An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 12948 Search : far
conjugate points
  نقطه‌های ِ همیوغ   
noqtehâ-ye hamyuq

Fr.: points conjugués   

Two points positioned along the principal axis of a mirror or lens so that light coming from one focuses onto the other.

conjugate; → point.

conjugate ray
  پرتو ِ همیوغ   
partow-e hamyuq

Fr.: rayon conjugué   

Of an optical ray, the parallel ray that passes through the center of the → optical system.

conjugate; → ray.

conjugate transpose
  ترانهاد ِ همیوغ   
tarânehâd-e hamyuq

Fr.: transpose conjugé   

Of an m x nmatrix  A with → complex  → elements, the n x m matrix A* obtained from A by taking the → transpose and then taking the → complex conjugate of each element. Same as → adjoint matrix or Hermitian transpose.

conjugate; → transpose.

conjugation
  همیوغش   
hamyuqeš (#)

Fr.: conjugaison   

1) Math: An operation of a group G on itself which associates with each ordered pair (x,y) of elements in the group the element xyx-1.
2) Grammar: The → inflection of verbs.

Verbal noun form of → conjugate.

Hamyuqeš, from ham-, as above + yuqeš verbal noun of yuqidan "to yoke, join," from yuq "yoke," from PIE *yeug- "to join," → conjugate.

conjunct
  هم‌جوهه   
hamjuhé

Fr.:   

Any of the component statements of a → conjunction.

conjunction.

conjunction
  ۱) هم‌ایستان، هاجوهش؛ ۲) هاجوهش   
1) hamistân, hâjuheš; 2) hâjuheš

Fr.: conjonction   

1) A position of two bodies in the → solar system when they have the same → celestial longitude, seen from the Earth. The bodies can be a → planet and the → Sun, two planets or the → Moon and a planet. The → superior planets are in conjunction with the Sun, when, seen from the Earth, they are right behind the Sun. The → inferior planets, such as Mercury and Venus, have two conjunctions with the Sun: → inferior conjunction, when they are between the Earth and the Sun, and → superior conjunction, when they are on the other side of the Sun.
2) Logic: A → proposition of the form "A and B" (A ∧ B), where A and B are themselves propositions. For example, if A is "It is 8 O'clock" and B is "We are late," then AB is "It is 8 O'clock and we are late." A and B are called → conjuncts. The conjunction of A and B is → true only if A and B are both true.
3) Grammar: A word that connects words, phrases, or clauses, or sentences. Examples are: and, or, but, because, however, neither.

M.E. conjunccio(u)n, from O.Fr. conjonction, from L. conjunctionem, p.p. of conjugare "to join together," from → com- "together" + jugare "to join," from jugum "yoke," from PIE *yeug- "to join;" Av. yaog- "to yoke, put to; to join, unite;" Mid.Pers. jug, ayoxtan "to join, yoke;" Mod.Pers. yuq "yoke," variant juh, → yoke; Skt. yugam "yoke;" Hittite yugan "yoke;" Gk. zygon "yoke," zeugnyanai "to join, unite;" O.C.S. igo; O.Welsh iou; Lith. jungas; O.E. geoc.

Hamistân "standing together," from ham- "together," → com- + istân "standing," from istâdan "to stand" (cf. Skt samstha "an assembly"), Mid.Pers. êstâtan, O.Pers./Av. sta- "to stand, stand still; set," Av. hištaiti, cf. Skt. sthâ- "to stand," Gk. histemi "put, place, weigh," stasis "a standing still," L. stare "to stand."
Hâjuheš, from hâ-, variant of ham-, → com-, + juh "yoke," as above.

connect
  هابندیدن   
hâbandidan

Fr.: connecter, se connecter   

To join, link, or fasten together.
To establish communication with or between.

M.E., from L. connectere, from "to fasten together, join together," from → com- "together" + nectere "to bind, tie," from nexus "bond, link," related to nodus "knot."

Hâbandidan, from hâ- intensive prefix, from ham-, → com-, + band present stem of bandidan, bastan, → band; cf. (dialectal Anâraki) ha-bend.

connected
  هابندیده   
hâbandidé

Fr.: connecté   

Joined, linked, or having a connection. → connected graph.

