An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>

Number of Results: 12948 Search : far
arithmetic sequence
  پی‌آیه‌ی ِ حسابی   
peyâye-ye hesâbi

Fr.: suite arithmétique   

arithmetic progression.

arithmetic; → sequence.

arm
  ۱) آرم؛ ۲، ۳) بازو   
1) ârm; 2, 3) bâzu (#)

Fr.: bras   

1) Each of the upper limbs of the human body, especially the part between the → shoulder and the → wrist.
2) The upper limb from the shoulder to the → elbow.
3) A slender part of a structure projecting from a main part, such as a → spiral arm. → Orion Arm; → Perseus Arm; → Scutum-Crux Arm.

M.E. arm, from O.E. earm "arm," from P.Gmc. *armaz (cf. M.Du., Ger. Arm, O.N. armr, O.Fris. erm), from PIE base *ar- "to fit, join;" cf. Mod.Pers. arm, as below.

1) Ârm (Dehxodâ, Steingass) "arm, from the elbow to the shoulder;" Av. arma-, arəmo- "arm;" cf. Ossetic ärm "hand;" Armenian armuku "elbow;" Skt. irma- "arm;" Gk. arthron "a joint;" L. armus "shoulder;" cognate with E. arm, as above.
2) Bâzu, → upper arm.

armillary sphere
  ذات‌الحلق   
zâtolhelaq (#)

Fr.: sphère armillaire   

An ancient instrument, used since ancient times until the Middle ages and later, to determine positions of celestial bodies. It consisted of an assemblage of rings, all circles of the same sphere, designed to represent the positions of the important circles of the celestial sphere.

L. armillarius, from armilla "arm ring, bracelet," from armus "arm" + → sphere.

Zâtolhelaq from Ar. "multi-ringed," from zât "holder, keeper" + helaq "rings," from halqah "ring."

armistice
  ناجنگان   
nâjangân

Fr.: armistice   

1) An agreement between opposing armies to stop fighting for a particular time, especially in order to discuss possible peace; truce
2) A formal agreement, especially between nations, to end combat.

From Fr. armistice, from L. arma "arms" + -stitium, from sistere "to cause to stand," → solstice.

Nâjangân, literally "state of no war," from nâ- "no, not," → un-, + jang, → war, + -ân suffix of time and place.

Arnett's rule
  رزن ِ ارنت   
razan-e Arnett

Fr.: règle d'Arnett   

The → peak luminosity of a → Type Ia supernova is proportional to the rate of → radioactive decay and hence directly proportional to the mass of 56Ni.

Arnett, W. D. 1982, ApJ, 253, 785; → rule.

aromatic
  اروماتیک   
aromatik

Fr.: aromatique   

Chemistry: Of, relating to, or containing the six-carbon ring typical of the benzene (C6H6) series and related organic groups.

M.E. aromatyk, from M.Fr. aromatique, from L. aromaticus, from Gk. aromatikos, from aroma "seasoning, sweet spice," of unknown origin.

aromatic compound
  همنات ِ اروماتیک   
hamnât-e aromâtik

Fr.: composé aromatique   

An organic compound which contains benzene rings in its structure. The simplest is therefore benzene (C6H6). Aromatic compounds have a planar ring of atoms linked by alternate single and double bounds.

aromatic; → compound.

Aromatic Infrared Band (AIB)
  باند ِ فروسرخ ِ اروماتیک   
bând-e forusorx-e aromâtik

Fr.: bande infrarouge aromatique   

A family of strong infrared emission bands at 3.3, 6.2, 7.7, 8.6, 11.3, and 12.7 μm which are widely observed in a large variety of objects, such as → H II regions, → reflection nebulae, → planetary nebulae, and the → diffuse interstellar medium of our galaxy and other galaxies. Solar system objects, such as carbonaceous → meteorites and → interplanetary dust particles are also known to display these features. They are suggested to be due to → polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

aromatic; → infrared; → band.

arrange
  رزگیدن   
rezgidan

Fr.: arranger, ranger   

1) To set in a rank or row. To put in order.
2) Music: To adapt for other instruments or voices.

From M.E. arayngen, from M.Fr. arangier, from O.Fr. arengier, from a- "to," → ad-, + rangier "set in a row," from rang, → rank.

Rezgidan "to set in a row," from Lori rezg "row," related to râst, → right, Av. rāz- "to direct, draw a line;" probably ultimately from Proto-Ir. *Hrazaka- "row."

arrangement
  رزگمان   
rezgmân

Fr.: arrangement   

The act of arranging or being arranged. Result or manner of arranging.

Verbal noun of → arrange.

array
  آرست   
ârast

Fr.: réseau; tableau   

1) A system of telescopes coupled together, using → interferometric techniques, to increase the angular resolution or the sensitivity.
2) A two-dimensional detector comprising a large number of identical, individual detectors that can be used simultaneously, e.g. a → CCD.
3) A series of numbers or symbols arranged in some geometric pattern, as in a matrix.

Array, from M.E. arraien, from Anglo-Norman arraier, from V.L. *arredare.

Ârast "set in order," from ârastan, ârâstan "to set in order," Mid.Pers. ârây-, ârâstan, from â- + Av. râd- "to make ready, prepare;" PIE *ar- "to fit together."

Arrhenius equation
  هموگش ِ آرنیوس   
hamugeš-e Arrhenius

Fr.: équation d'Arrhenius   

An important relationship in physical chemistry that combines the concepts of → activation energy and the → Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution law. It is expressed by: k = Ae-Ea/(RT), where k is the chemical → reaction rate, Ea is the activation energy, R is the → gas constant, and T is → temperature.

