An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

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Number of Results: 13009 Search : far
instrumental
  سازالی   
sâzâli

Fr.: instrumentale   

Of, relating to, or performed by or with one or more instruments.
See also:
instrumental broadening, → instrumental flexure, → instrumental magnitude, → instrumental profile, → instrumental response function, → instrumentalism, → instrumentalist.

Adj. of → instrument.

instrumental broadening
  پهنش ِ سازالی   
pahneš-e sâzâli

Fr.: élargissement instrumental   

The broadening of a point source caused by the response functions of the telescope and the instrument used.

instrumental; → broadening.

instrumental flexure
  چفتگی ِ سازال   
caftegi-ye sâzâl

Fr.: flexion d'instrument   

An image defect caused by the mechanical flexure of materials; for example the curved-shape image of a long slit in a spectrograph.

instrumental; → flexure.

instrumental magnitude
  برز ِ سازالی   
borz-e sâzâli

Fr.: magnitude instrumentale   

The magnitude derived directly using → Pogson's relation. The instrumental magnitude depends on → detectorsensitivity, telescope → aperture, exact filter → bandpass, etc. It must be → calibrated to some standard → photometric system.

instrumental; → magnitude.

instrumental profile
  فراپال ِ سازالی   
farâpâl-e sâzâli

Fr.: profil instrumental   

The shape of instrument's response to the input signal. The Fourier transform of the source function by the instrument function.

instrumental; → profile.

instrumental response function
  کریای ِ پاسخ ِ سازال   
karyâ-ye pâsox-e sâzâl

Fr.: fonction de la réponse instrumentale   

The mathematical form of the way an instrument affects the input signal.

instrumental; → response; → function.

instrumentalism
  سازال‌باوری   
sâzâlbâvari

Fr.: instrumentalisme   

In the philosophy of science, the pragmatic view that a scientific theory is no more than a useful instrument or tool for getting our experiences in some order.

instrumental; → -ism.

instrumentalist
  سازالگر   
sâzâlgar

Fr.: instrumentaliste   

An astronomer, engineer, or technician who is concerned with the construction of astronomical instruments.

instrumental + → -ist.

instrumentation
  ۱) سازالگری؛ ۲) سازالگان   
1) sâzâlgari; 2) sâzâlgân

Fr.: instrumentation   

1) The design and use of scientific instruments for detection, measurement, control, computation, and so on.
2) The ensemble of instruments contained in a given machine or system.

From → instrument + -ation a combination of -ate and -ion, used to form verbal nouns.

Sâzâlgari, noun from sâzâlgar, → instrumentalist. Sâzâlgân, with plurality suffix -gân.

insulate
  عایق کردن   
âyeq kardan (#)

Fr.: isoler   

To cover or to separate from conducting bodies by means of nonconductors so as to prevent or reduce the passage, transfer, or leakage of heat, electricity, or sound. → insulation, → insulator.

From L. insulatus "made into an island," from L. insula "island."

From âyeq, → insulator, + kardan "to do," → -or.

insulation
  عایق‌کاری   
âyeqkâri (#)

Fr.: isolation   

1) The act or fact of insulating.
2) Any material used to reduce or prevent the transfer of electricity, heat, cold, or sound.

Verbal noun from → insulate.

insulator
  عایق   
âyeq (#)

Fr.: isolant   

1) A material or an object that does not easily allow heat, electricity, light, or sound to pass through it.
2) Electricity: A material, such as glass or porcelain, that opposes a very high resistance to the passage of an electric current so that the flow of current through it is negligible; a nonconductor.
3) One who, or that which, insulates.

Agent noun from → insulate + → -or.

Âyeq, loan from Ar.

insurance
  بیمه   
bimé (#)

Fr.: assurance   

The act, system, or business of insuring property, life, one's person, etc., against loss or harm arising in specified contingencies, as fire, accident, death, disablement, or the like, in consideration of a payment proportionate to the risk involved (Dictionary.com).

insure; → -ance.

Bimé, from bim "fear, danger" (variant bâk "fear, hesitation"); Mid.Pers. bīm "fear, fright, dread;" Av. b(a)ii- "to fear;" cf. Skt. bhayi- "to fear," bhīmá- "terrible;" Lith. bijoti(s), Latv. bîtiês "to fear, be afraid;" O.H.G. biben "to shiver;" PIE *bheiH2- "to fear" (Cheung 2007).

insure
  ۱) بیمه کردن؛ ۲) درتنزیدن   
1) bimé kardan; 2) dartenzidan

Fr.: s'assurer   

1) To provide or obtain → insurance on or for.
2) Make certain that something is definitely so. Same as make sure and ensure.

Variant of → ensure.

