An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 12937 Search : far
oblique
  یکور   
yekvar (#)

Fr.: oblique   

Neither perpendicular nor horizontal; having the axis not perpendicular to the base; slanting; sloping.

From M.Fr. oblique, from L. obliquus "slanting, sidelong, indirect," from ob "against" + root of licinus "(of an ox whose corn tips are) bent upward," from PIE base *lei- "to bend, be movable."

Yekvar, literally "slantingn to a side," from yek-, → one, + var "side," variant bar "side; breadth; breast" (Mid.Pers. var "breast;" Av. vouru "wide, broad, extended" (vourucašāni- "looking far"), related to varah- "breast;" cf. Skt. urú- "wide, broad," úras- "breast;" Gk. eurus "wide, broad;" PIE base uer-, ueru-s"wide, broad").

oblique rotator model
  مدل ِ چرخنده ِ یکور   
model-e carxande-ye yekvar

Fr.: modèle de rotateur oblique   

A stellar model in which the rotation axis is tilted relative to the magnetic dipole axis. As the star rotates, observable quantities (e.g. the line-of-sight component of the magnetic field, stellar brightness, emission lines) are modulated according to the rotational period. Such a model was first put forward by D. Stibbs (1950, MNRAS, 110, 395).

oblique; → rotator; → model.

oblique shock
  تش ِ یکور   
toš-e yekvar

Fr.: choc oblique   

A → shock wave that is inclined to the flow direction. Depending on the shape of the object and the speed of the → flow, the shock wave may be inclined to the flow direction.

oblique; → shock.

oblique sphere
  سپهر ِ یکور   
sepehr-e yekvar

Fr.: sphère oblique   

The celestial sphere when the circles parallel to the equator are cut obliquely by the horizon plane, which divides them into two unequal parts. In other words, the sphere when its axis is oblique to the horizon of the place.

oblique; → sphere.

obliquity
  یکوری   
yekvari

Fr.: obliquité   

1) General: The quality or state of being oblique.
2) The → angle that an object's → rotational axis makes with its → orbital axis. In other words, the angle between its → equatorial plane and → orbital plane. Same as → axial tilt.

State noun of → oblique.

obliquity of the ecliptic
  یکوری ِ هورپه   
yekvari-ye hurpeh

Fr.: obliquité de l'écliptique   

The angle between the Earth's → equatorial plane and the → ecliptic. Its present value is 23°26'13.5'' (or 23.43708 degrees). The effects of → precession and → nutation cause it to change between extreme values of 22.1 and 24.5 degrees over a period of approximately 41,000 years. It is currently decreasing.

obliquity; → ecliptic.

oblong
  درازک   
derâzak

Fr.: oblong   

Elongated, usually from the square or circular form.

Late M.E. oblonge, from L. oblongus "rather long," from ob- a prefix meaning "toward, to, on, over, against" + longus, → long.

Derâzak, from derâz "long," → length + -ak suffix.

OBN star
  ستاره‌ی ِ OBN   
setâre-ye OBN

Fr.: étoile OBN   

A → nitrogen (N)-rich → O-type or → B-type star.

O star; → B star; → nitrogen; → star.

obscurantism
  تاریک‌اندیشی، تاریک‌ورزی   
târikandiši, târikvarzi

Fr.: obscurantisme   

1) Opposition to the spread of knowledge; a policy of withholding knowledge from the general public.
2) A style (as in literature or art) characterized by deliberate vagueness or abstruseness (Merriam-Webster.com).

From Fr. obscurantisme (1819), from obscurant, from obscure, from L. obscurus "dark, dusky," figuratively "unknown; unintelligible," from ob- "over" + -scurus "covered," from PIE *(s)keu- "to cover, conceal;" → -ism.

obscuration
  تیره‌کرد، تیره‌شد   
tirekard, tirešod

Fr.: obscurcissement   

1) The act of obscuring.
2) The state of being obscured.

obscure; → -tion.

obscure
  ۱) تیره؛ ۲) تیره‌کردن   
1) tiré (#); 2) tiré kardan (#)

Fr.: 1) obscur; 2) obscurcir   

1a) Lacking in light or illumination; dark; dim; murky.
1b) Indistinct to the sight or any other sense.
1c) Not clear to the understanding.
2) To make dark, dim, indistinct, etc.

From O.Fr. obscur "dark, dim, not clear," from L. obscurus "covered over, dark, obscure," from ob "over" + -scurus "covered," from PIE *(s)keu- "to cover, conceal;" from which derives also the term → sky.

Tiré, from Mid.Pers. târag "dark, turbid," related to târik "dark," Mid.Pers. târig "dark," târ "darkness," Av. taθra- "darkness," taθrya- "dark," cf. Skt. támisrâ- "darkness, dark night," L. tenebrae "darkness," Hittite taš(u)uant- "blind," O.H.G. demar "twilight."
Tiré kardan compound verb with kardan "to do," → -ize.

obscuring torus
  چنبر ِ تیره‌ساز   
canbar-e tiresâz

Fr.: tore obscurcissant   

A structure of dust and gas postulated to surround the central → black hole in an → active galactic nucleus (AGN). The presence of an obscuring torus allows the unification of the two main types of AGNs containing a → broad-line region (Type I) and a → narrow-line region (Type II), respectively. In this unified model, the two types represent the same sort of object, the appearance of which depends on the viewer's → line of sight. The best evidence for this model comes from spectropolarimetry observations of some type II AGNs in which broad → emission lines are seen in → polarized light, as would happen if the broad-line region truly were hidden, and the light were being reflected off the torus and into the viewer's line of sight.

obscure; → torus.

obscurity
  تیرگی   
tiregi (#)

Fr.: obscurité   

The state or quality of being obscure.

obscure + → -ity.

observability
  نپاهش‌پذیری   
nepâhešpaziri

Fr.: observabilité   

1) General: The character of something that can be observed.
2) Astro.: The possibility that an object be observable at a particular time.
3) Control theory: A measure for how well internal states of a system can be inferred by knowledge of its external outputs.

