An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 12948 Search : far
fluid dynamics
  توانیک ِ شاره‌ها   
tavânik-e šârehâ

Fr.: dynamique des fluides   

The branch of → fluid mechanics that deals with the movement of gases and liquids.

fluid; → dynamics.

fluid mechanics
  مکانیک ِ شاره‌ها   
mekânik-e šârehâ

Fr.: mécanique des fluides   

The branch of physics that extends the ideas developed in → mechanics and → thermodynamics to the study of motion and equilibrium of → fluids.

mechanics; → fluid.

fluidity
  شارگی   
šâregi

Fr.: fluidité   

The ability of a substance to flow; reciprocal of → viscosity.

fluid + → -ity.

fluorescence
  فلوءورستی   
fluoresti

Fr.: fluorescence   

A type of → luminescence in which photons of lower energy are emitted as the result of absorption of energy by an atom or molecule from other radiation. The phenomenon lasts as long as the stimulus responsible for it is present.

Coined by English mathematician and physicist Sir George G. Stokes (1819-1903) from fluor-, from → fluorspar, + → -escence, a suffix of nouns denoting action or process, change, state or condition, etc.

fluorescent
  فلوءورست   
fluorest

Fr.: fluorescent   

Possessing the property of → fluorescence.

fluorescence; → -escent.

fluorescent lamp
  لامپ ِ فلوءورست   
lâmp-e fluorest

Fr.: ampoule fluorescente   

A tubular → electric discharge lamp in which light is produced by the → fluorescence → phosphors coating the inside of the tube.

fluorescent; → lamp.

fluoride
  فلوءورید   
fluorid

Fr.: fluorure   

A compound (salt of hydrofluoric acid) containing → fluorine.

fluorine; → -id.

fluorine
  فلوءور   
fluor (#)

Fr.: fluor   

Gaseous chemical element; symbol F. It is the most reactive of all chemical elements. It is a yellowish, corrosive gas, which reacts with most organic and inorganic substances. → Atomic number 9; → atomic weight 18.9984; → melting point -219.62 °C; → boiling point -188.14 °C; → density 1.696 grams per liter at STP; → valence -1. Fluorine and its compounds are used in producing uranium (from the → hexafluoride) and more than 100 commercial fluorochemicals, including many high-temperature plastics.

From L. fluere "flow, → flux," since fluorspar (CaF2) was used as a flux in metallurgy because of its low melting point. It was discovered in hydrofluoric acid by the Swedish pharmacist and chemist Carl-Wilhelm Scheele in 1771 but it was not isolated until 1886 by the French pharmacist and chemist Ferdinand Moisson.

fluorite
  فلوءوریت   
fluorit

Fr.: fluorite, fluorine   

A → mineral composed of calcium fluoride, CaF2, also called → fluorspar, that is often → fluorescent under → ultraviolet light.

From fluor-, → fluorine, + → -ite.

fluorspar
  فلوءوریت   
fluorit

Fr.: fluorine   

Same as → fluorite.

From fluor-, → fluorine, + spar "a crystalline mineral."

flux
  شار   
šâr (#)

Fr.: flux   

The amount of energy, fluid, or particles passing in a given direction in a unit of time.

O.Fr. flux, from L. fluxus, p.p. of fluere "to flow," PIE base *bhleug- (cf. L. flumen "river;" Gk. phluein "to boil over, bubble up," phlein "to abound").

Šâr "outpouring of water, wine, etc.," šâridan "to flow (as rivers), with a great noise; to pour," âbšâr "waterfall;" saršâr "overflowing; brim-full;" Ossetic ægzælyn "to pour down;" Pashto zγâstəl/zγâl- "to swim;" Av. γžār- "to flow;" cf. Skt. ksar- "to flow;" Gk. phtheirein "to destroy, perish."

flux calibration
  کبیزش ِ شار   
kabizeš-e šârr

Fr.: calibration de flux   

The → calibration of the flux received by a detector in terms of absolute units.

flux; → calibration.

flux density
  چگالی ِ شار   
cagâli-ye šârr

Fr.: densité de flux   

Flux of radiation that falls on a detector per unit surface area of the detector per unit bandwidth of the radiation per unit time.

flux; → density.

flux unit
  یکای ِ شار   
yekâ-ye šârr

Fr.: unité de flux   

In radio astronomy, same as → jansky (symbol Jy), a unit of electromagnetic flux equivalent to 10-26 watts per square meter per Hertz.

flux; → density.

fluxion
  فلوکسیون   
fluksion

Fr.: fluxion   

In Newton's work on → calculus, the rate of change of a fluent (i.e. a flowing quantity), today commonly known as → variable. For a fluent x, the fluxion is denoted dx/dt. An obsolete mathematical term.

From L. → fluxion-, stem of fluere "to flow," → flux.

fly
  پرواز کردن، پروازیدن   
parvâz kardan (#), parvâzidan (#)

Fr.: voler   

To move through the air using wings. Travel through the air or outer space.

M.E. flien, O.E. fleogan; cognate with O.H.G. fliogan, Ger. fliegen, O.Norse fljuga.

Infinitive from parvâz, → flight.

flyby
  برواز   
barvâz

Fr.: survol   

A trajectory that takes a → space probe close to a Solar System body (planet, satellite, asteroid, comet) but does not permit it to enter an orbit about the body.

fly + by, from M.E., from O.E. be or bi, from P.Gmc. *bi "around, about" (cf. Du. bij, Ger. bei "by, at, near"), from *umbi, (cf. L. ambi "around, about," Gk. amphi "around, about," Skt. abhi "on both sides," Av. aibi, aiwi, O.Pers. aiby "to, against, in addition to," Mid.Pers. aw-, ab-, Mod.Pers. af- (as in afzudan "to increase, add," afruxtan "to inflame, kindle, blaze," afqân "lamentation, groaning, cires for help").

Barvâz, from bar- "on, up; upon, over," → on-, + vâz, as in parvâz, → flight.

focal
  کانونی   
kânuni (#)

Fr.: focal   

Of or relating to a focus; placed at or measured from a focus.

focus + → -al.

focal distance
  دورای ِ کانونی   
durâ-ye kânuni

Fr.: distance focale   

same as → focal length.

focal; → distance.

focal length
  درازای ِ کانونی   
derâzâ-ye kânuni

Fr.: longueur focale   

The distance between the optical center of a lens, or the surface of a mirror, and its focus.

focal; → distance.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>