).

M.E., from O.Fr. conflit and directly from L. conflictus, p.p. of confligere "to strike together, be in conflict," from → com- "together" + fligere "to strike."

Kešmakeš, literally "pulling different ways," from kešidan "to pull, carry, draw," → galaxy.

conformal
  همدیس   
hamdis

Fr.: conforme   

Math.: Of, pertaining to, or specifying a mapping of a surface upon another surface so that all angles between intersecting curves remain unchanged.

con- + → form + → -al.

conformal compactification
  همپکانش ِ همدیس   
hampakâneš-e hamdi

Fr.: compactification conforme   

A mapping of an infinite → space-time onto a finite one that may make the far away parts of the former accessible to study. The technique invented by Penrose defines an equivalence class of → metrics, gab being equivalent to ĝab = Ω2gab, where Ω is a positive scalar function of the space-time that modifies the distance scale making the asymptotics of the physical metric accessible to study.

conformal; → compactification.

conformal mapping
  همتایش ِ همدیس   
hamtâyeš-e hamdis

Fr.: application conforme   

A continuous mapping u = f(x) of a domain D in an n-dimensional Euclidean space (n≥ 2) into the n-dimensional Euclidean space is called conformal at a point x0D if it has the properties of constancy of dilation and preservation of angles at this point.

conformal; → mapping.

confound
  پشیدن   
pašidan

Fr.: confondre   

1) To throw into confusion or disorder.
2) To treat or regard erroneously as identical; mix or associate by mistake (Dictionary.com).

M.E. conf(o)unden, from Anglo-Fr. confoundre, O.Fr. confondre "throw into disorder, crush, ruin," from L. confundere "to confuse," literally "to pour together, mix, mingle," from → com- + fundere "to pour"

Pašidan, from Tâti paši "confused, blend;" ultimately from Proto-Ir. *apa-šan-, from *šan- "to shake;" cf. Mid.Pers. pašân-, afšân- "to spread, scatter;" Pers. afšândan "to disperse;" Kurd. pašiv "messy, disordered," pašukân "to be agitated, distraught;" Gilaki voršin "messy, disordered;" see → chaos for other dialectal examples.

confuse
  پشیدن   
pašidan

Fr.: confondre   

1) To make unclear or indistinct.
2) To fail to distinguish between; associate by mistake; confound (Dictionary.com).

Back formation from confused, M.E. confused, from O.fr. confus, from L. confusus, p.p. of confundere, → confound.

confound.

confused
  پشیده، پشناک   
pašidé, pašnâk

Fr.: confus   

1) (Of a person) Unable to think clearly; perplexed.
2) Lacking order and so difficult to understand. Disordered.

Past participle of → confuse.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>