An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 12948 Search : far
bijective morphism
  ریخت‌شناسی ِ دوشانی   
rixtšenâsi-ye došâni

Fr.: morphisme bijectif   

Same as → isomorphism.

bijective; → morphism.

bimodal
  دومد   
domod

Fr.: bimodal   

Having or providing two modes, methods, systems, etc., in particular having or occurring with two statistical modes.

bi-; → modal.

bimodal star formation
  دیسش ِ دومد ِ ستارگان   
diseš-e domod-e setâregân

Fr.: formation bimodale d'étoile   

A concept of → star formation in which → high-mass stars and → low-mass stars form in different physical conditions involving different → molecular clouds. Following the pioneering suggestion of Herbig (1962), successive investigations have generally supported the idea that star formation proceeds bimodally with respect to stellar mass. The star formation rate appears to differ both spatially and temporally for low mass and → massive stars. This is of considerable importance for galactic evolution, since the low-mass stars lock up mass and are long-lived, low luminosity survivors to the present epoch, whereas massive stars are short-lived, recycle and enrich interstellar gas, and leave dark remnants while producing a high luminosity per unit of mass (Silk, J., 1988, in Galactic and Extragalactic Star Formation, p. 503, eds. R. E. Pudritz and M. Fich).

bimodal; → star; → formation.

bimodality
  دومدی   
domodi

Fr.: bimodalité   

The quality or state of being → bimodal.

bimodal; → -ity.

bin
  ۱) باوین؛ ۲) باوینیدن   
1) bâvin; 2) bâvinidan

Fr.: 1) bin; 2) binner   

1a) General:A box or enclosed space for storing grain, coal, or the like.
1b) Electronics: In a → CCD detector, a square or rectangular group of adjacent → pixels used collectively to transport the → electron charges.
1c) In a statistical → histogram, the range of → distribution → intervals. The bin widths (or the number of bins) affect a histogram.
2) To place in a → bin; to create → binning.

M.E. binne, O.E. binn(e) "manger, crib," perhaps from O.Celt. *benna, akin to Welsh benn "a cart, especially one with a woven wicker body." The same Celtic word seems to be preserved in It. benna "dung cart," Fr. benne "a sort of box for transporting materials, especially in mines," Du. benne "large basket," from L.L. benna.

Bâvin "a basket, more precisely a small basket which contains the cotton to be spun;" bâvinidan infinitive from bâvin.

binarity
  درینی   
dorini

Fr.: binarité   

The quality or condition of being binary.

binary; → -ity.

binary
  درین، دودویی   
dorin, dodoyi (#)

Fr.: binaire   

General: Characterized by or consisting of two parts or components.
Math.: Of or relating to a system of numeration having 2 as its base.
Astro.: Physically associated pair of astronomical objects.

Binary, from L.L. binarius, from bini "two-by-two," from bis "twice, two times;" cf. Av. biš- "twice," bi- "two," Mod.Pers. do "two," PIE *dwo- "two."

Dorin, from Mid.Pers. dorin "double, pair," from do (Av. dva-, Skt. dvi-, Gk. duo, L. duo, E. two, Der. zwei, Fr. deux) "two" + rin "time, turn."
Dodoyi "two-by-two," from do, → two.

binary arithmetic
  حساب ِ درین، ~ دودو‌یی   
hesâb-e dorin, ~ dodoi (#)

Fr.: arithmétique binaire   

A system of calculation in which the only numerals used are 0 and 1. All the real numbers are represented in terms of powers of 2.

binary; → arithmetic.

binary asteroid
  سیارک ِ درین   
sayyârak-e dorin

Fr.: astéroïde binaire   

A member of a population of double objects in the main → Asteroid Belt or the → Kuiper Belt which are gravitationally bound together. So far about 200 such binary systems have been identified, while their number is increasing. 243 Ida was the first binary asteroid to be discovered during the Galileo spacecraft flyby in 1993. Other examples are → Antiope and Kalliope in the main belt and QG298 in the Kuiper Belt. The importance of these objects resides in the fact that systems with well measured orbital parameters allow the total mass to be estimated. If the sizes of the components are known then their densities can be accurately calculated. Density is an important parameter since it yields information about composition and internal structure.

binary; → asteroid.

binary black hole
  سیه‌چال ِ درین   
siyah câl-e dorin

Fr.: trou noir binaire   

A → binary system consisting of two → black holes in close orbit around each other. Same as → black hole binary.

