An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

   Homepage   
   


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>

Number of Results: 12948 Search : far
blazing
  بلیزش   
belizeš

Fr.:   

The capcity of a diffraction grating, in certain configurations, to concentrate a large percentage of the incident light into a specific diffraction order.

Blazing, noun from → blaze.

Belizeš, noun from beliz "blaze."

blemish
  آک   
âk

Fr.: défaut   

General: A flaw or defect.
Detectors: Latent imperfections in the photodiodes (pixels) of a solid-state detector.

From O.Fr. blemiss "to turn pale," extended stem of blemir, blesmir "to injure, make pale."

Âk "defect, blemish," Mid.Pers. ak, âk "evil, harm," Av. aka- "bad, wicked;" cf. Skt. aka- "pain , trouble."

blend
  ۱) توهم؛ ۲) توهم شدن   
1) tuham; 2) tuham šodan

Fr.: 1a) blend; 1b) mot-valise; 2) mélanger   

1a) Description of two or more adjacent → spectral lines which are mixed due to insufficient → resolving power of the → spectrograph.
1b) Linguistics: A word which is coined by extracting and combining arbitrary pieces of two or more existing words. Examples include → smog, motel (motor + hotel), brunch (breakfast + lunch), → pulsar, and → shellular. Same as portmanteau.
2) Of two or more → spectral lines, to become merged into one line as a consequence of insufficient instrumental → resolution.

M.E., from O.N. blanda; akin to O.E. blandan "to mix," Lith. blandus "impure, cloudy."

Tuham, from tu "inside" + ham "together," → com-.

blend lines
  خطهای ِ توهم، تانهای ِ ~   
xatthâ-ye tuham, tânhâ-ye ~

Fr.: raies mélangées   

Spectral lines intermingled.

blend; → line.

blind
  کور   
kur (#)

Fr.: aveugle   

Unable to see; sightless.

M.E., from O.E. blind "blind," akin to Du., Ger. blind, O.N. blindr, Goth. blinds "blind."

Kur "blind," variants kul "squint-eyed," kolok, kalek, kelek, kalâž, kâž, kâj, kâc "squint-eyed," Lori, Laki, Kurd. xêl "cross-eyed, squinting;" Mid.Pers. kôr "blind;" akin to O.Irish coll "one-eyed;" M.Irish goll "blind;" Gk. (Hes.) kellas "one-eyed;" Skt. kāná- "blind of one eye;" PIE *kolnos "one-eyed." The Pers. luc "crossed-eyed" may be related to a separate group containing L. lusca, luscus "one-eyed" (Fr. louche "squinting").

blindness
  کوری   
kuri (#)

Fr.: cécité   

The state or condition of being sightless.

blind; → -ness.

blink
  مژیدن   
možidan

Fr.: clignoter   

1) To close and open the eyes rapidly.
2) To shine intermittently; flash on and off.

M.E. blinken, variant of blenken "to blench;" cf. Du. and Ger. blinken.

Možidan, from možé "eyelash," Mid.Pers. mec "eyelash," mecitan "to blink," cf. Skt. mes "to open the eyes," O.C.S. po-mežiti "to close the eyes." → twinkling.

blink comparator
  هم‌سنجگر ِ مژشی   
hamsanjgar-e možeši

Fr.: comparateur à clignotement   

An instrument for comparing two photographs of the same stellar field, taken at different times, by quickly alternating from one to the other. The purpose of the comparison is to detect subtle changes in the position or brightness of the stars.

blink; → comparator.

Hamsanjgar, → comparator; možeš noun from možidan, → blink.

blinking
  مژش   
možeš

Fr.: clignotement   

An intermittent appearance of a group of characters on the display terminal, usually used to convey a message to the user.

Blinking, noun from to blink.

Možeš, noun from možidan, → blink (v).

blister
  تاول   
tâval (#)

Fr.: ampoule   

A small cyst on the skin, containing watery liquid, as from a burn or other injury.

M.E. blister, blester, from O.Fr. blestre, of Germanic origin.

