An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 12929 Search : far
secular stability
  پایداری ِ دیریاز   
pâydâri-ye diryâz

Fr.: stabilité séculaire   

1) The condition in which the equilibrium configuration of a system is stable over long periods of time.
2) The condition of a star when it is stable against arbitrary adiabatic perturbations.

secular; → stability.

secular term
  ترم ِ دیریاز   
tarm-e diryâz

Fr.: terme séculaire   

In perturbation theory used in celestial mechanics, a steadily increasing disturbance. → periodic term.

secular; → term.

secular variation
  ورتش ِ دیریاز   
varteš-e diryâz

Fr.: variation séculaire   

Same as → secular perturbation.

secular; → variation.

secularism
  گیان‌باوری   
giyânbâvari

Fr.: laïcité   

The view that religious considerations should be excluded from civil affairs or public education.

secular.

secularization
  گیانش   
giyâneš

Fr.: laïcisation   

The process of organizing society or aspects of social life around non-religious values or principles.

Verbal noun of secularize "giyânidan" (گیانیدن); → secular

secure
  ۱) زیله؛ ۲) زیلیدن   
1) zilé; 2) zilidan

Fr.: 1) sécurisé, en sécurité, sûr; 2) obtenir, fixer, attacher   

1) Free from or not exposed to danger or harm; safe.
2) To get hold or possession of; procure; obtain.

From L. securus "free from care, quiet, easy," also "careless, reckless;" of things, "free from danger, safe," from *se cura, from se "without, free from," + cura, → care.

Zilé, from Tabari zil, zilé "firm, fixed," zil hâkerdan "to fix, fasten," of unknown origin.

security
  زیلگی   
zilegi

Fr.: sécurité   

1) Freedom from care, anxiety, or doubt; well-founded confidence.
2) Something that secures or makes safe; protection; defense.
3) A department or organization responsible for protection or safety (Dictionary.com).

secure; → -ity.

SED fitting
  سزکرد با SED   
sazkard bâ SED

Fr.: ajustement par distribution de l'énergie spectrale   

A technique that uses → spectral energy distribution results from models to reproduce observational data.

spectral energy distribution; → fitting.

sediment
  نهشت   
nehešt (#)

Fr.: sédiment   

Mineral or organic material which has been transported and deposited by an agent of erosion such as water, wind, and ice.

From Fr. sédiment, from L. sedimentum "a settling, sinking down," from stem of sedere "to settle, sit"

Nehešt past stem of neheštan "to place, deposit," from ne- "down, below," → ni- (PIE), + heštan "to place, put" from Mid.Pers. hištan, hilidan "to let, set, leave, abandon;" Parthian Mid.Pers. hyrz; O.Pers. hard- "to send forth," ava.hard- "to abandon;" Av. harəz- "to discharge, send out; to filter," hərəzaiti "releases, shoots;" cf. Skt. srj- "to let go or fly, throw, cast, emit, put forth;" Pali sajati "to let loose, send forth."

sedimentary
  نهشتی   
nehešti (#)

Fr.: sédimentaire   

Of, pertaining to, or of the nature of sediment.

Adj. of → sediment.

sedimentary rock
  سنگ ِ نهشتی   
sang-e nehešti

Fr.: roche sédimentaire   

A rock composed of materials that were transported to their present position by wind or water. → Sandstone, → shale, and → limestone are sedimentary rocks.

sedimentary; → rock.

Sedna
  سدنا   
Sednâ (#)

Fr.: Sedna   

A trans-Neptunian object (numbered 90377) and a likely → dwarf planet, it is the most distant large object yet found orbiting the Sun. It is at present over 90 A.U.s away, 3 times as far as Pluto. Its precise diameter is unknown, probably 1,600-2,200 km (about 12-17% of Earth). Its estimated orbital period is 12,050 years. Formerly known as 2003 VB12

In Inuit mythology, Sedna (Inuktitut Sanna) is a goddess of the marine animals, especially mammals such as seals.

