An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 12948 Search : far
variability index
  دیشن ِ ورتندگی   
dišan-e vartandegi

Fr.: indice de variabilité   

A measure of variability of a star (such as Welch-Stetson variability index) which combines the information from two passbands assuming that changes in the star's luminosity occur nearly simultaneously at all optical wavelengths.

variability; → index.

variable
  ورتنده   
vartandé

Fr.: variable   

Something that may or does vary. → variable star.
Math.: A symbol, usually a letter, which in a mathematical or logic expression represents any member of a set of possible values or possible objects.

M.E., from O.Fr. variable, from L. variabilis "changeable," from variare "to change," → vary.

Vartandé agent noun from vartidan "to change," → vary.

variable star
  ستاره‌ی ِ ورتنده   
setâre-ye vartandé

Fr.: étoile variable   

A star whose luminosity changes over periods of time; there are many reasons and many types. → cataclysmic variable; → Cepheid; → pulsating star; → nova; → long-period variable; → short-period variable; → Luminous Blue Variable (LBV); etc.

variable; → star.

variable star designation
  نامگزینی ِ ستاره‌ی ِ ورتنده   
nâmgozini-ye setâre-ye vartandé

Fr.: designation des étoiles variables   

A set of conventions used for naming → variable stars. Stars with existing → Bayer designations are not given new designations. Alternatively, the letters R through Z are used followed by the Latin genitive of the name of the hosting constellation. Otherwise, two letters of alphabet are used (334 combinations) with the Latin genitive of the name of the constellation. Finally, the letter V (variable) is used followed by numbers 335, 336, and so on. Some examples are: → P Cygni, → T Tauri, → FU Orionis, → EX Lupi, and → V2052 Oph.

variable; → star; → designation.

variance
  ورتایی   
vartâyi

Fr.: variance   

A measure of the scatter of the values of a random variable (X) about its mean (μ). Var(X) = E(X -μ)2. The positive square root of the variance is called the → standard deviation.

M.E., from O.Fr. variance, from L. variantia, from variare "to change," → vary.

Vartâyi quality noun from vartâ agent noun from vartidan, → vary.

variant
  ورتا   
vartâ

Fr.: variante   

1) Liable to or displaying variation.
2) Something that differs from a standard or type. For example, a different form of the same word.

vary.

variate
  ورتنده‌ی ِ کاتوره   
vartande-ye kâturé

Fr.: variable aléatoire   

A quantity which may take any of the values of a specified set with a specified relative frequency or probability. The variate is therefore often known as a → random variable.

L. variatus, p.p. of variare, → vary, + → -ate.

variable; → random.

variation
  ورتش   
varteš

Fr.: variation   

1) General: An instance of changing, or something that changes.
2) Astro.: The periodic inequality in the Moon's motion that results from the combined gravitational attraction of the Earth and the Sun. Its period is half the synodic month, that is 14.77 days, and the maximum longitude displacement is 39'29''.9.
See also: → calculus of variations, → annual variation, → secular variation.

M.E., from O.Fr. variation, from L. variationem (nominative variatio) "difference, change," from variatus, p.p. of variare "to change," → vary.

Varteš, verbal noun from vartidan, → vary.

variational
  ورتشی   
varteši

Fr.: variationnel   

Of or describing a → variation.

variation; → -al.

variational principle
  پروز ِ ورتشی   
parvaz-e varteši

Fr.: principe variationnel   

Any of the physical principles that indicate in what way the actual motion of a state of a mechanical system differs from all of its kinematically possible motions or states. Variational principles that express this difference for the motion or state of a system in each given instant of time are called → differential. These principles are equally applicable to both → holonomic and → nonholonomic systems. Variational principles that establish the difference between the actual motion of a system during a finite time interval and all of its kinematically possible motions are said to be → integral. Integral variational principles are valid only for holonomic systems. The main differential variational principles are: the → virtual work principle and → d'Alembert's principle.

variational; → principle.

variety
  ورتینه   
vartiné

Fr.: variété   

1) The quality or state of having different forms or types.
2) A number or collection of different things especially of a particular class.
3) Something differing from others of the same general kind.
4) Any of various groups of plants or animals ranking below a species (Merriam-Webster.com).