1) Bimé kardan, from bimé, → insurance, + kardan "to do, make," → -ize.
2) Dartenzidan, from dar-, → in-, + tenz, → sure, + -idan infinitive suffix, → -ize.

integer
  درسته   
doroste

Fr.: entier   

Same as → integer number.

From L. integer "whole," literally "intact, untouched," from → in- "not" + root of tangere "to touch."

Doroste, from dorost "whole, complete; healthy; right," → integral.

integer number
  عدد ِ درسته   
adad-e doruste

Fr.: nombre entier, entier   

Any member of the set consisting of → positive and → negative whole numbers and → zero. Examples: -5, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 5.

integer; → number.

integer partition
  پرکش ِ درسته   
parkeš:-e doroste

Fr.: partition des entiers   

An expression of an integer nas the sum of one or more positive integers. The number of different partitions of n is denoted p(n). This function is called the partition function. For example, p(5) = 7, because 5 can be partitioned as: 5 = 5 = 4 + 1 = 3 + 2 = 3 + 1 + 1 = 2 + 2 + 1 = 2 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1.

partition; → integer.

integral
  ۱) درست؛ ۲) دُرُستال   
1) dorost; 2) dorostâl

Fr.: 1) intégral; 2) intégrale   

1) Consisting of whole numbers or integers.
2) Mathematical function obtained by the process of → integration.

Integral, from M.Fr. intégral, from M.L. integralis "forming a whole," → integer "whole."

1) Dorostâl, from dorost "whole, complete; healthy; right," related to dorud "benediction, praise, thanksgiving," from Mid.Pers. drust "whole; healthy; well, right," drôd "health, thriving;" O.Pers. duruva- "firm, certain, immune;" Av. druua- "healthy;" cf. Skt. dhruvá- "fixed, firm, immovable, lasting, certain;" Russ. zdorovyjj "healthy;" See also → sound.
2) Dorostâl, from dorost + -âl, → -al.

integral calculus
  افماریک ِ دُرُستالی   
afmârik-e dorostâli

Fr.: calcul intégral   

Branch of the calculus that deals with integration and its use in finding volumes, areas, equations of curves, solutions of differential equations, etc.

integral; → calculus.

integral equation
  هموگش ِ دُرُستالی   
hamugeš-e dorostâli

Fr.: équation intégrale   

An equation involving an unknown function that appears as part of an integrand.

integral; → equation.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- a p abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi ads aes Age Alb Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app app arb are ari art ass ast ast ast Atl ato ato Aug aut awa azi bac bal Bar Bar Bay bea Bep Bet BIC bij bin bio bir bla bla blu blu bol Boo bou Bq bre bri bub B[e cal cal can car car Cas cat cau cel cen Cer cha cha cha che chi CI cir cir cla cle clo clu co- cob coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos cou cov cra cri cro cry cum cur cyc d'A dar dat DC dea dec dec dec def def deh Del den dep des det deu dia dif dif dif dim dip Dir dis dis dis dis dis div dom dos dou dri Dum dus dyn dyn ear eas ecl Edd eff Ein eje ele ele ele ele eli emb emi Enc ene ens eph epo equ equ eru eth Eul eve evo exc exc exi exo exp exp ext ext Fab fai Fan fea fem fer fie fil fir fir fla flo flu foc For for fos fra fre fre fro fun g m Gal gal gal gas gau gel gen geo geo geo gho gla gno gra gra gra gra Gre Gre gro gyr had hal har Har HD hea hel hel Her Her Hic hig hip hol hor hos hov Hub hun hyd hyd Hyd hyp IC ide ill ima imp imp inc inc ind ind inf inf inf inf inj ins ins int int int int int int int int inv inv ion iro Isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur kel Kep kil Kle Kui Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep Lib lig lim lin lin Lio lit loc LOF lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lyo mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec Mei Mer Mer met met Met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par par par par pas pea pen per per per per Per pet pha Pho pho pho pho Pic Pis Pla pla pla pla Ple poa pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pra pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro pro Pto pul puz qua qua qua qua qui rad rad rad rad rad rad rai ran rar Ray rea Rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel rep res res res res ret Rhe rid rig ris Roe Ros rot rub rut Sag sam sat sca sca Sch sci sea sec sec see sel sem sen ser Sgr sha shi sho sid sig sim sin Sir ske sli smo soc sol sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spe spe spe spe sph spi spl spu sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str Str sub sub sub sul sup sup sup sup sur sus sym syn sys Tam Tay tel ten Ter Tha the the the thi thr tib tid tim tok Tor tot tra tra tra tra Tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ ufo ult unc uni uni uni upl ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vil vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yea You zer zod > >>