An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 12948 Search : far
outer core
  مغزه‌ی ِ بیرونی   
maqze-ye biruni

Fr.: noyau externe   

The upper zone of the → Earth's core, just below the → mantle, extending from a depth of about 2900 km to 5100 km. It is presumed to be → liquid because it sharply reduces → compressional wave velocities and does not transmit → shear waves. Its density is from 9 to 11 g/cm3. The → temperature ranges from 4400 °C in the outer areas to 6100 °C near the → inner core. Since shear waves do not propagate through a fluid, the Earth's outer core is considered to be liquid because the shear wave velocity is zero. Convection motion within the outer core, along with the rotation of the Earth creates an effect that maintains the Earth's → magnetic field.

outer; → core.

outer Lindblad resonance (OLP)
  باز‌آوایی ِ لیندبلاد ِ برونی   
bâzâvâyi-ye Lindblad-e boruni

Fr.: résonance de Lindblad externe   

A → Lindblad resonance expressed by: Ωp = Ω + κ/m.

outer; → Lindblad resonance.

outer planet
  سیاره‌یِ بیرونی   
seyyâre-ye biruni (#)

Fr.: planète extérieure   

A planet that revolves around the Sun beyond the → asteroid belt, namely → Jupiter, → Saturn, → Uranus, and → Neptune.

out; → planet.

outer space
  فضا، برون-فضا، فضای ِ بیرونی   
fazâ, borun-fazâ, fazâ-ye biruni

Fr.: espace, espace extra-atmosphérique   

The space beyond the Earth's atmosphere.

outer; → space.

outflow
  ا ُستچان   
ostacân

Fr.: flot, écoulement   

The act of flowing out; a fluid that flows out; any outward movement. Opposite of → inflow.

out + → flow.

outgassing
  ا ُسگازش   
osgâzeš

Fr.: dégazage   

1) General: The slow release of a gas that was trapped, frozen, absorbed or adsorbed in some material.
2) Planets: Release of the gases locked in the interior of a planet during volcanic activity so that they become part of the planet's atmosphere.

out + verbal noun from → gas.

output
  برونداد   
borundâd (#)

Fr.: sortie   

1) Power which is given out by any plant or part of such plant, in the form and for the purpose required.
2) Computers: The information produced by a program or process from a specific → input.

From → out + put, from M.E. put(t)en "to push, thrust, put;" O.E. *putian.

borundâd, from borun, birun, → out, + dâd "given," p.p. of dâdan "to give" (Mid.Pers. dâdan "to give," O.Pers./Av. dā- "to give, grant, yield," akin to L. data, → datum).

outreach
  برون‌رسانی، همه‌آموزی   
borun-rasâni, hame-âmuzi

Fr.: éducation grand public   

The act of extending research activities beyond its current or conventional limits to a wide section of the population for educational purposes.

out; reach, M.E. rechen, O.E. ræcan "to extend, hold forth;" cf. O.Fris. reka, M.Du. reiken; cognate with Pers. râst, → right.

Borun-rasâni, from borun, → out, + rasâni verbal noun of rasândan "to carry, guide, send," transitive of rasidan "to reach, arrive," → access.
Hame-âmuzi, literally "teaching every body," from hamé, → all; âmuzi, from âmuxtan "to teach; learn," → teach.

outsource
  برون-خنیدن   
borun-xanidan

Fr.: externaliser   

To obtain under contract with an outside supplier.

out; → source.

outsourcing
  برون-خنش   
borun-xaneš

Fr.: externalisation   

The transferring of certain business functions from internal staff to outside contractors.

Verbal noun from → outsource.

oval
  خاگی   
xâgi (#)

Fr.: ovale   

Having the general form, shape, or outline of an egg; ellipsoidal or elliptical.

From M.L. ovalis "egg-shaped," from L. ovum "egg," cognate with Pers. xâg, as below.

Xâgi "egg-shaped," literally "pertaining to an egg," from xâg "egg," Lori, Laki , Pash. "egg," Ossetic ajk "egg," Khotanese āhaa- "egg;" variant xâyé "egg; testicle;" Mid.Pers. xâyak "egg;" Av. aēm/aiam "egg;" cf. Gk. oion, L. ovum, as above; Goth. ada; O.E. æg; Ger. Ei; PIE *owyo-/*oyyo- "egg."

over-
  بیش-، ا َبَر   
biš-, abar-

Fr.: trop, très, en plus; par-dessus, partout   

A prefixal use of over with the sense of "over the limit," "to excess," "too much" to form verbs, adjectives, adverbs, and nouns, e.g. → overabundance; → overdense; → overestimate.

