An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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<< < -es -iv -ti 217 a- abe abs abs acc acc ach act act ada adi adv aff agg Alc Alf ali all alp alt Ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc arg arm art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B-t bai Bal bar bar Be bee Bes bi- bif bin bin bio bis bla bli blu Boe Bol bor bou bra bri Bro bum CAI cal Can cap car car cat cat CCD Cel cen CGS cha cha che che chr cir cir civ cla clo clo CMB coa coe coh col col col Com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos cou cov cra cri cro cry cum cur cyc d'A dar dat DC dea dec dec dec def def deh Del den dep des det dev dia dif dif dif dim dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dom dou dou dri dup dus dyn dyn ear eas ecl Edd eff Ein Ekm ele ele ele ele ell emb emi enc ene ent eph equ equ equ eru eth eup eve EX exc exe exi exo exp ext ext ext fac fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu fog for for Fou fra fre Fre Fro fus G-t gal gal Gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia gla gol gra gra gra gra Gre Gre gui H a haf Hal har har He- hea hel Hel her Her hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyl hyp ice ide ima imp imp imp inc ind ind ine inf inf Inf inj InS ins int int int int int int int int inv inv ion iro Isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil kly L d Lag lam Lap lar lat law Lea len lep lib lig lin lin lin liq lit loc log lon Los low lum lun Lut Lyr mac mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat mea mec mem mer mes met met met mic mid mil min Mir Miz mod mol mon moo MOS mul mul mut nai nas nat neb neg Neu neu New New Nih noi non non non nor nuc nuc nul nut obj obl obs occ oct off old one ope opp opt opt orb ord org Ori osc oth ove oxi pac Pal par par Par par pas Pau Pel per per per per per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pip Pla pla pla pla pla Plu Poi pol pol pol pop pos pos pot Pra pre pre pre Pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro pro Pto pul puz qua qua qua qua qui rad rad rad rad rad rad rai ran Ras Ray rea rec rec rec red red ref reg reg rel rel rel rep res res res res rev rhe Rie Rig Rit roe Ros rot Ruf Ryd Sag sam sat sca sca Sch Sco sec sec sec seg sel sem sen set sha SHB sho sib sie sil sim sin sit sky slo sno sod sol sol sol sol sor sou Spa spa spe spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste Ste sto str str sub sub sub suf sun sup sup sup sup sur swo syn sys tak Tay Tel ten ter tet the the the thi Tho thu tid tim toa top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro Tru tur twi Typ UBV ult unb uni uni uni up ura uti val var vec Vel ver ver vig vir vis VLT vol wad was wav wav wea wei Whe Wie win WN5 Wol X-r yea You zer zod > >>

Number of Results: 12929 Search : far
sentential
  سهانی   
sahâni

Fr.: phrastique   

Pertaining to or of the nature of a → sentence.

From L. sententi(a), → sentence, + → -al.

sentential logic
  گوییک ِ سهانی   
guyik-e sahâni

Fr.: logique des propositions, ~ phrastique   

Same as → propositional logic.

sentential; → logic.

separate
  ۱) جدا؛ ۲) جدا کردن، جداییدن   
1) jodâ (#); 2) jodâ kardan, jodidan

Fr.: 1) séparé; 2) séparer   

1) Detached, disconnected, disjoined.
2) To set apart; disconnect; dissociate.

separation.

separation
  جدایی   
jodâyi (#)

Fr.: séparation   

General: The act or process of separating. The place at which a division or parting occurs.
Astro.: The angular distance between the two components of a visual binary or optical double star.

M.E., from O.Fr. separation, from L. separationem, from separare "to pull apart," from se- "apart" + parare "make ready, prepare."

Jodâyi state noun of jodâ "separate," from Mid.Pers. yut "separate, different;" Av. yuta- "separate, apart."

separation energy
  کاروژ ِ جدایی   
kâruž-e jodâyi

Fr.: énergie de séparation   

The energy required to remove a particle (a proton or a neutron) from a particular atomic nucleus.

separation; → energy.

separator
  جداگر   
jodâgar

Fr.: séparateur   

A person or thing that separates. → decimal point.

separate; → -or.

separatrix
  جداگر   
jodâgar

Fr.: séparatrice   

1) General: Something that divides or separates. Plural: separatrices.
2) Math.: Any mark that separates digits in groups, such as the decimal point placed at the left of a decimal fraction, to separate it from the whole number which it follows.
3) Physics: A bundle of magnetic field lines which creates separate plasma regions.

From L. separatrix "she that separates," → separation; -trix a suffix.

