An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer aga air Alf Alg alk Alp alt alu amm ana And ang ani ano ant ant Ap apo app app Aqu Arc arg arr asc ass ast ast asy atm ato att aur aut axi B-m bad Bal bar bar Bay Bed ber Bet bif bim bin bio bis bla ble blu Bod Bol bor bou Bra Bre bro bul C-t Cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che chl Cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- coc coh col col col Com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con coo Cor Cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl Dan dat Dav de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den den der det deu dew dic dif dif dil Dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dod Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn DZ Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ era ESP eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla Flo flu fog for for Fou fra fre fre Fro fun G s Gal gal gal Gar gau geg gen geo geo geo ger gla gly gra gra gra gra gra Gre gro GYR Had Hal hap Har HD hea hel hel Hen Her hex hig Hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyb hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp in- inc Ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jor jum K c Kep Ker kin kno lab Lam Lan Lap las lat Le lef len lev lig lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou LS lun lun Lym M s Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat May mea mec mel mer mes met met met mic mid mil Min Mir mix mod mod mol mon mor mov mul mur mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor nos nuc nuc num nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi P-w pal par par par par Pas pat pej per per per per per per pha Phe pho pho pho phy pin pla Pla pla pla pla plu poi pol pol Pol pol por pos pot Poy pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Psa pul pum Q i qua qua qua qua R A rad rad rad rad rad rad Ram Ran rat rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rei rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev Rho Rie ril riv rog Ros rot rul S A Sag sam sat sca sca Sch Sco Sec sec sec seg sel sem sen set Sha sha shi sho sid sig sim sin Sir ske sli Smo soc sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spe spe Spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto str str sub sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the thi thr tid til tip ton tor tou tra tra tra tra Tri tri tru tsu tur two Typ UHE ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec Vel ver Ver vie Vir vis vis vol W-R war wav wav wea Wei wha wid win WN3 Wol wri xen yok zen zij > >>

Number of Results: 13116 Search : far
impact parameter
  پارامون ِ برخورد   
pârâmun-e barxord

Fr.: paramètre d'impact   

1) A measure of the distance by which a collision fails being frontal.
2) In → gravitational lensing, the distance of closest approach of the light path to the → lensing object.
3) In → rainbows, the displacement of the → incident from an axis that passes through the center of the water droplet.

impact; → parameter

impact winter
  زمستان ِ برخورد   
zemestân-e barxord

Fr.: hiver par impact   

The enormous drop in temperature and the related effects of the shrouding of Earth with soot and dust particles after the planet is struck by a sizable comet or asteroid. Such a phenomenon is believed to have killed off the dinosaurs 65 million years ago.

impact; → winter.

impactite
     
impaktit, barxordit

Fr.: impactite   

A general term used for all rocks affected by, or produced by, the → shock waves and other processes generated by hypervelocity → meteorite → impact events. Impactites occur in and around the → impact crater, typically as individual bodies composed of mixtures of melt and rock fragments, often with traces of meteoritic material.

impact; → -ite.

impactor
  برخوردگر   
barxordgar

Fr.: impacteur   

A natural impacting body, such as a comet, asteroid, or planet. It can also be a space probe designed to collide with an astronomical body in the solar system.

Impactor, from → impact + -or a suffix forming agent nouns.

Barxordgar, from barxord, → impact, + -gar agent suffix, from kar-, kardan "to do, to make" (Mid.Pers. kardan, O.Pers./Av. kar- "to do, make, build," Av. kərənaoiti "makes," cf. Skt. kr- "to do, to make," krnoti "makes," karma "act, deed;" PIE base kwer- "to do, to make").

impart
  درپاردن   
darpârdan

Fr.: donner, transmettre, communiquer   

1) To give, convey, or grant from or as if from a store.
2) To communicate the knowledge of; disclose.

M.E., from O.Fr. impartir, from L.L. impartire "to share in, divide with another, communicate," from assimilated form of → in- "into, in" + partire "to divide, → part."

