An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 13070 Search : far
Fechner's law
  قانون ِ فشنر   
qânun-e Fechner (#)

Fr.: loi de Fechner   

See → Weber-Fechner law.

fecundate
  گشنیدن   
gošnidan (#)

Fr.: féconder   

Biology: To impregnate, to fertilize.

L. fecundetus "made fruitful, fertilized," p.p. of fcundare, from fecundus "fruitful, fertile, productive," from L. root *fe-, corresponding to PIE *dhe(i)- "to suck, suckle;" cf. Skt. dhayati "sucks," dhayah "nourishing;" Gk. thele "mother's breast, nipple," thelys "female, fruitful;" Mid.Pers. dâyag "(wet-)nurse;" Mod.Pers. dâyé "(wet-)nurse;" Proto-Iranian *daH- "to suck, suckle;" O.C.S. dojiti "to suckle," dojilica "nurse;" Lith. dele "leech;" Goth. daddjan "to suckle;" O.H.G. tila "female breast."

Gošnidan, from gošn "male," Mid.Pers. gušn; cf. Av. varšni- "male;" Skt. vrsan-.

fecundation
  گشنش، گشن‌گیری، بارورسازی   
gošneš, gošngiri (#), bârvarsâzi (#)

Fr.: fécondation   

Biology: The act or process of fecundating.

fecundate; → -tion.

federal
  هیاوی   
hiyâvi

Fr.: féderal   

Relating to or characteristic of a unified body (e.g. a government) with constituent parts (states) that retain a measure of autonomy.

From Fr. fédéral, from L. foedus (genitive foederis) "league, treaty, alliance," → federate, + → -al.

Hiyâvi, from hiyâvidan, → federate.

federate
  هیاویدن   
hiyâvidan

Fr.: fédérer   

1) To join together in a → federation.
2) To organize on a → federal basis.

From L. foederatus "leagued together, allied," p.p. of foederare "to establish by treaty," from foedus "league, treaty, alliance," related to fides "faith."

Hiyâvidan, from Tabari hiyâ "together, with each other," probably related to Av. hi- "to chain, bind," hiθav- "association, assemblage," hinav- "bond, chain," hita- "fastened;" O.P. vištāspa- literally "with unbound horses;" Av. hitāspa-; Pers. gošudan "to open," → resolve; cf. Skt. sā-/say- "to bind, fasten, fetter." Coined on the model of Ger. Bund "federation, alliance, band," cognate with Pers. bastan "to bind," → absolute.

federated database system (FDBS)
  راژمان ِ پایگاه ِ داده‌های ِ هیاویده   
râžmân-e pâygâh-e dâdehâ-ye hiyâvidé

Fr.: système de base de données fédéré   

A composition of different databases which work in an integrated manner while preserving their autonomy.

federate; → database; → system.

federation
  هیاوش   
hiâyveš

Fr.: fédération   

1) The act of federating or uniting in a league.
2) A political unit formed from smaller units on a → federal basis.

Verbal noun of → federate.

federative
  هیاوشی   
hiyâveši

Fr.: fédératif   

Pertaining to or of the nature of a → federation.

federate.

federator
  هیاونده، هیاوگر   
hiyâvandé, hiyâvgar

Fr.: fédérateur   

He who, or that which, federates.

Agent noun of → federate + → -or.

feed
  خوراندن   
xorândan (#)

Fr.: alimenter   

1) To give food to; supply with nourishment.
2) To furnish with necessary material.

M.E. feden, from O.E. fedan "to nourish;" cf. O.S. fodjan, O.Fris. feda, Goth. fodjan "to feed."

Xorândan, transitive form of xordan "to eat, consume," Mid.Pers. xvardan "to eat, enjoy (food)," Av. xvar "to consume, eat;" Laki dialect hovârden "to eat;" Proto-Iranian *huar- "to consume, eat."

feedback
  بازخورد   
bâzxord (#)

Fr.: rétroaction   

1) For any system that has an → input and → output, the return of a fraction of the output to the input for the next action. Feedback process allows a system to regulate itself by monitoring its own output. It is of prime importance to the working of all regulatory mechanisms found in living and non-living nature, as well as in social systems such as education and economy.
2) By extension, any response or information about the result of a process.
3) → stellar feedback.
See also: → feedback loop, → negative feedback, → positive feedback, → radiative feedback, → feedforward.

feed; → back.

feedback loop
  گردال ِ بازخورد   
gerdâl-e bâzxord

Fr.: boucle de rétroaction   

A closed transmission path in a → feedback process involving part of the → output as an → input for correction or control of the operation of a → system.

feedback; → loop.

feedforward
  پیش‌خورد   
pišxord

Fr.:   

In a self-regulatory system, monitoring a disturbance before it enters the → system to apply corrections before the disturbance has influenced the system. See also → feedback.

feed; → forward.

feedhorn
  کرنا، کرنای ِ خوراند   
karnâ, karnâ-ye xorând

Fr.: cornet d'alimentation   

In a → radio telescope, a device located at the → focal point of the → antenna. It receives the → radio waves which the antenna collects and guides them to the → detector.

feed; → horn.

feel
  سهیدن   
sohidan (#)

Fr.: sentir   

1) To perceive or examine by touch.
2) To have a sensation of (something), other than by sight, hearing, taste, or smell (Dictionary.com).

