An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 13070 Search : far
Compton wavelength
  موج-طول ِ کامپتون   
mowjtul-e Compton, tul-e mowj-e ~

Fr.: longueur d'onde de Compton, longueur d'onde Compton   

The quantum wavelength of a particle with a highly relativistic velocity. The Compton wavelength is given by h/mc, where h is Planck's constant, m is the mass of the particle, and c the light speed. For an electron, the Compton wavelength is about 2.4 × 10-10 cm, intermediate between the size of an atomic nucleus and an atom.

Compton; → wavelength.

Comptonization
  کامپتونش   
Kâmptoneš

Fr.: comptonisation   

The change in the → spectrum of → electromagnetic radiation due to → scattering from → electrons. When → photons and electrons coexist in the same volume of space, their → collisions can → transfer energy from photons to electrons (→ Compton effect) or from electrons to photons (→ inverse Compton effect).

Verbal noun of → Comptonize; → -tion.

Comptonize
  کامپتونیدن   
Kâmptonidan

Fr.: comptoniser   

The verb describing the → Camptonization process.

Compton; → -ize.

Comptonized emission
  گسیل ِ کامپتونیده   
gosil-e Kâmptonidé

Fr.: émission comptonisée   

Emission undergone → Comptonization.

Comptonize; → emission.

compulsion
  وادارش، وادارکرد   
vâdâreš, vâdârkard

Fr.: obligation   

The action or state of forcing or being forced to do something; constraint (OxforddDctionaries.com).

M.E., from O.Fr. compulsion, from L. compulsion-, noun of action from past-participle stem of compellere, → compel.

Verbal noun from vâdâridan, vâdâr kardan, → compel.

compulsory
  وادارشی، وادارکردی   
vâdâreši, vâdârkardi

Fr.: obligatoire   

Required by law or a rule; obligatory; involving or exercising compulsion; coercive (OxforddDctionaries.com).

From M.L. compulsorius, from L. compulsus, p.p. of compellere, → compel.

Adjective from vâdâreš, vâdârkard, → compulsion.

computation
  حساب   
hesâb (#)

Fr.: calcul   

The act, process, or method of calculating.

Verbal noun of → compute.

compute
  حسابیدن   
hesâbidan (#)

Fr.: calculer   

To determine by calculation, especially by numerical methods; to determine by using a computer or calculator. See also → calculate.

From Fr. computer, from L. computare "to count, sum up," from → com- "with" + putare "to prune, clean, settle an account, think over, reflect;" PIE base *pau- "to cut, strike, stamp."

Hesâbidan, from Ar. hesâb "reckoning, computation," + infinitive suffix -idan.

computer
  رایانگر   
râyângar (#)

Fr.: ordinateur   

An electronic device which can accept data, apply a series of logical instructions rapidly, and supply the results of the processes as information.

From → compute + suffix → -er.

Râyângar "arranger, organizer," on the model of Fr. ordinateur according to which the electronic device arranges/organizes instructions and information. Râyângar, from râyân- stem of râyânidan "to regulate, set in order," from Mid.Pers. râyânīdan "to arrange, organize" + -gar agent suffix. Râyân-, from rây-, Mod.Pers. ârây-, ârâyeš, ârâyidan "to arrange, adorn," Mid.Pers. ârây-, ârâstan "to arrange, adorn;" O.Pers. rād- "to prepare," rās- "to be right, straight, true," rāsta- "straight, true" (Mod.Pers. râst "straight, true"); Av. rāz- "to direct, put in line, set," razan- "order;" Gk. oregein "to stretch out;" L. regere "to lead straight, guide, rule," p.p. rectus "right, straight;" Skt. rji- "to make straight or right, arrange, decorate;" PIE base *reg- "move in a straight line;" see also → direct.

computer virus
  ویروس ِ ازداییک، ~ رایانگر   
virus-e azdâyik, ~ râyângar

Fr.: virus informatique   

A segment of self-replicating code planted illegally in a computer program, often to damage or shut down a system or network (Dictionary.com).

computer; → virus.

computerization
  رایانگرش، رایانگرانش   
râyângareš, râyângarâneš

Fr.:   

The process or state of computerizing.

computerize.

computerize
  رایانگریدن، رایانگراندن   
râyângaridan, râyângarândan

Fr.:   

To control, perform, process, or store by means of or in an electronic computer or computers.

From → computer + verb forming suffix → -ize.

concave
  کاو   
kâv (#)

Fr.: concave   

Of a surface, curving inward.

From L. concavus "hollow," from → com- intensive prefix + cavus "hollow;" PIE base *keu- "a swelling, arch, cavity."

