An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 13009 Search : far
intervening dust
  غبار ِ اندرگمنده   
qobâr-e andargamandé

Fr.: poussière intervenante   

A cloud of dust particles that happens to lie on the → line of sight between the → observer and the → object.

intervening; → dust.

intervention
  اندرگم   
andargam

Fr.: intervention   

The act or fact of intervening.

M.E., from M.Fr. intervention, or directly from L.L., from L. intervenire "to come between, interrupt," from → inter-, + venire "to come," as below.

Andargam "coming between," from andar- "between," → inter-, + gam "to come;" cf. Av./O.Pers. gam- "to come; to go," Mod./Mid.Pers. gâm "step, pace," âmadan "to come;" cf. Skt. gamati "goes;" Gk. bainein "to go, walk, step;" L. venire "to come;" O.H.G. queman "to come;" E. come; PIE root *gwem- "to go, come."

interview
  ۱) اندردا؛ ۲) اندرداییدن   
1) andardâ; 2) andardâyidan

Fr.: 1) interview, entretien; 2) interviewer, avoir un entretien avec   

1a) A formal meeting in which one or more persons question, consult, or evaluate another person.
1b) A meeting or conversation in which a writer or reporter asks questions of one or more persons from whom material is sought for a newspaper story, television broadcast, etc. The report of such a conversation or meeting.
2) To have an interview with in order to question, consult, or evaluate (Dictionary.com).

From M.Fr. entrevue, verbal noun from s'entrevoir "to see each other, visit each other," from entre- "between," → inter-, + O.Fr. voir "to see," from L. videre, → review.

Andardâ, from andar-, → inter-, + "to see," → review.

interviewee
  اندرداشو، اندرداشونده   
andardâšo, andardâšavandé

Fr.: personne interviewée, invité(e)   

A person who is interviewed.

From → interview + -ee representing , Fr. p.p. suffix.

interviewer
  اندرداگر   
andardâgar

Fr.: intervieweur   

A person who interviews.

interview + → -er.

intra-
  درون-، در-؛ فرو-   
darun- (#), dar- (#); foru- (#)

Fr.: intra-   

Prefix denoting: "inside, within; below." → intramolecular forces; → intermolecular forces; → intramercurian planet.

From L. intra "on the inside, within; during; below." Commonly opposed to → extra-.

Darun "in, into; within" (Mid.Pers. andarôn "inside," from andar, → inter-, + rôn "side, direction;" Av. ravan- "(course of a) river").
Dar "in, into; within," from Mid.Pers. andar, → inter-.
Foru "down, downward; below; beneath" (Mid.Pers. frôt "down, downward;" O.Pers. fravata "forward, downward;" cf. Skt. pravát- "a sloping path, the slope of a mountain").

intracluster medium (ICM)
  مدیم ِ اندرخوشه‌ای   
madim-e andarxuše-yi

Fr.: milieu interamas   

A diffuse (Ne ~ 10-3 cm-3), hot (T ~ 107-108 K), magnetized (B ~ 0.1-10 μG) plasma that exists between galaxies in a → galaxy cluster and is composed mainly of H, He, and → heavy elements. The ICM strongly emits → X-rays (Lx ~ 1045 erg s-1), making it the most luminous extended X-ray source in Universe. While some of the gas has been stripped out of galaxies, it is also likely that some is also primordial in nature, and has been accreted into the clusters. The origin of the ICM is subject of intense investigation. Broadly, two possibilities have been envisaged. The first one considers the intracluster gas to be once contained in galaxies and later driven in the ICM. This would explain several observations: the presence of high → metallicity gas, and H I deficiency of galaxies residing in the cores of rich clusters (which suggests that gas stripping has occurred). Alternatively, the ICM is primordial, originating at the time of cluster formation. Actually the ICM may result from a combination of both scenarios.

intra-; → cluster; → medium.

intramercurial planet
  سیاره‌ی ِ فروتیری   
sayyâre-ye forutiri

Fr.: planète intramercurienne   

A hypothetical planet, named Vulcan, that once was believed to exist between the Sun and Mercury.

intra-; → Mercury; → planet.

intramolecular forces
  نیروها‌ی ِ درون‌ملکولی   
niruh-ye darunmolekuli

Fr.: intramoléculaire   

Within the molecule; occurring by a reaction between different parts of the same molecule.

intra-; → molecular.

intrinsic
  درونگین   
darungin

Fr.: intrinsèque   

Belonging to a thing by its very nature; true; not affected by external factors; → intrinsic brightness. Opposite to extrinsic.

Intrinsic, from M.Fr. intrinsèque "inner," from M.L. intrinsecus "interior, internal," from L. intrinsecus (adv.) "inwardly, on the inside," from intra "within" + secus "alongside," originally "following" (related to sequi "to follow").

