An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 12948 Search : far
aurora
  اوشه   
ušé

Fr.: aurore   

A phenomenon consisting of luminous colorful arcs, rays, and streamers that appear in the Earth's upper atmosphere during the night with the greatest frequency in the northern and southern polar magnetic zones. This → non-thermal radiation is caused by the emission of light from atoms excited by electrons accelerated along the planet's magnetic field lines at the magnetic poles. Fluorescent emission from atomic oxygen at 5557 Å results in a greenish glow, and there is a weaker effect from the red line at 6300 Å. Blue and purple colors are emitted by atomic and molecular nitrogen.

L. Aurora, the Roman goddess of dawn, akin to Av. uš-, ušah- "dawn," Skt. usas-, usah- "dawn," Gk. eos "dawn," Lith. ausra "dawn," O.E. east "east," PIE *ausus- "dawn," from *aus- "to shine."

Ušé, from Av. uš-, ušah-, as above.

aurora australis
  اوشه‌ی ِ دشتری   
uše-ye daštari

Fr.: aurore australe   

The aurora in the Southern hemisphere, also called as Southern Lights.

aurora; → south.

aurora borealis
  اوشه‌ی ِ هودری   
uše-ye hudari

Fr.: aurore boréale   

The aurora in the Northern hemisphere, also called as Northern Lights.

aurora; → north.

auroral
  اوشه‌ای   
uše-yi

Fr.: auroral   

Pertaining to the → aurora phenomenon.

aurora; → -al.

auroral emission
  گسیل ِ اوشه‌ای   
gosil-e uše-yi

Fr.: émission aurorale   

The → electromagnetic radiation emitted in planetary atmospheres involving the → aurora phenomenon.

auroral; → emission.

auroral line
  خط ِ اوشه‌ای   
xatt-e uše-yi

Fr.: raie aurorale   

1) A prominent → forbidden line in the spectra of the aurora at wavelengths of 5577 and 6300 Å giving the aurora its characteristic green and red colors. Both are emitted by atomic oxygen, the former in its transition from the second lowest excited electronic state (1S) to the lowest excited electronic state (1D), the latter in its transition from the lowest excited electronic state (1D) to the atomic ground state (3P).
2) A forbidden line emitted by interstellar ionized gas by several atomic species (O, O+, O++, N+, S++, etc.) corresponding to the transition from the state 1S to 1D. → forbidden line; → nebular line; → transauroral line.

auroral; → line.

auroral zone
  زنار ِ اوشه‌ای   
zonâr-e uše-yi

Fr.: zone aurorale   

A roughly circular band around either geomagnetic pole above which there is a maximum of auroral activity. It lies about 10 to 15° of geomagnetic latitude from the geomagnetic poles.

auroral; → zone.

authenticate
  راستین‌شماردن   
râstin šomârdan

Fr.: authentifier   

1) To establish as genuine.
2) To prove beyond doubt the authorship or origin of (e.g. to authenticate a painting). → authentication.

From L.L. authenticus, from Gk. authentikos "original, primary, at first hand," from authent(es) "one who does things himself," from aut-, from autos "self, one's own," of unknown origin, + -hentes "doer" + -ikos, → ics.

Râstin "genuine, authentic," from râst "right, true; just, straight" (Mid.Pers. râst "true, straight, direct;" O.Pers. rāsta- "straight, true," rās- "to be right, straight, true;" Av. rāz- "to direct, put in line, set," razan- "order;" cf. Skt. raj- "to direct, stretch," rjuyant- "walking straight;" Gk. orektos "stretched out;" L. regere "to lead straight, guide, rule," p.p. rectus "right, straight;" Ger. recht; E. right; PIE base *reg- "move in a straight line," hence, "to direct, rule") + -in adj. suffix.
Šomârdan "to consider; to reckon, count, compute;" Mid.Pers. ôšmârtan, ôšmurtan "to reckon, calculate, enumerate, account for," from Av. base (š)mar- "to have in mind, remember, recall," pati-šmar- "to recall; to long for," hišmar-, cf. Skt. smar- "to remember, become aware," smarati "he remembers," L. memor, memoria, Gk. mermera "care," merimna "anxious thought, sorrow," martyr "witness."

authentication
  راستین‌شماری، راستین‌آزمایی   
râstinšomâri, râstin-âzmâyi

Fr.: authentification   

Computers: The process by which a user's identity is checked within the network to ensure that the user has access to the requested resources.

