An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>

Number of Results: 12948 Search : far
integration
  دُرُستالش، دُرُستال‌گیری   
dorostâleš, dorostâlgiri

Fr.: intégration   

In calculus the operation which consists of finding the areas enclosed by curves through the summations of infinitesimals. The inverse process of differentiation.

Verbal noun of → integrate.

integration time
  زمان ِ دُرُستالش   
zamân-e dorostâleš

Fr.: temps d'intégration   

The time during which a detector integrates the incoming photons.

integration; → time.

intellect
  هشَن   
hošan

Fr.: intellecte   

1) The → power or faculty of the → mind by which one knows or → understands, as distinguished from that by which one feels and that by which one wills; the understanding; the faculty of thinking and acquiring → knowledge.
2) Capacity for thinking and acquiring knowledge, especially of a high or complex order; mental capacity.
3) A particular mind or → intelligence, especially of a high order.
4) A person possessing a great capacity for → thought and knowledge.
5) Minds collectively, as of a number of persons or the persons themselves (Dictionary.com).

M.E., from O.Fr. intellecte "intellectual capacity," from L. intellectus "discernment, understanding," from intelligere "to understand, discern," from → inter- "between" + legere "to choose, pick out, read."

From hôš, huš "intellect, understanding; mind;" Mid.Pers. hôš; Av. uši- "intelligence, understanding; mind," uši.darθra- "holding in mind;" + suffix -an.

intellectual
  ۱) هشَنی، هشَنوار، ۲) اندیشکار، اندیشه‌کار   
1) hošani, hošanvâr; 2) andiškâr, andišekâr

Fr.: intellectuel   

1a) Appealing to or engaging the → intellect.
1b) Of or pertaining to the intellect or its use.
1c) Possessing or showing intellect or mental capacity, especially to a high degree: an intellectual person.
1d) Guided or developed by or relying on the intellect rather than upon emotions or feelings; rational.
1e) Characterized by or suggesting a predominance of intellect.
1f) (n.) A person of superior intellect.
1g) A person who places a high value on or pursues things of interest to the intellect or the more complex forms and fields of knowledge, as aesthetic or philosophical matters, especially on an abstract and general level.
1h) An extremely rational person; a person who relies on intellect rather than on emotions or feelings.
2) A person professionally engaged in mental labor, as a writer or teacher (Dictionary.com).

From L. intellectualis, → intellect + → -al.

Hošanvâr with suffix -vâr denoting suiting, befitting, resembling, in the manner of, possession (as in omidvâr, ayâlvâr, râhvâr).

intelligence
  هوش   
huš (#)

Fr.: intelligence   

A property of the mind that encompasses many related abilities, such as capacity for learning, reasoning, understanding, and similar forms of mental activity.
Machines: The ability of a device, program, or system to solve problems more automatically or more skillfully than competitive systems.

From O.Fr. intelligence, from L. intelligentia "understanding," from intelligentem (nom. intelligens) "discerning," pr.p. of intelligere "to understand, comprehend," from → inter- "between" + legere "choose, pick out, read;" PIE base *leg- "to pick together, gather, collect;" cf. Gk. legein "to say, tell, speak, declare," originally, in Homer "to pick out, select, collect, enumerate;" lexis "speech, diction;" logos "word, speech, thought."

Huš, from Mid.Pers. hôš "intellect, understanding; mind," from Av. uši- "intelligence, understanding; mind," uši.darθra- "holding in mind."

intelligent
  هوشمند   
hušmand (#)

Fr.: intelligent   

1) Possessing intelligence; having the faculty of → understanding and → reasoning.
2) Computer science: Having → memory and → processor to modify action in response to ongoing events.

Back formation from → intelligence.

intense
  درتنو   
dartanu

Fr.: intense   

Existing or occurring in a high or extreme degree. See also → tense.

From M.Fr. intense, from L. intensus "stretched, strained, tight," originally p.p. of intendere "to stretch out, strain," from in- "toward" + tendere "to stretch;" from PIE base *ten- "to stretch;" cf. Pers. tanidan "to spin, twist, weave," as below.

âtanu, from â- affirmative prefix + tanu "stretched, strained," from tan + -u suffix of excess. The middle element tan, from tanidan "to spin, twist, weave" (Mid.Pers. tanitan; Av. tan- to stretch, extend;" cf. Skt. tan- to spin, stretch;" tanoti "stretches," tantram "loom;" Gk. teinein "to stretch, pull tight;" L. tendere "to stretch;" PIE base *ten- "to stretch"), Pers. târ "string," tân "thread," tur "fishing net, net, snare," and tâl "thread" (Borujerdi dialect) belong to this family; variants tanta "cobweb," tanadu, tafen, kartané, kârtané, kâtené, Pashtu tanistah "cobweb;" cf. Skt. tantu- "cobweb, thread, string").

intensification
  درتنویش   
dartanuyeš

Fr.: intensification   

The action of making or becoming stronger or more extreme.

verbal noun of → intensify.

intensifier
  درتنوگر   
dartanugar

Fr.: intensificateur   

1) Something that intensifies.
2) Substance used to increase the density or contrast of an image on a photographic film or plate.

