An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 12955 Search : far
integral operator
  آپارگر ِ دُرُستالی   
âpârgar-e dorostâli

Fr.: opérateur intégral   

Math.: An operator whose inverse is a differential operator.

integral; → operator.

integrand
  دُرُستالان   
dorostâlân

Fr.: integrand   

The function which is being integrated in a given integral.

From L. integrandum, noun use of neuter of integrandus, gerundive of integrare, → integrate.

Dorostâlân, pr.p. of dorostâlidan, → integrate.

integrate
  دُرُستالیدن، دُرُستال‌گرفتن   
dorostâlidan, dorostâl gereftan

Fr.: intégrer   

1) To carry out the mathematical operation of → integration.
2) To add up photons when exposing a detector to incoming light through the telescope.

From L. integratus p.p. of integrare "to renew, restore," → integer + -ate a verb forming suffix.

Dorostâlidan, infinitive of dorostâl, → integral; dorostâl gereftan "to take (an) integral;" gereftan "to take, seize" (Mid.Pers. griftan, Av./O.Pers. grab- "to take, seize," cf. Skt. grah-, grabh- "to seize, take," graha "seizing, holding, perceiving," M.L.G. grabben "to grab," from P.Gmc. *grab, E. grab "to take or grasp suddenly;" PIE base *ghrebh- "to seize").

integrated circuit
  برقراه ِ یکپارچه، ~ دُرُستالیده   
barqrâh-e yekpârxcé, ~ dorostâlidé

Fr.: circuit intégré   

A circuit whose components are found on a single semiconductor substrate.

Integrated, p.p. of → integrate; → circuit.

integrated electronics
  الکترونیک ِ یکپارچه، ~ دُرُستالیده   
elektronik-e dorostâlidé

Fr.: électronique intégrée   

The branch of electronics that deals with integrated circuits, especially the interdependence of material, circuits, and design.

Integrated, p.p. of → integrate; → electronics.

integrated magnitude
  برز ِ دُرُستالیده   
borz-e dorostâlidé

Fr.: magnitude intégrée   

The magnitude an extended object (nebula, galaxy,etc.) would have if all of its light were concentrated into a point source

Integrated, p.p. of → integrate; → magnitude.

integrating factor
  کروند ِ درستالنده   
karvand-e dorostâlandé

Fr.: facteur intégrant   

A function that converts a → differential equation, which is not exact, into an → exact differential equation. This is done by multiplying all terms of the original equation by the integrating factor.

integrate; → factor.

integration
  دُرُستالش، دُرُستال‌گیری   
dorostâleš, dorostâlgiri

Fr.: intégration   

In calculus the operation which consists of finding the areas enclosed by curves through the summations of infinitesimals. The inverse process of differentiation.

Verbal noun of → integrate.

integration time
  زمان ِ دُرُستالش   
zamân-e dorostâleš

Fr.: temps d'intégration   

The time during which a detector integrates the incoming photons.

integration; → time.

intellect
  هشَن   
hošan

Fr.: intellecte   

1) The → power or faculty of the → mind by which one knows or → understands, as distinguished from that by which one feels and that by which one wills; the understanding; the faculty of thinking and acquiring → knowledge.
2) Capacity for thinking and acquiring knowledge, especially of a high or complex order; mental capacity.
3) A particular mind or → intelligence, especially of a high order.
4) A person possessing a great capacity for → thought and knowledge.
5) Minds collectively, as of a number of persons or the persons themselves (Dictionary.com).

M.E., from O.Fr. intellecte "intellectual capacity," from L. intellectus "discernment, understanding," from intelligere "to understand, discern," from → inter- "between" + legere "to choose, pick out, read."

From hôš, huš "intellect, understanding; mind;" Mid.Pers. hôš; Av. uši- "intelligence, understanding; mind," uši.darθra- "holding in mind;" + suffix -an.

intellectual
  ۱) هشَنی، هشَنوار، ۲) اندیشکار، اندیشه‌کار   
1) hošani, hošanvâr; 2) andiškâr, andišekâr

Fr.: intellectuel   

1a) Appealing to or engaging the → intellect.
1b) Of or pertaining to the intellect or its use.
1c) Possessing or showing intellect or mental capacity, especially to a high degree: an intellectual person.
1d) Guided or developed by or relying on the intellect rather than upon emotions or feelings; rational.
1e) Characterized by or suggesting a predominance of intellect.
1f) (n.) A person of superior intellect.
1g) A person who places a high value on or pursues things of interest to the intellect or the more complex forms and fields of knowledge, as aesthetic or philosophical matters, especially on an abstract and general level.
1h) An extremely rational person; a person who relies on intellect rather than on emotions or feelings.
2) A person professionally engaged in mental labor, as a writer or teacher (Dictionary.com).

From L. intellectualis, → intellect + → -al.

Hošanvâr with suffix -vâr denoting suiting, befitting, resembling, in the manner of, possession (as in omidvâr, ayâlvâr, râhvâr).

intelligence
  هوش   
huš (#)

Fr.: intelligence   

A property of the mind that encompasses many related abilities, such as capacity for learning, reasoning, understanding, and similar forms of mental activity.
Machines: The ability of a device, program, or system to solve problems more automatically or more skillfully than competitive systems.