Jodâgar, from jodâ "separate," → separation, + -gar, → -or.

sequence
  پی‌آیه، رشته   
peyâyé, rešté

Fr.: 1) suite, séquence; 2) suite   

1) General: The following of one thing after another; succession; something that follows; connected line of events, ideas, etc.
2) Math.: A set of quantities that are ordered in some way, such as a1, a2, a3, .... A sequence is said to be known if a formula can be given for any particular term using the preceding terms or using its position in the sequence. Special types of sequences are commonly called → progressions. The terms of a sequence, when written as an indicated sum, form a → series.

M.E., from O.Fr. sequence "answering verses," from M.L. sequentia "a following, a succession," from L. sequentem (nominative sequens), pr.p. of sequi "to follow;" PIE base *sekw- "to follow;" cf. Pers. az from; Mid.Pers. hac "from;" Av. hac-, hax- "to follow," hacaiti "follows" (O.Pers. hacā "from;" Av. hacā "from, out of;" Skt. sácā "with"); Skt. sácate "accompanies, follows;" Gk. hepesthai "to follow;" Lith. seku "to follow."

Peyâyé, literally "that follows; a subsequent event," from pey "after; step," related to "foot" (Mid.Pers. pâd, pây, Av. pad-, Skt. pat, Gk. pos, gen. podos, L. pes, gen. pedis, P.Gmc. *fot, E. foot, Ger. Fuss, Fr. pied; PIE *pod-/*ped-) + ây- present stem of âmadan "to come, arrive, become" (Av. ay- "to go, to come," aēiti "goes;" O.Pers. aitiy "goes;" Skt. e- "to come near," eti "arrival;" L. ire "to go;" Goth. iddja "went," Lith. eiti "to go;" Rus. idti "to go") + nuance suffix.
Rešté "thread, line, rope, row," p.p. of reštan, risidan "to spin;" Mid.Pers. rištag "rope, string, thread;" Av. uruuaēs- "to turn around," uruuaēsa- "vortex in water;" cf. Skt. vréśī- "an appellation of waters;" Gk. rhiknos "crooked;" Lith. rišti "tie, bind;" O.H.G. rīho "knee-bend."

sequential
  پی‌آیه‌ای   
peyâye-yi

Fr.: séquentiel   

Following in order of time or place.

Adj. from → sequence.

sequential star formation
  دیسش ِ پی‌آیه‌ای ِ ستاره   
diseš-e peyâye-yi-e setâré

Fr.: formation séquentielle d'étoiles   

The formation of second-generation stars in a → molecular cloud, as triggered by the presence of → massive stars. The observation that some nearby → OB associations contain distinct, spatially separate subgroups of → OB stars in a sequence of monotonically changing age led Blaauw (1964, ARA&A 2, 213) to suggest that star formation in fact occurs in sequential bursts during the lifetimes of the corresponding molecular clouds. The first quantitative model of this mechanism was presented by Elmegreen and Lada (1977, ApJ 214, 725), who showed that the powerful ultraviolet photons of the massive star create an → ionization front which advances in the molecular cloud and is preceded by a → shock front. The compressed neutral gas lying between the ionization and shock fronts is gravitationally unstable and collapses in time-scales of a few million years to form a new generation of massive stars. The propagation of successive births of OB groups would produce a chain of associations presenting a gradient of age. Elmegreen and Lada estimated the propagation velocity to be 5 km s-1. For a region with a length larger than 100 pc, this would imply an age difference of the order of 20 million years between the extremities. See also → stimulated star formation, → triggered star formation; → collect and collapse model.

sequential; → star formation.

series
  سری   
seri (#)

Fr.: série   

1) Math.: A sequence of numbers or mathematical expressions such as the n-th term may be written down in general form, and any particular term (say, the r-th) may be obtained by substituting r for n; e.g. xn is the general term of the series 1, x, x2, x3, ..., xn.
2) Electricity: An arrangement of the components, as resistors, connected along a single path, so the same current flows through all of the components. Compare → parallel.
3) → spectral series; → Lyman-alpha series.

From L. series "row, chain, series," from serere "to join, link, bind together," from PIE base *ser- "to line up, join."

Seri, loan from Fr.

Serpens
  مار   
Mâr (#)

Fr.: Serpent   

The Serpent. An inconspicuous, irregular constellation situated on both sides of → Ophiuchus. The constellation is divided into two unequal parts, originally called Serpens Caput "Serpent's Head" at 15h 30m right ascension, 15° north declination, and Serpens Cauda "Serpent's Body" at 18h 30m right ascension, 0° declination. The brightest star, Alpha Serpentis, is of second magnitude. Abbreviation: Ser; Genitive: Serpentis.