Agent noun of → intensify.

intensify
  درتنوییدن   
dartanuyidan

Fr.: intensifier   

To make intense or more intense.
To increase the density and contrast of a photographic image by chemical treatment.

From → intense + -ify variant of -fy after a consonant, from O.Fr. fier, from L. -ficare "to do, make."

intensity
  درتنویی   
dartanuyi

Fr.: intensité   

General: The quality or condition of being intense.
Physics: Strength, as of energy or a force per unit of area, solid angle, time, etc.; e.g. → electric intensity; → magnetic intensity.

From → intense + → -ity.

Dartanuyi state, condition noun of dartanu, → intense.

intensity of a line
  درتنویی ِ خط   
dartanuyi-ye xatt

Fr.: intensité de raie   

The height of a spectral line above the continuum base.

intensity; → line.

intensity of radiation
  درتنویی ِ تابش   
datanuyi-e tâbeš

Fr.: intensité de rayonnement   

The rate of emitted energy from unit surface area through unit solid angle. The radiation from a surface has different intensities in different directions.

intensity; → radiation.

intensive
  درتنویی‌مند   
dartanuyimand

Fr.: intensif   

1) Of, pertaining to, or characterized by intensity.
2) Tending to intensify; intensifying.
3) Requiring or having a high concentration of a specified quality or element (used in combination).
4) Grammar: Indicating increased emphasis or force. "Certainly" is an intensive adverb. "Myself," in I did it myself, is an intensive pronoun (Dictionary.com).

intense; → -ive.

intensive prefix
  پیشوند ِ درتنویی‌مند   
pišvand-e dartanuyimand

Fr.: préfixe intensif   

A prefix that highly emphasizes roots of words to which it is attached. In other words, intensive prefixes heighten the force of the primary meanings of words. These prefixes can effectively be translated as "thoroughly" to highlight their intensive function. For example the prefixes → re-, → de-, and → com-.

intensive; → prefix.

inter-
  اندر-   
andar- (#)

Fr.: inter-   

A prefix denoting "between, among, mutually, reciprocally."

Inter-, from L. inter (prep., adj.) "among, between," from PIE *enter "between, among" (cf. Pers. andar-, as below; Skt. antár; Gk. entera (pl.) "intestines," O.Ir. eter; O.Welsh ithr "among, between;" O.H.G. untar; O.E. under "under"), from *en- "in" + *-ter comparative suffix.

Mod.Pers. andar "in, into, within" (added to the words pedar "father," mâdar "mother," barâdar "brother," xâhar "sister," it implies "step-father, step-mother, half-brother, half-sister" respectively), from Mid.Pers. andar "in, among, concerning;" O.Pers. anatr, Av. antarə' (adv., prep., prev.), antarə (adv., prev.), "inside, intra, within, between;" also Av. antara- (adj.) "interior;" cf. Skt. ántara- "interior, adjacent to; intimate, dear;" from PIE *enter, as above.
The Av. antarə' is used with verbal stems to create abstract actions. For example, antarə'-mruyē "to prohibit," from antare- "inter-" + mruyē "to speak," from root mrū- "to speak, say." This is exactly the same pattern as L. inter-dicere "to interdict, forbid, prohibit," from inter-, as above, + dicere "to speak." The Av. antare- is used with another verb to produce the same sense: antarə-uxti "to interdict," from antarə- + uxti "to speak, to say." E. Benveniste (1975) made an interesting investigation on the origin of the "to speak inside" paradigm for the concept of interdiction. He argues that inter- derives in fact from *en-ter, the second component, while being a comparative form, introduces the notion of separation. His conclusion is that antarə-mruyē or inter-dicere mean "to pronounce inside (a group) so as to separate (or isolate somebody)." According to Benveniste, the Av. terms are the oldest forms in the Indo-European languages which convey an important piece of information about an aspect of Indo-European life/tradition in pre-historic times.

interact
  اندرژیریدن   
andaržiridan

Fr.: interagir   

To act upon one another; have a mutual or reciprocal action.

Interact, from → inter- + → act.

interacting binary
  دورین ِ اندرژیرنده   
dorin-e andaržirandé

Fr.: binaire en interaction   

A binary star system in which mass transfer between the components takes place. → contact binary; → Roche lobe.

Interacting, adj. of → interact; → binary.

interacting galaxies
  کهکشان‌های ِ اندرژیرنده   
kahkešânhâ-ye andaržandé

Fr.: galaxies en interaction   

Galaxies that are close enough for their mutual gravitational attraction to produce perturbed shapes or extruded filaments of stellar material, called → tidal tails. Most galaxies are in clusters, and gravitational interactions between them are common.

Interacting, adj. of → interact; → galaxy.

interaction
  اندرژیرش   
andaržireš

Fr.: interaction   

General: Mutual or reciprocal action or influence.
Physics: 1) What happens between a system and its surroundings when an observable change in one corresponds to or correlates with an observable change in the other.
2) The natural phenomenon of the transfer of energy between two particles. The four known kinds of interactions, in the order of increasing strength, are: → gravitational, → weak, → electromagnetic, and → strong.

Interaction, from → inter-; + → action.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>