An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 12948 Search : far
angular momentum transfer
  تراوژ ِ جنباک ِ زاویه‌ای   
tarâvaž-e jonbâk-e zâviye-yi

Fr.: transfert de moment angulaire   

A process whereby in a rotating, non-solid system matter is displaced toward (→ accretion) or away from (→ mass loss) the rotation center. See also → magnetorotational instability.

angular; → momentum; → transfer.

angular momentum transport
  ترابرد ِ جنباک ِ زاویه‌ای   
tarâbord-e jonbâk-e zâviye-yi

Fr.: transfert de moment angulaire   

Same as → angular momentum transfer.

angular; → momentum; → transport.

angular power spectrum
  بیناب ِ توانی ِ زاویه‌ای   
binâb-e tavâni-ye zâviye-yi

Fr.: spectre de puissance angulaire   

Of the → cosmic microwave background radiation, a plot of how much the temperature varies from point to point on the sky versus the angular frequency. This spectrum answers fundamental questions about the nature of the Universe. → cosmic microwave background anisotropy; → dipole anisotropy.

angular; → power; → spectrum.

angular resolution
  واگشود ِ زاویه‌ای   
vâgošud-e zâviye-yi

Fr.: résolution angulaire   

Of a telescope, the smallest angle betwwen two → point sources that produces distinct images. It depends on both the wavelength at which observations are made and on the diameter of the telescope. Same as → spatial resolution.

angular; → resolution.

angular separation
  جدایی ِ زاویه‌ای   
jodâyiye zâviye-yi

Fr.: séparation angulaire   

Same as → angular distance.

angular; → separation.

angular size distance
  اپست ِ زاویه‌ای   
apest-e zâviye-yi

Fr.: distance angulaire   

Same as → angular diameter distance.

angular; → size; → distance.

angular velocity
  تندا‌ی ِ زاویه‌ای   
tondâ-ye zâviye-yi

Fr.: vitesse angulaire   

A measure of the angular displacement per unit time. Of a particle traveling on a circular path or a rotating body, the ratio of the angle traversed to the amount of time it takes to traverse that angle: ω = dθ/dt. For a rigid body, all lines in it rotate through the same angle in the same time, and the angular velocity is the characteristic of the body as a whole. The angular velocity is related to the linear velocity by the equation v = rω, where r is the distance of the point from the rotation axis. → vector angular velocity.

angular; → velocity.

animal
  جانور   
jânevar (#)

Fr.: animal   

Any living creature that is distinguished from plants by independent movement and responsive sense organs.

From L. animale "living being, being which breathes," neuter of animalis "animate, living; of the air," from anima "breath; soul; breeze," cognate with Pers. jân, as below.

Jânevar, jânvar, Mid.Pers. gyânwar "animal; animate," literally "living, alive; quick," from jân, Mid.Pers. (+ prefix *ui-) gyân "(breathing) soul," gyânig "spiritual, vital;" Av. viiānayā "spirit(ness)"; Proto-Iranian *HanH- "to breathe" cf. Skt. ani- "to breathe," aniti "breathes;" Gk. anemos "wind;" L. animus "soul, spirit," anima "breeze, breath, soul;" Goth. uz-anan "to exhale" (Cheung 2007) + -e epenthesis + -var possession suffix; also hen o hen "to pant;" dialects, e.g. Lori, Kurd., henâs, henâsa "breath," henowša "panting."

animate
  فرهنیدن   
farhanidan

Fr.: animer   

1) To give life to; make alive; make lively or vigorous; give motion to.
2) To give an image or cartoon character the appearance of movement using animation techniques.

From L. animatus p.p. of animare "give breath to," also "to endow with a particular spirit, to give courage to," from anima "life, breath"  L. animus "soul, spirit," anima "breeze, breath, soul;" Goth. uz-anan "to exhale;" Gk. anemos "wind;" PIE root *ane- "to blow, to breathe;" cognate with Pers. jân "vital spirit, soul, mind," as below.