Past participle of → connect.

connected graph
  نگاره‌ی ِ هابندیده   
negâre-ye hâbandidé

Fr.: graphe connecté   

In → =graph theory, a graph if for every pair of distinct vertices there is a path.

connected; → graph.

connection
  هابند، هابندش   
hâband, hâbandeš

Fr.: connexion   

The act or state of connecting. The state of being connected. Something that connects; link; bond.

Verbal noun of → connect.

connective
  هابندار، هابندنده   
hâbandâr, hâbandandé

Fr.: 1) connectif; 2) connecteur   

1) (adj.) Serving to → connect or capable of connecting.
2) (n.) Something that connects.
3) → logical connective.

connect + → -ive.

Hâbdandâr, from hâband present stem of hâbandidan, → connect, + -âr contraction of âvar, from âvardan "to bring, cause, produce," → format; hâbandandé verbal adj. from hâbandidan.

connectivity
  هابندندگی   
hâbandandegi

Fr.: connectivité   

1) General: The state or ability of being connected.
2) Computers: The capacity of a machine to be connected to other facilities.

connective + → -ity.

connector
  هابندگر   
hâbandgar

Fr.: connecteur   

A person or thing that connects.

connect; → -or.

conquer
  هنانیدن   
hanânidan

Fr.: conquérir   

1) To acquire by force of arms; to overcome by force.
2) Successfully overcome an obstacle or weakness.

From O.Fr. conquerre "conquer, defeat, vanquish," from V.L. *conquaerere, L. conquirere "to search for, procure by effort," from → com- + quaerere "to seek, gain."

Hanânidan, from Av. hanānī, han- "to conquer;" cf. Skt. sani "to win, gain;" Gk. hanutein "to complete, accomplish;" OHG sinnan "to strive after something" (Cheung 2007).

conqueror
  هناننده   
hanânandé

Fr.: conquérant   

A person who conquers a place or people.

conquer; → -or.

conquest
  هنانش   
hanâneš

Fr.: conquête   

1) The act or process of conquering.
2) Something conquered; especially territory appropriated in war (Merriam-Webster.com).

Ultimately related to → conquer.

conscious
  هاسن   
hâsan

Fr.: conscient   

1) Aware of one's own existence, sensations, thoughts, surroundings, etc.
2) Having the mental faculties fully active (Dictionary.com).

From L. conscius "knowing, aware," from conscire "to be (mutually) aware," from → com- "with," or "thoroughly" + scire "to know," → science.

Hâsan, from hâ- intensive and nuance prefix, → com-, + san variant of zan-, zân- (farzâné), dân- (dânestan), šen- (šenâxtan), → know, → science; cf. Kurd. nâsin "to know, recognize," O.Khotanese (+ *aua-) vaysān- "to recognize," (+ *pati-) paysān- "to recognize," (+ *ui-) biysen- "to wake up."

consciousness
  هاسنی   
hâsani

Fr.: conscience   

1) The state of being conscious; awareness of one's own existence, sensations, thoughts, surroundings, etc.
2) The thoughts and feelings, collectively, of an individual or of an aggregate of people.
3) Philo.:.The mind or the mental faculties as characterized by thought, feelings, and volition (Dictionary.com).

conscious; → -ness.

consensus
  همرایان   
hamrâyân

Fr.: consensus   

General agreement or concord.

From L. consensus "agreement, accord," p.p. of consentire, → consent.

Hamrâyân, from hamrây "of the same mind, of equal opinion," → consent, + plurality and situation suffix -ân.

consent
  ۱) همرایی؛ ۲) همرایی کردن   
1) hamrâyi (#); 2) hamrâyi kardan (#)

Fr.: 1) consentement; 2) consentir   

1a) Agreement in sentiment, opinion, a course of action, etc.
1b) Permission, approval, or agreement; compliance; acquiescence.
2) To permit, approve, or agree; comply or yield (Dictionary.com).

M.E. consenten, from O.Fr. consentir "agree, comply," from L. consentire "feel together," from → com- "with" + sentire, "to feel," → sense.

Hamrâyi, from hamrây "of the same mind, of equal opinion," from ham-, → com-, + rây "opinion, consult," → reason.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>