From O.Fr. intelligence, from L. intelligentia "understanding," from intelligentem (nom. intelligens) "discerning," pr.p. of intelligere "to understand, comprehend," from → inter- "between" + legere "choose, pick out, read;" PIE base *leg- "to pick together, gather, collect;" cf. Gk. legein "to say, tell, speak, declare," originally, in Homer "to pick out, select, collect, enumerate;" lexis "speech, diction;" logos "word, speech, thought."

Huš, from Mid.Pers. hôš "intellect, understanding; mind," from Av. uši- "intelligence, understanding; mind," uši.darθra- "holding in mind."

intelligent
  هوشمند   
hušmand (#)

Fr.: intelligent   

1) Possessing intelligence; having the faculty of → understanding and → reasoning.
2) Computer science: Having → memory and → processor to modify action in response to ongoing events.

Back formation from → intelligence.

intense
  درتنو   
dartanu

Fr.: intense   

Existing or occurring in a high or extreme degree. See also → tense.

From M.Fr. intense, from L. intensus "stretched, strained, tight," originally p.p. of intendere "to stretch out, strain," from in- "toward" + tendere "to stretch;" from PIE base *ten- "to stretch;" cf. Pers. tanidan "to spin, twist, weave," as below.

âtanu, from â- affirmative prefix + tanu "stretched, strained," from tan + -u suffix of excess. The middle element tan, from tanidan "to spin, twist, weave" (Mid.Pers. tanitan; Av. tan- to stretch, extend;" cf. Skt. tan- to spin, stretch;" tanoti "stretches," tantram "loom;" Gk. teinein "to stretch, pull tight;" L. tendere "to stretch;" PIE base *ten- "to stretch"), Pers. târ "string," tân "thread," tur "fishing net, net, snare," and tâl "thread" (Borujerdi dialect) belong to this family; variants tanta "cobweb," tanadu, tafen, kartané, kârtané, kâtené, Pashtu tanistah "cobweb;" cf. Skt. tantu- "cobweb, thread, string").

intensification
  درتنویش   
dartanuyeš

Fr.: intensification   

The action of making or becoming stronger or more extreme.

verbal noun of → intensify.

intensifier
  درتنوگر   
dartanugar

Fr.: intensificateur   

1) Something that intensifies.
2) Substance used to increase the density or contrast of an image on a photographic film or plate.

Agent noun of → intensify.

intensify
  درتنوییدن   
dartanuyidan

Fr.: intensifier   

To make intense or more intense.
To increase the density and contrast of a photographic image by chemical treatment.

From → intense + -ify variant of -fy after a consonant, from O.Fr. fier, from L. -ficare "to do, make."

intensity
  درتنویی   
dartanuyi

Fr.: intensité   

General: The quality or condition of being intense.
Physics: Strength, as of energy or a force per unit of area, solid angle, time, etc.; e.g. → electric intensity; → magnetic intensity.

From → intense + → -ity.

Dartanuyi state, condition noun of dartanu, → intense.

intensity of a line
  درتنویی ِ خط   
dartanuyi-ye xatt

Fr.: intensité de raie   

The height of a spectral line above the continuum base.

intensity; → line.

intensity of radiation
  درتنویی ِ تابش   
datanuyi-e tâbeš

Fr.: intensité de rayonnement   

The rate of emitted energy from unit surface area through unit solid angle. The radiation from a surface has different intensities in different directions.

intensity; → radiation.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dog Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn e-f Ear ecl eco edu eig Ein ela ele ele ele Ele elo emi emp ene Enl env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh Exo exp exp ext ext f(R fac fam fat fee Fer Fib fig fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre Fre fri fun fuz Gal gal gal Gam gau Gay gen Geo geo geo geo gim glo gov gra gra gra gra gre gro Gun hab hal han Har haz hea hel hel Hen Her het Hig hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind Ind inf inf inf inf inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv ion ion Irr iso iso iso jan jit Jul jus Kel ker kin kni La lam lan Lap las lat Lay Led Len let lif lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou low lum lun Lym M d Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man mar mas mas mat mea mea mec mem mer Mes met met mho mic Mie Mil min mis MKS MOd mol Mon moo mot mul mul myo nak Nas nat neb neg neu neu New New nit noi non non nor nor nuc nuc nul nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi pai Pan par par Par par pas Pav Pel per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy Pip Pla pla PLA pla ple plu pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pot Pra pre pre pre Pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro pro Pto pul pur qua qua qua qua qui rad rad rad rad rad rad rai ran rar Ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel rep res res res res ret RHB rid rig ris roc Ros rot rub Rut Sag sam sat sca sca Sch sci Sea sec sec see sel sem sen set Sha sha shi shu sid sil sim sin SIS ski Slo smo Soc sol sol sol sol son sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi Spo squ sta sta sta sta Ste ste ste sto str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur Swa syn syn tab tar tel tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tit top tot tra tra TRA tra tre tri tri tru Tun Tus tym Typ ult unb und uni uni uns upp Urs vac van var Vei Ven ver vic Vir vir vis vol W 4 war wat wav wea wed wet wid win WN2 Wol wri xen yok zen zin > >>