M.E. felen, from O.E. felan "to touch;" cf. O.S. gifolian, O.Fr.fela, Du. voelen, O.H.G. vuolen, Ger. fühlen "to feel;" from PIE root *pal- "to touch, feel, shake, strike softly" (cognates: Gk. psallein "to pluck (the harp)," L. palpare "to touch softly, stroke").

Sohidan, from Mid.Pers. sôhistan "to feel, to touch," sôhešn "feeling, sense," of unknown origin. Note Pers. sahestan "to fear," from Proto-Ir. *θrah- "to shake; to fear;" Pers. tars, harâs, sham "fear;" may be they are of different roots.

feeling
  سهش   
soheš (#)

Fr.: sensation   

1) The function or the power of perceiving by touch.
2) Physical sensation not connected with sight, hearing, taste, or smell.
3) A particular sensation of this kind (Dictionary.com).

Verbal noun of "to → feel."

feldspar
  فلدسپات   
feldspât (#)

Fr.: feldspath   

A group of rock-forming minerals whose members are the most abundant constituents of igneous rocks. They consist of aluminum silicates of potassium, sodium, and calcium and typically occur as colorless or pale-colored crystals.

Modification of obsolete Ger. Feldspath (now Feldspat), from Ger. Feld "field" + obsolete Ger. Spath (now Spat) "spar."

female
  ماده   
mâde (#)

Fr.: femelle   

1) Of, relating to, or being the sex that typically has the capacity to bear offsprings or produce eggs. 2) A female person, animal, or plant.

M.E., alteration of femel, femelle, from O.Fr. femelle "woman, female," from M.L. femella "a female," from L. femella "young female, girl," diminutive of femina "woman, a female," → feminine.

Mâdé "female," from Mid.Pers. mâdag, "female," from mâd, → mother.

feminine
  مادین   
mâdin (#)

Fr.: féminin   

1) Characteristic of or appropriate or unique to women.
2) Of, relating to, or constituting the gender that ordinarily includes most words or grammatical forms referring to females (Merriam-Webster.com).

M.E. feminin, from O.Fr. femenin "feminine, female; with feminine qualities," from L. femininus "feminine," from femina "woman, female," literally "she who suckles," from root of felare "to suck, suckle;" cf. Gk. thele "mother's breast, nipple," thelys "female, fruitful;" Pers. dâyé, dâyah "(wet-nurse);" PIE root *dhe(i)- "to suck, suckle."

Mâdin, from mâdé, → female.

feminism
  زاد-زن-باوری، زادزن‌باوری   
zâd-zan-bâvari (#)

Fr.: féminisme   

1) Belief in the social, political, and economic freedom of women and equality of the sexes. Feminism is closely tied to democracy and → secularism.
2) The movement organized around this belief.

From Fr. féminisme, from féminin "feminine, female," from L. femininus "feminine" (originally in the grammatical sense), from femina "woman, female," literally "she who suckles," cognates fecund "fruitful, fertile," felix "happy," fetus "offspring, pregnancy;" PIE base *dheh(i)- "to suck, suckle;" cf. Gk. thele "mother's breast;" Pers. dâyé "wet nurse."

Zâd-zan-bâvari, from zâdzan "free woman" (on the model of zâdmard "free man, valiant man, generous man," zâdsarv "tall and upright cypress tree"), from zâd, contraction of âzâd, → free, + zan, → woman, + bâvari, → -ism.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara Arc ari Arr ash ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut aut axi Baa bal Bal bar bar bea beh Bes bia big bin bin bip biv bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo Cal cal Can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CGS cha cha che che chr cir cir cis cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos Cou cou cov cre cri cro cry cur cut Cyg DA dar dat de deb dec dec ded def def dei dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dig Dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis div dom dou dow dri dur dus dyn dyn ear eav ecl Edd eff Ein Ekm ele ele ele ele ell emb emi enc ene ent eph equ equ equ eru eth eup eve EX exc exe exi exo exp ext ext ext fab fai far Fec fem fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu foc for for Fou fra fre fre fro fun G r Gal gal gam gas Gau gel gen geo geo geo Gho gla goa gra gra gra gra gre Gre gro gyr had hal har har HD Hea Hel hel Her her hid hig hip hol hor hos hov Hub Hun hyd hyd hyd hyp IC ide ill ima imp imp inc inc ind ind inf inf inf inf inj InS ins int int int int int int int int int inv ion iro ise iso iso ite jet Jou Jup kap Kep kil Kip Kra Lag Lam Lan Lar las law lea Leg Leo lev lig lim lin lin lin lit loc loc log Lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea med men mer Mes met met mic Mic Mie Mil min mis mJy mod mol mon moo mot mul mul mut nad nas nat neb neg net neu New New nig Noe non non non Nor nov nuc nul num OB obl obs occ Ock off Ohm on- ope opi opt opt orb orb ord Ori ort osm out ove ozo pal pan par par par par pat pec pen per per per per per Pfu pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua qui rad rad rad rad rad rad rai ran Ras Ray rea rec rec rec red red ref reg reg rel rel rel rep res res res res Reu rhe Rie rig ris Roe Ros rot Rud ryd Sag sam sat sca sca Sch sci Sea sec sec see sel sem sen ser Sey Sha she sho sid sig sim sim sin ske sle smo Sob sof sol sol sol sol sou Sou spa Sp spe spe spe sph spi spi spr squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto Str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tab tar tek tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unk upp Urc utt val var vec vel ver ver vin vir vis Vog von wal wat wav wax wea wei Whi wil win WN7 wor X-r Yar You zer zod > >>