From L. serpens "snake," from pr.p. of serpere "to creep," from PIE *serp- "to crawl;" cf. Skt. sarp- "to creep, crawl," sárpati "creeps," sarpá- "serpent;" Gk. herpein "to creep," herpeton "serpent;" Alb. garper "serpent."

Mâr "snake, serpent;" Mid.Pers. mâr "snake;" Av. mairya- "snake, serpent."

Sersic profile
  فراپال ِ سرسیک   
farâpâl-e Sérsic

Fr.: profile de Sérsic   

A mathematical function that describes how the → intensity  I of a → galaxy varies with distance R from its center. It is given by: (dln I/dln R) = -(b/n)(R/Re)1/n. The constant b is chosen such that Re is the → effective radius; n is the Sérsic index. The Sérsic profile is a generalization of → de Vaucouleurs law. Setting n = 4 gives the de Vaucouleurs profile.

J. L. Sérsic, 1963, Boletin de la Asociacion Argentina de Astronomia, Vol. 6, p.41; → profile.

serve
  زاوریدن   
zâvaridan

Fr.: servir   

To render assistance; be of use. To have definite use.

Verbal form of service, → server.

server
  زاور   
zâvar

Fr.: serveur   

General: Something that serves or is used in serving.
Computers: A computer software application that carries out some task on behalf of users. When users connect to a server, they can access programs, files, and other information from the server. Common servers are Web, mail, and database servers. A single computer can have several different server programs running on it.

Server, agent noun from serve, from M.E. serven, from O.Fr. servir "to serve," from L. servire "to serve," originally "be a slave," related to servus "slave;" cognate with Av. har- "to guard, watch," harətar- "guardian," hāra- "caring for;" Mid./Mod.Pers. zinhâr "protection, security; beware! mind!"

Zâvar "attendant, servant" (Dehxodâ), zâvari "attendance, service" (Dehxodâ), maybe related to Skt. sev- "to attend upon, serve," sevā- "service, attendance, worship," sevati "serves, attends," sevaka- "attendant, servant, follower."

service
  زاوری، زاورش   
zâvari, zâvareš (#)

Fr.: service   

1) A helpful act by somebody for somebody else as a job, duty, or favor.
2) A system or organization supplying some public demand, e.g. transportation, telephone, health.
3) A facility providing maintenance and repair.

M.E., from O.Fr. servise, from L. servitium "slavery, servitude," from servus "slave," servire "to serve," originally "be a slave;" cognate with Av. har- "to guard, watch," → server.

Zâvari "service" (Dehxodâ) → server.

service observing
  نپاهش با زاوَری، ~ ِ زاورشی   
nepâheš bâ zâvari, ~ zâvareši

Fr.: observation de service   

Observation approved by the selection committee of an observatory which is carried out by the staff astronomers of the observatory.

service; → observation.

set
  ۱) هنگرد؛ ۲) فرو‌شدن   
1) hangard; 2) forušodan (#)

Fr.: 1) ensemble; 2) se coucher   

1) Math.: A finite or infinite collection of objects in which order has no significance. Members of a set are often referred to as elements and the notation a ∈ A is used to denote that a is an element of a set A. The study of sets and their properties is the object of set theory.
2) To pass below the horizon. → moonset; → sunset.

1) M.E. sette, from O.Fr. sette "sequence," variant of secte, from M.L. secta "religious group, sect," from L. secta "manner, following, school of thought," literally "something to follow, pathway, course of conduct, school of thought," from sectari "to pursue, accompany," "a way, road," from sequi "to follow," → sequence.
2) M.E. setten, O.E. settan "cause to sit, put in some place, fix firmly;" cf. O.N. setja, O.Fris. setta, Du. zetten, Ger. setzen.