Darungin, from darun "in, into; within" (Mid.Pers. andarôn "inside," from andar, → inter-, + rôn "side, direction;" Av. ravan- "(course of a) river") + -gin adj. suffix, contraction of âgin "filled."

intrinsic brightness
  درخشندگی ِ درونگین   
deraxšandegi-ye darungin

Fr.: brillance intrinsèque   

The brightness of an object, such as a star, that is not affected by interstellar absorption and independent of distance.

intrinsic; → brightness.

intrinsic color
  رنگ ِ درونگین   
rang-e darungin

Fr.: couleur intrinsèque   

A → color not affected by → extinction.

intrinsic; → color.

intrinsic luminosity
  تابندگی ِ درونگین   
tâbandegi-ye darungin

Fr.: luminosité intrinsèque   

The energy per second emitted by an astronomical object.

intrinsic; → luminosity.

intrinsic semiconductor
  نیم‌هازا‌ی ِ درونگین   
nimhâzâ-ye darungin ~

Fr.: semiconducteur intrinsèque   

A pure semiconductor containing no → impurity atoms. → extrinsic semiconductor.

intrinsic; → semiconductor.

intrinsic variable
  ورتنده‌ی ِ درونگین   
vartande-ye darungin

Fr.: variable intrinsèque   

A variable star whose fluctuations in brightness are due to natural changes in the luminosity of the star itself, not by external causes, such as in → extrinsic variable stars.

intrinsic; → variable.

introduce
  اندرهاختن، اندرهازیدن   
andarhâxtan, andarhâzidan

Fr.: introduire   

1) To lead or bring in especially for the first time.
2) To bring into practice or use.
3) To present or announce formally or officially or by an official reading (Merriam-Webster.com).

M.E., from L. introducere "to lead inside, to bring in," from intro- "on the inside, within, to the inside," → inter-, + ducere "to lead," → conduct.

Andarhâxtan, andarhâzidan, from andar- "in, into, between," → inter-, + hâxtan, hâzidan "to lead, guide," → conduct.

introduction
  اندرهازش   
andarhâzeš

Fr.: introduction   

1) The act or process of introducing; the state of being introduced.
2) A part of a book or treatise preliminary to the main portion; a preliminary treatise or course of study (Merriam-Webster.com).

Verbal noun of → introduce; → -tion.

intuition
  درگس   
dargas

Fr.: intuition   

The immediate apprehension of knowledge through the use of the senses, without conscious reasoning or analysis. → intuitive, → intuitionism.

M.E., from L.L. intuitionem "a looking at, consideration," noun of action from p.p. stem of intueri "look at, consider," from → in- "at, on" + tueri "to look at, watch over."

Dargas, literally "looking at, consider," from dar-, → in-, + *gas "to look, appear;" cf. Parthian âgas "visible, apparent," pargas- "to observe, take care," related to negâh "look, attention," âgâh "aware, knowing;" Sogd. pcks- "to expect;" Proto-Ir. *kas- "to look, appear" (Cheung 2007).

intuitionism
  درگس‌باوری   
dargas-bâvari

Fr.: intuitionnisme   

A → philosophy of → mathematics that was introduced by the Dutch mathematician L.E.J. Brouwer (1881-1966). Intuitionism is based on the idea that mathematics is a creation of the mind. The truth of a mathematical statement can only be conceived via a mental construction that proves it to be true, and the communication between mathematicians only serves as a means to create the same mental process in different minds (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

intuition; → -ism.

intuitive
  درگسی   
dargasi

Fr.: intuitif   

Known or perceived by → intuition. See also → intuitionism.

intuition; → -ive.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- a p abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi ads aes Age Alb Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app app arb are ari art ass ast ast ast Atl ato ato Aug aut awa azi bac bal Bar Bar Bay bea Bep Bet BIC bij bin bio bir bla bla blu blu bol Boo bou Bq bre bri bub B[e cal cal can car car Cas cat cau cel cen Cer cha cha cha che chi CI cir cir cla cle clo clu co- cob coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos cou cov cra cri cro cry cum cur cyc d'A dar dat DC dea dec dec dec def def deh Del den dep des det deu dia dif dif dif dim dip Dir dis dis dis dis dis div dom dos dou dri Dum dus dyn dyn ear eas ecl Edd eff Ein eje ele ele ele ele eli emb emi Enc ene ens eph epo equ equ eru eth Eul eve evo exc exc exi exo exp exp ext ext Fab fai Fan fea fem fer fie fil fir fir fla flo flu foc For for fos fra fre fre fro fun g m Gal gal gal gas gau gel gen geo geo geo gho gla gno gra gra gra gra Gre Gre gro gyr had hal har Har HD hea hel hel Her Her Hic hig hip hol hor hos hov Hub hun hyd hyd Hyd hyp IC ide ill ima imp imp inc inc ind ind inf inf inf inf inj ins ins int int int int int int int int inv inv ion iro Isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur kel Kep kil Kle Kui Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep Lib lig lim lin lin Lio lit loc LOF lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lyo mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec Mei Mer Mer met met Met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par par par par pas pea pen per per per per Per pet pha Pho pho pho pho Pic Pis Pla pla pla pla Ple poa pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pra pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro pro Pto pul puz qua qua qua qua qui rad rad rad rad rad rad rai ran rar Ray rea Rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel rep res res res res ret Rhe rid rig ris Roe Ros rot rub rut Sag sam sat sca sca Sch sci sea sec sec see sel sem sen ser Sgr sha shi sho sid sig sim sin Sir ske sli smo soc sol sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spe spe spe spe sph spi spl spu sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str Str sub sub sub sul sup sup sup sup sur sus sym syn sys Tam Tay tel ten Ter Tha the the the thi thr tib tid tim tok Tor tot tra tra tra tra Tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ ufo ult unc uni uni uni upl ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vil vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yea You zer zod > >>