An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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translation
  ۱، ۲) تراجایش؛ ۳) ترازبانش   
1, 2) tarâjâyeš; 3) tarâzabâneš

Fr.: translation   

1) Mechanics: A motion of a rigid body characterized by parallel paths of all particles. Every point of the body in translation has the same velocity and acceleration at any particular instant. The translation motion may be rectilinear or curvilinear.
2) Math.: A transformation which moves all points on a plane through the same distance in the same direction. The object and its image are congruent. Also a function obtained from a given function by adding the same constant to the value of each of its variables.
3) A rendering from one language into another; a version of such a rendering.

Verbal noun of → translate.

Tarâjâyeš, verbal noun of tarâjâyidan, tarâzabâneš, verbal noun of tarâzabânidan, → translate.

translucent
  تراتاب   
tarâtâb

Fr.: translucide   

The quality of a material that allows light to pass through, but only diffusely, so that objects on the other side cannot be clearly distinguished. → transparent.

From L. translucent-, p.p. of translucere "to shine through," from → trans- + lucere "to shine," related to lux "light," lucidus "clear," luna, "moon;" Fr. lumière "light;" cf. Pers. ruz "day," rowšan "bright, clear," rowzan "window, aperture;" foruq "light," afruxtan "to light, kindle;" Mid.Pers. rôšn "light; bright, luminous," rôc "day;" O.Pers. raucah-rocânak "window;" O.Pers. raocah- "light, luminous; daylight;" Av. raocana- "bright, shining, radiant;" akin to Skt. rocaná- "bright, shining," roka- "brightness, light;" Gk. leukos "white, clear;" O.E. leoht, leht, from W.Gmc. *leukhtam (cf. O.Fris. liacht, M.Du. lucht, Ger. Licht), from PIE *leuk- "light, brightness."

Tarâtâb, from tarâ-, → trans- + tâb present stem of tâbidan "to shine," variants tâftan "to shine," tafsidan "to become hot;" Mid.Pers. tâftan "to heat, burn, shine;" taftan "to become hot;" Parthian t'b "to shine;" Av. tāp-, taf- "to warm up, heat," tafsat "became hot," tāpaiieiti "to create warmth;" cf. Skt. tap- "to heat, be/become hot; to spoil, injure, damage; to suffer," tapati "burns;" L. tepere "to be warm," tepidus "warm;" PIE base *tep- "to be warm."

translucent cloud
  ابر ِ تراتاب   
abr-e tarâtâb

Fr.: nuage translucide   

A type of → interstellar medium cloud where → carbon (C), in → ionized atomic form and protected from → interstellar radiation, transforms into neutral atomic or molecular form. The chemistry in this regime is qualitatively different than in the → diffuse molecular clouds, both because of the decreasing electron fraction and because of the abundance of the highly reactive C atoms. The translucent cloud regime is the least well understood of all the cloud types. This is partly because of a relative lack of observational data, but also because theoretical models do not all agree on the chemical behavior in this transition region. In some models, there is a zone where the abundance of C exceeds that of C+ and CO; in others the peak abundance of C falls below that of C+ and CO. To cope with this uncertainty, Snow & McCall (2006) propose a working definition of translucent cloud material as gas with C+ fraction < 0.5 and CO fraction < 0.9. This definition reflects the fact that C+ is no longer the dominant form of carbon as it converts to neutral or molecular form, but also excludes the → dense molecular clouds, where carbon is almost exclusively CO (Snow & McCall, 2006, ARA&A 44, 367).

translucent; → cloud.

translunar
  آنسوماهی، آنسومانگی، ترامانگی   
ânsumâhi, ânsumângi, tarâmângi

Fr.: translunaire   

The space beyond the orbit of the Moon. Compare to → cislunar.

trans- + → lunar.

Ânsumâhi, ânsumângi, from ânsu "the other side," from ân "that" + su "side" + mâhi, mângi, → lunar; tarâ-, → trans-.

transmission
  تراگسیل   
tarâgosil (#)

Fr.: transmission   

1) The act or process of transmitting. The fact of being transmitted.
2) The broadcasting of electromagnetic waves from one location to another, as from a transmitter to a receiver.

Verbal noun of → transmit.

transmission band
  باند ِ تراگسیل   
bând-e tarâgosil (#)

Fr.: bande de transmission   

The frequency range above the cutoff frequency in a waveguide or transmission line.

transmission; → band.

transmission coefficient
  همگر ِ تراگسیل   
hamgar-e tarâgosil

Fr.: coefficient de transmission   

The ratio given by the → amplitude (or energy) of a transmitted wave divided by the amplitude (or energy) of the incident wave.

transmission; → coefficient.

transmission grating
  توری ِ تراگسیلی   
turi-ye tarâgosili

Fr.: réseau par transmission   

A diffraction grating that has grooves ruled onto a transparent material so that a beam of light passed through the grating is partly split into spectral orders.

transmission; → grating.

transmission loss
  دسترفت ِ تراگسیل   
dastraft-e tarâgosil

Fr.: perte de transmission   

A decrease in power in transmission from one point to another.

transmission; → loss.

transmission system
  راژمان ِ تراگسیل   
râžmân-e tarâgosil

Fr.: système de transmission   

An assembly of elements which are capable of functioning together to transmit power or signals.

transmission; → system.

transmit
  تراگسیلیدن   
tarâgosilidan (#)

Fr.: transmettre   

To cause (light, heat, sound, etc.) to pass through a medium.

