An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 12948 Search : far
interference filter
  پالایه‌ی ِ اندرزنشی   
pâlâye-ye andarzaneši

Fr.: filtre interférentiel   

A filter that uses the phenomenon of optical interferences between plane-parallel semi-transparent reflectors to transmit light selectively over a narrow wavelength band.

interference; → filter.

interference fringe
  فریز ِ اندرزنشی   
fariz-e andarzaneši

Fr.: franges d'interférence   

One of the alternating bright or dark bands produced by optical interference.

interference; → fringe.

interference order
  رایه‌ی ِ اندرزنش   
râye-ye andarzaneš

Fr.: ordre d'interférence   

order of interference.

interference; → order.

interference pattern
  الگوی ِ اندرزنش   
olgu-ye andarzaneš

Fr.: figure d'interférence   

A wave pattern that results when two or more waves interfere with each other, generally showing → interference fringes. In acoustics, the interference pattern appear as the effect of → beats.

interference; → pattern.

interferometer
  اندرزنش‌سنج   
andarzanešsanj

Fr.: interféromètre   

1) Physics: A device that divides a beam of light into a number of beams and re-unites them to produce → interference. → Fabry-Perot interferometer; → Michelson interferometer.
2) Astro.: An arrangement of two or more separate telescopes placed at some distance from one another, each one receiving electromagnetic radiation (optical, infrared, or radio) from a celestial object and brought together to form an interference pattern.

Interferometer, from interfer, → interfer, + -o- a connective/euphonic infix + → -meter.

Andarzanešsanj, from andarzanešinterference + -sanj, → -meter.

interferometric
  اندرزنش‌سنجی، اندرزنش‌سنجیک   
andarzanešsanji, andarzanešsanjik

Fr.: interférométrique   

Of or relating to → interferometry.

interferometer; → -ic.

interferometric array
  آرست ِ اندرزنش‌سنجی، ~ اندرزنش‌سنجیک   
ârast-e andarzanešsanji, ~ andarzanešsanjik

Fr.: réseau interférométrique   

A system of several telescopes coupled together in a particular configuration to carry out → interferometry.

interferometric; → array.

interferometric technique
  تشنیک ِ اندرزنش‌سنجی، ~ اندرزنش‌سنجیک   
tašnik-e andarzanešsanji, ~ andarzanešsanjik

Fr.: technique interférométrique   

An observational technique based on principles of → interferometry.

interferometric; → technique.

interferometry
  اندرزنش‌سنجی   
andarzanešsanji

Fr.: interférométrie   

1) The technique and study of the → interference phenomenon produced by → coherent electromagnetic waves.
2) Astro.: An observational technique that uses the interference phenomenon to substantially increase the → resolving power of telescopes.

Interferometry, from interfer, → interfer, + -o- a connective/euphonic infix + → -metry.

intergalactic
  اندرکهکشانی   
andarkahkešâni

Fr.: intergalactique   

Of, existing, or occurring in the space between galaxies. → intergalactic absorption, → intergalactic cloud, → intergalactic matter , → intergalactic medium , → warm-hot intergalactic medium.

inter-; → galactic.

intergalactic absorption
  درشم ِ اندرکهکشانی   
daršam-e andarkahkešâni

Fr.: absorption intergalactique   

Absorption features in the spectra of bright sources like → quasars attributed to a tenuous matter filling the medium between galaxies.

intergalactic; → absorption.

intergalactic cloud
  ابر ِ اندرکهکشانی   
abr-e andarkahkešâni

Fr.: nuage intergalactique   

Intergalactic matter in the form of clouds.

intergalactic; → cloud.

intergalactic matter
  مادّه‌ی ِ اندرکهکشانی   
mâdde-ye andarkahkešâni

Fr.: matière intergalactique   

Very low density material found indirectly in the space between galaxies. → intergalactic absorption.

intergalactic; → matter.

intergalactic medium
  مدیم ِ اندرکهکشانی   
madim-e andarkahkešâni

Fr.: milieu intergalactique   

The matter or environment between the galaxies of a → cluster.

intergalactic; → medium.

interim
  اندریم   
andarim

Fr.: intérim   

1a) An intervening time; interval; meantime.
1b) A temporary or provisional arrangement.
2) For, during, belonging to, or connected with an intervening period of time; temporary; provisional (Dictionary.com).

L. interim (adv.) "in the meantime, meanwhile," originally "in the midst of that," from → inter- "between" + im, an old accusative of "is, he, this, that."

Andarim, from andar-, → inter-, + im variant em "this;" Mid.Pers. im "this;" from Old.Pers./Av. ima "this;" Skt. ima; cf. Lori (Laki) im "this side." The Mid.Pers. im occurs in Mod.Pers. as em- in emruz "today," emšab "tonight," and emsâl "this year."

interior
  درونه   
daruné (#)

Fr.: intérieur   

The internal or inner part. → differentiated interior.

From L. interior "inner," comparative adj. of inter "within."

Daruné, from darun "in, into; within" (Mid.Pers. andarôn "inside," from andar, → inter-, + rôn "side, direction;" Av. ravan- "(course of a) river") + nuance suffix.

intermediate
  میانی، اندرمیانی، میانجی   
myiâni (#), andarmiyâni (#), miyânji (#)

Fr.: intermédiaire   

1) (Adj.) Being or acting at the middle place or stage, or between extremes.
2a) (n.) A person who acts between others; something intermediate.
2b) Chemistry: A molecular entity that is formed (directly or indirectly) from the reactants and reacts further to give (either directly or indirectly) the products of a chemical reaction (PAC, 1996, 68, 149, A glossary of terms used in chemical kinetics, including reaction dynamics, IUPAC Recommendations 1996).
See also:
intermediate boson, → intermediate frequency, → intermediate infrared, → intermediate-mass black hole, → intermediate-mass protostar, → intermediate-mass star.

Intermediate, from M.L. intermediatus "lying between," from L. intermedius "that which is between," from → inter- "between" + medius "located in the middle;" PIE root *medhyo- "middle;" cf. Pers. miyân, as below; Av. maidiia-, Skt. mádhya-; Gk. medos, messos "middle;"

Miyâni, adj. of miyân "within, between, center," from Mid.Pers. mayân "middle; among, between," Av. maidiia- "middle, the middle," maiδiiāna- "middle, center;" cf. Skt. mádhya- "middle, located in the middle;" G.H.G. mitti "located in the middle."
Andarmiyâni, adj. of andarmiyân "in the middle," from andar-, → inter-, + miyân, as above.
Miyânji "intermediary, mediator," from Mid.Pers. mayânjig, from mayân.

intermediate boson
  بوسون ِ میانجی   
boson-e miyânji

Fr.: boson intermédiaire   

A hypothetical → elementary particle that mediates the → weak interaction, carrying its effect from one particle to another as the photon does for electromagnetic interactions. First introduced in 1961 by Sheldon Glashow.

intermediate; → boson.

intermediate frequency
  بسامد ِ میانی   
basâmad-e miyâni

Fr.: fréquence intermédiare   

In a → superheterodyne receiver, a frequency resulting from the combination of the received modulated → carrier frequency and the → local oscillator frequency.

intermediate; → frequency.

intermediate infrared
  فروسرخ ِ میانی   
forusorx-e miyâni (#)

Fr.: infrarouge moyen   

The infrared radiation with wavelengths between about 1.5 and 20 microns. → near infrared; → far infrared.

intermediate; → infrared.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>