An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 12948 Search : far
Elsasser number
  عدد ِ الزسر   
adad-e Elsasser

Fr.: nombre d'Elsasser   

A → dimensionless quantity used in → magnetohydrodynamics to describe the relative balance of → Lorentz forces to → Coriolis forces. It is given by: Λ = σB2/(ρΩ), where σ s the → electrical conductivity of the fluid, B is the typical → magnetic field strength within the fluid, ρ is the fluid → density, and Ω is the → angular velocity. A typical value for the Earth is Λ ~ 1.

Named after Walter Maurice Elsasser (1904-1991), American theoretical physicist of German origin; → number.

Eltanin (Gamma Draconis)
  تنین   
Tannin (#)

Fr.: Eltanin   

The brightest star in the constellation → Draco, with a visual magnitude of V = 2.23 and color B - V +1.52. It is a cool (4000 K) → giant star of spectral Type K5 III, lying 148 → light-years. Gamma Draconis has a luminosity 600 times that of the Sun and a diameter 50 times that of the Sun. It crosses the sky near the zenith point for England, a nd this was the reason why James Bradley (1693-1762) observed γ Draconis when he was trying to detect parallax and so calculate the distance. He found that the star undergoes a yearly shift of a form quite different from that expected from parallax. In a 1728 paper, Bradley announced his discovery and explained the effect as due to the → aberration of starlight . Variant names: Etamin, Etanin; Ettanin, other designations: HR 6705, HD 164058.

From Ar. At-Tinnin (التنین) "the great serpent," the Ar. rendition of the Greek constellation → Draco.

elve
  الف   
elf

Fr.: elfe   

A transient upper atmospheric phenomenon occurring over a → thunderstorm in the lower → ionosphere. Elves result from especially powerful electromagnetic radiation pulses that are generated from certain lightning discharges (→ sprite). As the energy passes upwards through the base of the ionosphere it causes the gases to briefly glow for less than a thousandth of a second. This makes elves virtually impossible to see with the naked eye. Elves occur at a height of around 90-95 km, and can expand outward to several hundred kilometers in diameter, like giant expanding doughnuts.

Short for: Emission of Light and Very low-frequency perturbations from Electromagnetic pulse sources.

From E. elf "(in folklore) a small often malicious fairy; goblin; sprite;" O.E. elf, ælf, ylfe; cf. O.S. alf, O.N. alfr, Ger. alp, of unknown origin.

emanate
  رونمودن   
runemudan (#)

Fr.: émaner   

To flow out, issue, or proceed, as from a source or origin; come forth; originate; arise (Dictionary.com).

From L. emanatus, p.p. of emanare "flow out," figuratively "arise from, proceed from."

Runemudan "to appear, come out," literally "to show face," from ru "face," → surface, + nemudan "to show," → display.

emanation
  رونمود   
runemud (#)

Fr.: émanation   

An act or instance of emanating; something that emanates or is emanated.

emanate; → -tion.

embedded star
  ستاره‌ی ِ فروپوشیده   
setâre-ye forupušidé

Fr.: étoile enfouie   

A newborn star which is tightly enveloped by a surrounding cloud of gas and dust.

Ebedded p.p. of embed, from en- + bed from O.E. bed "bed," from P.Gmc. *badjam "sleeping place dug in the ground" (O.H.G. betti; Ger. bett); PIE base *bhedh- "to dig, pierce;" cf. Gk. bothyros "pit;" L. fodere "to dig," fossa "ditch;" → star.

Setâré, → star; forupušidé, p.p. of forupušidan, from foru- "below; beneath; down, downwards;" Mid.Pers. frôt "down, downwards;" O.Pers. fravata "forward, downward;" Skt. pravát- "a sloping path, the slope of a mountain" + pušidan "to cover, conceal, clothe; to wear clothes;" Mid.Pers. pôšidan, pôš- "to cover, put on, wear;" cf. Mid.Pers. pôst; Mod.Pers. pust "skin, hide;" O.Pers. pavastā- "thin clay envelope used to protect unbaked clay tablets;" Skt. pavásta- "cover;" Proto-Indo-Iranian *pauastā- "cloth."

embodiment
  تنیگانش   
tanigâneš

Fr.: incarnation, incorporation, personnification   

The act of embodying; the state or fact of being embodied.

verbal noun of → embody.

embody
  تنیگاندن   
tanigândan

Fr.: exprimer, concrétiser, incarner   

1) To give a concrete form or body to an idea or quality.
2) To cause to become a body or part of a body.

