An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 13116 Search : far
conclude
  آکلاندن   
âkolândan

Fr.: conclure   

To bring or come to an end; to determine, settle, or arrange finally.

From L. concluere "to close, end an argument," from → con- "together" + claudere "to close, shut," → include.

Âkolândan, from â- nuance/intensive prefix + kolândan "to shut," → include.

conclusion
  آکلان   
âkolân

Fr.: conclusion   

1) The act of concluding; the end or last part.
2) Logic: Of an argument, the → sentence whose → truth is to be established.

Verbal noun of → conclude.

conclusive
  آکلاننده، آکلان‌مند   
âkolânandé, âkolânmand

Fr.: concluant   

Serving to put an end to debate; decisive; definitive; convincing.

Adj. from → conclude.

concord
  همسازی   
hamsâzi (#)

Fr.: concorde   

Agreement between persons, groups, nations, etc.; unanimity; accord. → concordance.
Music: A stable, harmonious combination of tones.

From O.Fr. concorde, from L. concordia "agreement, union," from concors (gen. concordis) "of the same mind," literally "of the same heart, hearts together," from → com- "together" + cor "heart;" cf. Pers. del "heart;" Av. zərəd-; Skt. hrd-; Gk. kardia; Arm. sirt; P.Gmc. *khertan- (O.E. heorte, E. heart, Ger. Herz, Bret. kreiz "middle"); PIE base *kerd- "heart".

Hamsâzi, from ham-, → com-, + sâz "(musical) instrument; apparatus; harness; furniture," from sâzidan, sâxtan "to build, make, fashion; to adapt, adjust, be fit" (from Mid.Pers. sâxtan, sâz- "to prepare, to form;" Av. sak- "to understand, to mark," sâcaya- (causative) "to teach") + -i suffix that forms nouns from adjectives.

concordance model
  مدل ِ همسازگانی   
model-e hamsâzgâni

Fr.: modèle de concordance   

The currently most commonly used cosmological model that describes the Universe as a flat infinite space in eternal expansion, accelerated under the effect of a repulsive → dark energy. The Universe is 13.7 billion years old and made up of 4% baryonic matter, 23% dark matter and 73% dark energy; the Hubble constant is 71 km/s/Mpc and the density of the Universe is very close to the critical value for re-collapse. These values were derived from → WMAP satellite observations of the → cosmic microwave background radiation.

M.E. concordaunce, from O.Fr. concordance, from L. concordantia, from → concord + -ance a suffix used to form nouns either from adjectives in -ant or from verbs.

Hamsâzgâni, from hamsâz, → concord, + -gân relation and multiplicity suffix + -i suffix that forms noun from adjectives.

concrete
  ۱) امبس، بسودنی؛ امبس؛ ۲) امبسیدن   
1a,b) ambas, basudani; 1c) ambas; 2) ambasidan

Fr.: 1) concret; 2) se concrétiser   

1a) Relating to a particular instance or object, as opposed to → general.
1b) Relating to or characteristic of things capable of being perceived by the senses, as opposed to → abstractions.
1c) Formed by the coalescence of particles; condensed; solid.
2a) To form into a mass by coalescence of particles; render solid. → concretion.
2b) To make real, tangible, or particular.

M.E. concret, from L. concretus "condensed, hardened, thick, stiff, clotted," p.p. of concrescere "to grow together," from → com- "together" + crescere "to grow," cognate with Pers. korré "foal, colt," korr "son, boy," → crescent.

Ambas, a variant of anbast in several dialects (e.g. Tabari) "dense, thick;" Mid.Pers. hambast "compact, tied together," from ham- "together," → com- + bast p.p. of bastan "to clot, congeal; to bind," Av./O.Pers. band- "to bind, fetter," basta- "bound, tied," Skt. bandh- "to bind, tie, fasten," PIE *bhendh- "to bind," cf. Ger. binden, E. bind.
Basudani "tangible," from basudan "to touch," variant pasâvidan, ultimately from Proto-Ir. *pra-sau-, from *sau- "to rub; whet; wear;" cf. sudan, sâyidan "to rub," sân "whetstone," variants fasân, afsân, awsân; Mid.Pers. sūdan "to rub;" Khotanese sauy- "to rub;" Sogd. ps'w "to rub;" Choresmian bs'w "to rub off, polish;" Skt. sā- "to sharpen, whet."

concretion
  امبسش   
ambaseš

Fr.: concrétion   

1) The act or process of concreting or becoming substantial.
2) The state of being concreted.
3) Geology: A hard, dense mass of mineral matter that formed within a rock of a composition different from its own through the precipitation of minerals and ranging in diameter from centimeters to meters.

Verbal noun of → concrete.

concur
  هاتزیدن   
hâtazidan

Fr.: concourir   

1) To be of the same opinion; agree.
2) To act together to a common object or effect.

From L. concurrere "to run together, assemble hurriedly; fight," from → com- "together" + currere "to run."

Hâtazidan, from hâ-, variant of ham- "together," → com-, + taz-, variant of tâz-, tâxtan "to run; to hasten; to assault," → flow.

concurrence
  هاتزش   
hâtazeš

Fr.: concours   

The act of concurring; accordance in opinion; agreement.

Verbal noun of → concur.

concurrent
  هاتزنده   
hâtazandé

Fr.: concourant   

1) Existing, happening, or done at the same time.
2) Acting in conjunction; cooperating. → concurrent forces.

