An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 12982 Search : far
periapsis
  پیراهباک   
pirâhabâk

Fr.: périapse   

The point in an orbit of a body where it is closest to its primary; opposite of → apoapsis.

peri- + → apsis.

periastron
  پیرا-اختر   
pirâaxtar

Fr.: périastre   

In a binary system, the point in the orbit where a component is nearest the other component; opposite of → apastron.

peri- + astron; → astro-.

pericenter
  پیرامرکز   
pirâmarkaz

Fr.: péricentre   

The point in the orbit of one component of a binary system which is closest to the center of mass of the system; opposite of → apocenter.

peri- + → center.

pericynthion
  پیراماه   
pirâmâh

Fr.: périlune   

The point in the orbit of a satellite around the Moon closest to the Moon; opposite of → apocynthion.

peri- + Gk. Cynthia "goddess of the Moon;" → Cynthian.

Pirâmâh, from pirâ-, → peri-, + mâhmoon.

perigalactic
  پیراکهکشانی   
pirâkahkešâni

Fr.: périgalactique   

Of or pertaining to a → perigalacticon.

peri-; → galactic.

perigalacticon
  پیراکهکشان   
pirâkahkešân

Fr.: périgalacticon   

The point in an object's orbit around a galaxy when the object lies closest to the galactic center; opposite of → apogalacticon.

peri- + → galaxy.

perigee
  پیرازم   
pirâzam

Fr.: périgée   

The point in the orbit of a body revolving around the Earth at which it is nearest to the Earth; opposite of → apogee.

From Fr. périgée, from L. perigæum, from Gk. perigaion "near of the earth," from → per- "near" + gaia/ge "earth."

Pirâzam, from pirâ-, → peri-, + Av. zam- "the earth," Mid.Pers. zamig, Mod.Pers. zami, zamin "the earth;" cf. Skt. ksam, Gk. khthôn, khamai "on the ground," L. homo "earthly being" and humus "the earth" (as in homo sapiens or homicide, humble, humus, exhume); PIE root *dh(e)ghom "earth".

perigee eclipse
  گرفت ِ پیرازمی   
gereft-e pirâzami

Fr.: éclipse périgée   

A solar or lunar eclipse that takes place when the Moon is at the → perigee of its orbit. The maximum duration of a solar perigee eclipse is 5h 14m (between first and the fourth contact). The maximum duration of a lunar perigee eclipse, between the two exterior contacts of the Moon with the penumbra, is 5h 16m, the maximum totality being 1h 40m (M.S.: DSE).

perigee; → eclipse.

perigee full Moon
  پرمانگ ِ پیرازم   
pormâng-e pirâzam

Fr.: pleine lune de périgée   

The → full Moon when our natural satellite is at its closest approach to the Earth. Perigee full Moons are as much as 14% larger and 30% brighter than → apogee full Moons. Also called perigee-syzygy full Moon, super full Moon, and → supermoon. The Supermoon on November 14, 2016, was the closest (356,523 km) a Full Moon has been to Earth since January 26, 1948. The next time a Full Moon is even closer to Earth (356,448 km) will be on November 25, 2034.

perigee; → full; → moon.

perigee-syzygy full Moon
  پرمانگ ِ پیراهور-یوجان   
pormâng-e pirâhur-yujân

Fr.: lune de périgéé-syzygie   

perigee full Moon.

perigee-; → syzygy; → full; → moon.

perihelion
  پیراهور   
pirâhur

Fr.: périhélie   

The nearest point to the Sun in an orbit around the Sun; opposite of → aphelion.

Perihelion, from L. perihelium, from → peri- + helios "sun," cognate with L. sol, Skt. surya, Av. hvar-, Mod.Pers. xor, hur, O.H.G. sunna, Ger. Sonne, E. sun; PIE *sawel- "sun".

Pirâhur, from pirâ-, → peri-, + hur "sun," as above;

perihelion advance
  پیشرفت ِ پیراهور   
pišraft-e pirâhur

Fr.: avance du périhélie   

advance of perihelion.

advance of perihelion.

perihelion distance
  اپست ِ پیراهوری   
apest-e pirâhuri

Fr.: distance au périhélie   

The distance between the → Sun and an → object in orbit around it when they are at their closest approach.

perihelion; → distance.

perihelion precession
  پیشایانِ پیراهوری   
pišâyân-e pirâhuri

Fr.: précession du périhélie   

advance of perihelion.

perihelion; → precession.

perijove
  پیراهرمز   
pirâhormoz

Fr.: périjove   

The → point in the → orbit of a → satellite of → Jupiter that is nearest to Jupiter's center. → apojove.

peri- + jove, from L. Jovius "Jupiter," → Jovian.

peril
  سیج   
sij (#)

Fr.: péril   

1) Exposure to injury, loss, or destruction; grave risk; jeopardy; danger.
2) Something that causes or may cause injury, loss, or destruction (Dictionary.com).

