An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 12948 Search : far
legendary
  چیروکی   
ciroki

Fr.: légendaire   

Of, relating to, or of the nature of a legend.

legend; → -ary.

Legendre equation
  هموگش ِ لوژاندر   
hamugeš-e Legendre

Fr.: équation de Legendre   

The → differential equation of the form: d/dx(1 - x2)dy/dx) + n(n + 1)y = 0. The general solution of the Legendre equation is given by y = c1Pn(x) + c2Qn(x), where Pn(x) are Legendre polynomials and Qn(x) are called Legendre functions of the second kind.

Named after Adrien-Marie Legendre (1752-1833), a French mathematician who made important contributions to statistics, number theory, abstract algebra, and mathematical analysis; → equation.

Legendre transformation
  ترادیسش ِ لوژاندر   
tarâdiseš-e Legendre

Fr.: transformation de Legendre   

A mathematical operation that transforms one function into another. Two differentiable functions f and g are said to be Legendre transforms of each other if their first derivatives are inverse functions of each other: df(x)/dx = (dg(x)/dx)-1. The functions f and g are said to be related by a Legendre transformation.

Legendre equation; → transformation.

legislation
  قانونگذاری   
gânungozâri (#)

Fr.: législation   

1) The act of making or enacting laws.
2) A law or a body of laws enacted (Dictionary.com).

From Fr. législation, from L.L. legislationem, from legis latio, "proposing (literally 'bearing') of a law," → legislator.

Qânungoz&acric;ri "act or process followed by the qânungoz&acric;r", → legislator.

legislator
  قانونگذار   
qânungozâr (#)

Fr.: législateur   

1) A person who gives or makes laws.
2) A member of a legislative body (Dictionary.com).

From L. legis lator "proposer of a law," from legis, genitive of lex, → law, + lator "proposer," agent noun of latus "borne, brought, carried."

Qânungozâr, literally "he who places the law," from qânun, → law, + gozâr, present stem and agent noun of gozâštan "to place, put; perform; allow, permit," related to gozaštan "to pass, to cross," → trans-

Lemaître Universe
  گیتی ِ لومتر   
giti-ye Lemaître (#)

Fr.: Univers de Lemaître   

A cosmological hypothesis, based on Einstein's relativity, in which the expanding Universe began from an exploding "primeval atom." In the Lemaître Universe the rate of expansion steadily decreases.

Named after Monsignor Georges Edouard Lemaître (1894-1966), a Belgian Roman Catholic priest, honorary prelate, professor of physics and astronomer; → universe.

lemma
  نهک   
nehak

Fr.: lemme   

1) A subsidiary proposition, proved for use in the proof of another proposition.
2) Linguistics: A word considered as its citation form together with all the → inflected forms. For example, the lemma go consists of go together with goes, going, went, and gone.
3) An argument or theme, especially when used as the subject or title of a composition (Dictionary.com).

From L. lemma, from Gk. lemma "something received or taken; an argument; something taken for granted," from root of lambanein "to take," → analemma.

Nehak, from neh present stem of nehâdan "to place, put; to set," → position, + -ak a diminutive suffix of nouns.

lemniscate of Bernoulli
  لمنیسکات ِ برنویی   
lemniskât-e Bernoulli

Fr.: lemniscate de Bernoulli   

A closed curve with two loops resembling a figure 8. It is represented by the Cartesian equation (x2 + y2)2 = a2(x2 - y2), where a is the greatest distance from the origin (pole) to the curve. Its polar equation is r2 = a2 cos 2θ.

From L. Latin lemniscatus "adorned with ribbons," from lemniscus "a pendent ribbon," from Gk. lemniskos "ribbon;" First described by Jacques Bernoulli (1654-1705) in 1694.

length
  درازا، طول   
derâzâ (#), tul (#)

Fr.: longueur   

A distance determined by the extent of something specified. → Jeans length

M.E. length(e), O.E. lengthu "length," from P.Gmc. *langitho, noun of quality from *langgaz (root of O.E. lang "long," cognate with Pers. derâz, as below) + -itho, abstract noun suffix. Cognate with O.N. lengd, O.Fris. lengethe, Du. lengte.

