An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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<< < -es -iv -ti 21- a p abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi ads aes Age Alb Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app app arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att Aur aut axi azi bac Bal Bar Bar Bay Bec Ber bet bic bij bin bio Bir bla Bla blu blu bol Boo bou bra Bre bro bug C r cal Cal can car Car Cas cat cau cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che cho cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- cod coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cop Cor cor cor cos cos Cou cou CP cre cri cro CSP cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec dee def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu doc doo dou dow Dru dus dwa dyn Dys Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ Era est eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext eye fac fal Far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fit fla flo flu fol for for Fou fra fre Fre ful fuz Gal gal Gal gam gas Gau gen gen geo geo geo gib glo gos gra gra gra gra Gre gri gui H I hal Ham har Haw hea hei hel Hel her het hie hig Hob hom Hor hot Hub hum Huy hyd hyd hyp hyp ico if ima imp imp in- inc Ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins int int int int int int int int int inv ion iro ise iso iso Jab jet Jov Jur Kee Kep kil Kis kry Lag lam lan Lar lat law lea lem lep Li lig lim lin lin lin lit loc loc lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lym mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec meg Mer Mer met met met mic mid mil Min Mir mix mod mod MOL mon mor mov mul mur N66 Nap nat nea neg Ner neu New New nic nod non non non nor nov nuc nul num O-t obl obs obt och off Ohm on- opa Oph opt opt ora orb ord Ori ort osc out ove ozo pal pan par par par par pat pec pen per per per per per Pfu pha pho pho pho phy pie pla Pla Pla pla pla Plo poi pol pol pol pol por pos pot pow pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro Pro pro Pru pul pul Pyt qua qua qua qua quo rad rad rad rad rad rad ram Ran rat re- rea rec rec red red ref ref reg Reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho rif Rin Rob Rom rot rot rul S D Sai san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky Slo sno sof sol sol sol sol sor sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr SS sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto str str stu sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swe syn syn tad Tau tel ten ter tet the the the thi Tho thr tid tim Tit top tot tra tra tra tra tre tri Tro tru tur TW Typ U G ult unb und uni uni uns ura use val vap vec Vel Ven Ver Vie Vir vir vis vol W V war wav wav wea Wei Wez wid win WN3 Wol Wro Y d YOR zen zir > >>

Number of Results: 12974 Search : far
compasses
  پرگار   
pargâr (#)

Fr.: compas   

An instrument that consists of two arms, joined at the top, one arm of which serves as a stationary reference point or pivot, while the other describes a circle or is extended. It is used for measuring angles, transferring lengths, and drawing circumferences. Also pair of compasses.

compass.

Pargâr "a pair of compasses," from Proto-Ir. *pari-kar- "to draw around, to plough around," from *pari- "around, round about" (Mod.Pers. par-, pirâ-, cognate with Gk. peri-), → circum-, + *kar-, karš- "to draw (a furrow), till, plant" (Mod.Pers. kašidan "to draw," kâštan, kâridan "to plant"); Lori, Hamadâni kerr "line, scratch;" Laki keronen, Hamadâni kerândan "to pull along, drag;" Tâleši kernye; Tabari kərəš "to drag;" cf. Av. pairikara- "a furrow round about," Skt. parikara- "girdle, waist-band, zone."

compatibility
  سازگاری   
sâzgâri (#)

Fr.: compatibilité   

General: The fact or conditions of existing or working together.
Informatics: The ability of a software or peripheral device to function with another computer or computer system without modification.

Noun from → compatible.

compatible
  سازگار   
sâzgâr (#)

Fr.: compatible   

Capable of existing harmoniously with another or others.
Informatics: of a software or peripheral device, capable of working with another computer or computer system without modification.

M.Fr. compatible, from M.L. compatibilis, literally "sympathetic," from L.L. compati, from → com- "together" + pati "to suffer, undergo;" PIE base *pe(i)- "to hurt" (cf. Skt. pijati "reviles, scorns," Gk. pema "ruin, affliction," Av. pâman- "scab; skin disease") + -ible, → -able.

Sâzgâr variant sâzkâr "consonant, in accordance, agreeing," from sâz- present tense stem of sâzidan, sâxtan "to adapt, adjust, be fit; to build, make, fashion," Mid.Pers. sâxtan, sâz-, Manichean Parthian s'c'dn "to prepare, to form," Av. sak- "to understand, to mark," sâcaya- (causative) "to teach;" + agent suffix -gâr, variant -kâr, O.Pers. kara-, O.Pers./Av. kar- "to do, make, build," Av. kerenaoiti "makes," cf. Skt. kr- "to do, to make," krnoti "makes," karma "act, deed;" PIE base kwer- "to do, to make."

compel
  واداریدن، وادارکردن   
vâdâridan, vâdâr kardan

Fr.: obliger, contraindre, forcer   

To force or oblige (someone) to do something.

