An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>

Number of Results: 12948 Search : far
first-order differential equation
  هموگش ِ دگرسانه‌ای ِ رایه‌ی ِ نخست   
hamugeš-e degarsâne-yi-ye râye-ye naxost

Fr.: équation différentielle du premier ordre   

A → differential equation containing only the first → derivative. For example, dy/dx = 3x and 2y(dy/dx) + 3x = 5.

first; → order; → differential; → equation.

first-order logic (FOL)
  گوییک ِ فراسنی ِ رایه‌ی ِ نخست، ~ فراسنهای ِ ~ ~   
guyik-e farâsani-ye râye-ye naxost, ~ farâsanhâ-ye ~ ~

Fr.: logique des prédicats du premier ordre   

A system of → formal logic that is an extension of → propositional logic. It is also known as → first-order predicate calculus and → predicate logic. FOL eliminates deficiencies of propositional logic by: representing → objects (their properties, relations and statements about them), introducing → variables, and introducing → quantifiers.

first; → order; → predicate; → logic.

first-order partial derivative
  واخنه‌ی ِ پاری ِ رایه‌ی ِ نخست   
vâxane-ye pâri-ye râye-ye naxost

Fr.: dérivée partielle du premier degré   

For a → function with several → variables, the derivative, done only once, with respect to one of the variables. For example ∂u/∂x for u = u(x,y).

first; → order; → partial; → derivative.

first-order predicate calculus
  افماریک ِ فراسنی ِ رایه‌ی ِ نخست   
afmârik-e farâsani-ye râye-ye naxost

Fr.: cacul des prédicats du premier ordre   

Same as → first-order logic.

first; → order; → predicate; → calculus.

first-order spectrum
  بیناب ِ رایه‌ی ِ نخست   
binâb-e râye-ye naxost

Fr.: spectre du premier ordre   

An optical spectrum, produced by a diffraction grating, in which the difference in path length of light from adjacent slits is one wavelength.

first; → order; → spectrum.

fish
  ماهی   
mâhi (#)

Fr.: poisson   

A limbless cold-blooded vertebrate animal with gills and fins living wholly in water (OxfordDictionaries.com).

M.E. fis(c)h, fyssh, O.E. fisc; cognate with Du. vis, Ger. Fisch, O.Norse fiskr, Goth. fisks; akin to L. piscis; PIE root *pisk- "a fish."

Mâhi "fish," from Mid.Pers. mâhik; Av. masya-; cf. Skt. matsya-, Pali maccha-.

fissile
  شکافت‌پذیر، شکافتنی   
šekâftpazir (#), šekâftani (#)

Fr.: fissile   

Any material that is capable of undergoing → nuclear fission by → thermal neutrons. The three primary fissile materials are uranium-233, uranium-235, and plutonium-239. Although sometimes used as a synonym for → fissionable material, this term has acquired a more restricted meaning.

From L. fissilis, from fiss(us), + -illis a suffix of adjectives expressing capability, susceptibility, liability, aptitude, etc.

Šekâftani, from šekâft, → fission + -i a suffix expressing capability, aptitude, etc.

fissile isotope
  ایزوتوپ ِ شکافت‌پذیر   
izotop-e šektpazir

Fr.: isotope fissile   

An isotope that is capable of undergoing nuclear fission after capturing either fast neutron or thermal neutron. Typical fissionable isotopes: 238U, 240Pu, but also 235U, 233U, 239Pu, 241Pu

fissile; → isotope .

fission
  شکافت   
šekâft (#)

Fr.: fission   

1) The act or process of splitting or breaking into parts.
2) Splitting of the nucleus of an atom into two or more fragments of comparable size, usually as the result of the impact of a neutron on the nucleus. Same as → nuclear fission.

Fission, from L. fissionem "a breaking up, cleaving," from root of findere "to split."

