An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 12955 Search : far
zinc
  روی   
ruy (#)

Fr.: zinc   

A metallic, lustrous, bluish-white → chemical element; symbol Zn. → Atomic number 30; → atomic weight 65.38; → melting point 419.58 °C; → boiling point 907 °C; → specific gravity 7.133 at 25 °C. It was recognized as a → metal as early as 1374.

From the Ger. Zink of unknown origin. Zinc compounds were known in prehistoric times, where they were used for healing wounds and for making brass.

Ruy, from Mid.Pers. rôy, rôd "copper, brass;" Av. raoiδita- "red, reddish;" cf. Skt. rohita- "red, reddish," lohá- "red, reddish, reddish metal."

zircon
  زرگون   
zargun (#)

Fr.: zircon   

A common mineral, zirconium silicate, ZrSiO4, occurring in small tetragonal crystals. The color is variable, usually brown to reddish brown, but also colorless, pale yellowish, green, or blue. A red variety, used as a gem, is called hyacinth. Zircon contains trace amounts of uranium and thorium and therefore can be used for radiometric datings. Also called jargon.

From Ger. Zirkon, from Ar. zarqun "cinnabar, bright red," from Pers. zargun "gold-colored," from zargold + -gun "resembling; manner, fashion; color" (Mid.Pers. gônak "kind, species;" Av. gaona- "color").

zirconium
  زیرکونیوم   
zirkoniom (#)

Fr.: zirconium   

A metallic chemical element; symbol Zr. Atomic number 40; atomic weight 91.22; melting point about 1,852°C; boiling point 4,377°C; specific gravity 6.5 at 20°C. Zirconium was discovered in the mineral zirconia by the German chemist Martin-Heinrich Klaproth in 1789. It was first isolated by the Swedish chemist Jons Jacob Berzelius in 1824 in an impure state and finally by the chemists D. Lely Jr. and L. Hamburger in a pure state in 1914.

From → zircon.

zirconium oxide, ZrO
  اکسید ِ زیرکونیوم   
oksid-e zirkoniom

Fr.: oxide de zirconium   

A → diatomic molecule made up of → zirconium and → oxygen atoms. See → ZrO band.

zirconium; → band.

zodiac
  برجگان، برج زنار   
borjgân

Fr.: zodiaque   

An imaginary belt around the heavens extending about 9° on either side of the → ecliptic. The orbits of the Moon and of the principal planets also lie entirely within the zodiac. The zodiac was created during the first half of the first millennium B.C. by Babylonian astronomers, who divided it into 12 constellations (→ sign of the zodiac) each considered to occupy 1/12, or 30°, of its great circle. They were named after living creatures, with the exception of Libra: → Aries, → Taurus, → Gemini, → Cancer, → Leo, → Virgo, → Libra, → Scorpius, → Sagittarius, → Capricornus, → Aquarius, → Pisces. However, as a result of → precession, these signs no longer correspond to the astronomical constellations in which the Sun actually appears. The constellations are irregular in size and shape, and the Sun regularly passes through 13 constellations as it moves along the ecliptic. The additional 13th constellation is → Ophiuchus, situated between → Scorpius and → Sagittarius. See also → dodekatemorion.

From M.E. zodiaque, from O.Fr. zodiaque, from L. zodiacus, from Gk. zodiakos (kyklos) "zodiac (circle)," literally "circle of little animals," from zodiaion, diminutive of zoion "animal," literally "a living being," from PIE base *gwei- "to live, life;" cognate with Pers. zist, → bio-.

Borjgân, from borj, → sign of the zodiac, + -gân suffix denoting multiplicity, order, organization.

zodiacal
  برجگانی   
borjgâni

Fr.: zodiacal   

Of or relating to the → zodiac.

zodiac; → -al.

zodiacal belt
  کمربند ِ برجگانی، زنار ِ ~   
kamarband-e borjgâni, zonâr-e ~

Fr.: ceinture zodiacale   

zodiac.

zodiacal; → belt.

zodiacal light
  نور ِ برجگانی   
nur-e borjgâni

Fr.: lumière zodiacale   

A cone-shaped faint glow along the → ecliptic, visible to the naked eye in the west after sunset or in the east before sunrise. Zodiacal light results from sunlight reflected by interplanetary dust concentrated in the plane of the ecliptic.

zodiacal; → light.

zodiacal sign
  برج   
borj (#)

Fr.: signe zodiacal   

sign of zodiac.

zodiacal; → sign.

zone
  زنار   
zonâr (#)

Fr.: zone   

The portion of the surface of a sphere included between two parallel planes.

From L. zona "geographical belt, celestial zone," from Gk. zone "a belt," related to zonnynai "to gird," from PIE base *yes- "to gird, girdle;" cognate with Pers. parhun "circle," as below.