M.E. compellen, from O.Fr. compellir and directly from L. compellere "to drive together, drive to one place" (of cattle), "to force or compel" (of persons), from → com- "together" + pellere "to drive."

Vadâridan, vâdâr kardan, from vâdâr present stem of vâdâštan "to keep back, restrain, oblige; to provoke, impel, instigate; to hide, conceal," from vâ-, → de-, + dâr-, dâštan "to hold, have, possess," → possession.

compelling
  وادارگر   
vâdârgar

Fr.: 1) puissant, percutant; 2) irréfutable, convaincant   

1) Tending to compel, as to force or push toward a course of action; overpowering.
2) Having a powerful and irresistible effect; requiring acute admiration, attention, or respect (Dictionary.com).

compel; → -ing.

compensate
  پاهنگیدن   
pâhangidan

Fr.: compenser   

To reduce or balance the effect of something unwanted by exerting an opposite force or effect.

From L. compensatus, p.p. of compensare "to weigh one thing (against another)," thus, "to counterbalance," from → com- "with"+ pensare, frequentative of pendere "to weigh, to hang."

Pâhangidan, from pâhang (Dehxodâ) "that which is put in a balance scale to equalize the weights," from pâ- variant of pâd-, → counter-, + hangidan variant of sanjidan "to measure; compare, put in balance," → object.

compensator
  پاهنگنده   
pâhangandé

Fr.: compensateur   

One who, or that which, compensates.

compensate; → -or.

compensator plate
  تیغه‌ی ِ پاهنگنده   
tiqe-ye pâhangandé

Fr.: compensatrice   

A transparent plate inserted in one of the arms of an interferometer, in particular the → Michelson interferometer, to compensate for a longer → optical path in the other arm. Its function is to ensure that the beams transverse the same total thickness of glass in both arms of the interferometer. This is not essential for producing → interference fringes in monochromatic light. The compensator plate is of the same glass and the same thickness as the → beam splitter plate.

compensator; → plate.

compete
  هاجوییدن   
hâjuyidan

Fr.: concourir, rivaliser   

To strive to outdo another for acknowledgment, a prize, supremacy, profit, etc.; engage in a contest (Dictionary.com).

M.E., from M.Fr. compéter, from L.L. competere "to strive in common," from → com- "together" + petere "to strive, go forward, seek," from PIE base *pet- "to fly, rush" (cf. Av. pat- "to fly, fall, rush," patarəta- "winged;" Mid.Pers. patet "falls," opastan "to fall;" Mod.Pers. oftâdan "to fall;" Skt. patati "he flies, falls," pátra- "wing, feather, leaf;" Gk. piptein "to fall," pterux "wing;" O.E. feðer "feather;" L. penna "feather, wing").

Hâjuyidan, from hâ-, variant of ham-, → com-, + juyidan "to strive for, seek," Parthian Mid.Pers. ywdy- "to strive for," Khotanese juv- "to fight," Av. yūd- (yaoda-) "to fight, struggle," yūdiieiti "fights," cf. Skt. yodh- "to fight," yúdh- "fight," Gk. hysmine "battle, fight," Lith. judus "belligerent."

competition
  هاجویش   
hâjuyeš

Fr.: compétition   

1) The act of competing; rivalry for supremacy, a prize, etc. 2) A contest for some prize, honor, or advantage (Dictionary.com).

Verbal noun of → compete + → -tion.

competitive
  هاجویشی، هاجویانه   
hâjuyeši, hâjuyâné

Fr.: compétitif   

1) Of, pertaining to, involving, or decided by competition.
2) Well suited for competition; having a feature that makes for successful competition.
3) Having a strong desire to compete or to succeed (Dictionary.com).

compete + → -ive.

competitive accretion model
  مدل ِ فربال ِ هاجویشی   
model-e farbâl-e hâjuyeši

Fr.: modèle d'accrétion compétitive   

A scenario for → massive star formation whereby developing → protostars in their natal → molecular clouds compete with each other to gather mass. The protostars → accrete mass with a rate which depends on their location within the protocluster. They use the same reservoir of gas to grow. Therefore those protostars nearest the center, where the potential well is deep, and gas densities are higher, have the highest → accretion rates. The competitive accretion model explains the observational fact that the most massive stars are generally found in cluster cores. It accounts also for the distribution of stellar masses. In this model the accretion process depends on the content of the cluster. In clusters where gas dominates the potential (e.g. at initial stages of cluster formation), the accretion process is better modeled by using the → tidal radius as the accretion radius. In contrast, when the stars dominate the cluster potential and are virialized, the accretion is better modeled by → Bondi-Hoyle accretion (Bonnell et al. 1997, MNRAS 285, 201; 2001, MNRAS 323, 785).

competitive; → accretion; → model.

competitiveness
  هاجویندگی   
hâjuyandegi

Fr.: compétivité   

The state of being competitive.

competitive; → -ness.

competitor
  هاجو   
hâju

Fr.: compétiteur   

A person, team, company, etc., that competes; rival (Dictionary.com).

compete + → -or.

compilation
  هاتلش   
hâtaleš

Fr.: compilation   

The act of compiling; something compiled.

compile; → -tion.

compile
  هاتلیدن   
hâtalidan

Fr.: compiler   

1) To put together (documents, selections, or other materials) in one book or work.
2) Computers: To translate (a computer program) from a high-level language into another language, usually machine language, using a → compiler (Dictionary.com).

