An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 12974 Search : far
intermolecular force
  نیرو‌ی ِ اندرمولکولی   
niru-ye andarmolekuli

Fr.: force intermoléculaire   

A Force acting between molecules.

inter-; → molecular; → force.

internal
  درونی   
daruni (#)

Fr.: interne   

Situated or occurring in the interior of something; interior.

From M.L. internalis, from L. internus "within," from inter "between," → inter-.

Daruni, adj. of darun " in, into; within" (Mid.Pers. andarôn "inside," from andar, → inter-, + rôn "side, direction;" Av. ravan- "(course of a) river").

internal absorption
  درشم ِ درونی   
daršam-e daruni

Fr.: absorption interne   

Of an → H II region, the absorption of photons by the dust which is mixed with ionized gas, in contrast to the absorption by the → interstellar dust on the line of sight.

internal; → absorption.

internal conversion
  هاگرد ِ درونی   
hâgard-e daruni

Fr.: conversion interne   

A → radiationless relaxation process in which a molecule in some excited → electronic state converts to a state of the same → multiplicity but of lower electronic energy and in which the lost electronic energy is converted initially into vibrational energy.

internal; → conversion.

internal energy
  کاروژ ِ درونی   
kâruž-e daruni

Fr.: énergie interne   

The difference between the energy added to a system and the energy given up by the system in performing work.

internal; → energy.

internal gravity wave (IGW)
  موج ِ گرانی ِ درونی   
mowj-e gerâni-ye daruni

Fr.: onde de gravité interne   

A wave generated inside a density-stratified fluid under the influence of → buoyancy forces. Known also as → gravity wave or internal wave.

internal; → gravity; → wave.

internal photoelectric effect
  اسکر ِ شید-برقی ِ درونی   
oskar-e šid-barqi-ye daruni

Fr.: effet photoélectrique interne   

The → photoelectric effect whereby photons absorbed by a solid (→ semiconductor) raise electrons from a lower to a higher → energy level (from → valence band to → conduction band). See also → external photoelectric effect.

internal; → photoelectric; → effect.

internal structure of stars
  ساختار ِ درونی ِ ستارگان   
sâxtâr-e daruni-ye setâregân (#)

Fr.: structure interne des étoiles   

The physical characteristics of that part of a star lying below the → photosphere. More specifically, the study of its various zones (→ core, → convective zone, → radiative zone) and the transfer of energy through them.

internal; → structure; → star.

internal work
  کار ِ درونی   
kâr-e daruni (#)

Fr.: travail interne   

Work done in separating the molecules of a system against their forces of attraction. Its value is zero for an → ideal gas.

internal; → work.

internalization
  درونش   
daruneš (#)

Fr.: intériorisation   

Verbal noun of → internalize.

internalize + → -tion.

internalize
  درونیدن   
darunidan (#)

Fr.: intériorisation   

1) To incorporate (the cultural values, mores, motives, etc., of another or of a group), as through learning, socialization, or identification (Dictionary.com).
2) Linguistics: To acquire (a linguistic rule, structure, etc.) as part of one's language competence (Dictionary.com).

internal + → -ize.

international
  جهانی، اندرنفانی   
jahâni (#), andarnafâni

Fr.: international, mondial   

Between or among → nations; involving two or more nations. → International Astronomical Union, → International Atomic Time, → International Date Line, and so forth.

International, from → inter- + nation, from O.Fr. nacion, from L. nationem (nom. natio) "nation, stock, race," literally "that which has been born," from natus, p.p. of nasci "be born;" cognate with Pers. zâdangenerate, + → -al.

Jahâni "of or relating to the world" (Fr. mondial), → world.
Andarnafâni, from andar-, → inter-, + nafâni, adj. of nafân "family relation; kinship," proposal for "nation," from naf, from Mid.Pers. nâf "family," nâfag "navel," naft "descendant," Parthian n'p "family" (Mod.Pers. nâf "navel"); Av. nāfa- "navel, near relationship, family," hama.nāfaēna- "of the same family;" cf. Skt. nábhya- "hub (of wheel);" Gk. omphalos "navel;" L. umbilicus "navel;" O.H.G. nabalo "navel;" Ger. Nabel "navel" + -ân suffix denoting family relationship, as in Bâbakân "family of Bâbak."

International Astronomical Union (IAU)
  یکایش ِ جهانی ِ اخترشناسی   
Yekâyeš-e Jahâni-ye Axtaršenâsi

Fr.: Union Astronomique Internationale (UAI)   

An astronomical association of astronomers that is the controlling body of world astronomy. It was founded in Brussels in 1919.

international; → astronomical; → union.

International Atomic Time (TAI)
  زمان ِ اتمی ِ جهانی   
zamân-e atomi-ye jahâni (#)

Fr.: Temps Atomique International (TAI)   

A weighted average of the time kept by about 200 caesium atomic clocks in over 50 national laboratories worldwide. It has been available since 1955, and became the international standard on which UTC is based on January 1972.

international; → atomic; → time.

