An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer aga air Alf Alg alk Alp alt alu amm ana And ang ani ano ant ant Ap apo app app Aqu Arc arg arr asc ass ast ast asy atm ato att aur aut axi B-m bad Bal bar bar Bay Bed ber Bet bif bim bin bio bis bla ble blu Bod Bol bor bou Bra Bre bro bul C-t Cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che chl Cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- cod coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor Cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou cra Cre cro Cru cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn E r Ear ech eco edi eig Ein ela ele ele ele ele elo emi emp end enh ent epi equ equ erg est ety eur evo exa exc Exe exo exp exp ext ext eye fac fal Far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fit fla flo flu fol for for Fou fra fre Fre fro fuz gai Gal Gal gam gas Gau gen gen geo geo geo gia glo gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I hai Ham har Hau hea hec hel hel her HES hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyl hyp ice ide ima ima imp imp inc ind ind ine inf inf inf ing inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv Io ion iro isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur kel Kep kil kit kry Lag lam lan Lar lat law lea lem lep Li lig lim lin lin lin lit loc loc lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lym mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat max mea mec meg men mer met met met mic mic Mik min min mis mne mod mol mon moo Mou mul mul myo nak Nas nat neb neg neu neu New New nit noi non non non Nor nuc nuc nul nut obe obl obs occ oct off Olb one ope opp opt opt orb orb org Ori ort oth out ove P C pal par par par par Pas pat pec peo per per per per per Pha pha pho pho pho phy pil pla Pla pla pla pla plu poi pol pol pol pol por pos pot Poy pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro Pro pro Pru pul pul Pyt qua qua qua qua quo rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat RCW rea rec rec red red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res res rev rhe Rie rig Rit roe Ros rot Ruh Ryd Sag sam sat sca sca Sch Sco sea sec sec see sel sem sen set Sgr sha shi sho sid sig sim sin sip ske sli smo soc sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spe spe spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste ste sto str str Sty sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur Swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the thi thr tid til tip ton tor tou tra tra tra tra Tri tri tru tsu tur two Typ UHE ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec Vel ver Ver vie vir vis vis vol W-R war wav wav wea wei Whe Wid win WN4 Wol wro XMM yok zen zin > >>

Number of Results: 13095 Search : far
expansion parameter
  پارامون ِ سپانش   
pârâmun-e sopâneš

Fr.: paramètre d'expansion   

A → scale factor that relates the size of the Universe R = R(t) at time t to the size of the Universe R0 = R(t0) at time t0 by R = aR0. The expansion parameter represents the history of expansion of the Universe.

expansion; → parameter.

expectation
  بیوسش   
bayuseš

Fr.: espérance, attente   

Statistics: Same as → mathematical expectation, → expected value.

From L. expectare "to await, hope," from → ex- "thoroughly" + spectare "to look," from → specere "to look at," → -scope.

Bayusesš, verbal noun of bayusidan "to expect;" Mid.Pers. pyws- "to hope for, desire" (prefixed *pati-); O.Pers. vasiy "at will, greatly, utterly," vašna- "will, favor;" Av. vas- "to will, desire, wish, long for," vasəmi "I wish," vasna- "will, favor," ušti- "desire, wish, will," vasô, vasə "at one's will." This word is extant in several Mod.Pers. dialects, Tabari vessen "to wish, desire," Gilaki vâssan "to wish, desire," vâsti "desire," Kurd. wistin "to desire, wish," Lâri avessa "to desire," colloquial Tehrâni vâsé "for" (Mid.Pers. vasnâd "because"); cf. Skt. vaś- "to wish, want, desire," váśa- "wish, desire," vasēna "for, because;" Gk. ekon "voluntary;" PIE base *uek- "to wish."

expected value
  ارزش ِ بیوسیده   
arzeš- bayusidé

Fr.: valeur espérée   

Statistics: Same as → mathematical expectation, → expectation.

expectation; → value.

expend
  هزینیدن   
hazinidan

Fr.: dépenser   

To use up. See also → spend, → consume.

From L. expendere "to pay out, weigh out money," from → ex- "out" + pendere "to pay, weigh."

Hazinidan, back formation from haziné, → expenditure.

expenditure
  هزینه   
haziné (#)

Fr.: dépense   

1) The act of expending something, especially funds; disbursement; consumption.
2) Something that is expended; expense (Dictionary.com).

From → expend.