Verbal noun of → authenticate.

author
  داتار   
dâtâr

Fr.: auteur   

1) The writer of a book, article, or other text. One who practices writing as a profession.
2) An originator or creator, as of a theory or plan.
3) Author God.

M.E. auctour, from O.Fr. autor, from L. auctor, "creator, enlarger, founder, master, leader," literally "one who causes to grow," from auctus, p.p. of augere "to increase," from PIE root aug- "to increase".

Dâtâr, from Mid.Pers. dâtâr/dâdâr "creator," from Av. and O.Pers. dâtâr "creator," from dâ- "to create, make, appoint," Skt. dhatr "author, creator, preserver, bearer." The Mod.Pers. form of this word in classical literary works is dâdâr, used mainly as noun or adjective for "God, the creator."

authoritarian
  داتارگانورز   
dâtârgânvarz

Fr.: autoritaire   

Of, relating to, or characterized by strict obedience to authority.

From authorit(y), → authority, + suffix -arian.

authoritarianism
  داتارگانورزی   
dâtârgânvarzi

Fr.: autoritarisme   

1) The enforcement or advocacy of strict obedience to authority at the expense of personal freedom.
2) Lack of concern for the wishes or opinions of others (OxfordDictionaries.com).

authoritarian; → -ism.

authoritative
  داتارگانمند   
dâtârgânmand

Fr.: qui fait autorité, digne de foi   

1) Recognized or accepted as being true or reliable.
2) Exercising or asserting authority; commanding.
3) Possessing or supported by authority; official (Dictionary.com).

From authorit(y), → authority, + suffix -ative.

authority
  داتارگان   
dâtârgân

Fr.: autorité   

1) The power to determine, adjudicate, or otherwise settle issues or disputes; jurisdiction; the right to control, command, or determine (Dictionary.com).
2) A person or body of persons in whom authority is vested, as a governmental agency (Dictionary.com).

author; → -ity.

Dâtârgân, from dâtâr, → author, + -gân, on the model of xodâygân "a great lord."

authorship
  داتاری   

Fr.: paternité   

1) The act, fact, or occupation of writing.
2) Source or origin, as of a book or idea.

author.

auto-, aut-
  خود-   
xod- (#)

Fr.: auto-, aut-   

Gk., from autos "self, one's own," of unknown origin.

Xod-, from xod "self," Av. hva- "self, own."

autocorrelation
  خودهم‌باز‌آنش   
xod-hambâzâneš

Fr.: autocorrélation   

1) In radio astronomy, a process performed by an → autocorrelator.
2) In statistics, a linear relation between values of a random variable over time.
3) In electronics, a technique used to detect cyclic activity in a complex signal.

Autocorrelation, from → auto- "self" + → correlation.

Xod-hambâzâneš, from xod- "self" + hambâzâneš, → correlation.

autocorrelation function
  کریا‌ی ِ خودهم‌باز‌آنش   
karyâ-ye xod-hambâzâneš

Fr.: fonction d'autocorrélation   

A mathematical function that describes the correlation between two values of the same variable at different points in time.

autocorrelation; → function.

autocorrelator
  خودهم‌باز‌آن‌گر   
xod-hambâzângar

Fr.: autocorrélateur   

In radio astronomy, a spectrograph which correlates the signal with itself with various time delays, and extracts the frequency spectrum of the signal. → correlator.

Autocorrelator, agent n. from → autocorrelate + → -or.

Xod-hambâzângar, agent n. from xod-, → auto-, + hambâzângar, → correlator.

autocovariance
  خود-هم‌ورتایی   
xod-hamvartâyi

Fr.: autocovariance   

The → covariance of a → time series overt time.

auto-; → covariance.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>