An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer aga air Alf Alg alk Alp alt alu amm ana And ang ani ano ant ant Ap apo app app Aqu Arc arg arr asc ass ast ast asy atm ato att aur aut axi B-m bad Bal bar bar Bay Bed ber Bet bif bim bin bio bis bla ble blu Bod Bol bor bou Bra Bre bro bul C-t Cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che chl Cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- coc coh col col col Com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con coo Cor Cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl Dan dat Dav de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den den der det deu dew dic dif dif dil Dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dod Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn DZ Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ era ESP eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla Flo flu fog for for Fou fra fre fre Fro fun G s Gal gal gal Gar gau geg gen geo geo geo ger gla gly gra gra gra gra gra Gre gro GYR Had Hal hap Har HD hea hel hel Hen Her hex hig Hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyb hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp in- inc Ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jor jum K c Kep Ker kin kno lab Lam Lan Lap las lat Le lef len lev lig lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou LS lun lun Lym M s Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat May mea mec mel mer mes met met met mic mid mil Min Mir mix mod mod mol mon mor mov mul mur mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor nos nuc nuc num nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi P-w pal par par par par Pas pat pej per per per per per per pha Phe pho pho pho phy pin pla Pla pla pla pla plu poi pol pol Pol pol por pos pot Poy pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Psa pul pum Q i qua qua qua qua R A rad rad rad rad rad rad Ram Ran rat rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rei rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev Rho Rie ril riv rog Ros rot rul S A Sag sam sat sca sca Sch Sco Sec sec sec seg sel sem sen set Sha sha shi sho sid sig sim sin Sir ske sli Smo soc sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spe spe Spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto str str sub sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the thi thr tid til tip ton tor tou tra tra tra tra Tri tri tru tsu tur two Typ UHE ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec Vel ver Ver vie Vir vis vis vol W-R war wav wav wea Wei wha wid win WN3 Wol wri xen yok zen zij > >>

Number of Results: 13116 Search : far
polyvalent
  بل-ارز   
bol-arz

Fr.: polyvalent   

1) Chem.: Having more than one → valence.
2) → polyvalent logic.

poly-; → valence.

polyvalent logic
  گوییک ِ بل-ارز   
guyik-e bol-arz

Fr.: logique polyvalente   

A system of logic with more than two → truth values, as opposed to → classical logic. A polyvalent logic may have a continuous scale of values with → true and → false as limiting → extremes.

polyvalent; → logic.

pool
  ۱) کول؛ ۲) کولیدن   
1) kul; 2) kulidan

Fr.: 1) fond commun; 2) mettre en commun   

1) Any combination of resources put together to be shared in community, such as memory pool, storage pool.
2) To combine into a common fund, as for a joint enterprise.

1) M.E., O.E. pol, akin to Du. poel, O.H.G. pfuol, Ger. Pfuhl "puddle."
2) Verb from M.Fr. poule (literally "hen") "the receptacle for the stakes played for in certain games with cards, the collective stakes of the players at these games," from M.L. pulla "hen," from L. pullus "young animal," related to L. putus, putillus "small boy," puer "son, boy;" Av. puθra- "son;" O.Pers. puça- "son;" Mod.Pers. pur, pesar "son, boy;" cf. Skt. putrá- "son, child, young of an animal."

Kul "pond, pool, reservoir," variants kulâb, qulé, farqar, related to kulidan "to dig, excavate," Mid.Pers. kwl "pit, sink, cavity."

pooling
  کولش   
kuleš

Fr.: mise en commun   

The act or result of putting resources into a pool or common stock by agreement.

Verbal noun of → pool.

poor
  کم-، کمدار   
kam-, kamdâr

Fr.: pauvre   

Lacking an expected supply of something specified.

M.E. pov(e)re, from O.Fr. povre, from L. pauper "poor," perhaps a compound of paucus "little" and parare "to get."

Kam "little, few; deficient, wanting; scarce" (Mid.Pers. kam "little, small, few;" O.Pers./Av. kamna- "small, few," related to keh "small, little, slender" (related to kâstan, kâhidan "to decrease, lessen, diminish," from Mid.Pers. kâhitan, kâstan, kâhênitan "to decrease, diminish, lessen;" Av. kasu- "small, little;" Proto-Iranian *kas- "to be small, diminish, lessen") kamdâr, literally "having little possession," from kam + dâr "having, possessor," from dâštan "to have, to possess," Mid.Pers. dâštan; O.Pers./Av. root dar- "to hold, keep back, maintain, keep in mind;" Skt. dhr-, dharma- "law;" Gk. thronos "elevated seat, throne;" L. firmus "firm, stable;" Lith. daryti "to make;" PIE *dher- "to hold, support."

popular
  ۱) مردم‌پسند؛ ۲) مردمانه   
1) mardom-pasand; 2) mardomâné

Fr.: populaire   

1) Accepted, followed, used, or done by many people.
2) Of, relating to, or coming from most of the people in a country, society, or group (Merriam-Webster.com).