Darpârdan, from dar-, → in-, + pâr, → part, Mid.Pers. pârag "part, portion; gift, offering;" Av. pāra- "debt," from par- "to remunerate, equalize; to condemn;" PIE *per- "to sell, hand over, distribute; to assign;" + -dan infinitive suffix.

impedance
  پاگیری   
pâgiri (#)

Fr.: impédance   

General: The ratio of a quantity with the nature of a force to a related quantity with the nature of a current.
Electricity: The apparent opposition in an electrical circuit to the flow of an alternating current that is analogous to the actual electrical resistance to a direct current and that is the ratio of effective electromotive force to the effective current

From impede, from L. impedire "to entangle," literally "to shackle the feet," from in- "in" + pes (gen. pedis) "foot" + -ance a suffix used to form nouns either from adjectives in -ant or from verbs.

Pâgiri, verbal noun of pâgir "impedder, impeded; hinderer, hindered," from "foot, step" (from Mid.Pers. pâd, pây; Av. pad- "foot;" cf. Skt. pat; Gk. pos, gen. podos; L. pes, gen. pedis; P.Gmc. *fot; E. foot; Ger. Fuss; Fr. pied; PIE *pod-/*ped-) + gir present stem of gereftan "to take, seize" (Mid.Pers. griftan, Av./O.Pers. grab- "to take, seize," cf. Skt. grah-, grabh- "to seize, take," graha "seizing, holding, perceiving," M.L.G. grabben "to grab," from P.Gmc. *grab, E. grab "to take or grasp suddenly;" PIE base *ghrebh- "to seize").

imperare (L.)
  پرماتیدن   
parmâtidan

Fr.: inperare (L.)   

Latin verb meaning "to command, rule, reign."

L. imperare "to command, give orders, exercise authority," from → in- "into, in" + parare "to make ready, supply, order," related to parire "produce, give birth to," from PIE root *pere- "to produce, procure;" cf. Skt. prthukah "child, calf, young of an animal;" Gk. poris "calf, bull;" Czech spratek "brat, premature calf;" Lith. periu, pereti "to brood;" O.H.G. farro, Ger. Farre, Du. varre "bull," O.E. fearr "bull;" see below for possible Iranian cognates.

Parmâtidan, from BMP plm'(d)y "to command, order," Sogd. framat- "to command," variants of farmudan, farmâyidan "to command, to order," ultimately from prefixed Proto-Ir. *fra-maH-, from *maH- "to measure," → experiment.

imperative
  ۱) پرماته؛ ۲) پرماتی   
1) parmâte; 2) parmâti

Fr.: 1) inpératif; 2) impériux   

1a) A command or order.
1b) → imperative case.
2a) Absolutely necessary or required; extremely important.
2b) Of the nature of or expressing a command; commanding.

From L.L. imperativus "pertaining to a command," from imperat-, p.p. stem of → imperare "to command."

Parmât, noun from present stem of parmâtidan, → imperare; parmâtii, adj. from parmât.

imperative case
  کاته‌ی ِ پرماتی، ~ فرمانی   
kâte-ye parmâti, ~ farmâni

Fr.: cas impératif   

The grammatical mood of a verb that expresses a command or a request, as in close the door!.

imperative; → case.

imperatively
  پرماتانه   
parmâtâne

Fr.: inpérativement   

In an imperative manner.

Adverb from → imperative; → -ly.

imperfect
  نافرساخته، نافرساخت   
nâfarsâxté; nâfarsâxt

Fr.: imperfection   

Not perfect; faulty or incomplete.

in-; → perfect.

imperfection
  نافرساختگی، نافرسازش   
nâfarsâxtegi, nâfarsâzeš

Fr.: imperfection   

A fault, flaw, or undesirable feature; the state or condition of being imperfect.

in-; → perfection.

imperial
  پرماتیاری، پرماتگانی، شاهی، شاهانه، شاهنشاهی   
parmâtyâri, parmâtgâni, šâhi, šâhâne, šâhanšâhi

Fr.: impérial   

Of, relating to, or suggestive of an empire or a sovereign, especially an emperor or empress (TheFreeDictionary).

Adjective of → empire.

imperialism
  پرماتگانداری، امپریالیسم   

Fr.: impérialisme   

1) The extension of a nation's authority by territorial acquisition or by the establishment of economic and political dominance over other nations.
2) A political doctrine or system promoting such extension of authority (TheFreeDictionary.com).

imperial; → -ism.

implication
  درتاهش   
dartâheš

Fr.: implication   

1) General: Something implied; the act of implying.
2) A statement that follows from other given statements. For ex., an implication of x = -1 is that x2 = 1.
3) A proposition found from two given propositions by connecting them in the form "If ..., then ...". The first statement is the antecedent (or hypothesis) and the second the consequent (or conclusion).

