An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 12982 Search : far
peace
  رامن   
râman

Fr.: paix   

1) The normal, non warring condition of a nation, group of nations, or the world.
2) (often initial capital letter) An agreement or treaty between warring or antagonistic nations, groups, etc., to end hostilities and abstain from further fighting or antagonism.
3) A state of mutual harmony between people or groups, especially in personal relations.

From M.E. pes, pais, pees, from Anglo-Norman peis, pes, from O.Fr. pais "peace, reconciliation, silence," from L. pacem (nominative pax) "compact, agreement, treaty of peace, tranquility," ultimately from PIE root *pag- "to fasten."

Râman, related to râmeš "tranquility, rest," ârâm "quiet, peaceful," ârâmidan "to become calm, calmed, rest," Mid.Pers. râm "peace," râmenidan "to give peace, pleasure," râmišn "peace, pleasure;" Av. ram- "to stay, rest;" cf. Skt. ram- "to stop, stand still, rest, become appeased;" Gk. erema "quietly, gently;" Goth. rimis "rest;" Lith. rāmas "rest." + suufix -an.

peak
  ستیغ   
setiq (#)

Fr.: pic   

The pointed top of a mountain or ridge. The pointed top of anything. → Gamow peak; → peak wavelength.

Perhaps from M.L.G. pék "pick, pike."

Setiq "summit, top," from *us-tig, from us-, → ex-, + tig "pointed," related to tiq "blade," tiz "sharp," tež, tej, tij; Mid.Pers. tigr, têz, têž "sharp," O.Pers. tigra- "pointed," tigra.xauda- "pointed helmet (epithet of Scythians)," Av. tiγra- "pointed," tiγray- "arrow," tiži.arštay- "with the pointed spear," cf. Skt. tikta- "sharp, pungent, bitter," tejas- "sharpness, edge, point or top of a flame;" PIE base *st(e)ig- "to stick; pointed." Cognates in other IE languages: Gk. stizein "to prick, puncture," stigma "mark made by a pointed instrument," L. in-stigare "to goad," O.H.G. stehhan, Ger. stechen "to stab, prick," Du. stecken, O.E. sticca "rod, twig, spoon," E. stick.

peak luminosity
  تابندگی ِ ستیغ   
tâbandegi-ye setiq

Fr.: luminosité du pic   

The → bolometric luminosity of a → supernova corresponding to the highest brightness in its → light curve. The peak luminosity occurs after the → supernova explosion; it is directly linked to the amount of radioactive 56Ni produced in the explosion and can be used to test various explosion models. Following → Arnett's rule, one can derive the 56Ni mass from the peak luminosity of a → Type Ia supernova.

peak; → luminosity.

peak wavelength
  موج-طول ِ ستیغ   
mowj-tul-e setiq

Fr.: longueur d'onde pic   

The wavelength at which the radiant intensity of a source is maximum.

peak; → wavelength.

peanut
  بادام‌زمینی   
bâdâm-zamini (#)

Fr.: cacahuète, arachide   

The pod or the enclosed edible seed of the plant, Arachis hypogaea, of the legume family: the pod is forced underground in growing, where it ripens (Dictionary.com). → box-peanut bulge.

From pea, → green pea galaxy + nut O.E. hnutu, akin to L. nux, → nucleus.

pearl
  مروارید   
morvârid (#)

Fr.: perle   

A secretion consisting mainly of calcium carbonate, CaCO3, produced by various mollusks.

M.E. perle, from O.Fr. perle, M.L. perla of unknown origin.

Morvârid "pearl;" Mid.Pers. murwârid, murgârid; cf. Sogd. marγārit, marrγārt; Khotanese mrāhe. Gk. margarites "pearl" may be a loanword from Iranian.

peat
  تورب   
turb (#)

Fr.: tourbe   

A partially carbonized vegetable matter, usually mosses, found in bogs and used as fertilizer and fuel.

M.E. pete, of unknown origin.

Turb, from Fr. tourbe, from Germanic turba; cf. O.Fris. turf, O.H.G. zurba, Ger. Torf, O.E. turf, tyrf "slab of soil and grass," E. turf.

peculiar
  اَفد   
afd

Fr.: particulier   

In astronomy, designating an object with special properties that deviates from others of its type.
Linguistically related terms: → particular, → special.