Kâv "hollow," verb kâvidan (kâftan) "to dig; to examine, investigate," cf. L. cavus "hollow" (E. derivatives: cavity, concave, cave, excavate), Gk. koilos "hollow," Armenian sor; PIE *kowos "hollow."

concave grating
  توری ِ کاو   
turi-ye kâv (#)

Fr.: réseau concave   

A → diffraction grating ruled on a concave spherical mirror that eliminates chromatic aberration and transmits regions of the spectrum, such as the ultraviolet, which is not transmitted by glass lenses.

concave; → grating.

concave lens
  عدسی ِ کاو   
adasi-ye kâv (#)

Fr.: lentille concave   

A lens which is thinner at the center than at the edges and diverges the light rays.

concave; → lens.

concave mirror
  آینه‌ی ِ کاو   
âyene-ye kâv (#)

Fr.: miroir concave   

A mirror whose surface is curved inward and converges the light rays.

concave; → mirror.

concavo-convex lens
  عدسی ِ کاو-کوژ   
adasi-ye kâv-kuž (#)

Fr.: lentille concavo-convexe   

A type of → convergent lens that is concave on one surface and convex on the opposite surface. Also called → meniscus lens. Meniscus lenses are used most often in conjunction with another lens to produce an optical system of a longer or shorter → focal length than the original lens.

concave; → convex; → lens.

conceive
  بگرتیدن   
begertidan

Fr.: concevoir   

To form a notion or idea of.

M.E., from O.Fr. conceivre, from L. concipere "to take fully, take in," → concept.

Verb from begert, → concept.

concentrate
  ۱) هم‌مرکزیدن، هم‌مرکز کردن؛ ۲) دبزیدن   
1) hammarkazidan, hammarkaz kardan; 2) dabzidan

Fr.: concentrer   

1) To bring or draw to a common center or point of union.
2) Of a solution, to make denser, stronger, or purer, esp. by the removal or reduction of liquid.

Verb with p.p. → concentrated.

concentrated
  ۱) هم‌مرکزیده؛ ۲) دبز   
1) hammarkazidé; 2) dabz

Fr.: concentré   

1) Gathered together closely.
2) Made denser, purer.

Past participle of → concentrate.

1) Past participle of hammarkazidan, → concentrate.
2) Dabz "dense, thick, concentrated, coarse," variants dafzak and gabz; Av. bəzuuant- "thick, dense," bazah- "thickness, denseness;" Baluchi baz "thick, coarse;" Zazaki vezdin "oily, greasy" Ossetic bæzgin "thick, dense;" cf. Skt. bamh "to thicken, become dense;" Gk. pakhos "thickness, density;" PIE base bhengh- "to become/make dense, thick" (see Cheung 2007).

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara Arc ari Arr ash ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut aut axi Baa bal Bal bar bar bea beh Bes bia big bin bin bip biv bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo Cal cal Can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CGS cha cha che che chr cir cir cis cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos Cou cou cov cre cri cro cry cur cut Cyg DA dar dat de deb dec dec ded def def dei dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dig Dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis div dom dou dow dri dur dus dyn dyn ear eav ecl Edd eff Ein Ekm ele ele ele ele ell emb emi enc ene ent eph equ equ equ eru eth eup eve EX exc exe exi exo exp ext ext ext fab fai far Fec fem fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu foc for for Fou fra fre fre fro fun G r Gal gal gam gas Gau gel gen geo geo geo Gho gla goa gra gra gra gra gre Gre gro gyr had hal har har HD Hea Hel hel Her her hid hig hip hol hor hos hov Hub Hun hyd hyd hyd hyp IC ide ill ima imp imp inc inc ind ind inf inf inf inf inj InS ins int int int int int int int int int inv ion iro ise iso iso ite jet Jou Jup kap Kep kil Kip Kra Lag Lam Lan Lar las law lea Leg Leo lev lig lim lin lin lin lit loc loc log Lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea med men mer Mes met met mic Mic Mie Mil min mis mJy mod mol mon moo mot mul mul mut nad nas nat neb neg net neu New New nig Noe non non non Nor nov nuc nul num OB obl obs occ Ock off Ohm on- ope opi opt opt orb orb ord Ori ort osm out ove ozo pal pan par par par par pat pec pen per per per per per Pfu pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua qui rad rad rad rad rad rad rai ran Ras Ray rea rec rec rec red red ref reg reg rel rel rel rep res res res res Reu rhe Rie rig ris Roe Ros rot Rud ryd Sag sam sat sca sca Sch sci Sea sec sec see sel sem sen ser Sey Sha she sho sid sig sim sim sin ske sle smo Sob sof sol sol sol sol sou Sou spa Sp spe spe spe sph spi spi spr squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto Str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tab tar tek tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unk upp Urc utt val var vec vel ver ver vin vir vis Vog von wal wat wav wax wea wei Whi wil win WN7 wor X-r Yar You zer zod > >>