O.E. ofer, from P.Gmc. *uberi (cf. O.S. obar, O.Fris. over, O.H.G. ubar, Ger. über, Goth. ufar "over, above"), from PIE *uper; cf. Gk. hyper, preposition and adverb, "over, beyond, overmuch, above;" cognate with L. super- and Pers. abar-, as below.

Biš- "much, more; in excess; great" (from Mid.Pers. veš "more, longer; more frequently," related to vas "many, much" (Mod.Pers. bas); O.Pers. vasiy "at will, greatly, utterly;" Av. varəmi "I wish," vasô, vasə "at one's pleasure or will," from vas- "to will, desire, wish").
Abar, variant bar "on, upon, up;" Mid.Pers. abar; O.Pers. upariy "above; over, upon, according to;" Av. upairi "above, over," upairi.zəma- "located above the earth;" cf. Gk. hyper- "over, above;" L. super-; O.H.G. ubir "over;" PIE base *uper "over").

over-expose
  بیش‌نوردادن   
bišnurdâdan

Fr.: surexposer   

To expose a detector to too much photons, resulting in saturation.

over-; → expose.

over-exposure
  بیش‌نورداد   
bišnurdâd

Fr.: surexposition   

Excessive exposure of a detector, → over-expose.

over-; → exposure.

overabundance
  بیش‌فراوانی   
biš-farâvâni

Fr.: surabondance   

The abundance of a chemical element exceeding a reference value, in particular compared to that of the Sun.

over-; → abundance.

overdamping
  بیش‌میرایی   
bišmirâyi

Fr.: sur-amortissement   

The condition of a system in which the damping is so large that the system comes to a position of rest without oscillating.

over-; → damping.

overdense matter
  ماده‌یِ بیش‌چگال   
mâdde-ye biš-cagâl

Fr.: matière surdense   

Matter whose density exceeds a reference level.

over-; → dense; → matter.

overestimate
  ۱) بیش‌بر‌آوردن؛ ۲) بیش‌بر‌آورد   
biš-barâvardan; 2) biš-barâvard

Fr.: 1) surestimer; 2) surestimation   

1) To estimate at too high a value, amount, rate, or the like.
2) An estimate that is too high.

over-; → estimate.

overflow
  سرریز   
sarriz (#)

Fr.: débordement   

In computers, the condition arising when the result of an arithmetic operation exceeds the capacity of the number representation.

over-; → flow.

Sarriz, from sar, → head, + riz present stem of rixtan "to flow, to pour" (Mid.Pers. rēxtan and rēcitan "to flow;" Av. raēk- "to leave, set free; to yield, transfer," infinitive *ricyā; Mod.Pers; rig in morderig "heritage" (literally, "left by the dead"); cf. Skt. rinakti "he leaves," riti- "stream; motion, course;" L. rivus "stream, brook;" Old Church Slavic rēka "river;" Rus. reka "river;" Goth. rinnan "run, flow," rinno "brook;" O.E. ridh "stream").

overhead time
  زمانِ بالاسر   
zamân-e bâlâsar

Fr.:   

The part of observing time at a telescope which is not directly used for science, such as the time spent for detector read-out, changing instruments, focusing, etc.

over-; → head; → time.

Bâlâ "up, above, high, elevated, height" (variants boland "high, tall, elevated, sublime," borz "height, magnitude" (it occurs also in the name of the mountain chain Alborz), Laki dialect berg "hill, mountain;" Mid.Pers. buland "high;" O.Pers. baršan- "height;" Av. barəz- "high, mount," barezan- "height;" cf. Skt. bhrant- "high;" L. fortis "strong" (Fr. and E. force); O.E. burg, burh "castle, fortified place," from P.Gmc. *burgs "fortress;" Ger. Burg "castle," Goth. baurgs "city," E. burg, borough, Fr. bourgeois, bourgeoisie, faubourg; PIE base *bhergh- "high") + sar, → head.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>