An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 13070 Search : far
polytheism
  بل‌یزدان‌باوری، چندیزدان‌باوری   
bol-yazdân-bâvari, cand-yazdân-bâvari

Fr.: polythéisme   

The doctrine of or belief in more than one god or in many gods (Dictionary.com). → polydeism.

poly-; → theism.

polytrope
  بُلگشت   
bolgašt

Fr.: polytrope   

In astrophysics, a gaseous sphere in hydrodynamic equilibrium in which the pressure and density are related by the equation P = Kρ(n+1)/n at each point along the radius, where K is a constant and n is the → polytropic index. The constant K depends upon the nature of the polytrope. Before the advent of computing technology, the theory of polytropes played an important role in physically modeling the structure of stars. → Lane-Emden equation.

Polytrope, from → poly- + trope, from → -tropic.

Bolgašt, from bol-, → poly-, + gašt "change, alteration," → -tropic.

polytropic
  بُلگشتی   
bolgašti

Fr.: polytropique   

1) Math.: Describing a function which has different values for one variable.
2) Thermodynamics: Pertaining to pressure and volume change that maintains specific heat. → polytropic process.

poly- + → -tropic.

polytropic change
  دگرشد ِ بُلگشتی، دگرش ِ ~   
degaršod-e bolgašti, degareš-e ~

Fr.: changement polytropique   

A change in the → pressure or → volume of a → gas in a → polytropic process.

polytropic; → change.

polytropic gas
  گاز ِ بُلگشتی   
gâz-e bolgašti

Fr.: gaz polytropique   

A gas capable of undergoing a → polytropic process.

polytropic; → gas.

polytropic index
  دیشن ِ بُلگشت   
dišan-e bolgašt

Fr.: index polytropique   

A number appearing in the equation describing a → polytropic process.

polytropic; → index.

polytropic process
  فراروند ِ بُلگشتی   
farâravand-e bolgašti

Fr.: processus polytropique   

A thermodynamic process that obeys the relation: PVn = C, where P is pressure, V is volume, n is any real number, called the → polytropic index, and C is a constant.
If n = 0, then P = C and it is an → isobaric process.
If n = 1, then for an → ideal gas PV = NkT = C and it is an → isothermal process.
If n = γ, → adiabatic index, then for an ideal gas it is an → adiabatic process.

polytropic; → process.

polyvalent
  بل-ارز   
bol-arz

Fr.: polyvalent   

1) Chem.: Having more than one → valence.
2) → polyvalent logic.

poly-; → valence.

polyvalent logic
  گوییک ِ بل-ارز   
guyik-e bol-arz

Fr.: logique polyvalente   

A system of logic with more than two → truth values, as opposed to → classical logic. A polyvalent logic may have a continuous scale of values with → true and → false as limiting → extremes.

polyvalent; → logic.

pool
  ۱) کول؛ ۲) کولیدن   
1) kul; 2) kulidan

Fr.: 1) fond commun; 2) mettre en commun   

1) Any combination of resources put together to be shared in community, such as memory pool, storage pool.
2) To combine into a common fund, as for a joint enterprise.

1) M.E., O.E. pol, akin to Du. poel, O.H.G. pfuol, Ger. Pfuhl "puddle."
2) Verb from M.Fr. poule (literally "hen") "the receptacle for the stakes played for in certain games with cards, the collective stakes of the players at these games," from M.L. pulla "hen," from L. pullus "young animal," related to L. putus, putillus "small boy," puer "son, boy;" Av. puθra- "son;" O.Pers. puça- "son;" Mod.Pers. pur, pesar "son, boy;" cf. Skt. putrá- "son, child, young of an animal."

Kul "pond, pool, reservoir," variants kulâb, qulé, farqar, related to kulidan "to dig, excavate," Mid.Pers. kwl "pit, sink, cavity."

pooling
  کولش   
kuleš

Fr.: mise en commun   

The act or result of putting resources into a pool or common stock by agreement.

Verbal noun of → pool.

poor
  کم-، کمدار   
kam-, kamdâr

Fr.: pauvre   

Lacking an expected supply of something specified.

