An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>

Number of Results: 12948 Search : far
zero matrix
  ماتریس ِ صفر   
mâtris-e zefr

Fr.: matrice nulle   

Same as → null matrix.

zero; → matrix.

zero method
  روش ِ صفر   
raveš-e sefr

Fr.: méthode de zéro   

same as → null method.

zero; → method.

zero point
  نقطه‌ی ِ صفر   
noqte-ye sefr

Fr.: point zéro   

1) General: A starting point for making a measurement.
2) A basic parameter on which a → photometric system relies and must be determined each night. The zero points of → magnitudes and color indices (→ color index) depend on atmospheric transparency that varies from night to night.

zero; → point.

zero point energy
  کاروژ ِ نقطه‌ی ِ صفر   
kâruž-e noqte-ye sefr

Fr.: énergie du point zéro, point zéro   

The lowest possible energy that a → quantum mechanical system may possess. It is the energy of the → ground state of the system. The term "zero point" refers to the observed fact that → vacuum fluctuations persist at → absolute zero temperature. Same as → vacuum energy.

zero; → point; → energy.

zero polynomial
  بلنامین ِ صفر   
bolnâmin-e sefr

Fr.: polynôme nul   

A → polynomial whose → coefficients are all zero. See also → non-zero polynomial.

zero; → polynomial.

zero suppression
  نهاوش ِ صفر   
nehâveš-e sefr

Fr.: suppression de zéro   

The removal of non-significant zeroes from a number. For example, replacing 531.2300 by 531.23.

zero; → suppression.

zero-velocity surface
  رویه‌ی ِ تندای ِ صفر   
ruye-ye tondâ-ye sefr

Fr.: surface de vitesse nulle   

In the → restricted three-body problem, a surface which limits the region of space in which a small body can move. In the expression for the → Jacobi integral, the left side value is always positive or nul; hence the particle motion is confined to the region where U ≤ CJ. The surface that limits this region, defined by U = CJ, is called the zero-velocity surface.

zero; → velocity; → surface.

zeroth law of thermodynamics
  قانون ِ صفرُم ِ گرماتوانیک   
qânun-e sefrom-e garmâtavânik

Fr.: loi zéro de la thermodynamique   

Two objects that are in → thermal equilibrium with a third object will be in thermal equilibrium with each other.

zero; → law; → thermodynamics.

Zeta Ophiuchi
  زتا-مار‌افسا   
Zetâ Mâr-afsâ

Fr.: ζ Ophiuchi   

A blue star, also called HD 149757 and HR 6175, which is the nearest, and probably the most widely studied, → massive star. It is variable in several wavelength bands and has a mean visual magnitude of V = 2.58, B - V = 0.01. It lies ~ 222 pc away and has a formal spectral type of O9.5 Ve and a luminosity of 105 Lsun. ζ Ophiuchi is a very rapid rotator with a v sin i ~ 400 km s-1, i.e. ~ 85% of the → break-up velocity. It is one of the earliest prototypes of the → Be phenomenon. Moreover, it shows episodes of Hα emission variability, a common feature of Be/Oe stars. It also shows periodic non-radial pulsations and UV → P Cygni profile variability, as is evident in the periodic behavior of → discrete absorption components (DACs). It has a → mass loss rate of 10-7 Msun yr-1 and a → terminal velocity of wind v = 1550 km s-1. ζ Ophiuchi is a well-known → runaway star with a velocity of 30 km s-1. The interstellar → CH molecule and → CN molecule were first detected toward ζ Ophiuchi. It has been recognized for some time that this star lies close to the blue edge of the → beta Cephei instability strip.

Zeta (ζ), according to the → variable star designation system; Ophiuchi, → Ophiuchus.

Zeta Orionis
  زتا-شکارگر، زتا-اریون   
zetâ-Šekârgar, zetâ-Orion

Fr.: Zeta (ζ) Orionis   

Same as → Alnitak.

Zeta (ζ), Gk. letter in the → Bayer designation scheme.

zetta-
  زتا-   
zetta-

Fr.: zetta-   

A prefix of the → SI units, denoting 1021. Symbol: Z.

From L. septem, → hepta-, by replacing the initial s with z to distinguish from → zepto-. It is equal to 10007.

Zhevakin's zone
  زنار ِ ژواکین   
zonaar-e Zhavakin

Fr.: zone de Zhevakin   

One of several regions of the stellar interior where increased → opacity can provide the necessary → valve mechanism to drive → stellar pulsations. Also called → partial ionization zone.