M.E. transmitten, from L. transmittere "send across, transfer, pass on," from → trans- "across" + mittere "to send."

Tarâgosilidan, infinitive of tarâgosli, from tarâ-trans- "across" + gosil "sending away, dismission," variant gosi; Mid.Pers. wisé "to despatch" (Parthian Mid.Pers. wsys- "to despatch;" Buddhist Mid.Pers. wsydy "to despatch;" Sogdian 'ns'yd- "to exhort"), from Proto-Iranian *vi-sid- "to despatch, send off," from prefix vi- "apart, away, out," + *sid- "to call."

transmitter
  تراگسیلنده، تراگسیلگر   
tarâgosilandé, tarâgosilgar

Fr.: transmetteur   

A device or equipment which converts audio, video, or coded signals into modulated radio frequency signals which can be propagated by electromagnetic waves.

Agent noun of → transmit.

transmutation
  تراموتش   
tarâmuteš

Fr.: transmutation   

The act or process of transmuting.
Physics: Any process in which a nuclide is transformed into a different nuclide, usually one of a different element.

Verbal noun of → transmute.

transmute
  تراموتیدن   
tarâmutidan

Fr.: transmuter   

To change from one nature, substance, form, or condition into another.

M.E., from L. transmutare "to shift," from → trans- + mutare "to change," from PIE base *mei- "to change, go, move;" cf. Av. miθô "inverted, false," miθaoxta- "wrong spoken;" Skt. methati "changes, alternates, joins, meets," mith- "to alternate, meet," mithás "opposite, in opposition;" L. meare "to go, pass," mutuus "done in exchange;" Goth. maidjan "to change;" E. prefix mis- (in mistake).

Tarâmutidan, from tarâ-trans- + mutidan, from L. mutare, as above.

transparent
  ترانما   
tarânemâ (#)

Fr.: transparent   

Allowing → electromagnetic radiation  of → specific → wavelengths to pass through. See also → translucent.

From M.L. transparentem (nominative transparens), pr.p. of transparere "to show through," from L. → trans- "through" + parere "to come in sight, appear."

Tarânemâ, from tarâ-, → trans-, + nemâ present stem of nemudan "to show" (Mid.Pers. nimūdan, nimây- "to show," from O.Pers./Av. ni- "down; into," → ni- (PIE), + māy- "to measure;" cf. Skt. mati "measures," matra- "measure;" Gk. metron "measure;" L. metrum; PIE base *me- "to measure").

transponder
  تراگو   
tarâgu

Fr.: transpondeur   

An emitter-receiver device that automatically responds upon reception of a designated incoming radar, radio or sonar signal

From trans(mitter), → trans-, + (res)ponder, → responder.

transport
  ۱) ترابرد، ترابری؛ ۲) ترابردن   
1) tarâbord (#), tarâbari (#); 2) tarâbordan

Fr.: transport   

1) The act of carrying or moving from one place to another.
2) To take or carrysomething from one place to another.

M.E. transporten, from O.Fr. transporter "to carry or convey across," from L. transportare, from → trans- "across" + portare "to carry."

Tarâbord, tarâbari, from tarâ-, → trans-, + bord, bari, from bordan "to carry, transport;" Mid.Pers. burdan; O.Pers./Av. bar- "to bear, carry," barəθre "to bear (infinitive);" Skt. bharati "he carries;" Gk. pherein "to carry;" L. ferre "to carry;" PIE base *bher- "to carry."

transpose
  ۱) ترانهادن؛ ۲) ترانهاد   
1) tarânehâdan; 2) tarânehâd

Fr.: 1) transposer; 2) transpose   

1) To transfer a mathematical → term from one side of an → equation to the other, with corresponding change of sign.
2) Of a → matrix, to interchange → rows and → columns.
3) The mathematical object obtained by replacing all → elements aij with aji.

From M.E. transposen, from O.Fr. transposer, from L. transponere "to place over," from → trans- + ponere "to put, place."

Tarânehâdan, tarânehâd, from tarâ-, → trans-, + nehâdan "to place, put; to set;" Mid.Pers. nihâtan; Av. ni- "down; into," → ni- (PIE), + dâ- "to put; to establish; to give," dadâiti "he gives;" cf. Skt. dadâti "he gives;" Gk. didomi "I give;" L. do "I give;" PIE base *do- "to give").

transposed matrix
  ماتریس ِ ترانهاده   
mâtris-e tarânahâdé

Fr.: matrice transposée   

The matrix of → order n x m obtained from a matrix of order m x n by exchanging the order of the → rows and → columns.

Tansposed, p.p. of → transpose; → matrix.

transposition
  ترانهش   
tarâneheš

Fr.: transposition   

Math.: A permutation of a set of elements that interchanges two elements and leaves the remaining elements in their original positions. For example, the swapping of 2 and 5 to take the list 123456 to 153426 is a transposition.
Optics: The changing of the relative curves of a lens without changing its refractive value.

trans-; → position.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>