From → observable + → -ity.

observable
  نپاهیدنی، نپاهش‌پذیر   
nepâhidani, nepâhešpazir

Fr.: observable   

1) Capable of being or liable to be observed.
2) A quantity that can be measured.
3) Quantum mechanics: A → real dynamical variable whose → eigenstates form a → complete set.

From → observe + → -able.

observable universe
  گیتی ِ نپاهیدنی، ~ نپاهش‌پذیر   
giti-ye nepâhidani, ~ nepâhešpazir

Fr.: univers observable   

The extent of the Universe that we can see with the aid of the largest telescopes. Its ultimate boundary is determined by the → cosmic horizon size.

observable; → universe.

observance
  نپاهداری   
nepâhdâri

Fr.: observance, observation   

1) An act or instance of following a custom, rule, or law.
2) A customary practice, rite, or ceremony; a rule governing members of a religious order.
3) An act or instance of watching (Merriam-Webster.com).

observe; → -ance.

Nepâhdâri, on the model of negâhdâri "preservation, protection," from nepâhdâr, → observant, + -i.

observant
  نپاهدار   
nepâhdâr

Fr.: observateur, perspicace   

1) Paying strict attention.
2) Careful in observing (Merriam-Webster.com).

observe + -ant, a suffix forming adjective, → -ance.

Nepâhdâr, from nepâh present stem of nepâhidan, → observe, + dâr preset stem and agent noun of dâštan, dâridan "to have, hold, maintain, possess," → protected band.

observation
  نپاهش، نپاه   
nepâheš, nepâh

Fr.: observation   

1) Act or instance of observing; → observe.
2) Careful watching of an astronomical object or event using appropriate instruments, usually for collecting data.

Verbal noun of → observe.

observational
  نپاهشی   
nepâheši

Fr.: observationnel   

Pertaining to, or founded on observation, especially based on observation rather than theory.

Adj. of → observation.

<< < -es -iv -ti 217 A s abe abs abs acc acc Ach act act ADa adi adv aff age Alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg arm art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B-t Bai Bal bar bar Be bed Bes BHB bif bim bin Bio bis bla ble blu bod Bol bor bou bra Bre bro Bul cag cal can Can car Car Cas cat CCD cel cen Cet cha cha che che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col Col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos cou cou cra cri cro cry cul cur cyc D r dar dat day dea dec dec dec def def deg del den dep des det deu dex dif dif dif dim dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dom dos dou dri Dum dus dyn dyn ear eas ecl Edd eff Ein eje ele ele ele ele eli emb emi Enc ene ens eph epo equ equ eru eth Eul eve evo exc exc exi exo exp exp ext ext fab fai Fan Fea fem fer fie fil fir fis fla flo flu foc for for Fou fra fre fre fro fun G r Gal gal gam gas Gau gel gen geo geo geo Gho gla goa gra gra gra gra gre Gre gro gyr had hal har har HD Hea Hel hel Her her hid hig Hip hom hor hot Hub Hub hun hyd hyd hyg Hyp ice ide ima imm imp imp inc ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins int int int int int int int int int inv ion iro ise iso iso Jab jet Jov Jur Kel Kep kil kit Kui Lag lam lan Lar Lat law lea lem lep Li- lig lim lin lin lio lit loc lod lon Lor low Lum lun Lup Lyn mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man mar mas mas mat Max mea mec mel mer mes met met met mic mid mil Min mir mix mod mol mom Moo mor mov mul mur nab nar nat neb neg nes neu New New nig nod non non non Nor nua nuc nul Nun OBC obl obs occ oct off Ohm on- ope opp opt opt orb orb org Ori ort Ost out ove p m Pal par par par par Pas pat Peg Peo per per per per per pha Phe pho pho pho phy pin pla pla pla pla pla plu poi pol pol Pol pol pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro pro pse pul Pup Qua qua qua qua que rac rad rad rad rad rad rad ran rap ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel ren res res res res ret rev Ric rig rin roc roo rot rot rur Sac sal sat sca sca Sch sci Scu sec sec Sed sel sem sen Ser Sey Sha she sho sid sig sim sin sip ske sli smo soc sol sol sol sol sol sou spa spa spe spe spe spe Spi spi spo squ sta sta sta sta Ste ste ste sto str str str sub sub sub sun sup sup sup sup sur sus sym syn T-s tar Tei tem ter tes the the the the thi thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur Tyc Typ ult unb und uni uni unr upp Urs vac van Var veg Ven ver vib vio vir vis vol VY war wat wav WC8 Web wes whi win WN1 wob wri X-r yoc zen Zhe > >>