An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 12948 Search : far
cavity
  کاواک   
kâvâk (#)

Fr.: cavité   

1) An apparently hollow formation in the structure of an astronomical object, for example a sizable hole on the surface of a → molecular cloud created by → ultraviolet photons of a → massive star.
2) In a semiconductor laser, two reflective parallel edges forming a resonator that amplifies the light through stimulated emission.

From M.Fr. cavité, from L.L. cavitas "hollowness," from L. cavus "hollow."

Kâvâk, related to verb kâvidan (kâftan) "to dig; to examine, investigate," cf. L. cavus "hollow" (E. derivatives: cavity, concave, cave, excavate), Gk. koilos "hollow," Armenian sor, PIE *kowos "hollow."

CCD
  سی‌سی‌دی   
si-si-di (#)

Fr.: CCD   

charge-coupled device.

Short for → charge + coupled, from → couple, + → device.

CCD array
  آرست ِ سی‌سی‌دی   
ârast-e sisidi

Fr.: détecteur CCD bidimensionnel   

A CCD detector having two dimensions.

CCD; → array.

CCD detector
  آشکارگر ِ سی‌سی‌دی   
âškârgar-e sisidi (#)

Fr.: détecteur CCD   

charge-coupled device.

CCD; → detector.

CCD frame
  تک تصویر ِ سی سی دی   
tak-tasvir-e sisidi

Fr.: image CCD   

One of a series of astronomical images obtained using a CCD detector in particular for calibration purposes.

CCD; → frame.

CCD gain
  بهره‌ی ِ سی‌سی‌دی   
bahre-ye CCD

Fr.: gain de CCD   

In a → CCD detector, the ratio of the initial number of electrons in a → pixel to the final number of → analog-to-digital units (or counts) reported by camera software. For example, a gain of 1.8 e-/count means that the camera produces 1 count for every 1.8 recorded electrons.

charge-coupled device (CCD); → gain.

CCD shutter
  بستار ِ سی‌سی‌دی   
bastâr-e si-si-di, bastâvar-e ~

Fr.: obturateur CCD   

A mechanical device of a CCD camera that controls the duration of a an exposure, as by opening and closing to allow the stellar light to expose the CCD detector.

Shutter, from to shut, from O.E. scyttan from W.Gmc. *skutjanan + → -er.

CDM model
  نگره‌ی ِ ماده‌ی ِ سرد ِ تاریک   
negare-ye mâdde-ye sard-e târik

Fr.: théorie de la matière noire froide   

A → cosmological model that attributes the formation of structures in the → early Universe to an exotic particle (→ cold dark matter) which was → non-relativistic at the time of → decoupling. According to this model, CDM began clumping together soon after the → Big Bang, while the → baryonic matter was still coupled with the → photons, and prevented to condense. Smaller → clumps of dark matter merged to form larger and larger clumps, and when the normal visible matter had decoupled from the photons, at the → recombination era (380,000 years after the Big Bang), it collapsed onto these dark matter clumps. In this way, the dark matter clumps acted as seeds for galaxy formation.

cold; → dark; → matter; → theory.

ceasefire
  آتش‌بس   
âtašbas (#)

Fr.: cessez-le-feu   

An often temporary cessation of hostilities during wartime for a specific purpose. It may be unilateral or bilateral.

From cease from O.Fr. cesser "to come to an end, stop," from L. cessare "to cease, go slow, be idle," + → fire.

Âtašbas, from âtaš, → fire, + bas, from bas kardan "to stop, end; leave."

celestial
  آسمانی   
âsmâni (#)

Fr.: céleste   

Of or relating to the sky or visible heavens.

M.E., from O.Fr., from M.L. celestialis, from L. cælestis "heavenly," from cælum "heaven, sky."

Âsmâni related to âsmân, → sky.

celestial axis
  آسه‌ی ِ آسمانی   
âse-ye âsmân (#)

Fr.: axe du monde   

The Earth's axis extended to the → celestial pole.

celestial; → axis.

celestial body
  اختر، جسم ِ آسمانی   
axtar (#), jesm-e âsmâni (#)

Fr.: corps céleste   

astronomical object.

celestial; → body.

celestial coordinates
  هماراهای ِ آسمانی   
hamârâhâ-ye âsmâni (#)

Fr.: coordonées célestes   

Any system of coordinates used to define a point on the celestial sphere (zenith distance, altitude, celestial latitude, celestial longitude, etc.).

celestial; → coordinates.

celestial equator
  هموگار ِ آسمانی   
hamugâr-e âsmâni

Fr.: équateur céleste   

An imaginary great circle on the sky half-way between the → celestial poles. It is the projection of the → equator of the Earth on the sky.

celestial; → equator.

celestial globe
  گوی ِ آسمانی   
gu-ye âsmâni

Fr.: globe céleste   

A small globe representing the celestial sphere, on which the apparent positions of the stars are indicated.

celestial; → globe.

celestial horizon
  افق ِ آسمانی   
ofoq-e âsmâni (#)

Fr.: horizon céleste   

A great circle on the → celestial sphere having a plane that passes through the center of the Earth at a right angle to the line formed by an observer's → zenith and → nadir.

celestial; → horizon.

celestial latitude
  ورونای ِ آسمانی   
varunâ-ye âsmâni

Fr.: latitude céleste   

Angular distance → north or → south measured from the → ecliptic to a → celestial object.

celestial; → latitude.

celestial longitude
  درژنای ِ آسمانی   
derežnâ-ye âsmâni

Fr.: longitude céleste   

Angular distance to an object measured eastward along the → ecliptic from the → vernal equinox.

celestial; → longitude.

Derežnâ, → longitude; âsmânicelestial.

celestial mechanics
  مکانیک ِ آسمانی   
mekânik-e âsmâni (#)

Fr.: mécanique céleste   

The branch of astronomy that deals with the calculation of motions of celestial bodies under the action of their mutual gravitational attractions.

celestial; → mechanics.

Mekânik, → mechanics; âsmâni, → celestial.

celestial meridian
  نیمروزان ِ آسمانی   
nimruzân-e âsmâni (#)

Fr.: méridien céleste   

The great circle on the → celestial sphere, passing through the two → celestial poles and the observer's → zenith.

celestial; → meridian.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>