Verbal adj. from → concur.

concurrent forces
  نیروهای ِ هاتزنده   
niruhâ-ye hâtazandé

Fr.: forces concourantes   

A system of forces applied to a → rigid body in such manner that their lines of action intersect at a single point. A system of concurrent forces acting on a rigid body can be replaced by an equivalent force applied at the same point. → line of action.

concurrent; → force.

condemn
  اراختن، ارازیدن   
erâxtan (#), erâzidan (#)

Fr.: condamner   

1) To express an unfavorable or adverse judgment on; indicate strong disapproval of.
2) To pronounce to be guilty; sentence to punishment (Dictionary.com).

M.E., from O.Fr. condamner "to condemn," from L. condemnare "to sentence, blame, disapprove," from → com- intensive prefix + damnare "to harm, damage."

Erâxtan, erâzidan, from Mid.Pers. êrâxtan, êrâžinidan "to condemn" (Parthian êranz- " to condemn, damn, blame, conquer"); ultimately from Proto-Ir. *api-raic-, from *raic- "to leave, abandon," cf. Av. raēc- "to leave;" Pers. parhiz "to keep away from, abstain, avoid," gorixtan, goriz- "to escape."

condemnation
  ارازش   
erâzeš

Fr.: condamnation   

The act of condemning; the state of being condemned.

Verbal noun of → condemn.

condensate
  چگالاک   
cagâlâk

Fr.: condensat   

A substance formed by condensation, such as a liquid reduced from a gas or vapor.

From L. condensatus, p.p. of condensare, → condense.

Cagâlâk, from present stem of cagâlidan, → condense, + suffix -âk (on the model of xorâk, pušâk, kâvâk, dârâk, suzâk, xâšak, maqâk).

condensation
  چگالش   
cagâleš (#)

Fr.: condensation   

1) General: The act of making more dense or compact.
2) Physics: The physical process by which a vapor becomes a liquid; the opposite of → evaporation. → sublimation; → deposition.
3) Acoustics: The ratio of the instantaneous excess of density to the normal density at a point in a medium transmitting longitudinal sound waves. → rarefaction.
4) Chemistry: Chemical change in which two or more molecules react with the elimination of water or of some other simple substance.
5) Meteorology: Any process by which water vapor changes to dew, fog, or cloud.

Verbal noun from → condense; → -tion.

condensation nucleus
  هسته‌ی ِ چگالش   
haste-ye cagâleš

Fr.: noyau de condensation   

A tiny suspended particle in the → atmosphere around which → water vapor condenses to form → droplets. Condensation nuclei are usually less than about 0.001 mm in diameter and can be made of → ice, → salt, → dust, and other materials. The droplets that form can be liquid water or ice, depending on the surrounding temperature. When the number of these droplets is large enough, a cloud is visible.

condensation; → nucleus.

condensation of vapor
  چگالش ِ بخار   
cagâleš-e boxâr (#)

Fr.: condensation de vapeur   

Change of vapor into liquid. It takes place when the pressure of the vapor becomes equal to the maximum vapor pressure of the liquid at that temperature.

condensation; → vapor.

condense
  چگالیدن   
cagâlidan (#)

Fr.: condenser   

General: (v.tr.) To reduce the volume of, to make more concise. (v.intr.) To become more compact, to undergo condensation.
Physics: To cause a gas or vapor to change to a liquid. To remove water from a substance.

L. condensare "to make dense," from → com- intensive prefix + densare "make thick," from densus, → dense.

Cagâlidan from cagâl "dense, thick," of unknown etymology, + -idan infinitive suffix.

condensed
  چگالیده   
cagâlidé (#)

Fr.: condensé   

Relating to or produced by → condensation.

Adj. from → condense.

condensed matter
  ماده‌ی ِ چگالیده   
mâdeh-ye cagâlidé (#)

Fr.: matière condensée   

Matter in the liquid or solid state.

condensed; → matter.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer aga air Alf Alg alk Alp alt alu amm ana And ang ani ano ant ant Ap apo app app Aqu Arc arg arr asc ass ast ast asy atm ato att aur aut axi B-m bad Bal bar bar Bay Bed ber Bet bif bim bin bio bis bla ble blu Bod Bol bor bou Bra Bre bro bul C-t Cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che chl Cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- coc coh col col col Com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con coo Cor Cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl Dan dat Dav de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den den der det deu dew dic dif dif dil Dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dod Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn DZ Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ era ESP eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla Flo flu fog for for Fou fra fre fre Fro fun G s Gal gal gal Gar gau geg gen geo geo geo ger gla gly gra gra gra gra gra Gre gro GYR Had Hal hap Har HD hea hel hel Hen Her hex hig Hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyb hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp in- inc Ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jor jum K c Kep Ker kin kno lab Lam Lan Lap las lat Le lef len lev lig lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou LS lun lun Lym M s Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat May mea mec mel mer mes met met met mic mid mil Min Mir mix mod mod mol mon mor mov mul mur mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor nos nuc nuc num nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi P-w pal par par par par Pas pat pej per per per per per per pha Phe pho pho pho phy pin pla Pla pla pla pla plu poi pol pol Pol pol por pos pot Poy pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Psa pul pum Q i qua qua qua qua R A rad rad rad rad rad rad Ram Ran rat rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rei rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev Rho Rie ril riv rog Ros rot rul S A Sag sam sat sca sca Sch Sco Sec sec sec seg sel sem sen set Sha sha shi sho sid sig sim sin Sir ske sli Smo soc sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spe spe Spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto str str sub sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the thi thr tid til tip ton tor tou tra tra tra tra Tri tri tru tsu tur two Typ UHE ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec Vel ver Ver vie Vir vis vis vol W-R war wav wav wea Wei wha wid win WN3 Wol wri xen yok zen zij > >>