An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>

Number of Results: 12948 Search : far
incidence
  فتاد   
fotâd (#)

Fr.: incidence   

1) The degree, extent, or frequency of occurrence, especially of something unwanted.
2) The act of striking a → light ray or → beam of particles on a surface. Also the direction of striking.

M.E., from M.Fr. incidence, from L.L. incidentia, from incidere "to happen, befall," from in- "on" + -cidere, combining form of cadere "to fall," → case.

Fotâd,literally "fall, the act of falling," from fotâdan "to fall," variant of oftâdan "to fall; to happen," → coincide.

incidence angle
  زاویه‌ی ِ فتاد   
zâviye-ye fotâd

Fr.: angle d'incidence   

Same as → angle of incidence.

incidence; → angle.

incident
  فتان   
fotân

Fr.: incident   

1) An instance of something happening; an event or occurrence.
2a) Likely or apt to happen.
2b) Falling or striking on something, as light rays or a beam of particles.

incidence.

Fotân, agent noun and adj. from fotâdan, → incidence.

incident ray
  پرتو ِ فتان   
partov-e fotân

Fr.: rayon incident   

The → light ray that strikes a surface before → reflection, → refraction, or → absorption. Opposite of → emergent ray.

incident; → ray.

incise
  درسوندن   
darsundan

Fr.: inciser   

To cut into; to cut marks upon.

M.E., from O.Fr. enciser, from L. incisus, p.p. of incidere "to cut into, cut through," from → in- + caedere "to cut," → precise.

Darsunidan, from dar, → in- + sun "cut," → precise.

incision
  درسونش   
darsuneš

Fr.: incision   

The act of incising. A cutting into, especially for surgical purposes.

Verbal noun of → incise.

incite
  در‌انگیختن   
darangixtan

Fr.: inciter   

To stir, encourage, or urge on; stimulate or prompt to action (Dictionary.com).

in-; → excite.

incitement
  در‌انگیزش   
darangizeš

Fr.: incitation, provocation   

The act of inciting. The state of being incited. motive.

Verbal noun of → incite.

inclination
  درکیل   
darkil

Fr.: inclinaison   

1) The angle between two lines or two planes.
2) An orbital element that defines the angle between the orbital plane of a solar system body (planet, comet, asteroid) and the plane of the ecliptic.
3) The angle between the equatorial and orbital planes of a planet.

Inclination, from M.E. inclinacioun, from L. inclination-, from inclinat(us) p.p. of inclinare, from → in- + clinare "to bend;" cf. Gk. klinein "to cause to slope, slant, incline;" Skt. sri- "to lean," O.Pers. θray-; Av. sray- "to lean;" Mod.Pers. kil "bent, inclined, slant;" PIE base *klei- "to lean, incline" from which is also derived P.Gmc. *khlinen (Ger. lehnen, E. lean).

Darkil, from prefix dar- "in" + kil "bent, crooked, inclined" [Dehxodâ], Mid.Pers. xwahl "bent, crooked" (Mod.Pers. dialectal/colloquial variants kowleh, cowleh, cowl, caval, xohl, xohal, hol), cf. Skt. kûla- "slope, declivity;" PIE base *klei-, as above.

inclination of axis
  درکیل ِ آسه   
darkil-e âse

Fr.: inclinaison de l'axe   

The angle between the rotation axis of a planet and the normal to the ecliptic.

inclination; → axis.

inclination of Earth's equator
  درکیل ِ هموگار ِ زمین   
darkil-e hamugâr-e zamin

Fr.: inclinaison de l'équateur terrestre   

obliquity of the ecliptic.

inclination; → Earth; → equator.

incline
  درکیلیدن   
darkililan

Fr.: s'incliner; incliner   

To deviate from the vertical or horizontal; slant.

Verbal form of → inclination.

include
  درکلاندن   
darkolândan

Fr.: inclure   

To comprise as a part. See also → conclude, → exclude.

From L. includere "to shut in, enclose, imprison, insert," from → in- "in" + claudere "to shut, close; to block up, make inaccessible," ultimately from PIE root *klau- "hook, hooked branch or piece of wood; bolt, bar;" cf. L. clavis "key," clavus "nail," claustrum "bar, bolt, barrier;" Gk. kleidos "bar, bolt, key;" O.Ir. clo "nail;" M.Ir. clithar "hedge, fence;" O.C.S. kljuci "hook, key," kljuciti "shut;" Lith. kliuti "to catch, be caught on;" O.H.G. sliozan "shut," Ger. schließen "to shut," Schlüssel "key."

Darkolândan, from dar-, → in-, + kolândan "to shut," from kolân "wooden bolt, latch;" variants kelân, kolun, kolum, koland, kolandân, kelid, kelidân "wooden bolt, latch;" kalâk "a crook stick for gathering fruit;" (Tabari) kali, (Lori) kelil, (Laki) kalil "key; lock;" (Kurd.) kilil, kilij "key;" (prefixed) biškal(a) "a crooked stick for opening a lock, a sort of key;" (Kurd. Kurmanji) kelemce "handcuff;" (štiyâni) keleku "a large wooden mallet used by bleachers;" (prefixed) eškelak "a piece of wood used between a thief's fingers to force him confess;" kor-mix, gol-mix "a large-headed peg or stake;" Mid.Pers. kilêl "key." This family of Pers. words is probably related to PIE root *klau- "hook, hooked branch or piece of wood; bolt, bar," as above.

inclusion
  درکلان   
darkolân

Fr.: inclusion   

1) The act of including; the state of being included; that which is included.
2) Fragment of foreign material enclosed within the mass of a → mineral or → meteorite. See also → CAI meteorite.

Verbal noun of → include.

incoherent waves
  موج‌های ِ ناهمدوس   
mowjhâ-ye nâhamdus (#)

Fr.: ondes incohérentes   

The lack of a fixed phase relationship between two or more waves. → coherent.

Incoherent, from negation prefix → in- + → coherent; → wave.

incompatibility
  ناسازگاری   
nâsâzgâri (#)

Fr.: incompatibilité   

1) The condition of two things being so different in nature as to be unable to exist together.
2) Logic: (Of two or more propositions) unable to be true simultaneously.

incompatible; → -ity.

incompatible
  ناسازگار   
nâsâzgâr (#)

Fr.: incompatible   

Of two or more propositions, unable to be true simultaneously. → compatible.

From M.L. incompatibilis, from → in- "not" + compatibilis (→ compatible).

Nâsâzgâr, from nâ- "not," → in-, + sâzgâr, → compatible.

incompleteness
  نا-اُسپری   
nâ-ospori

Fr.: incomplétude   

The state of being incomplete, for example in photometric studies of a population of stars when the faintest members of the population are lacking. → completeness

Negative of → completeness.

incompressible flow
  تچان ِ ناتنجیدنی، ~ ِ تنجش‌ناپذیر   
tacân-e nâtanjidani, ~ tanješnâpazir

Fr.: écoulement incompressible   

A flow whose volume or density does not change under pressure, and therefore its density is a constant. In other words, an ideal flow in which the → divergence of velocity is zero. → compressible flow.

incompressible, from → in "not" + → compressible; → flow.

inconsistency
  ناهانسگاری   
nâhânesgâri

Fr.: incohérence, inconsistance   

1) Lack of consistency or agreement; incompatibility; an inconsistent feature or quality.
2) Logic: The property of being inconsistent; a self-contradictory proposition (TheFreeDictionary.com).

in-; → consistency.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>