Sedov-Taylor phase
  فاز ِ سدوف-تیلور   
fâz-e Sedov-Taylor

Fr.: phase de Sedov-Taylor   

The second phase in the evolution of a → supernova remnant (SNR) occurring after the → free expansion phase. After the passage of the → reverse shock, the interior of the SNR is so hot that the energy losses by radiation are very small (all atoms are → ionized, no → recombination). The expansion is driven by the → thermal pressure of the hot gas and can therefore be regarded as → adiabatic; the → cooling of the gas is only due to the → expansion. Pressure forces accelerate the swept-up → interstellar medium (ISM) converting → thermal energy (which came from original explosion) into → kinetic energy of the → shell of swept-up mass. As the mass of the ISM swept up by the shell increases, it eventually reaches densities which start to impede the free expansion. → Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities arise once the mass of the swept-up ISM approaches that of the ejected material. This causes the SNR's ejecta to become mixed with the gas that was just shocked by the initial → shock wave. The Sedov-Taylor phase lasts some 104 years and is followed by the radiative or → snowplow phase. Also called → adiabatic phase.

After Sedov, L. (1959, Similarity and Dimensional Methods in Mechanics, New York, Academic Press) and Taylor, G. I. (1950, Proc. Roy. Soc. London, A, 201, 159 and 175); → phase.

Seebeck effect
  اسکر ِ زیبک   
oskar-e Seebeck

Fr.: effet de Seebeck   

An → electromotive force produced in a closed electric circuit formed by connecting conductors of different metals in series when the two junctions junctions are maintained at different temperatures. The circuit constitutes a → thermocouple.

Named for the German physicist Thomas Seebeck (1770-1831), who discovered the effect; → effect.

seed
  تخم   
toxm (#)

Fr.: germe   

A small single crystal of a semiconductor from which is grown the large single crystal for the manufacture of semiconductor devices.

O.E. sed, sæd; cf. O.N. sað, O.S. sad, O.Fris. sed, M.Du. saet, O.H.G. sat, Ger. Saat; PIE base *se- "to sow."

Toxm "seed" (Tabari tim "seed; race," Laki tôm "seed"), from Mid.Pers. tôhm, tôhmak, tôm, tuxm "seed; extraction; descent;" Av. taoxman- "seed;" O.Pers. taumī:- "family;" cf. Skt. tókman- "offspring, children, race, child," tokma- "young shoot, young blade of corn."

seed nucleus
  هسته‌ی ِ تخم   
haste-ye toxm

Fr.: noyau germe   

A nucleus from which a variety of → fusion  → chain reactions derive in → stellar nucleosynthesis.

seed; → nucleus.

seeing
  شکان   
šekân

Fr.: seeing   

A measure of the blurring and degradation of the image of astronomical objects caused by → turbulence in the Earth's atmosphere, including the telescope environment. Seeing causes the images of stars to break up into → speckle patterns, which change very rapidly with time. See also → Fried parameter; → differential image motion monitor.

M.E. seen, from O.E. seon; cf. O.S., O.H.G. sehan, M.H.G., Ger. sehen, M.Du. sien, Goth. saihwan, from PIE base *sekw- "to see."

Šekân "wrinkle, plait; curl; rupture, breach," variant of šekan "fold, curl; ripples on water," from šekastan "to break, split;" Mid.Pers. škastan "to break;" Av. scind-, scand "to break, cleave;" Proto-Iranian *skand- "to break, cleave;" PIE sken- "to cut off."

seeing disk
  گرده‌ی ِ شکان، دیسک ِ ~   
gerde-ye šekân, disk-e ~

Fr.: tache de seeing   

The angular size of a stellar image for long exposures, as determined by the ratio λ/r0, where λ is the wavelength and r0 the typical size of → turbulence patches. → Fried parameter. The most common seeing measurement is the → full-width at half-maximumof the seeing disk. → Airy disk.