Mid.Pers. uzên, uzênag "expense;" ultimately from Proto-Ir. *uz-ayana- literally "going out" (cf. Awromani ziāy-/-zia- "to go out"), from uz-, → ex-, + *Hai- "to go," → efficiency.

experiment
  آزمایش   
âzmâyeš (#)

Fr.: expérience   

An act or operation for the purpose of discovering something unknown or of testing a principle, supposition. See: → Aspect experiment, → Carnal-Mlynek experiment, → Davisson-Germer experiment, → double-slit experiment, → Eratosthenes experiment, → Hafele-Keating experiment, → Hertz experiment, → Michelson-Morley experiment, → Millikan's oil-drop experiment, → Pascal's barrel experiment, → random experiment, → Stern-Gerlach experiment, → thought experiment, → toothed-wheel experiment, → Trouton-Noble experiment, → Young's experiment.

From O.Fr. experiment, from L. experimentum "a trial, test," from experiri "to test, try," from → ex- "out of" + peritus "experienced, tested."

Âzmâyeš, verbal noun of âzmudan, âzmây- "to try, experiment, test;" Mid.Pers. uzmudan, ôzmutan "to test, try, prove;" from O.Pers./Av. *uz-māy-, from uz-, → ex- + mā(y)- "to measure," Proto-Ir. *maH- "to measure;" PIE *meH- "to measure;" cf. Skt. mati "measures," matra "measure;" Gk. metra "lot, portion;" L. metri "to measure."

explain
  اُستاهیدن   
ostâhidan

Fr.: expliquer   

1) To make plain or clear; to render understandable or intelligible.
2) To make clear the cause or reason of; to account for.
3) To assign a meaning to; → interpret.

From L. explanare "to make level, smooth out; make clear," from → ex- "out" + planus "flat; clear."

Ostâhidan, literally "to unfold, spread out" (on the model of Fr. expliquer, Sp. explicar, from L. → ex- "out" + plicare "to lay, fold, twist," from PIE base *plek- "to plait, twist;" cf. Gk. plekein "to plait," L. plectere "to plait, braid, intertwine," O.C.S. plesti "to braid, plait, twist," Goth. flahta "braid"), from os- "out," → ex- + tâh "fold, plait, ply;" Mid.Pers. tâg "piece, part" + -idan infinitive suffix.

explanation
  اُستاهش   
ostâheš

Fr.: explication   

1) The act or process of explaining.
2) A statement made to clarify something and make it understandable.

Verbal noun of → explain.

explicit
  استاهی   
ostâhi

Fr.: explicite   

1) General: Precisely and clearly expressed.
2) Math.: → explicit function.

From Fr. explicite, from L. explicitus "unobstructed," variant p.p. of explicare "unfold, unravel, explain," → explain.

Ostâhi, from ostâh present stem of ostâhidan, → explain, + -i adj. suffix.

explicit function
  کریای ِ استاهی   
karyâ-ye ostâhi

Fr.: fonction explicite   

The most usual form of a function in which the dependent variable (written on the left hand side of the Same as → equality sign) is expressed directly in terms of independent variables written on the left (on the right hand side). See also → implicit function.

explicit; → function.

explode
  اسکفتن، اسکفتیدن   
oskaftan, oskaftidan

Fr.: exploser   

Verbal form of → explosion.

From L. explodere "drive out or off by clapping," originally theatrical, "to drive an actor off the stage by making noise," from → ex- "out" + plaudere "to clap, beat," of uncertain origin.

Oskaftidan, from os-, → ex- + kaftidan "to burst; to split," variants kaftan, kâftan "to split; to dig," Parthian Mid.Pers. q'f- "to split;" Sogdian "to spli;" Chorasmian kf- "to split, be split;" Proto-Iranian *kap-, *kaf- "to split."

exploration
  پویش   
puyeš (#)

Fr.: exploration   

1) An act or instance of exploring or investigating; examination.
2. The investigation of unknown regions.
3) The process of searching for minerals by means of geological studies.
4) Medicine: An examination or investigation for diagnostic purposes, usually involving endoscopy or a surgical procedure.

Verbal noun of → explore.

explore
  پوییدن   
puyidan (#)

Fr.: explorer   

1) To travel to or in a place for the purpose of discovery.
2) To make a careful investigation or study of something.

From L. explorare "investigate, search out;" said to be originally a hunters' term meaning "set up a loud cry," from → ex- "out" + plorare "to cry."

Puyidan, originally "to run, trot; wander," from Mid.Pers. pôy-, pwd- "to run;" cf. Gk. speudein "to hasten;" Lith. spudinti.

explorer
  پوینده، پویشگر   
puyandé, puyešgar (#)

Fr.: explorateur   

A person or thing that explores.