M.Fr. variété, from L. varietatem (nominative varietas) "difference, diversity; a kind, variety, species, sort," from varius, → various.

Vartiné, from vartin, → various, + noun/nuance suffix .

Varignon's theorem
  فربین ِ وری‌نیون   
farbin-e Varignon

Fr.: théorème de Varignon   

The → moment of the resultant of a → coplanar system of → concurrent forces about any center is equal to the algebraic sum of the moments of the component forces about that center.

Named after Pierre Varignon (1654-1722), a French mathematician, who outlined the fundamentals of statics in his book Projet d'une nouvelle mécanique (1687).

various
  ورتین   
vartin

Fr.: varié   

1) Of different kinds, as two or more things; differing one from another.
2) Marked by or exhibiting variety or diversity (Dictionary.com).

M.Fr. varieux and directly from L. varius "changing, different, diverse," → vary.

Vartin, from vart "change," present stem of vartidan, → vary, + adj. suffix -in.

vary
  ۱) ورتیدن؛ ۲) ورتاندن   
vartidan

Fr.: changer, varier   

1) To undergo change in form, substance, appearance, etc.
2) To change or alter. → covariance.

M.E. varien, from O.Fr. varier, from L. variare "change, alter, make different," from varius "variegated, different, spotted."

Vartidan "to change," from Mid.Pers. vartitan "to change, turn" (Mod.Pers. gardidan "to turn, to change"); Av. varət- "to turn, revolve;" cf. Skt. vrt- "to turn, roll," vartate "it turns round, rolls;" L. vertere "to turn;" O.H.G. werden "to become;" PIE base *wer- "to turn, bend."

vector
  بردار   
bordâr (#)

Fr.: vecteur   

Any physical quantity which requires a direction to be stated in order to define it completely, for example velocity. Compare with → scalar.

From L. vector "one who carries or conveys, carrier," from p.p. stem of vehere "carry, convey;" cognate with Pers. vâz (in parvâz "flight"); Av. vaz- "to draw, guide; bring; possess; fly; float," vazaiti "guides, leads" (cf. Skt. vah- "to carry, drive, convey," vahati "carries," pravaha- "bearing along, carrying," pravāha- "running water, stream, river;" O.E. wegan "to carry;" O.N. vegr; O.H.G. weg "way," wegan "to move," wagan "cart;" M.Du. wagen "wagon;" PIE base *wegh- "to drive").

Bordâr "carrier," agent noun from bordan "to carry, transport" (Mid.Pers. burdan; O.Pers./Av. bar- "to bear, carry," barəθre "to bear (infinitive);" Skt. bharati "he carries;" Gk. pherein "to carry;" L. ferre "to carry;" PIE base *bher- "to carry").

vector analysis
  آنالس ِ برداری   
ânâlas-e bordâri

Fr.: analyse vectorielle   

The study of → vectors and → vector spaces.

vector; → analysis.

vector angular velocity
  بردار ِ تندای ِ زاویه‌ای   
bordâr-e tondâ-ye zâviye-yi

Fr.: vecteur de vitesse angulaire   

Of a rotating body, a vector of magnitude ω (→ angular velocity) pointing in the direction of advance of a right-hand screw which is turned in the direction of rotation.

vector; → angular; → velocity.

vector boson
  بوسون ِ برداری   
boson-e bordâri

Fr.: boson vectoriel   

In nuclear physics, a → boson with the spin quantum number equal to 1.

vector; → boson.

vector calculus
  افماریک ِ برداری   
afmârik-e bordâri

Fr.: calcul vectoriel   

The study of vector functions between vector spaces by means of → differential and integral calculus.

vector; → calculus.

vector density
  چگالی ِ بردار   
cagâli-ye bordâr

Fr.: densité de vecteur   

A → tensor density of → order 1.

vector; → density.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>