An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 12935 Search : far
incitement
  در‌انگیزش   
darangizeš

Fr.: incitation, provocation   

The act of inciting. The state of being incited. motive.

Verbal noun of → incite.

inclination
  درکیل   
darkil

Fr.: inclinaison   

1) The angle between two lines or two planes.
2) An orbital element that defines the angle between the orbital plane of a solar system body (planet, comet, asteroid) and the plane of the ecliptic.
3) The angle between the equatorial and orbital planes of a planet.

Inclination, from M.E. inclinacioun, from L. inclination-, from inclinat(us) p.p. of inclinare, from → in- + clinare "to bend;" cf. Gk. klinein "to cause to slope, slant, incline;" Skt. sri- "to lean," O.Pers. θray-; Av. sray- "to lean;" Mod.Pers. kil "bent, inclined, slant;" PIE base *klei- "to lean, incline" from which is also derived P.Gmc. *khlinen (Ger. lehnen, E. lean).

Darkil, from prefix dar- "in" + kil "bent, crooked, inclined" [Dehxodâ], Mid.Pers. xwahl "bent, crooked" (Mod.Pers. dialectal/colloquial variants kowleh, cowleh, cowl, caval, xohl, xohal, hol), cf. Skt. kûla- "slope, declivity;" PIE base *klei-, as above.

inclination of axis
  درکیل ِ آسه   
darkil-e âse

Fr.: inclinaison de l'axe   

The angle between the rotation axis of a planet and the normal to the ecliptic.

inclination; → axis.

inclination of Earth's equator
  درکیل ِ هموگار ِ زمین   
darkil-e hamugâr-e zamin

Fr.: inclinaison de l'équateur terrestre   

obliquity of the ecliptic.

inclination; → Earth; → equator.

incline
  درکیلیدن   
darkililan

Fr.: s'incliner; incliner   

To deviate from the vertical or horizontal; slant.

Verbal form of → inclination.

include
  درکلاندن   
darkolândan

Fr.: inclure   

To comprise as a part. See also → conclude, → exclude.

From L. includere "to shut in, enclose, imprison, insert," from → in- "in" + claudere "to shut, close; to block up, make inaccessible," ultimately from PIE root *klau- "hook, hooked branch or piece of wood; bolt, bar;" cf. L. clavis "key," clavus "nail," claustrum "bar, bolt, barrier;" Gk. kleidos "bar, bolt, key;" O.Ir. clo "nail;" M.Ir. clithar "hedge, fence;" O.C.S. kljuci "hook, key," kljuciti "shut;" Lith. kliuti "to catch, be caught on;" O.H.G. sliozan "shut," Ger. schließen "to shut," Schlüssel "key."

Darkolândan, from dar-, → in-, + kolândan "to shut," from kolân "wooden bolt, latch;" variants kelân, kolun, kolum, koland, kolandân, kelid, kelidân "wooden bolt, latch;" kalâk "a crook stick for gathering fruit;" (Tabari) kali, (Lori) kelil, (Laki) kalil "key; lock;" (Kurd.) kilil, kilij "key;" (prefixed) biškal(a) "a crooked stick for opening a lock, a sort of key;" (Kurd. Kurmanji) kelemce "handcuff;" (štiyâni) keleku "a large wooden mallet used by bleachers;" (prefixed) eškelak "a piece of wood used between a thief's fingers to force him confess;" kor-mix, gol-mix "a large-headed peg or stake;" Mid.Pers. kilêl "key." This family of Pers. words is probably related to PIE root *klau- "hook, hooked branch or piece of wood; bolt, bar," as above.

inclusion
  درکلان   
darkolân

Fr.: inclusion   

1) The act of including; the state of being included; that which is included.
2) Fragment of foreign material enclosed within the mass of a → mineral or → meteorite. See also → CAI meteorite.

Verbal noun of → include.

incoherent waves
  موج‌های ِ ناهمدوس   
mowjhâ-ye nâhamdus (#)

Fr.: ondes incohérentes   

The lack of a fixed phase relationship between two or more waves. → coherent.

Incoherent, from negation prefix → in- + → coherent; → wave.

incompatibility
  ناسازگاری   
nâsâzgâri (#)

Fr.: incompatibilité   

1) The condition of two things being so different in nature as to be unable to exist together.
2) Logic: (Of two or more propositions) unable to be true simultaneously.

incompatible; → -ity.

incompatible
  ناسازگار   
nâsâzgâr (#)

Fr.: incompatible   

Of two or more propositions, unable to be true simultaneously. → compatible.

From M.L. incompatibilis, from → in- "not" + compatibilis (→ compatible).

Nâsâzgâr, from nâ- "not," → in-, + sâzgâr, → compatible.

incompleteness
  نا-اُسپری   
nâ-ospori

Fr.: incomplétude   

The state of being incomplete, for example in photometric studies of a population of stars when the faintest members of the population are lacking. → completeness

Negative of → completeness.

incompressible flow
  تچان ِ ناتنجیدنی، ~ ِ تنجش‌ناپذیر   
tacân-e nâtanjidani, ~ tanješnâpazir

Fr.: écoulement incompressible   

A flow whose volume or density does not change under pressure, and therefore its density is a constant. In other words, an ideal flow in which the → divergence of velocity is zero. → compressible flow.

incompressible, from → in "not" + → compressible; → flow.

inconsistency
  ناهانسگاری   
nâhânesgâri

Fr.: incohérence, inconsistance   

1) Lack of consistency or agreement; incompatibility; an inconsistent feature or quality.
2) Logic: The property of being inconsistent; a self-contradictory proposition (TheFreeDictionary.com).