M.E., from M.Fr. populier, from L. popularis "belonging to the people, general, common; devoted to or accepted by the people; democratic," from populus "people," → population.

Mardom-pasand, from mardom, → people, + pasand agent noun from pasandidan "to approve, cherish;" Mid.Pers. passandidan "to like, approve, appreciate;" ultimately from Proto-Ir. *pati-sand- "to appreciate; "from *sand- "to appear, seem (good);" cf. Av. sənd- "to appear; seem (good);" O.Pers. θand- "to seem;" Skt. chand- "to appear, to please;" L. censo "I approve, judge." Mardomâné from mardom + -âné suffix with several significations: similarity, manner, ability, suitability, property, possession, etc., from Mid.Pers. -ânag.

popularization
  مردم‌پسندانش، مردمانش   
mardom-pasandâneš, mardomâneš

Fr.: popularisation   

The act of popularizing.

popularize; → -tion.

popularize
  مردم‌پسنداندن، مردمانیدن   
mardom-pasandândan, mardomânidan

Fr.: populariser   

1) To make popular; make attractive to the general public.
2) To make (a scientific or academic subject) accessible to the general public by presenting it in an understandable form (OxfordDictionaries.com).

popular; → -ize.

populate
  پرینیدن   
porinidan

Fr.: peupler   

1) To inhabit; live in; be the inhabitants of.
2) To furnish with inhabitants, as by colonization (Dictionary.com).

Infinitive, corresponding to → population.

population
  پُرینش   
porineš

Fr.: population   

Statistics: Any finite or infinite set of individuals, items, or data subject to a statistical study. → disk population; → halo population; → population inversion; → Bose-Einstein distribution.

Verbal noun of populate, from M.L. populatus, p.p. of populare "to inhabit," from L. populus "people."

In the IE languages the concepts of "full, many, multitude" and "people, group, herd, flock" are related. In Pers. several variants of por "full, much, many" denote "group, population," as in Lori, Qâyeni bor "group, tribe, herd," Torbat-Heydariyeyi, Qomi borr "heap, bundle, group," Qomi borreh "group, assemblage of people," Pashtu parrak "flock, herd," Urdu para "flock, herd," Lârestâni baila "group, tribe," Tabari balik "herd, flock;" other examples from literary Pers. bâré "herd, flock," parré "a rank or file of soldiers, a circular disposition of troops." Therefore, porineš "population," verbal noun of porinidan "to populate," infinitive of porin "populous," from por "mutitude, many, full" + -in attribution suffix. Por, from Mid.Pers. purr "full;" O.Pers. paru- "much, many;" Av. par- "to fill," parav-, pauru-, pouru- "full, much, many;" PIE base *pelu- "full," from *pel- "to be full;" cf. Skt. puru- "much, abundant;" Gk. polus "many," plethos "great number, multitude;" O.E. full.

Population I star
  ستاره‌ی ِ پرینش ِ I   
setâre-ye-e porineš-e I

Fr.: étoiles de population I   

A member of a class of relatively young stars, containing a large fraction of → metals, found mainly in the disk of the Galaxy.

population; I, Roman number 1; → star.

Population II star
  ستاره‌ی ِ پرینش ِ II   
setâre-ye porineš-e II

Fr.: étoiles de population II   

A member of a population of relatively old stars, containing a small fraction of → metals, found mainly in the → halo of the Galaxy and in → globular clusters.

population; II, Roman number 2; → star.

Population III star
  ستاره‌ی ِ پرینش ِ III   
setâre-ye porineš-e III

Fr.: étoile de population III   

A member of the first generation of stars, formed out of pristine gas, enriched by → primordial nucleosynthesis alone. The material from which these stars formed consisted mostly of hydrogen and helium. Because neutral hydrogen clouds were free of dust, their cooling mechanism was drastically ineffective. As a result, these star forming clouds had a much higher temperature than in the present epoch, and their → Jeans mass was much higher. Therefore, these first generation of stars were principally massive, with a typical mass scale of order of about 100 Msun. Population III stars started forming about 300 million years after the → Big Bang at → redshifts between 50 and 6, when the Universe had between 1 and 5% of its present age. These stars were probably responsible for the → reionization of the Universe. Given their high mass, they lived only a few million years ending with either a → pair-instability supernova phase or a direct collapse to a → black hole. Population III stars thus initiated the chemical enrichment of the Universe and opened the way to more normal modes of star formation, namely → Population II. Some models predict a bimodal → initial mass function for the first stars, allowing also for solar mass stars. See also → extremely metal-poor star.

population; III, Roman number 3; → star.

population inversion
  واگردانی ِ پرینش، وارونش ِ ~   
vâgardâni-ye porineš, vâruneš-e ~

Fr.: inversion des populations   

In physics, specifically statistical mechanics, the state of an atomic or molecular system in which the number of members in an excited state is larger than those in lower energy states. → optical pumping; → inverted population.

population; → inversion.

pore
  لیک   
lik

Fr.: pore   

1) A small hole such as a space especially in a rock, soil, etc. → porous dust grain, → porosity.
2) A minute orifice in an animal or plant, as in the skin or a leaf.
3) Sun: A small → sunspot that does not have a → penumbra. Pores are up to about 2,500 km across and are lighter than a sunspot's → umbra. They appear and disappear at the surface of the Sun where sunspots are rarely formed, e.g. at low latitudes. Their lifetimes can be as short as 1/2 hour and as long as several days.