Named for Svante Arrhenius (1859-1927), Swedish chemist and physicist who suggested the relationship in 1889.

arrival time
  زمان ِ رسش   
zamân-e raseš

Fr.: temps d'arrivée   

The precise time at which the gamma burst photons hit a detector. Measuring the time difference between the arrival time of the photons at different telescopes separated by known distances permits to determine the burst direction.

Arrival, n. from arrive + → -al. Arrive, from O.Fr. ariver "to come to land," from V.L. *arripare "to touch the shore," from L. ad ripam "to the shore," from → ad "to" + ripa "shore;" → time.

Zamân, → time; raseš n. from rasidan "to arrive," Mid.Pers. rasitan, O.Pers./Av. rasa- present stem of ar- "to move, go or come toward," cf. Skt. ar-, rcchati.

arrow
  پیکان   
peykân (#)

Fr.: flèche   

A slender, straight, generally pointed missile or weapon made to be shot from a bow and equipped with feathers at the end of the shaft near the → nock, for controlling flight (Dictionary.com). → Sagitta.

M.E. arewe, arwe, O.E. earh, possibly borrowed from O.N. ör; ultimately from PIE *arku- "bow and/or arrow," → arc.

Peykân "arrow, javelin" (cognate with afkan-, afkandan "to throw, cast away," parâkan-, parâkandan "to scatter, to disperse"), ultimately from Proto-Iranian *paiti-kan- "to throw against," from *paiti- "against, opposite, back" (cf. Mod.Pers. pâd- "against, contrary to;" Mid.Pers. pât-; O.Pers. paity "against, back, opposite to, toward, face to face, in front of;" Av. paiti; Skt. práti "toward, against, again, back, in return, opposite;" Pali pati-; Gk. proti, pros "face to face with, toward, in addition to, near;" PIE *proti) + *kan- "to throw."

arsenic
  آرسنیک   
ârsenik (#)

Fr.: arsenic   

A silver-gray black metallic → chemical element which is very brittle; symbol As. → Atomic number 33; → atomic weight 74.9216; → boiling point 613.0 °C (sublimation); → valence -3, 0, +3, or +5. The uncombined element is not considered poisonous, but many of its compounds are extremely so, and are used in medicine and for destroying pests. Its longest-lived radioactive → isotope, 73As, has a → half-life of 80.3 days.

M.E. arsenik, from O.Fr. arsenic, from L. arsenicum, from Gk. arsenikon "arsenic," adapted from Syriac (al) zarniqa "arsenic," from Mid.Pers. zarnik "arsenic," literally "gold-colored," probably because of the lemon-yellow color of arsenic trisulphide (Mod.Pers. zarnix, zarni "arsenic"), from zarr, zar "gold" (+ -ik-ic); Av. zaranya-, zarənu- "gold;" O.Pers. daraniya- "gold;" cf. Skt. hiranya- "gold;" also Av. zaray-, zairi- "yellow, green;" Mod.Pers. zard "yellow;" Skt. hari- "yellow, green;" Gk. khloe literally "young green shoot;" L. helvus "yellowish, bay;" Rus. zeltyj "yellow;" P.Gmc. *gelwaz; Du. geel; Ger. gelb; E. yellow.

Ârsenik, loan from Fr., as above.

art
  هنر   
honar (#)

Fr.: art   

The process or product of human activity which is the expression of creativity and/or imagination that appeals to the senses or emotions.

From O.Fr. art, from L. artem, (nominative ars) "art, skill, craft;" from PIE base *ar- "to fit, join;" cf. Mod.Pers. arm "arm, from the elbow to the shoulder;" Av. arma-, arəmo- "arm;" Skt. irma- "arm;" Gk. arthron "a joint;" L. armus "shoulder."

Honar, from Mid.Pers. hunar "skill, ability, virtue, manliness;" O.Pers. hūnarā- "abilities, skills;" Av. hunara- "ability, skill"; cf. Skt. sūnára- "powerful, joyous, beautiful;" Proto-Iranian *Hnar- "to be able, strong."

artery
  سرخرگ   
sorxrag (#)

Fr.: artère   

A blood vessel that conveys blood from the heart to any part of the body (Dictionary.com).

M.E. arterie, O.Fr. artaire, from L. arteria, from Gk. arteria "windpipe," also "an artery," as distinct from a vein; related to aeirein "to raise."

Sorxrag, literally "red vessel," from sorx, → red, + rag, → vessel.

article
  وتار   
vetâr

Fr.: article   

1) A nonfictional prose composition usually forming an independent part of a publication in a magazine.
2) A written document devoted to a scientific research and appearing in specialized journal.

Article, from O.Fr. article, from L. articulus, diminutive of artus "a joint".

Vetâr, from Kurd. witâr "article, speech," from witten "to speak, say," from wit-; cf. Pers. vât "letter, word," vâžé "word;" Av. vac- "to speak, say;" Proto-Iranian *uac- "to say, speak;" → letter.

artifact
  دساچ   
dasâc

Fr.: objet fabriqué, artefact   

1) An object made by a human being, typically one of cultural or historical interest.
2) Something observed in a scientific investigation or experiment that is not naturally present but occurs as a result of the preparative or investigative procedure (OxfordDictionary.com).

From It. artefatto, from L. arte "by skill" (ablative of ars "→ art") + factum "thing made," from facere "to make, do," → -fy.

Dasâc "hand made," from das variant of dast, → hand, + sâc, variant of sâz-, sâxtan, → agree.

artificial
  ساختگی   
sâxtegi (#)

Fr.: artificiel   

Not occurring naturally; produced by man.

M.E., from O.Fr., from L. artificialis "belonging to art," from artificium "craftsmanship."

Sâxtegi "artificial," from sâxtan "to build, to make," → structure.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>