An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 12937 Search : far
semantics
  چماریک   
cemârik

Fr.: sémantique   

The study of the → meaning of signs or symbols, as opposed to their formal relations (→ syntactics).

semantic; → -ics.

semen
  شسر   
šosar (#)

Fr.: sperme, semence   

Biology: The male reproductive fluid, containing spermatozoa in suspension. → inseminate, → insemination; → fecundate, → fecundation.

M.E., from L. semen "seed;" akin to serere "to sow;" cf. O.C.S. seme, O.H.G. samo; E. sow.

From Mid.Pers. šusar "semen; liquid, fluid;" Av. xšudra- "semen; liquid, fluid;" related to Pers. šostan/šuy- "to → wash."

semi-
  نیم-، نیمه-   
nim- (#), nimé- (#)

Fr.: semi-, demi-   

A combining form meaning "half," freely prefixed to English words of any origin.

From L. semi- "half," from PIE *semi-; cf. Skt. sāmi "half," sāmi-krita- "half-done;" Gk. hemi- "half;" O.E. sam-; Goth. sami- "half."

Nim, nimé "half," from Mid.Pers. nêm, nêmag "half;" Av. naēma- "half;" cf. Skt. néma- "half."

semi-forbidden line
  خط ِ نیمه-بژکم   
xatt-e nime-bažkam

Fr.: raie semi-interdite   

A → spectral line for which the upper and lower → energy levels have different values of S, the total → spin angular momentum. These lines violate the quantum mechanical → selection rule under → LS coupling, ΔS = 0. For example, the Ca I λ6573 line results from transition between the upper → triplet state (3P1) with a total spin angular momentum S = 1 and the → ground state, a → singlet state (1S0, total spin angular momentum S = 0). A semi-forbidden line is marked by a right bracket following the atom name, i.e. Ca I], in the above-mentioned case. Same as → interconnection line and → intersystem line.

semi-; → forbidden; → line.

semi-forbidden transition
  گذرش ِ نیمه-بژکم   
gozareš-e nime-bažkam

Fr.: transition semi-interdite   

An → atomic transition whose probability is reduced by a factor of the order of 106 because of → selection rules. Same as → interconnection line.

semi-; → forbidden; → transition.

semi-major axis
  آسه‌ی ِ نیمه‌مهین   
âse-ye nimeh-mehin

Fr.: demi grand axe   

Half the length of the major axis of an ellipse; a standard element used to describe an elliptical orbit. see orbital elements

semi-; → major; → axis.

semiconductor
  نیم-هازا، نیمه-رسانا   
nim-hâzâ, nime-rasânâ

Fr.: semi-conducteur   

Any of various solid crystalline substances, such as germanium or silicon, which has conducting properties intermediate between metals and insulators.

semi-; → conductor.

semiconductor junction
  جوهه‌ی ِ نیم-هازا   
juhe-ye nim-hâzâ

Fr.: jonction semi-conducteur   

In a semiconductor device, a region of transition between semiconducting regions of different electrical properties.

semiconductor; → junction.

semiconvection
  نیم-همبز   
nim-hambaz

Fr.: semi-convection   

An instability occurring in the region just outside the → convective core of a → massive star. The instability occurs when a → superadiabatic layer is stabilized by a chemical gradient. In fact, semiconvection takes place if → Schwarzschild's criterion for convection is fulfilled but at the same time → Ledoux's criterion is not fulfilled. The time-scale of semiconvection is the thermal time-scale, which is short compared to the nuclear time-scale in → main sequence stars but long compared to the time-scale of convection. However, semiconvection has a profound influence on the → post-main sequence star evolution. It affects the convective mixing above the hydrogen shell source, determines the appearance and extent of → blue loops in the → Hertzsprung-Russell diagram during core → helium burning, and is essential for defining the extent of the convective cores during core helium burning (See, e.g., N. Langer, 2012, Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 50, 107).

semi-; → convection.

semidetached binary
  دُرین ِ نیم-جدا   
dorin-e nim-jodâ

Fr.: bianire semi-détachée   

A binary system whose secondary member fills its Roche lobe but whose primary member does not.

semi-; detached, p.p. of detach, from O.Fr. destachier (Fr. détacher), from des- "apart," + -tachier (as in atachier "to attach"); → binary.

Dorin, → binary; nim-jodâ, from nim-semi- + jodâ "separate," from Mid.Pers. yut "separate, different;" Av. yuta- "separate, apart."

semidetached system
  راژمان ِ نیم-جدا   
râšmân-e nim-jodâ

Fr.: système semi-détaché   

Same as → semidetached binary.

semi-; detached, p.p. of detach, from O.Fr. destachier (Fr. détacher), from des- "apart," + -tachier (as in atachier "to attach"); → system.

Râžmân, → system; nim-jodâ, from nim-semi- + jodâ "separate," from Mid.Pers. yut "separate, different;" Av. yuta- "separate, apart."

semidiameter
  نیم-ترامون   
nim-tarâmun

Fr.: demi-diamètre   

The angle at the observer subtended by the equatorial radius of the Sun, Moon, or a planet.

semi-; → diameter.

semiempirical
  نیمه‌آروینی   
nime-ârvini

Fr.: semi-empirique   

Describing an → equation or → formula that results from a → combination of → experiment and → theory.

semi-; → empirical.

semiempirical binding energy formula
  دیسول ِ نیمه‌آروینی ِ انرژی ِ بندش   
disul-e nime-ârvini-ye kâruž-e bandeš

Fr.: formule semi-empirique de l'énérgie de liaison   

Same as → Weizsacker formula.

semiempirical; → binding; → energy; → formula.

semilatus rectum
  نیم-تار ِ راست   
nim-târ-e râst

Fr.: demi-latus rectum   

Half the → latus rectum. For an ellipse, semilatus rectum has the expression l = b2/a, where a and b are semi-major and minor axes of the ellipse. It can also be expressed in terms of → eccentricity, e, as: l = a(1 - e2).

semi-; → latus rectum.

semiotic
  نشانیک   
nešânik

Fr.: sémiotique   

1) Of or pertaining to → signs.
2) Of or pertaining to → semiotics.