Zonâr most probably loan from from Gk., as above; it is related to Pers. parhun "circle," ultimately from Proto-Iranian *pari-iâhana- "girdle, belt," from pari-, variant pirâ-, → circum-, + iâhana- "to girdle," cf. Av. yâh- "to girdle." The Pers. pirâhan "shirt" is a variant of parhun.

zone of avoidance
  زنار ِ پرهیز   
zonâr-e parhiz

Fr.: zone d'évitement, zone vide   

The region on the sky covered by the plane of the → Milky Way. It is characterized by an apparent absence of galaxies, due to the obscuring effect of → interstellar dust in the → Galactic plane.

zone; M.E. avoiden, from Anglo-Fr. avoider "to clear out, withdraw (oneself)," from O.Fr. esvuider "to empty out," from es- "out" + vuidier "to be empty" (→ void) + -ance.

Zonâr, → zone; parhiz "avoidance, abstinence," from parhizidan, parhixtan "to restrain onself, to abstain;" Mid.Pers. pahrêc "preservation, protection, guard," pahrêxtan "to protect, to take care of."

ZrO band
  باند ِ ZrO   
bând-e ZrO

Fr.: bande ZrO   

Any of the three → absorption bands due to the molecule → zirconium oxide present in the blue and visual spectral regions → S-type stars. The bands are centered on the wavelengths 4614, 5551, and 6468 Å.

zirconium oxide; → band.

ZZ Ceti star
  ستاره‌ی ِ ZZ-کتوس   
setâre-ye ZZ Ketus

Fr.: étoile de type ZZ Ceti   

A member of a class of non-radially pulsating stas that change their brightnesses with periods from 30 seconds to 25 minutes and amplitudes from 0.001 to 0.2 mag in V. Their location on the → Hertzsprung-Russell diagram identifies them as → white dwarf stars that have entered the → instability strip as they evolve along the white dwarf track.

Cetus; → star.

[C II] line
     
xatt-e [C II]

Fr.: raie [C II]   

The → fine structure → emission line of → carbon at 157.74 μm, with transition 2P3/2-2P1/2 (rest frame frequency 1900.54 GHz). [C II] is a major → cooling line in → molecular clouds and is produced in low density → photodissociation regions (PDRs) (nH≤ 103 cm-3). In higher density PDRs the [O I] 63 μm line becomes an important → coolant. The [C II] line traces → neutral gas exposed to → ultraviolet  → photons from → young stars. The [C II] line is used to probe the stellar → radiation field and find out how it affects the physical conditions of the gas. The bulk of the [C II] emission line is believed to originate from PDRs, and the remainder from → X-ray Dissociation regions (XDRs), and, in a lesser extent, by cosmic-ray-dominated regions (CRDRs), → H II regions, low-density warm gas and/or diffuse H I clouds.

carbon; → line.

[O III] doublet
  دوتایه‌ی ِ [O III]   
dotâye-ye [O III]

Fr.: doublet [O III]   

The two → forbidden lines with → transitions from the upper → energy level  1D2 of the doubly ionized oxygen atom. They occur in the green part of the → visible spectrum and are called → nebular lines. They are λ5006.8 1D2-3P2 and λ4958.9 1D2-3P1. Theoretical values for the [O III] 5007/4959 line-intensity ratio is 3.01 (Storey and Zeippen, 2000, MNRAS 312, 813).

[O III], spectroscopic notation of the ion O++; → doublet.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dog Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn e-f Ear ecl eco edu eig Ein ela ele ele ele Ele elo emi emp ene Enl env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh Exo exp exp ext ext f(R fac fam fat fee Fer Fib fig fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre Fre fri fun fuz Gal gal gal Gam gau Gay gen Geo geo geo geo gim glo gov gra gra gra gra gre gro Gun hab hal han Har haz hea hel hel Hen Her het Hig hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind Ind inf inf inf inf inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv ion ion Irr iso iso iso jan jit Jul jus Kel ker kin kni La lam lan Lap las lat Lay Led Len let lif lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou low lum lun Lym M d Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man mar mas mas mat mea mea mec mem mer Mes met met mho mic Mie Mil min mis MKS MOd mol Mon moo mot mul mul myo nak Nas nat neb neg neu neu New New nit noi non non nor nor nuc nuc nul nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi pai Pan par par Par par pas Pav Pel per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy Pip Pla pla PLA pla ple plu pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pot Pra pre pre pre Pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro pro Pto pul pur qua qua qua qua qui rad rad rad rad rad rad rai ran rar Ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel rep res res res res ret RHB rid rig ris roc Ros rot rub Rut Sag sam sat sca sca Sch sci Sea sec sec see sel sem sen set Sha sha shi shu sid sil sim sin SIS ski Slo smo Soc sol sol sol sol son sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi Spo squ sta sta sta sta Ste ste ste sto str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur Swa syn syn tab tar tel tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tit top tot tra tra TRA tra tre tri tri tru Tun Tus tym Typ ult unb und uni uni uns upp Urs vac van var Vei Ven ver vic Vir vir vis vol W 4 war wat wav wea wed wet wid win WN2 Wol wri xen yok zen zin > >>