From en- "in" + → body

Tanigândan, from Mid.Pers. tanig "bodily, corporal," from tan "body," → if and only if, + -ig, → -ik, + -ândan suffix of transitive verbs.

embolismic month
  بهیزک، ماه ِ بهیزکی   
behizak (#), mâh-e behizaki (#)

Fr.: mois embolismique   

1) In several → lunisolar calendars, an → intercalary month employed to preserve a seasonal relationship between the Lunar and Solar cycles. For example, in the → Hebrew calendar the extra month, called Adar Alef, was inserted after Shvat so that the month of Nissan (month of spring) does not begin in winter.
2) In ancient Iranian → solar calendar the additional whole month of 30 days employed every 120 years to compensate for the left-over quarters of days in a calendar year of 365 days (120 years × 0.25 days = 30 days).

M.E. embolisme, from M.L. embolismus "intercalation," from Gk. emballein "to throw into, to insert," from em- "in" + ballein "to throw" (source of the medical term embolism "the obstruction (of an artery, etc.) by a clot of blood, bubble of air, etc."); → month.

Behizak, from Mid.Pers. vihezagig or vihezakik "movable," from vihezag "movement, progression," from vihez- "to move, progress;" mâh, → month.

embolismic year
  سال ِ بهیزکی   
sâl-e behizaki (#)

Fr.: année embolismique   

In ancient calendars, a year that contains an → embolismic month.

embolismic month; → year.

emerge
  زمرچیدن   
zomarcidan

Fr.: émerger   

1) Move out of or away from something and become visible.
2) To rise or come forth from or as if from water or other liquid (Dictionary.com).

ex-, + merge, → submerge.

emergence
  زمرچش   
zomarceš

Fr.: émergence   

1) The process of becoming visible after being concealed.
2) The escape of an insect or other invertebrate from an egg, cocoon, or pupal case.
3) The process of coming into existence or prominence (OxfordDictionaries.com).

emerge; → -ence.

emergent
  زمرچنده   
zomarcandé

Fr.: émergent   

1) Coming into being or notice.
2) Philo.: (of a property) arising as an effect of complex causes and not analyzable simply as the sum of their effects.
3) Ecology: Of or denoting a plant which is taller than the surrounding vegetation, especially a tall tree in a forest (OxfordDictionaries.com).

emerge; → -ent.

emergent ray
  پرتو ِ زمرچنده   
partow-e zomarcandé

Fr.: rayon émergent   

Optics: The → light ray leaving a → medium, in contrast to the → incident ray. If the medium has parallel sides, → angle of incidence and → angle of emergence

emergent; → ray.

emersion
  زمرچ   
zomarc

Fr.: émersion   

Astro.: Same as → egress.

emerge.

emigrant
  زموژنده، زموژگر   
zomužandé, zomužgar

Fr.: émigré   

A person who emigrates, as from his or her native country or region (Dictionary.com).

emigrate + -ant a suffix forming adjectives and nouns from verbs.

emigrate
  زموژیدن   
zomužidan

Fr.: émigrer   

To leave one country or region to settle in another; migrate.

ex-; → migrate.

emigration
  زموژش   
zomužeš

Fr.: émigration   

An act or instance of emigrating; a body of emigrants; emigrants collectively.

Verbal noun of → emigrate.

emission
  گسیل   
gosil (#)

Fr.: émission   

In an atom, a characteristic amount of energy radiated (as line emission) when an electron moves from an outer orbit to an inner orbit around the nucleus, corresponding to the lost energy of the electron.

From L. emissionem "a sending out," from emiss-, stem of emittere "send forth," from → ex- "out" + mittere "to send."

Gosil, variant gosi "sending away, dismission;" Mid.Pers. wisé "to despatch" (Parthian Mid.Pers. wsys- "to despatch;" Buddhist Mid.Pers. wsydy "to despatch;" Sogdian 'ns'yd- "to exhort"), from Proto-Iranian *vi-sid- "to despatch, send off," from prefix vi- "apart, away, out," + *sid- "to call."

emission band
  باند ِ گسیلی   
bând-e gosili

Fr.: bande d'émission   

In a spectrum, a combination of several closely spaced, often unresolved, → emission lines occurring across a limited range of wavelengths.

emission; → band.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>