M.E., from O.Fr. compiler "compile, collect," from L. compilare "to plunder, rob," probably originally "bundle together, heap up;" from → com- "together" + pilare "to fix firmly, accumulate."

Hâtalidan, from hâ- variant of ham-, → com-, + tal, → pile, + -idan suffix of infinitives.

compiler
  هاتلگر   
hâtalgar

Fr.: compilateur   

A → software program that compiles program source code files into an executable program.

compile + → -er

complain
  گرزیدن   
garzidan

Fr.: se plaindre   

To express dissatisfaction, pain, uneasiness, censure, resentment, or grief; find fault (Dictionary.com).

M.E. compleinen, from O.Fr. complaindre "to lament" from V.L. *complangere, originally "to beat the breast," from L. → com- an intensive prefix + plangere "to strike, beat the breast."

Mid.Pers. garz- "to weep, lament," garzišn "complaint;" Mod.Pers. geristan, geryidan "to weep," gelé "gripe, complaint, lamentation;" Kurd (Kurm.) girižin/giriž- "to be grumpy, growl;" Av. gərəz- "to lament, weep;" cf. Skt. grah "to complain;" Proto-Ir. *garz- "to lament, weep."

complaint
  گرزش   
garzeš

Fr.: plaint   

An expression of discontent, regret, pain, censure, resentment, or grief; lament; faultfinding (Dictionary.com).

M.E. compleynte, from O.Fr. complainte "complaint, lament," noun from complaindre "to lament," → complain.

Verbal noun of garzidan, → complain.

complement
  اسپران   
osporân

Fr.: complément   

1) Math., logic: With reference to any set A, conceived as a subset of some larger set U, all the elements of U that are not contained in A.
2) Optics: A complementary color that, when combined to another, creates neutral gray.

From O.Fr. complement, from L. complementum "that which fills up or completes," from complere "fill up," → complete.

Osporân, from ospor present tense stem of osporidan "to → complete."

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- a p abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi ads aes Age Alb Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app app arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att Aur aut axi azi bac Bal Bar Bar Bay Bec Ber bet bic bij bin bio Bir bla Bla blu blu bol Boo bou bra Bre bro bug C r cal Cal can car Car Cas cat cau cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che cho cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- cod coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cop Cor cor cor cos cos Cou cou CP cre cri cro CSP cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec dee def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu doc doo dou dow Dru dus dwa dyn Dys Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ Era est eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext eye fac fal Far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fit fla flo flu fol for for Fou fra fre Fre ful fuz Gal gal Gal gam gas Gau gen gen geo geo geo gib glo gos gra gra gra gra Gre gri gui H I hal Ham har Haw hea hei hel Hel her het hie hig Hob hom Hor hot Hub hum Huy hyd hyd hyp hyp ico if ima imp imp in- inc Ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins int int int int int int int int int inv ion iro ise iso iso Jab jet Jov Jur Kee Kep kil Kis kry Lag lam lan Lar lat law lea lem lep Li lig lim lin lin lin lit loc loc lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lym mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec meg Mer Mer met met met mic mid mil Min Mir mix mod mod MOL mon mor mov mul mur N66 Nap nat nea neg Ner neu New New nic nod non non non nor nov nuc nul num O-t obl obs obt och off Ohm on- opa Oph opt opt ora orb ord Ori ort osc out ove ozo pal pan par par par par pat pec pen per per per per per Pfu pha pho pho pho phy pie pla Pla Pla pla pla Plo poi pol pol pol pol por pos pot pow pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro Pro pro Pru pul pul Pyt qua qua qua qua quo rad rad rad rad rad rad ram Ran rat re- rea rec rec red red ref ref reg Reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho rif Rin Rob Rom rot rot rul S D Sai san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky Slo sno sof sol sol sol sol sor sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr SS sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto str str stu sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swe syn syn tad Tau tel ten ter tet the the the thi Tho thr tid tim Tit top tot tra tra tra tra tre tri Tro tru tur TW Typ U G ult unb und uni uni uns ura use val vap vec Vel Ven Ver Vie Vir vir vis vol W V war wav wav wea Wei Wez wid win WN3 Wol Wro Y d YOR zen zir > >>