International Date Line
  خط ِ جهانی ِ گاهداد   
xatt-e jahâni-ye gâhdâd

Fr.: ligne internationale de changement de date   

An imaginary line following approximately the 180th meridian which, by international agreement in 1884, marks the beginning or or end of a day. The regions to the east of which are counted as being one day earlier in their calendar dates than the regions to the west.

international; → date; → line.

International System of Units (SI)
  راژمان ِ جهانی ِ یکاها   
râžmân-e jahâni-ye yekâhâ

Fr.: système international des unités   

The metric system of units based on the → meter, → kilogram, → second, → ampere, → kelvin, and → candela. Also called MSKA system. Other SI units are → hertz, → radian, → newton, → joule, → watt, → coulomb, → volt, → ohm, → farad, → weber, and → tesla.

international; → system; → unit.

International Ultraviolet Explorer (IUE)
     

Fr.: IUE   

A satellite dedicated to spectroscopic observations of astronomical objects in ultraviolet wavelengths, launched in 1978. It was an international collaboration between → NASA, the → European Space Agency (ESA), and the United Kingdom's Science and Engineering Research Council. It operated until September 1996 and collected over 70,000 spectra. IUE consisted of a 45-cm telescope (f/15) equipped with two spectrographs operating in the ranges 1850-3300 Å and 1150-2000 Å. Each spectrograph had a high-resolution and a low-resolution mode with resolutions of about 0.2 Å and 6 Å respectively.

international; → ultraviolet; → explorer.

International Virtual Observatory Alliance (IVOA)
  همدستی ِ اندرنفانی ِ نپاهشگاه ِ ویر‌آگین   
hamdasti-ye andarnafâni-ye nepâhešgâh-e virâgin

Fr.: Alliance internationale de l'Observatoire Virtuel   

An international cooperation whose objective is to facilitate the international coordination and collaboration necessary for the development and deployment of the tools, systems and organizational structures necessary to enable the international utilization of astronomical archives as an integrated and interoperating → Virtual Observatory. The IVOA, created in 2002, now comprises 20 Virtual Observatory programs from various countries and international organizations.

international; → virtual; → observatory; → alliance.

interoperability
  اندر-آپارش‌پذیری   
andar-âpârešpaziri

Fr.: interopérabilité   

The ability of different types of computers, networks, operating systems, and software applications to work together by exchanging and sharing information in a standardized, accurate, and effective manner.

inter-; → operability.

interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICME)
  اشانش ِ اندرسیاره‌ای ِ جرم از تاج   
ešâneš-e andarsayyâreyi-ye jerm az tâj

Fr.: éjection de masse coronale interplanétaire   

An → interplanetary manifestation of a → coronal mass ejection.

interplanetary; → coronal; → mass; → ejection.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- a p abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi ads aes Age Alb Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app app arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att Aur aut axi azi bac Bal Bar Bar Bay Bec Ber bet bic bij bin bio Bir bla Bla blu blu bol Boo bou bra Bre bro bug C r cal Cal can car Car Cas cat cau cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che cho cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- cod coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cop Cor cor cor cos cos Cou cou CP cre cri cro CSP cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec dee def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu doc doo dou dow Dru dus dwa dyn Dys Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ Era est eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext eye fac fal Far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fit fla flo flu fol for for Fou fra fre Fre ful fuz Gal gal Gal gam gas Gau gen gen geo geo geo gib glo gos gra gra gra gra Gre gri gui H I hal Ham har Haw hea hei hel Hel her het hie hig Hob hom Hor hot Hub hum Huy hyd hyd hyp hyp ico if ima imp imp in- inc Ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins int int int int int int int int int inv ion iro ise iso iso Jab jet Jov Jur Kee Kep kil Kis kry Lag lam lan Lar lat law lea lem lep Li lig lim lin lin lin lit loc loc lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lym mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec meg Mer Mer met met met mic mid mil Min Mir mix mod mod MOL mon mor mov mul mur N66 Nap nat nea neg Ner neu New New nic nod non non non nor nov nuc nul num O-t obl obs obt och off Ohm on- opa Oph opt opt ora orb ord Ori ort osc out ove ozo pal pan par par par par pat pec pen per per per per per Pfu pha pho pho pho phy pie pla Pla Pla pla pla Plo poi pol pol pol pol por pos pot pow pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro Pro pro Pru pul pul Pyt qua qua qua qua quo rad rad rad rad rad rad ram Ran rat re- rea rec rec red red ref ref reg Reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho rif Rin Rob Rom rot rot rul S D Sai san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky Slo sno sof sol sol sol sol sor sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr SS sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto str str stu sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swe syn syn tad Tau tel ten ter tet the the the thi Tho thr tid tim Tit top tot tra tra tra tra tre tri Tro tru tur TW Typ U G ult unb und uni uni uns ura use val vap vec Vel Ven Ver Vie Vir vir vis vol W V war wav wav wea Wei Wez wid win WN3 Wol Wro Y d YOR zen zir > >>