Named after the Russian astronomer Sergei A. Zhevakin (1916-2001), who identified these zone in the 1950s; → mechanism.

zij
  زیج   
zij (#)

Fr.: zij   

The generic name applied to books in Arabic and Persian that tabulate parameters used for astronomical calculations of positions of the Sun, the Moon, and the five planets of antiquity. Some examples: Zij al-Sindhind, by Khwarizmi (c. 780-850), Az-Zij as-Sabi by al-Battâni (Albatenius) (853-929), Zij-i Ilkhâni by Nassireddin Tusi (1201-1274), Zij-i Sultâni by Ulugh Brg (1437), → Toledan Tables, → Alfonsine Tables.

The word is derived from Mid.Pers. zig, variant zih "cord, string" (Mod.Pers. zeh "cord, string"); Av. jiiā- "bow-string," cognate with Skt. jiyā- "bow-string," PIE base *gwhi- "thread, tendon" (from which derive also Gk. bios "bow", L. filum "thread", Russ. žca "thread").
The term zig originally referred to the threads in weaving, but because of the similarity between the rows and columns of astronomical tables and the parallel threads, it came to be used for an astronomical table, and subsequently a set of tables.

zinc
  روی   
ruy (#)

Fr.: zinc   

A metallic, lustrous, bluish-white → chemical element; symbol Zn. → Atomic number 30; → atomic weight 65.38; → melting point 419.58 °C; → boiling point 907 °C; → specific gravity 7.133 at 25 °C. It was recognized as a → metal as early as 1374.

From the Ger. Zink of unknown origin. Zinc compounds were known in prehistoric times, where they were used for healing wounds and for making brass.

Ruy, from Mid.Pers. rôy, rôd "copper, brass;" Av. raoiδita- "red, reddish;" cf. Skt. rohita- "red, reddish," lohá- "red, reddish, reddish metal."

zircon
  زرگون   
zargun (#)

Fr.: zircon   

A common mineral, zirconium silicate, ZrSiO4, occurring in small tetragonal crystals. The color is variable, usually brown to reddish brown, but also colorless, pale yellowish, green, or blue. A red variety, used as a gem, is called hyacinth. Zircon contains trace amounts of uranium and thorium and therefore can be used for radiometric datings. Also called jargon.

From Ger. Zirkon, from Ar. zarqun "cinnabar, bright red," from Pers. zargun "gold-colored," from zargold + -gun "resembling; manner, fashion; color" (Mid.Pers. gônak "kind, species;" Av. gaona- "color").

zirconium
  زیرکونیوم   
zirkoniom (#)

Fr.: zirconium   

A metallic chemical element; symbol Zr. Atomic number 40; atomic weight 91.22; melting point about 1,852°C; boiling point 4,377°C; specific gravity 6.5 at 20°C. Zirconium was discovered in the mineral zirconia by the German chemist Martin-Heinrich Klaproth in 1789. It was first isolated by the Swedish chemist Jons Jacob Berzelius in 1824 in an impure state and finally by the chemists D. Lely Jr. and L. Hamburger in a pure state in 1914.

From → zircon.

zirconium oxide, ZrO
  اکسید ِ زیرکونیوم   
oksid-e zirkoniom

Fr.: oxide de zirconium   

A → diatomic molecule made up of → zirconium and → oxygen atoms. See → ZrO band.

zirconium; → band.

zodiac
  برجگان، برج زنار   
borjgân

Fr.: zodiaque   

An imaginary belt around the heavens extending about 9° on either side of the → ecliptic. The orbits of the Moon and of the principal planets also lie entirely within the zodiac. The zodiac was created during the first half of the first millennium B.C. by Babylonian astronomers, who divided it into 12 constellations (→ sign of the zodiac) each considered to occupy 1/12, or 30°, of its great circle. They were named after living creatures, with the exception of Libra: → Aries, → Taurus, → Gemini, → Cancer, → Leo, → Virgo, → Libra, → Scorpius, → Sagittarius, → Capricornus, → Aquarius, → Pisces. However, as a result of → precession, these signs no longer correspond to the astronomical constellations in which the Sun actually appears. The constellations are irregular in size and shape, and the Sun regularly passes through 13 constellations as it moves along the ecliptic. The additional 13th constellation is → Ophiuchus, situated between → Scorpius and → Sagittarius. See also → dodekatemorion.

From M.E. zodiaque, from O.Fr. zodiaque, from L. zodiacus, from Gk. zodiakos (kyklos) "zodiac (circle)," literally "circle of little animals," from zodiaion, diminutive of zoion "animal," literally "a living being," from PIE base *gwei- "to live, life;" cognate with Pers. zist, → bio-.

Borjgân, from borj, → sign of the zodiac, + -gân suffix denoting multiplicity, order, organization.

zodiacal
  برجگانی   
borjgâni

Fr.: zodiacal   

Of or relating to the → zodiac.

zodiac; → -al.

zodiacal belt
  کمربند ِ برجگانی، زنار ِ ~   
kamarband-e borjgâni, zonâr-e ~

Fr.: ceinture zodiacale   

zodiac.

zodiacal; → belt.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>