M.E. pov(e)re, from O.Fr. povre, from L. pauper "poor," perhaps a compound of paucus "little" and parare "to get."

Kam "little, few; deficient, wanting; scarce" (Mid.Pers. kam "little, small, few;" O.Pers./Av. kamna- "small, few," related to keh "small, little, slender" (related to kâstan, kâhidan "to decrease, lessen, diminish," from Mid.Pers. kâhitan, kâstan, kâhênitan "to decrease, diminish, lessen;" Av. kasu- "small, little;" Proto-Iranian *kas- "to be small, diminish, lessen") kamdâr, literally "having little possession," from kam + dâr "having, possessor," from dâštan "to have, to possess," Mid.Pers. dâštan; O.Pers./Av. root dar- "to hold, keep back, maintain, keep in mind;" Skt. dhr-, dharma- "law;" Gk. thronos "elevated seat, throne;" L. firmus "firm, stable;" Lith. daryti "to make;" PIE *dher- "to hold, support."

popular
  ۱) مردم‌پسند؛ ۲) مردمانه   
1) mardom-pasand; 2) mardomâné

Fr.: populaire   

1) Accepted, followed, used, or done by many people.
2) Of, relating to, or coming from most of the people in a country, society, or group (Merriam-Webster.com).

M.E., from M.Fr. populier, from L. popularis "belonging to the people, general, common; devoted to or accepted by the people; democratic," from populus "people," → population.

Mardom-pasand, from mardom, → people, + pasand agent noun from pasandidan "to approve, cherish;" Mid.Pers. passandidan "to like, approve, appreciate;" ultimately from Proto-Ir. *pati-sand- "to appreciate; "from *sand- "to appear, seem (good);" cf. Av. sənd- "to appear; seem (good);" O.Pers. θand- "to seem;" Skt. chand- "to appear, to please;" L. censo "I approve, judge." Mardomâné from mardom + -âné suffix with several significations: similarity, manner, ability, suitability, property, possession, etc., from Mid.Pers. -ânag.

popularization
  مردم‌پسندانش، مردمانش   
mardom-pasandâneš, mardomâneš

Fr.: popularisation   

The act of popularizing.

popularize; → -tion.

popularize
  مردم‌پسنداندن، مردمانیدن   
mardom-pasandândan, mardomânidan

Fr.: populariser   

1) To make popular; make attractive to the general public.
2) To make (a scientific or academic subject) accessible to the general public by presenting it in an understandable form (OxfordDictionaries.com).

popular; → -ize.

populate
  پرینیدن   
porinidan

Fr.: peupler   

1) To inhabit; live in; be the inhabitants of.
2) To furnish with inhabitants, as by colonization (Dictionary.com).

Infinitive, corresponding to → population.

population
  پُرینش   
porineš

Fr.: population   

Statistics: Any finite or infinite set of individuals, items, or data subject to a statistical study. → disk population; → halo population; → population inversion; → Bose-Einstein distribution.

Verbal noun of populate, from M.L. populatus, p.p. of populare "to inhabit," from L. populus "people."

In the IE languages the concepts of "full, many, multitude" and "people, group, herd, flock" are related. In Pers. several variants of por "full, much, many" denote "group, population," as in Lori, Qâyeni bor "group, tribe, herd," Torbat-Heydariyeyi, Qomi borr "heap, bundle, group," Qomi borreh "group, assemblage of people," Pashtu parrak "flock, herd," Urdu para "flock, herd," Lârestâni baila "group, tribe," Tabari balik "herd, flock;" other examples from literary Pers. bâré "herd, flock," parré "a rank or file of soldiers, a circular disposition of troops." Therefore, porineš "population," verbal noun of porinidan "to populate," infinitive of porin "populous," from por "mutitude, many, full" + -in attribution suffix. Por, from Mid.Pers. purr "full;" O.Pers. paru- "much, many;" Av. par- "to fill," parav-, pauru-, pouru- "full, much, many;" PIE base *pelu- "full," from *pel- "to be full;" cf. Skt. puru- "much, abundant;" Gk. polus "many," plethos "great number, multitude;" O.E. full.