in-; → consistency.

inconsistent
  ناهانسگار   
nâhânesgâr

Fr.: incohérent, inconsistant   

1) Lacking in consistency, agreement, or compatibility; at variance.
2) Containing contradictory elements.
4) Maths: (of two or more equations) not having one common set of values of the variables: x + 2y = 5 and x + 2y = 6 are inconsistent
5) Logic: (of a set of propositions) Enabling an explicit contradiction to be validly derived (TheFreeDictionary.com).

in-; → consistent.

increase
  ۱) افزودن؛ ۲) افزایش   
1) afzudan; 2) afzâyeš

Fr.: 1) accroître, augmenter; croître, s'accroître, augmenter; 2) accroissement   

1) To make or become greater, in number, size, degree, etc..
2) The act of increasing. The amount by which something increases.

M.E., from O.Fr. encreiss-, pr.p. stem of encreistre, from L. increscere "to increase, to grow upon," from → in- "in" + crescere "to grow," → crescent.

Afzudan, from Mid.Pers. abzudan "to increase, grow," O.Pers. abijav- "to increase, add to, promote," from abi-, aiby- "in addition to; to; against" + root jav- "press forward," Av. gav- "to hasten, drive," Sk. jav- "to press forward, impel quickly, excite," javate "hastens."

increment
  فزایه   
fazâyé

Fr.: incrément   

The amount by which a varying quantity increases between two of its stages. In → calculus, the Greek letter Δ (delta) is used to denote an increment; e.g. Δx is an increment of x, contrasted to → decrement.

Increment, from L. incrementum "growth, increase," from stem of increscere "to grow in or upon" from → in- "in" + crescere "to grow."

Fazâyé, from fazâ shortened present stem of afzudan "to add, increase" (Mid.Pers. abzudan "to increase, grow;" O.Pers. abijav- "to increase, add to, promote," from abi-, aiby- "in addition to; to; against" + root jav- "press forward;" Av. gav- "to hasten, drive;" Skt. jav- "to press forward, impel quickly, excite," javate "hastens") + -y- euphonic infix + noun/nuance suffix.

indefinite
  ناهدارمند، ناهدار   
nâhedârmand, nâhedâr

Fr.: indéfini   

Not → definite; without fixed or specified limit.

From → in- "not, without" + → definite.

indefinite integral
  دُرُستال ِ ناهدارمند   
dorostâl-e nâhedârmand

Fr.: intégrale indéfinie   

Math.: An integral without upper and lower limits. The general antiderivative of a function. → definite integral.

definite; → integral.

independent
  ناوابسته   
nâvâbasté (#)

Fr.: indépendant   

Not dependent.

From negation prefix → in- + → dependent.

independent events
  رویدادهای ِ ناوابسته   
ruydâdhâ-ye nâvâbasté (#)

Fr.: événements indépendants   

Statistics: Two events if the occurrence of one of them gives no → information about whether or not the other event will occur; these events have no influence on each other.

independent; → event.

<< < -es -iv -ti 217 A s abe abs abs acc acc Ach act act ADa adi adv aff age Alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg arm art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B-t Bai Bal bar bar Be bed Bes BHB bif bim bin Bio bis bla ble blu bod Bol bor bou bra Bre bro Bul cag cal can Can car Car Cas cat CCD cel cen Cet cha cha che che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col Col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor Cos cos cos cou cou cra cri cro cry cum cur cyc d'A dar dat DB dea dec dec dec def def deh del den dep des det deu di- dif dif dif dim dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dom dot dou dri duo dus dyn dyn ear eas ecl Edd eff Ein eje ele ele ele ele ell emb emi Enc ene ens eph EPR equ equ eru eth Eul eve evo exc exc exi exo exp exp ext ext fab fai far Fec fem fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu foc for for Fou fra fre fre Fro fun G s Gal gal gam gas gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia gla God gra gra gra gra Gre Gre Gru gyr had hal har Har HD hea hel hel Her Her hid hig Hip hom hor hot Hub Hug Hun hyd hyd hyg hyp ice ide ima imm imp imp inc ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins int int int int int int int int int inv ion iro ise iso iso Jac jet Joy jur kel Kep kil Kle Kui Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep Lib lig lim lin lin Lio lit loc LOF lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lyo mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec mel mer mes met met met mic mid mil min mir mix mod mol mom Moo mor MRN mul Mus NaC nar nat neb neg nes neu New New nig nod non non non Nor nuc nuc nul nut obe obl obs occ oct off Olb one ope opp opt opt orb orb org Ori ort oth out Owl P-s pal par par par par Pas pat pej peo per per per per per pha Phi pho pho pho phy pin Pla pla pla pla pla plu poi pol pol pol poo pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro Pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua que rac rad rad rad rad rad rad ran rar ray rea rea rec rec Red red ref ref reg rel rel rel ren res res res res ret rev Ric rig rin roc roo rot row Rus Sad sal sat sca sca Sch sci sea sec sec see sel sem sen ser Sgr sha shi sho sid sig sim sin Sir ske sli smo soc sol sol sol sol sol sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi Spo squ sta sta sta sta Ste ste ste sto str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur Swa syn syn tab tar tel tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tit top tot tra tra TRA tra tre tri tri tru Tun Tus tym Typ ult unb und uni uni uns upp Urs vac van var Vei Ven ver vic Vir vir vis vol W 4 war wat wav wea wed wet wid win WN2 Wol wri xen yok zen zin > >>