From Gk. semeiotikos "significant," also "observant of signs," adj. form of semeiosis "indication," from semeion "to signal, interpret a sign," from sema "sign."

semiotics
  نشانیک   
nešânik

Fr.: sémiotique   

The study of linguistic and non-linguistic signs and symbols used in natural and artificially constructed languages. Semiotics is usually divided into three branches: 1) → pragmatics, 2) → semantics, and 3) → syntax.

semiotic; → -ics.

semiregular variable
  ورتنده‌ی ِ نیمه‌بسامان   
vartande-ye nime-besâman

Fr.: variable semirégulière   

A type of giant or supergiant pulsating variable star, with intermediate or late spectra, showing noticeable periodicity in its light changes, accompanied or sometimes interrupted by various irregularities. Periods lie in the range from 20 to more than 2000 days, while the shapes of the light curve may be rather different and variable with each cycle. The amplitudes may be from several hundredths to several magnitudes (usually 1-2 magnitudes in the V filter). Examples are Betelgeuse, Antares, and Rasalgethi. Semiregular variables are classified in several subtypes: SRA, SRB, SRC, and SRD.

semi-; → regular; → variable.

senior
  مهتر   
mehtar (#)

Fr.: 1) aîné; 2) supérieur; de dernière année   

1) Older or elder (designating the older of two men bearing the same name, as a father whose son is named after him, often written as Sr. or sr. Compare → junior.
2a) Of higher or the highest rank or standing.
2b) (in American schools, colleges, and universities) Of or relating to students in their final year or to their class (Dictionary.com).

M.E., from L. senior "older," comparative of senex (genitive senis) "old," from PIE root *sen- "old;" cf. Av. hana- "old;" O.Pers. hanata- "old age, lapse of time;" Skt. sanah "old;" Armenian hin "old;" Gk. enos "old, of last year;" Lith. senas "old," senis "an old man;" Goth. sineigs "old," O.Irish sen, O.Welsh hen "old." sjunio

Mehtar "greater, elder, governor," from meh "great, large, principla," cognate with L. mas, → Big Bang, + comparative suffix -tar.

sensation
  حسّکرد، حسّش   
hess-kard, hesseš

Fr.: sensation   

The perception or awareness of stimuli through the senses.

From M.L. sensationem (nominative sensatio), from L.L. sensatus "endowed with sense, sensible," from L. sensus "feeling," → sense.

Hess-kard, hesseš, verbal nouns of hess kardin, hessidan, → sense.

<< < -es -iv -ti 217 A s abe abs abs acc acc Ach act act ADa adi adv aff age Alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg arm art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B-t Bai Bal bar bar Be bed Bes BHB bif bim bin Bio bis bla ble blu bod Bol bor bou bra Bre bro Bul cag cal can Can car Car Cas cat CCD cel cen Cet cha cha che che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col Col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos cou cou cra cri cro cry cul cur cyc D r dar dat day dea dec dec dec def def deg del den dep des det deu dex dif dif dif dim dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dom dos dou dri Dum dus dyn dyn ear eas ecl Edd eff Ein eje ele ele ele ele eli emb emi Enc ene ens eph epo equ equ eru eth Eul eve evo exc exc exi exo exp exp ext ext fab fai Fan Fea fem fer fie fil fir fis fla flo flu foc for for Fou fra fre fre fro fun G r Gal gal gam gas Gau gel gen geo geo geo Gho gla goa gra gra gra gra gre Gre gro gyr had hal har har HD Hea Hel hel Her her hid hig Hip hom hor hot Hub Hub hun hyd hyd hyg Hyp ice ide ima imm imp imp inc ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins int int int int int int int int int inv ion iro ise iso iso Jab jet Jov Jur Kel Kep kil kit Kui Lag lam lan Lar Lat law lea lem lep Li- lig lim lin lin lio lit loc lod lon Lor low Lum lun Lup Lyn mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man mar mas mas mat Max mea mec mel mer mes met met met mic mid mil Min mir mix mod mol mom Moo mor mov mul mur nab nar nat neb neg nes neu New New nig nod non non non Nor nua nuc nul Nun OBC obl obs occ oct off Ohm on- ope opp opt opt orb orb org Ori ort Ost out ove p m Pal par par par par Pas pat Peg Peo per per per per per pha Phe pho pho pho phy pin pla pla pla pla pla plu poi pol pol Pol pol pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro pro pse pul Pup Qua qua qua qua que rac rad rad rad rad rad rad ran rap ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel ren res res res res ret rev Ric rig rin roc roo rot rot rur Sac sal sat sca sca Sch sci Scu sec sec Sed sel sem sen Ser Sey Sha she sho sid sig sim sin sip ske sli smo soc sol sol sol sol sol sou spa spa spe spe spe spe Spi spi spo squ sta sta sta sta Ste ste ste sto str str str sub sub sub sun sup sup sup sup sur sus sym syn T-s tar Tei tem ter tes the the the the thi thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur Tyc Typ ult unb und uni uni unr upp Urs vac van Var veg Ven ver vib vio vir vis vol VY war wat wav WC8 Web wes whi win WN1 wob wri X-r yoc zen Zhe > >>