Population I star
  ستاره‌ی ِ پرینش ِ I   
setâre-ye-e porineš-e I

Fr.: étoiles de population I   

A member of a class of relatively young stars, containing a large fraction of → metals, found mainly in the disk of the Galaxy.

population; I, Roman number 1; → star.

Population II star
  ستاره‌ی ِ پرینش ِ II   
setâre-ye porineš-e II

Fr.: étoiles de population II   

A member of a population of relatively old stars, containing a small fraction of → metals, found mainly in the → halo of the Galaxy and in → globular clusters.

population; II, Roman number 2; → star.

Population III star
  ستاره‌ی ِ پرینش ِ III   
setâre-ye porineš-e III

Fr.: étoile de population III   

A member of the first generation of stars, formed out of pristine gas, enriched by → primordial nucleosynthesis alone. The material from which these stars formed consisted mostly of hydrogen and helium. Because neutral hydrogen clouds were free of dust, their cooling mechanism was drastically ineffective. As a result, these star forming clouds had a much higher temperature than in the present epoch, and their → Jeans mass was much higher. Therefore, these first generation of stars were principally massive, with a typical mass scale of order of about 100 Msun. Population III stars started forming about 300 million years after the → Big Bang at → redshifts between 50 and 6, when the Universe had between 1 and 5% of its present age. These stars were probably responsible for the → reionization of the Universe. Given their high mass, they lived only a few million years ending with either a → pair-instability supernova phase or a direct collapse to a → black hole. Population III stars thus initiated the chemical enrichment of the Universe and opened the way to more normal modes of star formation, namely → Population II. Some models predict a bimodal → initial mass function for the first stars, allowing also for solar mass stars. See also → extremely metal-poor star.

population; III, Roman number 3; → star.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara Arc ari Arr ash ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut aut axi Baa bal Bal bar bar bea beh Bes bia big bin bin bip biv bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo Cal cal Can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CGS cha cha che che chr cir cir cis cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos Cou cou cov cre cri cro cry cur cut Cyg DA dar dat de deb dec dec ded def def dei dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dig Dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis div dom dou dow dri dur dus dyn dyn ear eav ecl Edd eff Ein Ekm ele ele ele ele ell emb emi enc ene ent eph equ equ equ eru eth eup eve EX exc exe exi exo exp ext ext ext fab fai far Fec fem fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu foc for for Fou fra fre fre fro fun G r Gal gal gam gas Gau gel gen geo geo geo Gho gla goa gra gra gra gra gre Gre gro gyr had hal har har HD Hea Hel hel Her her hid hig hip hol hor hos hov Hub Hun hyd hyd hyd hyp IC ide ill ima imp imp inc inc ind ind inf inf inf inf inj InS ins int int int int int int int int int inv ion iro ise iso iso ite jet Jou Jup kap Kep kil Kip Kra Lag Lam Lan Lar las law lea Leg Leo lev lig lim lin lin lin lit loc loc log Lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea med men mer Mes met met mic Mic Mie Mil min mis mJy mod mol mon moo mot mul mul mut nad nas nat neb neg net neu New New nig Noe non non non Nor nov nuc nul num OB obl obs occ Ock off Ohm on- ope opi opt opt orb orb ord Ori ort osm out ove ozo pal pan par par par par pat pec pen per per per per per Pfu pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua qui rad rad rad rad rad rad rai ran Ras Ray rea rec rec rec red red ref reg reg rel rel rel rep res res res res Reu rhe Rie rig ris Roe Ros rot Rud ryd Sag sam sat sca sca Sch sci Sea sec sec see sel sem sen ser Sey Sha she sho sid sig sim sim sin ske sle smo Sob sof sol sol sol sol sou Sou spa Sp spe spe spe sph spi spi spr squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto Str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tab tar tek tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unk upp Urc utt val var vec vel ver ver vin vir vis Vog von wal wat wav wax wea wei Whi wil win WN7 wor X-r Yar You zer zod > >>