Agent noun of → explore.

explosion
  اسکفت   
oskaft

Fr.: explosion   

The sudden and violent release of mechanical, chemical, or nuclear energy from a confined space which creates a heat wave that travels at → subsonic speeds. → detonation; → deflagration; → implosion.

Verbal noun of → explode.

explosive
  ۱) اسکفتاک؛ ۲) اسکفتی، اسکفتنده   
1) oskaftâk; 2) oskafti, oskaftandé

Fr.: explosif   

1) (n.) A chemical or compound that causes a sudden, almost instantaneous release of pressure, gas, heat, and light when subjected to sudden shock, pressure, high temperature, or applied potential.
2) (adj.) Pertaining to or of the nature of an → explosion.

From explos(ion), → explosion + → -ive.

Oskaftâk, from oskaft-, stem of oskaftan, → explode, + -âk noun suffix.

explosive nucleosynthesis
  هسته اندایش ِ اسکفتی   
hasté andâyeš-e oskafti

Fr.: nucléosynthèse explosive   

The explosive processes that are believed to occur in supernovae. Explosive carbon burning occurs at a temperature of about 2 × 109 degrees and produces the nuclei from neon to silicon. Explosive oxygen burning occurs near 4 × 109 degrees and produces nuclei between silicon and calcium in atomic weight.At higher temperatures, still heavier nuclei are produced.

explosive; → nucleosynthesis.

explosivity
  اسکفتندگی   
oskaftandegi

Fr.: explosivité   

1) The state or quality of being explosive.
2) A measure of the extent to which a material is explosive.

explosive; → -ity.

exponent
  نما   
nemâ (#)

Fr.: exposant   

Math.: A symbol or number placed above and after another symbol or number (called the base) to denote the power to which the latter is to be raised. Examples: n in the expresseion an; 3 in the expression 23.

From L. exponentem, pr.p. of exponere "put forth, explain," from → ex- "forth" + ponere "to put, to place."

Nemâ, agent noun of nemudan "to show, display," from Mid.Pers. nimūdan, from ne- "down; into;" O.Pers./Av. ni- "down; into," → ni-, + mun, Av. māy- "to measure," → display.

exponential
  نمایی   
nemâyi (#)

Fr.: exponentiel   

Of or expressed by a mathematical → exponent. → exponential curve, → exponential equation, → exponential function.

exponent + -ial, variant of → -al.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer aga air Alf Alg alk Alp alt alu amm ana And ang ani ano ant ant Ap apo app app Aqu Arc arg arr asc ass ast ast asy atm ato att aur aut axi B-m bad Bal bar bar Bay Bed ber Bet bif bim bin bio bis bla ble blu Bod Bol bor bou Bra Bre bro bul C-t Cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che chl Cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- cod coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor Cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou cra Cre cro Cru cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn E r Ear ech eco edi eig Ein ela ele ele ele ele elo emi emp end enh ent epi equ equ erg est ety eur evo exa exc Exe exo exp exp ext ext eye fac fal Far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fit fla flo flu fol for for Fou fra fre Fre fro fuz gai Gal Gal gam gas Gau gen gen geo geo geo gia glo gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I hai Ham har Hau hea hec hel hel her HES hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyl hyp ice ide ima ima imp imp inc ind ind ine inf inf inf ing inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv Io ion iro isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur kel Kep kil kit kry Lag lam lan Lar lat law lea lem lep Li lig lim lin lin lin lit loc loc lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lym mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat max mea mec meg men mer met met met mic mic Mik min min mis mne mod mol mon moo Mou mul mul myo nak Nas nat neb neg neu neu New New nit noi non non non Nor nuc nuc nul nut obe obl obs occ oct off Olb one ope opp opt opt orb orb org Ori ort oth out ove P C pal par par par par Pas pat pec peo per per per per per Pha pha pho pho pho phy pil pla Pla pla pla pla plu poi pol pol pol pol por pos pot Poy pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro Pro pro Pru pul pul Pyt qua qua qua qua quo rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat RCW rea rec rec red red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res res rev rhe Rie rig Rit roe Ros rot Ruh Ryd Sag sam sat sca sca Sch Sco sea sec sec see sel sem sen set Sgr sha shi sho sid sig sim sin sip ske sli smo soc sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spe spe spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste ste sto str str Sty sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur Swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the thi thr tid til tip ton tor tou tra tra tra tra Tri tri tru tsu tur two Typ UHE ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec Vel ver Ver vie vir vis vis vol W-R war wav wav wea wei Whe Wid win WN4 Wol wro XMM yok zen zin > >>