From L. implicationem "interweaving, entanglement," from implicatus, p.p. of implicare "involve, entangle, connect closely," from → in- "in" + plicare "to fold," → explain.

Dartâheš, verbal noun of dartâhidan "to imply," from dar-, → in- + tâhidan "to fold, ply," → explain.

implicit
  درتاهی   
dartâhi

Fr.: implicite   

1) General: Implied, rather than expressly stated.
2) Math.: → implicit function.

From L. implicitus, variant of implicatus, p.p. of implicare, → implication.

Dartâhi, from dartâh present stem of dartâhidan, → implication, + -y adj. suffix.

implicit function
  کریای ِ درتاهی   
karyâ-ye dartâhi

Fr.: fonction implicite   

A function which contains two or more variables that are not independent of each other. An implicit function of x and y is one of the form f(x,y) = 0, e.g., 4x + y2 - 9 = 0. See also → explicit function.

implicit; → function.

implode
  فروکفتن، فروکفتیدن   
forukaftan, forukaftidan

Fr.: imploser   

To collapse, or cause to → collapse, inward → violently. Opposite of → explode.

Implode, from → in- + (ex)plode, from L. plaudere "to clap, beat," of uncertain origin.

Forukaftidan, from foru- "down, downward; below; beneath" (Mid.Pers. frôt "down, downward;" O.Pers. fravata "forward, downward;" cf. Skt. pravát- "a sloping path, the slope of a mountain") + kaftidan "to burst; to split," variants kaftan, kâftan "to split; to dig," (Parthian Mid.Pers. q'f- "to split;" Sogdian "to spli;" Chorasmian kf- "to split, be split;" Proto-Iranian *kap-, *kaf- "to split").

implosion
  فروکفت   
forukaft

Fr.: implosion   

A violent inward collapse; the act of imploding; opposed to → explosion.

Verbal noun of → implode.

imply
  درتاهیدن   
dartâhidan

Fr.: impliquer   

1) To involve or indicate by inference, association, or necessary consequence rather than by direct statement .
2) To contain potentially.
3) To express indirectly (Merriam-Webster.com).

Infinitive of → implication.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer aga air Alf Alg alk Alp alt alu amm ana And ang ani ano ant ant Ap apo app app Aqu Arc arg arr asc ass ast ast asy atm ato att aur aut axi B-m bad Bal bar bar Bay Bed ber Bet bif bim bin bio bis bla ble blu Bod Bol bor bou Bra Bre bro bul C-t Cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che chl Cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- coc coh col col col Com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con coo Cor Cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl Dan dat Dav de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den den der det deu dew dic dif dif dil Dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dod Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn DZ Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ era ESP eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla Flo flu fog for for Fou fra fre fre Fro fun G s Gal gal gal Gar gau geg gen geo geo geo ger gla gly gra gra gra gra gra Gre gro GYR Had Hal hap Har HD hea hel hel Hen Her hex hig Hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyb hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp in- inc Ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jor jum K c Kep Ker kin kno lab Lam Lan Lap las lat Le lef len lev lig lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou LS lun lun Lym M s Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat May mea mec mel mer mes met met met mic mid mil Min Mir mix mod mod mol mon mor mov mul mur mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor nos nuc nuc num nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi P-w pal par par par par Pas pat pej per per per per per per pha Phe pho pho pho phy pin pla Pla pla pla pla plu poi pol pol Pol pol por pos pot Poy pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Psa pul pum Q i qua qua qua qua R A rad rad rad rad rad rad Ram Ran rat rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rei rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev Rho Rie ril riv rog Ros rot rul S A Sag sam sat sca sca Sch Sco Sec sec sec seg sel sem sen set Sha sha shi sho sid sig sim sin Sir ske sli Smo soc sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spe spe Spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto str str sub sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the thi thr tid til tip ton tor tou tra tra tra tra Tri tri tru tsu tur two Typ UHE ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec Vel ver Ver vie Vir vis vis vol W-R war wav wav wea Wei wha wid win WN3 Wol wri xen yok zen zij > >>