M.E., from O.Fr. peril "danger, risk," from L. periculum "an attempt, trial; risk, danger," related to experiri "to try," cognate with Gk. peria "trial, attempt," empeiros "experienced;" O.Ir. aire "vigilance;" Goth. ferja "watcher;" O.E. fær "danger; fear."

Sij "trouble;" Mid.Pers. sêj "danger, trouble," sêjômand "dangerous;" Av. iθyejah- "trouble, danger," iθyejahvant- "full of danger, hazardous;" cf. Skt. tyajas- "difficulty, danger."

perilune
  پیراماه   
pirâmâh

Fr.: périlune   

The point in a lunar orbit that is nearest to the moon. Same as → pericynthion.

From → peri- + lune, from L. luna "moon;" → lunar.

Pirâmâh, → apocynthion.

perimeter
  پیرامون   
pirâmun (#)

Fr.: périmètre   

The total outer boundary of a two-dimensional figure.

peri- + → -meter.

period
  دوره   
dowré (#)

Fr.: période   

Physics: The duration of one complete cycle of an oscillation; the reciprocal of the frequency.
Astro.: The amount of time an astronomical body takes to complete an orbit.

From M.E. periode, from M.Fr., from M.L. periodus "recurring portion, cycle," from L. periodus "a complete sentence," from Gk. periodos "rounded sentence, cycle, circuit, period of time," literally "going around," from → peri- "around" + hodos "way, journey;" cognate with L. cedere "to go, yield."

Dowré, from dowr, from Ar. daur "age, time; revolution."

period derivative
  واخنه‌ی ِ دوره   
vâxane-ye dowré

Fr.: dérivée de la période   

The rate at which the rotation period of a → pulsar changes over time. This quantity, dP/dT, can range from as small as 0.05 picoseconds per year (1.5 x 10-21 seconds per second) to as large as about 10 milliseconds per year (4.2 x 10-10 seconds per second). For the → Crab pulsar, the period derivative is 4.2 x 10-13 s s-1, implying a decrease in the star's → rotation energy of about 4.5 x 1038 erg s-1. Period derivative is a very important parameter for the determination of the pulsar age.

period; → derivative.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- a p abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi ads aes Age Alb Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app app arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att Aur aut axi azi bac Bal Bar Bar Bay Bec Ber bet bic bij bin bio Bir bla Bla blu blu bol Boo bou bra Bre bro bug C r cal Cal can car Car Cas cat cau cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che chl cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- coc coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos Cou cou cow cre cri cro cry cur cut Cyg dam dar dat de deb dec dec ded def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dig dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis div don dou dow dro dur dwa dyn Dys ear ebb ecl edg egg Ein Ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp enc eng ent epi equ equ Equ esc eth Eur eve exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext eye fac fal Far fed fer fer fie fin fir fit fla flo flu fol for for Fou fra fre Fre fro fuz gai Gal Gal gam gas Gau gen gen geo geo geo gia glo gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I hai Ham har Hau hea hec hel hel her HES hie hig his hom hor hot Hub hum Huy hyd hyd hyl hyp ice ide ima imp imp imp inc ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iro irr iso iso ite jel Jou Jup kao Kep kil Kip Kra Lag Lam lan lar las law lea leg Leo lex lig lim lin lin lin lit Loc loc log Lor low lum lun lun Lym mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mec meg men mer met met met mic mic Mik min min mis mob mod mol mon moo mou mul mul mys nan Nat nau nec neo neu nev New NGC no nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nut obj obs obs occ odd OH Ome Oor ope opp opt opt orb ord ori ort osc out ove oxi pai Pan par par par par pas pea pen per per per per Per per pha phl pho pho pho pi pip Pla pla pla pla ple poa pol Pol pol pol pop pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro pro Pto pul puz qua qua qua qua qui rad rad rad rad rad rad rai ran rar Ray rea Rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel rep res res res res ret Rhe rid rig ris Roe Ros rot rub rut Sag sam sat sca sca Sch sci sea sec sec see sel sem sen ser Sh2 sha shi sho sid sig sim sin Sir ske sli Smo soc sol sol sol sol sol sou spa spa spe spe spe spe sph spi spo Squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste sto str str str sub sub sub sum sup sup sup sup sur sus sym syn T d tap tec tem ten tes the the the the thi thr tid tim tip ton tor tow tra tra tra tra tri tri tru tub tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unp upp urg V20 Van var veg vel ver vib vio vir vis Vol Vul wan wat wav WC4 wea wel whi Wil wis WNL wor X-r Yer Z s zer [C > >>