Tâval "blister" (variants Torbet-Heydariye-yi toval, Guqari tavol), from suffixed (-al) tâv- tav, taf- "to heat, burn, shine," variant of tâb-, tâbidan "to shine," → luminous.

blister model
  مدل ِ تاول   
model-e tâval

Fr.: modèle d'ampoule   

A model according to which an → H II region is a hot mass of ionized gas located on the surface of a → molecular cloud, like a blister on the body skin.

blister; → model.

blitzar
  درخشار، بلیتزار   
deraxšâr, blitzâr

Fr.: blitzar   

A new type of astronomical object, appearing as an intense → burst of → radio emission, proposed to explain → fast radio bursts. In some models, blitzars result from the sudden → collapse of a hypothetical → supermassive neutron star.

From Ger. Blitz, "→ flash, lightening," + -âr ending component, as in → pulsar.

blizzard
  دمه   
damé (#)

Fr.: blizzard   

A severe weather condition characterized by high winds (at least 55 km/h) and reduced visibility due to violent snowstorm.

Blizzard, of unknown origin.

Damé "wind and snow storm."

blob
  ژیگ   
žig

Fr.: tache, concentration, condensation   

1) General: Drop of liquid; small round mass (e.g. wax); spot of color.
2) Astro.: A relatively → small, → unresolved source lying toward a much larger structure. → high-excitation blob.

From M.E. bubelen "to bubble."

Žig "drop," probably from žohidan "to drop," variant of cakidan "to drop."

blood
  خون   
xun (#)

Fr.: sang   

The red liquid that circulates in the arteries and veins of humans and other vertebrate animals, carrying oxygen to and carbon dioxide from the tissues of the body (OxfordDictionaries.com).

M.E. blo(o)d, O.E. blôd; akin to O.Frisian, O.Saxon blôd, O.H.G. bluot (Ger. Blut), Gothic bloth.

Xun, from Mid.Pers. xûn; cf. Sogd. xurn, Khotanese hûna, Yaghnobi waxin, Av. vohunī,

blooming
  سرریز   
sar-riz

Fr.: blooming, bavure   

In a → CCD detector, the spill of charge to adjacent → pixels due to over-illumination by a too bright source. Same as charge bleeding.

Blooming "glare," from to bloom "to glare, glow."

Sar-riz "spill-out, overflowing," from sar "top," → head, + riz "pouring," from rixtan "to pour," → overflow.

blow
  دمیدن   
damidan (#)

Fr.: souffler   

1) To move along, carried by or as by the wind.
2) To produce or emit a current of air, as with the mouth or a bellows.
3) Of a horn, trumpet, etc.) to give out sound.
4) To make a blowing sound; whistle (Dictionary.com).

M.E., from O.E. blawan "blow, breathe, make an air current; kindle; inflate; sound a wind instrument;" cf. O.H.G. blaen, Ger. blähen; from PIE *bhle- "to swell, blow up."

Damidan, from Mid.Pers. damidan "to blow, breathe;" dam "breath, breath of an owen; bellows; smoke; air," also "moment, time;" Av. dāδmainya- "blowing up;" cf. Skt. dahm- "to blow," dhámati "blows;" Gk. themeros "austere, dark-looking;" Lith. dumti "to blow;" PIE dhem-/dhemə- "to smoke, to blow."

blue
  آبی   
âbi (#)

Fr.: bleu   

The hue of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between green and indigo, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 420 to 490 nanometers.

From O.Fr. bleu, P.Gmc. *blæwaz, from PIE base *bhle-was "light-colored, blue, blond, yellow."

Âbi "color of water," from âb "water," Mid.Pers. âb, O.Pers./Av. âp-, Skt. âp-, PIE *âp-; → Aquarius.

blue compact dwarf galaxy
  کهکشان ِ کوتوله‌ی ِ آبی ِ همپک   
kahkešân-e kutule-ye âbi-ye hampak

Fr.: galaxie naine bleue compacte   

An small → irregular galaxy undergoing → violent star formation activity. These objects appear blue by reason of containing clusters of hot, → massive stars which ionize the surrounding interstellar gas. They are chemically unevolved since their → metallicity is only 1/3 to 1/30 of the solar value. Same as → H II galaxy.

blue; → compact; → dwarf; → galaxy.

blue continuum
  پیوستار ِ آبی   
peyvastâr-e âbi

Fr.: continuum bleu   

The → continuum emission of an astronomical source with wavelengths between about 492 and 455 nm.

blue; → continuum.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>