From L. porus "a pore," from Gk. poros "a pore," literally "passage, way," from PIE root *per- "to lead, pass over."

Lik, from Gilaki lik "hole," variants luk, luke, liuk, luxa, Tabari luk, li, Sangesari, Semnâni lu, Aftari lo.

porosity
  پرلیکی   
porliki

Fr.: porosité   

1) General: A → dimensionless number characterizing a porous medium, expressed by the ratio of the volume occupied by the pores to the total volume of the medium.
2) Geology: The percentage volume of hollow spaces in a rock, sediment, or soil.
3) Dust grains: The quantity usually defined as: P = (Vv/Vt) = (1 - Vs/Vt), where Vv and Vs are the volumes of vacuum and of the solid matter making up the particle, and Vt is the total volume of the particle within some defined surface.

porous; → -ity.

porous
  پرلیک   
porlik

Fr.: poreux   

Full of pores.

From M.Fr. poreux, from M.L. porosus, from L. porus "opening," → pore.

Porlik, from por "full; many," → full, + lik, → pore.

porous dust grain
  دانه‌ی ِ غبار ِ پرلیک   
dâne-ye qobâr-e porlik

Fr.: grain de poussière poreux   

A type of → interstellar dust grain made up of an aggregate of components with a hollow structure. Various processes operating in interstellar and → circumstellar media are believed to produce inhomogeneous and porous dust grains. Porous grains can produce more → extinction per unit mass than their combined individual dust components. They are generally cooler than compact grains (see, e.g., Iati et al. 2001, MNRAS 322, 749).

porous; → dust; → grain.

Porrima (γ Vir)
  پوریما   
Porrimâ

Fr.: Porrima   

A → binary star in the constellation → Virgo comprising two yellow-white → main sequence stars of +3.6 and +3.7 magnitude and spectral types F0V. Their orbital period is about 170 years and they are about 40 light-years away.

Porrima after the Roman goddess of childbirth.

portal
  درگاه   
dargâh (#)

Fr.: portail   

A World Wide Web site that functions as an entry point to the Internet and is accessed through a browser.

M.E. portale "city gate, porch," from M. L. portalis (adj.) "of a gate," from L. porta "gate, door."

Dargâh, from Mid.Pers. dargâh "doorway," from dar "door" (O.Pers. duvara-; Av. dvar-; cf. Skt. dvár-; Gk. thura, L. fores; O.E. duru; E. door; Lith. dvaras "court-yard;" PIE *dhwer-/*dhwor- "door, gate") + gâh "place; time" (Mid.Pers. gâh, gâs; O.Pers. gāθu-; Av. gātav-, gātu- "place, throne, spot;" cf. Skt. gátu- "going, motion; free space for moving; place of abode;" PIE *gwem- "to go, come").

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer aga air Alf Alg alk Alp alt alu amm ana And ang ani ano ant ant Ap apo app app Aqu Arc arg arr asc ass ast ast asy atm ato att aur aut axi B-m bad Bal bar bar Bay Bed ber Bet bif bim bin bio bis bla ble blu Bod Bol bor bou Bra Bre bro bul C-t Cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che chl Cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- coc coh col col col Com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con coo Cor Cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl Dan dat Dav de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den den der det deu dew dic dif dif dil Dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dod Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn DZ Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ era ESP eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla Flo flu fog for for Fou fra fre fre Fro fun G s Gal gal gal Gar gau geg gen geo geo geo ger gla gly gra gra gra gra gra Gre gro GYR Had Hal hap Har HD hea hel hel Hen Her hex hig Hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyb hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp in- inc Ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jor jum K c Kep Ker kin kno lab Lam Lan Lap las lat Le lef len lev lig lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou LS lun lun Lym M s Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat May mea mec mel mer mes met met met mic mid mil Min Mir mix mod mod mol mon mor mov mul mur mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor nos nuc nuc num nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi P-w pal par par par par Pas pat pej per per per per per per pha Phe pho pho pho phy pin pla Pla pla pla pla plu poi pol pol Pol pol por pos pot Poy pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Psa pul pum Q i qua qua qua qua R A rad rad rad rad rad rad Ram Ran rat rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rei rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev Rho Rie ril riv rog Ros rot rul S A Sag sam sat sca sca Sch Sco Sec sec sec seg sel sem sen set Sha sha shi sho sid sig sim sin Sir ske sli Smo soc sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spe spe Spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto str str sub sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the thi thr tid til tip ton tor tou tra tra tra tra Tri tri tru tsu tur two Typ UHE ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec Vel ver Ver vie Vir vis vis vol W-R war wav wav wea Wei wha wid win WN3 Wol wri xen yok zen zij > >>