Farhanidan, from far- perfection prefix + han variant of jân "vital spirit, soul;" hen o hen "to pant;" Lori, Kurd., henâs, henâsa "breath," henowša "panting;" Mid.Pers. (+ prefix *ui-) gyân "(breathing) soul," gyânig "spiritual, vital;" Av. viiānayā "spirit(ness);" Proto-Iranian *HanH- "to breathe" cf. Skt. ani- "to breathe," aniti "breathes;" Gk. and L., as above, + -idan infinitive suffix.

animation
  فرهنش   
farhaneš

Fr.: animation   

1) An act or instance of animating or enlivening; the state or condition of being animated.
2) The technique of imaging successive drawings or positions of cartoons to create an illusion of movement when the film is shown as a sequence.

animate; → -tion.

anion
  آنیون   
ânion (#)

Fr.: anion   

A → negatively charged → ion or → radical. Anions in a liquid subjected to electric potential are attracted toward the → anode. See also → cation.

From Gk. anienai "to go up," from an-, from → ana- "up," + -i-, from ire, eo "to go, walk," cf. Pers. ây-, → assembly, + -on, as in → ion.

anisoplanatism
  انیزوبیراهی، انیزوبیراهمندی   
anizobirâhi, anizobirâhmandi

Fr.: anisoplanatisme   

In an imaging system, the dependence of its performance on field angle. In other words, the spatial variability of the → point spread function for off-axis sources.

an- + → isoplanatism.

anisoplanicity
  انیزوبیراهیگی   
anizobirâhigi

Fr.: anisoplanicité   

The departure from → isoplanicity.

an-; → isoplanicity.

anisotropic
  نا-ایزوگرد   
nâ-izogard

Fr.: anisotrope   

Describing a medium in which certain physical properties are different in different directions.

anisotropy; → -ic.

anisotropic homogeneous cosmological model
  مدل ِ کیهانشناختی ِ همگن و نا-ایزوگرد   
model-e keyhânšenâxti-ye hamgen o nâ-izogard

Fr.: modèle cosmiologique homogène mais anisotrope   

A solution to Einstein's theory of → general relativity that is spatially homogeneous but allows for rotation and/or shear. See also → Bianchi cosmological model.

anisotropic; → homogeneous; → cosmological; → model.

anisotropy
  ناهمسانگردی، نا-ایزوگردی   
nâhamsângardi, nâ-izogardi

Fr.: anisotropie   

A variation in a property with direction, e.g. → cosmic microwave background anisotropy, → dipole anisotropy.

From → an-, privative prefix, + → isotropy.

ankle
  قوزک   
quzak (#)

Fr.: cheville   

1) (in humans) The joint between the foot and the leg, in which movement occurs in two planes.
2) The corresponding joint in a quadruped or bird; hock (Dictionary.com).

M.E. ankel, enkel, cognate with M.L.G., Du. enkel, O.H.G. anchal, enchil, O.Norse okkul.

Quzak, from quz, variant of kuž "humped," → convex.

annihilation
  نابودی   
nâbudi (#)

Fr.: annihilation   

The process in which the entire → mass of → two colliding → particles, one of → matter and one of → antimatter, is → converted into → radiant energy in the form of → gamma rays. See also → annihilation operator.

L. annihilatus, p.p. of annihilare "to reduce to nothing," from ad- "to" + nihil "nothing," from ne- "not" + hilum "small thing, trifle"

Nâbudi, from nâ- "not" + bud "to be, exist," from budan "to be, exist" + -i noun forming suffix.

annihilation operator
  آپارگر ِ نابودی   
âpârgar-e nâbudi

Fr.: opérateur d'annihilation   

In → quantum field theory, the operator that lowers → eigenstates one → energy level, contrarily to the → creation operator.

annihilation; → operator.

announce
  آژاییدن   
âžâyidan

Fr.: annoncer   

To make known publicly or officially; proclaim; give notice of (Dictionary.com).

M.E., from M.Fr. anoncer, O.Fr. anoncier "announce, proclaim," from L. annuntiare, adnuntiare "to announce, relate," literally "to bring news," from → ad- "to" + nuntiare "relate, report," from nuntius "messenger."

žâyidan, from prefix â- + Sogd., Munji žây- "to speak, to say," Yaghnobi žoy- "to read, sing," Yazghulami γay- "to call," Pers. (prefixed) afqân "lamentation, groaning;" Av. gā- "to sing," pairi.gā.vacah- "who sings the words around," bərəzi.gāθra- "singing high," gāθə- "song, gāthā;" cf. Skt. gā- "to sing;" O.Russ. gajati "to croak (ravens)"; Lith. giedoti "to sing" (Cheung 2007).

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>