1) Hangard, from Mid.Pers. hangart "whole, complete," hangartik "complete," hangartênitan "to collect, assemble," from *hamkard- literally "created, cut together," from han- variant of ham- "together," cognate with L.L. insimul "at the same time," from in- intensive prefix + simul "together, at the same time" (cf. Gk. homos "same," Mod./Mid.Pers. ham- "together, with," O.Pers./Av. ham-, Skt. sam-; also O.Pers./Av. hama- "one and the same," Skt. sama-; originally identical with PIE numeral *sam- "one," from *som-). (→ com-), + gard, variant of kard "created, cut," Mid.Pers. kirrēnītan, kirrēn- "to cut, create," cf. fragard "section, chapter," Av. karət- "to cut," kərəntaiti "cuts, breaks," with fraca- "to create, bring forth," karəta- "knife, dagger" (Mid.Pers. kârt "knife;" Mod.Pers. kârd "knife"), Skt. kart- "to cut, split, break," krti- "sword, knife;" PIE base *(s)kert- "to cut;" Hitt. kartae- "to cut;" Arm. kherthem "to skin;" L. cortex "bark of a tree," corium "skin, leather;" O.H.G. scrinden "to split;" Lith. kertu "to fell, cut down."
2) Forušodan, literally "to descend, go down," from foru- "down, downward; below; beneath" (Mid.Pers. frôt "down, downward;" O.Pers. fravata "forward, downward;" cf. Skt. pravát- "a sloping path, the slope of a mountain") + šodan "to go, to pass; to become, to be, to be doing" (Mid.Pers. šudan, šaw- "to go;" Av. š(ii)auu-, šiyav- "to move, go," šiyavati "goes," šyaoθna- "activity; action; doing, working;" O.Pers. šiyav- "to go forth, set," ašiyavam "I set forth;" cf. Skt. cyu- "to move to and fro, shake about; to stir," cyávate "stirs himself, goes;" Gk. kinein "to move;" Goth. haitan "call, be called;" O.E. hatan "command, call;" PIE base *kei- "to move to and fro").

set partition
  پرکش ِ هنگرد   
parkeš-e hangard

Fr.: partition d'un ensemble   

A collection of → nonempty subsets of a set A such that every element of A is in exactly one of the subsets. In other words, A is the → disjoint  → union of these subsets.

partition; → set.

set theory
  نگره‌ی ِ هنگرد   
negare-ye hangard

Fr.: théorie des ensembles   

The branch of mathematics that studies sets. Set theory is closely associated with the branch of mathematics known as logic. It was initiated by the German mathematician Georg Cantor (1845-1918).

set; → theory.

<< < -es -iv -ti 217 a- abe abs abs acc acc ach act act ada adi adv aff agg Alc Alf ali all alp alt Ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc arg arm art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B-t bai Bal bar bar Be bee Bes bi- bif bin bin bio bis bla bli blu Boe Bol bor bou bra bri Bro bum CAI cal Can cap car car cat cat CCD Cel cen CGS cha cha che che chr cir cir civ cla clo clo CMB coa coe coh col col col Com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos cou cov cra cri cro cry cum cur cyc d'A dar dat DC dea dec dec dec def def deh Del den dep des det dev dia dif dif dif dim dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dom dou dou dri dup dus dyn dyn ear eas ecl Edd eff Ein Ekm ele ele ele ele ell emb emi enc ene ent eph equ equ equ eru eth eup eve EX exc exe exi exo exp ext ext ext fac fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu fog for for Fou fra fre Fre Fro fus G-t gal gal Gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia gla gol gra gra gra gra Gre Gre gui H a haf Hal har har He- hea hel Hel her Her hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyl hyp ice ide ima imp imp imp inc ind ind ine inf inf Inf inj InS ins int int int int int int int int inv inv ion iro Isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil kly L d Lag lam Lap lar lat law Lea len lep lib lig lin lin lin liq lit loc log lon Los low lum lun Lut Lyr mac mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat mea mec mem mer mes met met met mic mid mil min Mir Miz mod mol mon moo MOS mul mul mut nai nas nat neb neg Neu neu New New Nih noi non non non nor nuc nuc nul nut obj obl obs occ oct off old one ope opp opt opt orb ord org Ori osc oth ove oxi pac Pal par par Par par pas Pau Pel per per per per per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pip Pla pla pla pla pla Plu Poi pol pol pol pop pos pos pot Pra pre pre pre Pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro pro Pto pul puz qua qua qua qua qui rad rad rad rad rad rad rai ran Ras Ray rea rec rec rec red red ref reg reg rel rel rel rep res res res res rev rhe Rie Rig Rit roe Ros rot Ruf Ryd Sag sam sat sca sca Sch Sco sec sec sec seg sel sem sen set sha SHB sho sib sie sil sim sin sit sky slo sno sod sol sol sol sol sor sou Spa spa spe spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste Ste sto str str sub sub sub suf sun sup sup sup sup sur swo syn sys tak Tay Tel ten ter tet the the the thi Tho thu tid tim toa top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro Tru tur twi Typ UBV ult unb uni uni uni up ura uti val var vec Vel ver ver vig vir vis VLT vol wad was wav wav wea wei Whe Wie win WN5 Wol X-r yea You zer zod > >>