binary; → black; → hole.

binary digit (bit)
  رقم ِ درین، ~ دودو‌یی، بیت   
raqam-e dorin, ~ dodoi, bit

Fr.: chiffre binaire   

Either of the digits 0 or 1, used in the → binary number system.

binary, → digit.

binary frequency
  بسامد ِ درین‌ها   
basâmad-e dorinhâ

Fr.: fréquence des binaires   

The fraction of stars that have at least one → companion. It is at least 50%. The binary fraction appears to increase with increasing → primary star mass, at least among the more massive stars: the → O stars and → B stars have a companion frequency of at least 70%, while for the → G stars the binary frequency is around 50% and the → M stars may have an even lower binary frequency of around 30-40%. Brown dwarfs are rare as companions to lower-main-sequence stars, although brown-dwarf binaries appear not to be rare. An increase in binary frequency with mass would be expected if most stars form in → multiple systems that disintegrate, since the more massive stars would then preferentially remain in binaries while the less massive ones would preferentially be ejected as single stars (see Richard B. Larson, 2001, in IAU Symposium 200, p. 93 and references therein).

binary; → frequency.

binary galaxy
  کهکشان ِ درین   
kahkašân-e dorin

Fr.: galaxie binaire   

A pair of galaxies in orbit around each other.

binary; → galaxy.

Kahkašân, → galaxy; dorinbinary.

binary number system
  راژمان ِ عددهای ِ درینی   
râžmân-e adadhâ-ye dirini

Fr.: système des nombres binaires   

A → numeral system that has 2 as its base and uses only two digits, 0 and 1. The positional value of each digit in a binary number is twice the place value of the digit of its right side. Each binary digit is known as a bit. The decimal numbers from 0 to 10 are thus in binary 0, 1, 10, 11, 100, 101, 110, 111, 1000, 1001, and 1010. And, for example, the binary number 111012 represents the decimal number (1 × 24) + (1 × 23) + (1 × 22) + (0 × 21) + (1 × 20), or 29. In electronics, binary numbers are the flow of information in the form of zeros and ones used by computers. Computers use it to manipulate and store all of their data including numbers, words, videos, graphics, and music.

binary; → number; → system.

binary operation
  آپارش ِ درین   
âpâreš-e dorin

Fr.: opération binaire   

A mathematical operation that combines two numbers, quantities, sets, etc., to give a third. For example, multiplication of two numbers is a binary operation.
A binary operation * on a set S is → commutative if a * b = b * a for all a, bS.
A binary operation * on a set S is → associative if (a * b) * c = a * (b * c) for all a, b, cS.

binary; → operation.

binary pulsar
  پولسار ِ درین، تپار ِ ~   
pulsâr-e dorin, tapâr-e ~

Fr.: pulsar binaire   

A pulsar in a → binary system, the companion of which often being a → neutron star or a → white dwarf. The only known binary system with two pulsars components is the → double pulsar. As of 2010 about 70 binary pulsars have been identified. They are ideal laboratories for testing and studying the effects predicted by → general relativity, such as → spin precession, → Shapiro time delay, and → gravitational waves. The prototype, called PSR 1913+16, was discovered in 1974 by Russell A. Hulse and Joseph H. Taylor, Jr., who received the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1993. → Hulse-Taylor pulsar.

binary; → pulsar.

binary star
  ستاره‌ی ِ درین   
setâre-ye dorin

Fr.: étoile binaire   

Two stars gravitationally bound to each other, so that they revolve around their common center of gravity. → double star; → spectroscopic binary.

binary; → star.

Setâré, → star; dorin, → binary.

binary supermassive black hole
  سیه‌چال ِ ابر-پرجرم ِ درین   
siyah-câl-e abar-porjerm-e dorin

Fr.: trou noir supermassif double   

A → dual supermassive black hole whose components are separated by a few parsecs.

binary; → supermassive; → black; → hole.

binary system
  راژمان ِ درین   
râžmân-e dorin

Fr.: système binaire   

Two astronomical objects revolving around their common center of mass.

binary; → system.

Râžmân, → system; dorinbinary.

binary tree
  درخت ِ درین   
deraxt-e dorin

Fr.: arbre binaire   

In → graph theory, an → ordered tree with all → nodes having at most two → children.

binary; → tree.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>