An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>

Number of Results: 12948 Search : far
confusion
  پشش   
pašeš

Fr.: confusion   

1) The act of confusing.
2) The state of being confused.
3) Disorder; upheaval; tumult; chaos (Dictionary.com).

Verbal noun of → confuse.

confusion limit
  حد ِ پشش   
hadd-e pašeš

Fr.: limite de confusion   

The → fluctuations of the → background  → sky brightness below which astronomical → sources cannot be → detected individually. The confusion limit is reached when the density of sources brighter than the → root mean square  → noise becomes high enough within the area of the resolution element.

confusion; → limit.

conglomerate
  هاگلمیدن   
hâgolemidan

Fr.: conglomérer   

1) Anything composed of heterogeneous materials or elements.
2) Geology: A sedimentary rock made of rounded rock fragments (greater than two millimeters in diameter), such as pebbles, cobbles, and boulders, in a finer-grained matrix.

From L. conglomeratus, p.p. of conglomerare "to roll together," from → com- "together" + glomerare "to gather into a ball," from glomus (genitive glomeris) "a ball," globus "globe;" PIE *gel- "to make into a ball."

Hâgolemidan, from hâ- "together," → com-, + golem "glomus," → agglomerate.

conglomeration
  هاگلمش   
hâgolemeš

Fr.: conglomération   

1) The act of conglomerating; the state of being conglomerated.
2) a cohering mass; cluster (Dictionary.com).

Verbal noun of → conglomerate.

congruence
  دمسازی   
damsâzi

Fr.: congruence   

The quality or state of agreeing or corresponding. → congruent.

Noun form of → congruent.

congruent
  دمساز   
damsâz

Fr.: congruent   

1) Agreeing; accordant.
2) Math.: → congruent number.
3) Geometry: → congruent angles, → congruent circles, → congruent line segments, → congruent polygons, → congruent triangles.

Congruent "suitable, proper," from L. congruentem (nominative congruens) "agreeing, fit, suitable," p.p. of congruere, literally "to come together, agree, correspond with," from → com- "with" + a lost verb *gruere, *ruere "fall, rush."

Damsâz "agreeing, consenting, harmonious," maybe from hamsâz "unanimous," → compatible.

congruent angles
  زاویه‌های ِ دمساز   
zâviyehâ-ye damsâz

Fr.: angles congrus   

Two angles if they have the same measure. Congruent angles may lie in different orientations or positions.

congruent; → angle.

congruent circles
  پرهون‌های ِ دمساز   
parhunhâ-ye damsâz

Fr.: cercles congrus   

Two circles if they have the same size.

congruent; → circle.

congruent line segments
  برنک‌های ِ دمساز   
borankhâ-ye damsâz

Fr.: segments congru   

Two line segments if they have the same length. They need not lie at the same angle or position on the plane.

congruent; → line; → segment.

congruent number
  عدد ِ دمساز   
adad-e damsâz

Fr.: nombre congru   

Number theory: An → integerN if there exists a → right triangle with → rational sides so that the area of the triangle is N. For example, the number N = 6, because of the 3-4-5 triangle.

congruent; → number.

congruent polygons
  چندبرهای ِ دمساز   
candbarhâ-ye damsâz

Fr.: polygones congrus   

Polygons that have an equal number of sides, and all the corresponding sides and angles are congruent. However, they can be in a different location, rotated or flipped over.

congruent; → polygon.

congruent triangles
  سه‌برهای ِ دمساز   
sebarhâ-ye damsâz

Fr.: triangles congrus   

Two triangles when all corresponding sides and interior angles have the same measure. The triangles will have the same shape and size, but one may be a mirror image of the other.

congruent; → triangle.

conic
  مخروطی   
maxruti (#)

Fr.: conique   

Same as → conic section.

Adj. from → cone.

conic section
  سکنج ِ مخروطی   
sekanj-e maxruti

Fr.: section conique   

A curve which may be represented as the intersection of a plane with a cone; hence a → parabola, → hyperbola, or → ellipse.

cone; → section.

conjecture
  ۱) هاشن؛ ۲) هاشنیدن   
1) hâšan; 2) hâšanidan

Fr.: 1) conjecture; 2) conjecturer, supposer   

1a) The formation or expression of an opinion or theory without sufficient evidence for proof.
1b) An opinion or theory so formed or expressed; → huess; → speculation.
2) To conclude or suppose from grounds or evidence insufficient to ensure reliability (Dictionary.com).

An opinion or theory formed without sufficient evidence for proof; guess; speculation.

M.E., from O.Fr. conjecture "surmise, guess," or directly from L. coniectura "conclusion, interpretation, guess, inference," literally "a casting together (of facts, etc.)," from coniectus, p.p. of conicere "to throw together," from → com- "together" + iacere "to throw," → eject.

Hâšan, from hâ-, variant ham-, → com-, + šan, from ešândan "to throw out," → eject.

conjugate
  ۱) همیوغ؛ ۲) همیوغیدن   
1) hamyuq (#); 2) hamyuqidan (#)

Fr.: 1) conjugué; 2) conjuguer   

1) An element of a group related to a given element x by y = z-1xz or zy = xz, where z is another element of the group. Also known as → transform.
2) To → inflect a verb.

From L. conjugare "to join together," from → com- "together" + jugare "to join," from jugum "yoke," from PIE *yeug- "to join;" cf. Av. yaog- "to yoke, put to; to join, unite," Mid.Pers. jug, ayoxtan "to join, yoke," Mod.Pers. yuq "yoke," Skt. yugam "yoke," Hittite yugan "yoke;" Gk. zygon "yoke," zeugnyanai "to join, unite," O.C.S. igo, O.Welsh iou, Lith. jungas O.E. geoc.

Hamyuq, from ham- "together," → com- + yuq "yoke," from PIE *yeug- "to join," as above.

conjugate angles
  زاویه‌ها‌ی ِ همیوغ   
zâviyehâ-ye hamyuq

Fr.: angles conjugués   

Two angles whose sum is 360° or 2π radians.

conjugate; → angle.

conjugate axis
  آسه‌ی ِ همیوغ   
âse-ye hamyuq

Fr.: axe conjugué   

One of the two diameters of a conic, so related that a tangent at the end of one is parallel to the other.

conjugate; → axis.

conjugate complex number
  عدد ِ همتافت ِ همیوغ   
adad-e hamtâft hamyuq (#)

Fr.: nombre complexe conjugé   

The conjugate of a → complex number, expressed by ū = a - bi. The complex number and its conjugate have the same real part. Same as → complex conjugate.

conjugate; → complex; → number.

conjugate momentum
  جنباک ِ همیوغ   
jonbâk hamyuq

Fr.: moment conjugué   

If qj (j = 1, 2, ...) are generalized coordinates of a classical dynamical system, and L is its Lagrangian, the momentum conjugate to qj is pj = ∂L/∂q. Also known as canonical momentum.

conjugate; → momentum.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>