From L. peculiaris "of one's own (property)," from peculium "private property," from pecu "flock, farm animals, cattle," pecunia "money, property;" cf. Av. pasu-, fšu- "sheep;" Mid.Pers. pâh, pasvīk "cattle;" Mid./Mod.Pers. šu/ša in šupân/šabân "cattle keeper, shepherd;" Pers. dialects Laki and Tâti pas "sheep;" Skt. paśu- "cattle;" Goth. faihu "money, fortune;" O.E. feoh "cattle, money;" Ger. Vieh "cattle;" Lith. pekus "cattle;" PIE base *peku- "cattle."

Afd "peculiar; strange" (Dehxodâ), from Mid.Pers. afd, awd "peculiar, strange."

peculiar galaxy
  کهکشان ِ اَفد   
kahkešân-e afd

Fr.: galaxie particulière   

An irregular galaxy that has an abnormal shape (neither elliptical, spiral, nor lenticular) and/or has another unusual characteristic.

peculiar; → galaxy.

peculiar motion
  جنبش ِ اَفد   
jonbeš-e afd

Fr.: mouvement particulier   

1) The true motion of a star with respect to the Local Standard of Rest. → proper motion.
2) The motion of a cosmological object other than the apparent recession caused by the expansion of the Universe.

peculiar; → motion.

peculiar star
  ستاره‌ی ِ اَفد   
setâre-ye afd

Fr.: étoile particulière   

A star with a spectrum that cannot be conveniently fitted into any of the standard → spectral classifications.

peculiar; → star.

peculiar velocity
  تندا‌ی ِ اَفد   
tondâ-ye afd

Fr.: vitesse particulière   

1) Velocity with respect to the Local Standard of Rest.
2) Any velocity a galaxy has with respect to us that is not a Hubble law velocity due to the expansion of space.

peculiar; → velocity.

peculiarity
  اَفدی   
afdi

Fr.: particularité   

The quality or condition of being peculiar.

Noun form of → peculiar.

Pegasus
  پگاسوس، اسب ِ بالدار   
Pegâsus (#), asb-e bâldâr (#)

Fr.: Pégase   

The Winged Horse. A large constellation in the northern hemisphere at 22h 50m right ascension, 20° north declination. The stars → Markab, → Scheat, and → Algenib form three corners of the famous Great → Square of Pegasus, which is completed by the star → Alpheratz from neighboring → Andromeda. Abbreviation: Peg; Genitive: Pegasi.

In Gk. mythology, Pegasus is the winged horse that was fathered by Poseidon with Medusa. When the head of Medusa was cut off by Perseus, the horse sprang forth from her pregnant body. Pegasus aided Perseus in his fight against both the Chimera and the Amazons.

Pegâsus, from Gk., as above; asb-e bâldâr "Winged Horse," referring to the Gk. mythology, from asbhorse; bâl, → wing; dâr "having, possessor" (from dâštan "to have, to possess," Mid.Pers. dâštan, O.Pers./Av. root dar- "to hold, keep back, maintain, keep in mind," Skt. dhr-, dharma- "law," Gk. thronos "elevated seat, throne," L. firmus "firm, stable," Lith. daryti "to make," PIE *dher- "to hold, support").

pejorate
  پستاردن   
pastârdan

Fr.: péjorer   

To make worse; to cause to deteriorate. To endow (a word) with a less favorable meaning.

Back formation from → pejorative.

Pastârdan, literally "to render low, vile, bring down" from past "low, vile, abject," → platykurtic, + ârdan, short for âvardan, "to cause or produce; to bring," → cause.

pejoration
  پستارش   
pastâeš

Fr.: péjoration   

1) Depreciation; a lessening in worth, quality, etc.
2) Semantic change in a word to a lower, less approved, or less respectable meaning.

Verbal noun of → pejorate.

pejorative
  پستار، پستارنده   
pastâr, pastaarandé

Fr.: péjoratif   

1) Having negative connotations; tending to disparage or belittle.
2) A pejorative word, expression, etc.

From Fr. péjoratif, from L.L. peiorat-, p.p. stem of peiorare "make worse," from L. peior "worse," related to pessimus "worst," pessum "downward, to the ground," from PIE *ped-yos-, comparative of root *ped- "to walk, stumble, impair," → foot.

