An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 12948 Search : far
chasma
  کرز   
karz

Fr.: chasme   

In astrogeology, long, narrow, steep sided depressions on planets and Moon, for example, Melas Chasma and Candor Chasma on Mars.

L. chasma, from Gk. khasma "yawning hollow, gulf," related to khaskein "to yawn," and thus to → chaos (1).

Karz "big fissure in a mountain," from Qâeni dialect.

Chelyabinsk meteor
  شهاب ِ چلیابینسک   
šahâb-e Chelyabinsk

Fr.: météore de Tcheliabinsk   

A → meteor exploded on February 15, 2013 over Chelyabinsk, southern Russia.The explosion occurred at a height of 20 km above Earth, releasing 500 kilotons → TNT equivalent of energy, approximately 30 times the yield of the nuclear bomb over Hiroshima. It caused a → shock wave that damaged 7,200 buildings in six Russian cities and injured some 1,500 people, mainly from flying glass. Later, about five tons of meteoritic material reached the ground, including a 650 kg → meteorite that was recovered by divers from the bottom of Lake Chebarkul, on the slopes of the southern Ural mountains. With an estimated initial mass of about 12,000-13,000 metric tons, and measuring about 20 m in diameter, it is the largest known natural object to have entered Earth's atmosphere since the 1908 → Tunguska event.

Chelyabinsk, a city in Russia, the capital of the Chelyabinsk region, on the eastern slope of the Ural Mountains on the Miass River, 200 km south of Ekaterinburg and 1,879 km east of Moscow. The population of Chelyabinsk is about 1,183,000 (2015), the area, 530 sq. km; → meteor.

chemi-
  شیمی-   
šimi- (#)

Fr.: chimi-   

A combining form meaning "chemical, chemically induced, chemistry," used in the formation of compound terms like → chemosynthesis. Also chem- (before a vowel) and chemo-.

Chemi- extracted from → chemical or → chemistry.

chemical
  شیمیایی، شیمیک   
šimiyâyi (#), šimik

Fr.: chimique   

Of, relating to, used in, or produced by means of chemistry.

From chemic "of alchemy," → chemistry + → -al.

Šimiyâyi, of or pertaining to šimichemistry.
Šimik, from šim- + -ik, → -ic.

chemical abundance
  فراوانی ِ شیمیایی   
farâvâni-ye šimiyâyi (#)

Fr.: abondance chimique   

The relative amount of a given → chemical element or → chemical compound with respect to another element or compound in a given sample.

chemical; → abundance.

chemical adsorption
  برشم ِ شیمیایی   
baršam-e šimiyâyi

Fr.: adsorption chimique   

Same as → chemisorption.

chemical; → adsorption.

chemical affinity
  کرونی ِ شیمیایی، ~ شیمیک   
karvani-ye šimiyâyi, ~ šimik

Fr.: affinité chimique   

The extent to which a chemical species, such as an atom or molecule, tends to combine with another to form a chemical compound.

chemical; → affinity.

chemical bond
  بند ِ شیمیک، ~ شیمیایی   
band-e šimik, ~ šimiyâyi

Fr.: liaison chimique   

A force by which chemical substances are held together by attraction of atoms to each other through sharing, as well as exchanging, of electrons.

chemical; → bond.

chemical composition
  همنهش ِ شیمیک   
hamneheš-e šimik

Fr.: composition chimique   

The identities, and relative abundances of the → chemical elements or → compounds that make up a substance.

chemical; → composition.

chemical compound
  همنات ِ شیمیایی   
hamnât-e šimiyâyi

Fr.: composé chimique   

A substance whose molecules are made up of atoms of at least two different elements.

chemical; → compound.

chemical element
  بن‌پار ِ شیمیایی، عنصر ِ ~   
bonpâr-e šimiyâyi (#), onsor-e ~ (#)

Fr.: élément chimique   

A substance which consists entirely of atoms of the same → atomic number and cannot be decomposed or changed into another substance using chemical means. Currently 118 chemical elements are known, the most abundant being → hydrogen. → periodic table.

chemical; → element.

chemical enrichment
  پرداری ِ شیمیایی   
pordâri-ye šimiyâyi

Fr.: enrichissement chimique   

The → process by which the relative → abundance of a given → chemical element or → species in an → astrophysical object is increased. For example the the → increase of the → heavy element content of the → interstellar medium due to → stellar evolution.

chemical; → enrichment.

chemical equation
  هموگش ِ شیمیایی   
hamugeš-e šimiyâyi

Fr.: équation chimique   

The symbolic representation of a chemical reaction where the formulae of the → reactants are placed on the left and the formulae of → products on the right of an arrow.

chemical; → equation.

chemical evolution
  فرگشت ِ شیمیایی   
fargašt-e šimiyâyi (#)

Fr.: évolution chimique   

A cumulative change in the chemical properties, or more specifically, the relative abundances of chemical elements in an astrophysical system.

chemical; → evolution.

chemical mixing
  آمیزش ِ شیمیایی، ~ شیمیک   
âmizeš-e šimiyâyi, ~ šimik

Fr.: mélange chimique   

mixing process.

chemical; → mixing.

chemical potential
  توند ِ شیمیک   
tavand-e šimik

Fr.: potentiel chimique   

For a given component in a → gas mixture, the change in → Gibbs free energy (G) with respect to change in amount of the component (n), when pressure, temperature, and amounts of other components remain constant: ∂G/∂n. Components are in equilibrium if their chemical potentials are equal.

chemical; → potential.

chemical reaction
  واژیرش ِ شیمیایی، واکنش ِ ~   
vâžireš-e šimiyâyi, vâkoneš-e ~

Fr.: réaction chimique   

A → change or → transformation in which a → substance → decomposes, → combines with other → substances, or interchanges constituents with other substances.

chemical; → reaction.

chemical separation
  جدایی ِ شیمیایی   
jodâyi-ye šimiyâyi

Fr.: séparation chimique   

The physical processes that can cause certain elements to migrate in a → stellar atmosphere. These processes are thought to be important in creating the chemical peculiarities seen in → Am stars and → Ap stars.

chemical; → separation.

chemical species
  آرز ِ شیمییایی   
âraz-e šimiyâyi

Fr.: espèce chimiique   

A set of chemically → identical  → atomic or → molecular entities.

chemical; → species.

chemically peculiar star
  ستاره‌ی ِ شیمیکانه افد   
setâre-ye šimikâné afd

Fr.: étoile chimiquement particulière   

A → main sequence star of → spectral type A or B (→ A-type star, → B-type star) identified by the presence of anomalously strong or weak → absorption lines of certain elements in their spectra. CP stars have been divided into four main classes on the basis of their spectra: 1) non-magnetic metallic-lined (CP1, → Am star), magnetic (CP2, → Ap star), non-magnetic mercury-manganese (CP3, → HgMn star), and helium-weak (CP4, → He-weak star).
See also → Ap/Bp stars.

chemical; → -ly; → peculiar; → star.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>