seeing; → disk.

seeing monitor
  پهره‌گر ِ شکان   
pahregar-e šekân

Fr.: moniteur de seeing   

An optical instrument that follows the variation of → atmospheric turbulence by continuously measuring the → seeing conditions.

seeing; → monitor.

segment
  برنک   
borank

Fr.: segment   

1) Of a line, that portion bounded by two points.
2) Of a circle, that portion of a plane bounded by an arc of the circle and its chord.
3) Of a sphere, the solid formed between two parallel planes that cut through a sphere.
4) In computer science, a portion of a program, often one that can be loaded and executed independently of other portions.

From L. segmentum "a strip or piece cut off," originally a geometric term, from secare "to cut" + -mentum "-ment."

Borank, from Kermâni borang "a slice (of fruit);" Borujerdi boleng "piece, section," ultimately from *brin-ka- (probable contracted forms Lari peng and pengi "portion or part of anything"), related to boridan "to cut off;" Mid.Pers. brīn-, blyn-, britan, brinitan "to cut off," Av. brī- "to shave, shear," brin- (with prefix pairi-); cf. Skt. bhrī- "to hurt, injure," bhrinanti "they hurt;" PIE base bhrei- "to cut, pierce."

<< < -es -iv -ti 217 a- abe abs abs acc acc ach act act ada adi adv aff agg Alc Alf ali all alp alt Ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc arg arm art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B-t bai Bal bar bar Be bee Bes bi- bif bin bin bio bis bla bli blu Boe Bol bor bou bra bri Bro bum CAI cal Can cap car car cat cat CCD Cel cen CGS cha cha che che chr cir cir civ cla clo clo CMB coa coe coh col col col Com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos cou cov cra cri cro cry cum cur cyc d'A dar dat DC dea dec dec dec def def deh Del den dep des det dev dia dif dif dif dim dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dom dou dou dri dup dus dyn dyn ear eas ecl Edd eff Ein Ekm ele ele ele ele ell emb emi enc ene ent eph equ equ equ eru eth eup eve EX exc exe exi exo exp ext ext ext fac fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu fog for for Fou fra fre Fre Fro fus G-t gal gal Gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia gla gol gra gra gra gra Gre Gre gui H a haf Hal har har He- hea hel Hel her Her hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyl hyp ice ide ima imp imp imp inc ind ind ine inf inf Inf inj InS ins int int int int int int int int inv inv ion iro Isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil kly L d Lag lam Lap lar lat law Lea len lep lib lig lin lin lin liq lit loc log lon Los low lum lun Lut Lyr mac mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat mea mec mem mer mes met met met mic mid mil min Mir Miz mod mol mon moo MOS mul mul mut nai nas nat neb neg Neu neu New New Nih noi non non non nor nuc nuc nul nut obj obl obs occ oct off old one ope opp opt opt orb ord org Ori osc oth ove oxi pac Pal par par Par par pas Pau Pel per per per per per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pip Pla pla pla pla pla Plu Poi pol pol pol pop pos pos pot Pra pre pre pre Pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro pro Pto pul puz qua qua qua qua qui rad rad rad rad rad rad rai ran Ras Ray rea rec rec rec red red ref reg reg rel rel rel rep res res res res rev rhe Rie Rig Rit roe Ros rot Ruf Ryd Sag sam sat sca sca Sch Sco sec sec sec seg sel sem sen set sha SHB sho sib sie sil sim sin sit sky slo sno sod sol sol sol sol sor sou Spa spa spe spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste Ste sto str str sub sub sub suf sun sup sup sup sup sur swo syn sys tak Tay Tel ten ter tet the the the thi Tho thu tid tim toa top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro Tru tur twi Typ UBV ult unb uni uni uni up ura uti val var vec Vel ver ver vig vir vis VLT vol wad was wav wav wea wei Whe Wie win WN5 Wol X-r yea You zer zod > >>