Pastârandé agent noun from pastârdan, → pejorate.

Pelican Nebula
  میغ ِ پلیکان   
miq-e pelikân

Fr.: Nébuleuse du Pélican   

An → H II region, also known as IC 5067 and IC 5070, about 2,000 → light-years away in the constellation → Cygnus. It is part of a much larger, complex star-forming region also containing the larger and bright → North America Nebula.

So named because of its resemblance to a pelican on long exposure images. M.E. pellican; O.E. pellicane, from L.L. pelecanus, from Gk. pelekan "pelican:" → nebula.

Peltier effect
  اسکر ِ پلتیه   
oskar-e Peltier

Fr.: effet Peletier   

When an electric current is sent through the junction between two different conductors or semiconductors, a quantity of heat is liberated or absorbed, depending on the direction of the current. The heat is proportional to the total electric charge crossing the junction. This effect is due to the existence of an electromotive force at the junction.

Named after Jean-Charles Peltier (1785-1845), French physicist and watchmaker, who discovered the effect in 1834; → effect.

pencil
  ۱) مداد، کلک؛ ۲) باریکه   
1) medâd, kelk; 2) bâriké

Fr.: 1) crayon; 2) pinceau   

1a) A slender tube of wood, metal, plastic, etc., containing a core or strip of graphite, a solid coloring material, or the like, used for writing or drawing.
1b) Anything shaped or used like a pencil.
2) A narrow set of lines, light rays, or the like, diverging from or converging to a point (Dictionary.com). → pencil of light.

M.E. pencel, from M.Fr. pincel, from L. penicillus "painter's brush or pencil," diminutive of peniculus "little tail," diminutive of penis "tail;" → light.

Medâd "pencil," of unknown origin.
Kelk "quill, pen," originally "hollow reed."
Bâriké, from bârik, → narrow, + nuance suffix ; nur, → light.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- a p abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi ads aes Age Alb Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app app arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att Aur aut axi azi bac Bal Bar Bar Bay Bec Ber bet bic bij bin bio Bir bla Bla blu blu bol Boo bou bra Bre bro bug C r cal Cal can car Car Cas cat cau cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che chl cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- coc coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos Cou cou cow cre cri cro cry cur cut Cyg dam dar dat de deb dec dec ded def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dig dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis div don dou dow dro dur dwa dyn Dys ear ebb ecl edg egg Ein Ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp enc eng ent epi equ equ Equ esc eth Eur eve exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext eye fac fal Far fed fer fer fie fin fir fit fla flo flu fol for for Fou fra fre Fre fro fuz gai Gal Gal gam gas Gau gen gen geo geo geo gia glo gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I hai Ham har Hau hea hec hel hel her HES hie hig his hom hor hot Hub hum Huy hyd hyd hyl hyp ice ide ima imp imp imp inc ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iro irr iso iso ite jel Jou Jup kao Kep kil Kip Kra Lag Lam lan lar las law lea leg Leo lex lig lim lin lin lin lit Loc loc log Lor low lum lun lun Lym mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mec meg men mer met met met mic mic Mik min min mis mob mod mol mon moo mou mul mul mys nan Nat nau nec neo neu nev New NGC no nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nut obj obs obs occ odd OH Ome Oor ope opp opt opt orb ord ori ort osc out ove oxi pai Pan par par par par pas pea pen per per per per Per per pha phl pho pho pho pi pip Pla pla pla pla ple poa pol Pol pol pol pop pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro pro Pto pul puz qua qua qua qua qui rad rad rad rad rad rad rai ran rar Ray rea Rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel rep res res res res ret Rhe rid rig ris Roe Ros rot rub rut Sag sam sat sca sca Sch sci sea sec sec see sel sem sen ser Sh2 sha shi sho sid sig sim sin Sir ske sli Smo soc sol sol sol sol sol sou spa spa spe spe spe spe sph spi spo Squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste sto str str str sub sub sub sum sup sup sup sup sur sus sym syn T d tap tec tem ten tes the the the the thi thr tid tim tip ton tor tow tra tra tra tra tri tri tru tub tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unp upp urg V20 Van var veg vel ver vib vio vir vis Vol Vul wan wat wav WC4 wea wel whi Wil wis WNL wor X-r Yer Z s zer [C > >>