Šekâft, stem of šekâftan "to split, break, tear," akin to kaftan, kâftan "to split; to dig," Parthian Mid.Pers. q'f- "to split;" Sogdian "to split;" Chorasmian kf- "to split, be split;" Proto-Iranian *kap-, *kaf- "to split."

fission products
  فر‌آورده‌های ِ شکافت   
farâvardehâ-ye šekâft (#)

Fr.: produits de fission   

Nuclides generated by the fission of higher mass elements or by subsequent radioactive decay of nuclides directly generated by fission.

fission; → product.

fissionable
  شکافت‌پذیر   
šekâftpazir (#)

Fr.: fissile   

The material that can be fissioned by fast neutrons, such as uranium-238. Commonly used as a synonym for → fissile material.

From → fission + → -able.

fit
  ۱) سز کردن؛ ۲) سز   
1) saz kardan; 2) saz

Fr.: 1) ajuster; 2) ajustement   

1) (v.) To pass a mathematical line or curve through data points.
2) (n.) The act of fitting.

From M.E. fitten; akin to M.Du. vitten "to befit."

Saz, from sazidan "to suit, fit, be worthy," sazâ "suitable, agreeing with, congruous, deserving of," Mid.Pers. sacitan/sazidan "to fit," sazešn "fitness," sazâg "fitting, worth;" Av. 1sak- "to understand or know a thing; to mark;" cf. Skt. śak- "to be able, powerful" śakta- "able, competent," śakti- "ability, power;" alternatively from Av. 2sak- "to go by, pass, pass away; to be up or over (of time)."

fitting
  سزکرد، سز   
saz-kard, saz

Fr.: ajustement   

The process or instance of adapting a mathematical curve to data points.

Verbal form of → fit.

fitting error
  ایرنگ ِ سزکرد، ~ سز   
irang-e saz-kard, ~ saz

Fr.: erreur d'ajustement   

The discrepancy between the mathematical curve and data points. → fit.

fitting; → error.

five
  پنج   
panj (#)

Fr.: cinq   

A cardinal number whose symbol is 5, V, or ۵.

Five, from O.E. fif, from P.Gmc. *fimfe (cf. O.S. fif, O.H.G. funf), from PIE *penkwe "five;" cognate with Pers. panj, as below.

Panj, from Mid.Pers. panj; Av. panca; cf. Skt. páñca; Gk. pente; L. quinque; E. five, as above.

five-color system
  راژمان ِ پنج‌رنگه   
râžmân-e panj-rangé

Fr.: système à cinq couleurs   

A photometric system which uses five filters, from ultraviolet to the red part of the visual spectrum: U, B, V, R and I.

five; → color; → system.

Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope (FAST)
     
FAST

Fr.: FAST   

The 500 m diameter → radio telescope which is the largest → single-dish antenna in the world. It is an Arecibo type telescope nestled within a natural basin in China's remote and mountainous Dawodang, Kedu Town, in southeastern China's Guizhou Province. The → reflector consists of 4,450 triangular panels, each with a side length of 11 m. More than 2,000 → actuators are used, according to the feedback from the measuring system, to deform the whole reflector surface and directly correct for → spherical aberration. Several detectors are used to cover a frequency range of 70 MHz to 3 GHz.

five; → hundred; → meter; → aperture; → spherical; → radio; → telescope.

fix
  برجاییدن   
barjâyidan

Fr.: fixer   

1) To make fast, firm, or stable.
2) To place definitely and more or less permanently (Dictionary.com).

M.E. fixen, probably from O.Fr. fixe "fixed," from L. fixus "fixed, fast, established, settled," p.p. of figere "to fix, fasten."

Infinitive, from barjâ, → fixed.

fixation
  برجایش   
barjâyeš

Fr.: fixation   

The act of fixing or the state of being fixed.

Verbal noun of → fix; → -tion.

fixed
  برجا   
barjâ

Fr.: fixe   

1) Fastened, attached, or placed so as to be firm and not readily movable; firmly implanted; stationary; rigid.
2) Rendered stable or permanent, as color.
3) Set or intent upon something; steadily directed (Dictionary.com).

Past participle from → fix.

Barjâ "fixed; in place; properly placed," from bar "on, upon, up," → object, + , → place,

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>