Derâzâ quality noun of derâz "long," variants Laki, Kurdi derež; Mid.Pers. drâz "long;" O.Pers. dargam "long;" Av. darəga-, darəγa- "long," drājištəm "longest;" cf. Skt. dirghá- "lon (in space and time);" L. longus "long;" Gk. dolikhos "elongated;" O.H.G., Ger. lang; Goth. laggs "long;" PIE base *dlonghos- "long;" tul loan from Ar. ţaul, used in → wavelength.

length contraction
  ترنگش ِ درازا   
terengeš-e derâzâ

Fr.: contraction de longueur   

Same as → Lorentz contraction.

length; → contraction.

lengthy
  کشناک   
kešnâk (#)

Fr.: long, interminable   

1) Having or being of great length; very long.
2) Tediously verbose; very long; too long (Dictionary.com).

From → length + -y.

Kešnâk "lengthy" (Bardsiri, Kermâni), from kešidan, kašidan "to draw, protract, trail, drag, carry," → tide. Bardesir, Kermân

lens
  عدسی   
adasi (#)

Fr.: lentille   

A transparent optical component consisting of one or more pieces of optical glass with surfaces so curved (usually spherical) that they serve to converge or diverge the transmitted rays from an object, thus forming a real or virtual image of that object.

From L. lens (gen. lentis) "lentil," cognate with Gk. lathyros, on analogy of the double-convex shape.

Adasi, related to adas "lentil," from Ar. 'adas.
The original Pers. terms for lentil are: mažu, mažâné, (Gilaki, Tabari) marju, marji, murje, marjum, (Laki) noži, (Aftari) marju, Mid.Pers. mijûg "lentil;" cf. Skt. masura- "lentil."

lens system
  راژمان ِ عدسی   
râžmân-e adasi

Fr.: système de lentilles   

optical system.

lens; → system.

Lense-Thirring effect
  اسکر ِ لنزه-تیرینگ   
oskar-e Lense-Thirring

Fr.: effet Lense-Thirring   

An effect predicted by → general relativity whereby a rotating body alters the → space-time around it. This effect can be thought of as a kind of "dragging of inertial frames," as first named by Einstein himself. A massive spinning object pulls nearby objects out of position compared to predictions for a non-rotating object. The effect is important for rapidly rotating → neutron stars and → black holes, but that near Earth is extraordinarily small: 39 milli-arc second per year, about the width of a human hair seen from 400 meters away.

Named after Austrian physicists Joseph Lense (1890-1985) and Hans Thirring (1888-1976), who first discovered this phenomenon in 1918; → effect.

lensing
  ۱) لنزش؛ ۲) لنزنده   
1) (n.) lenzeš; 2) (adj.) lenzandé

Fr.: 1) effet de lentille; 2) amplificateur   

1) The act or effect produced by a lens, in particular a → gravitational lens.
2) Pertaining to the object that produces the lensing effect. → lensing galaxy.

From → lens + → -ing.

1) Lenzeš, verbal noun of lenzidan, verb formed from E. lens + -idan infinitive suffix.
2) Lenzandé, verbal adj. from lenzidan, as above.

lensing effect
  ا ُسکر ِ لنزش   
oskar-e lenzeš

Fr.: effet de lentille   

Effect created by a → gravitational lens.

lensing; → effect.

lensing galaxy
  کهکشان ِ لنزنده   
kahkeâân-e lenzandé

Fr.: galaxie amplificatrice   

A galaxy that acts as a → gravitational lens. The effect can also be due to a cluster of galaxies.

lensing; → galaxy.

lensing object
  بر‌آخت ِ لنزنده   
barâxt-e lenzandé

Fr.: objet amplificateur   

An astronomical object that creates → gravitational lensing. See also → lensing galaxy.

lensing; → object.

lensing potential
  توند ِ لنزش   
tavand-e lenzeš

Fr.: potentiel de l'effet de lentille gravitationnelle   

An important quantity in the characterization of → gravitational lensing. The lensing potential is obtained by projecting the three-dimensional Newtonian potential on the lens plane and by properly re-scaling it. It is a two-dimensional analog to the → gravitational potential.

lensing; → potential.

lenticula
  کک‌مک   
kakmak

Fr.: lenticule   

Circular and elliptical features on the surface of → Europa with diameters ranging from 10 to 100 km. Many are domes that seem to have been pushed up from below. These domes might have been formed by warm water rising between the cold ices of the outer crust, in a scenario recalling the → magma chambers on Earth.

From L. lenticula "freckle," diminutive of lens (genitive lentis) "lentil," → lens.

Kakmak "freckle."

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>