An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>

Number of Results: 12948 Search : far
assignment
  نشارمان   
nešârmân

Fr.: mission, attribution, allocation, affectation   

1) An act of assigning; appointment.
2) Something assigned, as a particular task or duty.
3) A position of responsibility, post of duty, or the like, to which one is appointed (Dictionary.com).

Verbal noun of → assign.

associate
  ۱) آهزیدن؛ ۲) آهزیده شدن؛ ۳) آهزگار   
1) âhazidan; 2) âhazide šodan; 3) âhazgâr

Fr.: 1a) associer; 1b) s'associer; 2) associé; allié   

1) (v.tr.) To join or connect together; to bring together or into relationship in any of various intangible ways (as in memory or imagination). → dissociate.
2) (v.intr.) To come or be together as partners, friends, or join with other parts.
3) A person joined with another or others in business or at work; something that usually accompanies another thing.

M.E. associat "associated," from L. associatus, p.p. of associare "to unite," from ad- + sociare "to join," from socius "ally, companion" ("follower"); PIE base *sekw- "to follow."

Âhazidan, from â- prefix + hazidan "to associate, accompany, follow," from Av. hac-, hax- "to associate, follow, accompany" (hacenay- "getting together, association," haxay-, hašy-, haš- "friend"), hacaiti "follows;" hacā "from, out of;" O.Pers. hacā "from" (Mid.Pers. hâz- "to lead, guide," hac "from;" Mod.Pers. az "from"); PIE base *sekw- "to follow;" cf. Skt. sac- "to be associated or united with," sácate "accompanies, follows," sácā "with;" Gk. hepesthai "to follow;" L. sequi "to follow."
Âhazgâr, from âhaz- present stem of âhazidan + agent noun suffix -gâr, → -or, as in âmuzgâr, parhizgâr, sâzgâr, âmizgâr, sepuzgâr.

associated molecular cloud
  ابر ِ مولکولی ِ آهزیده   
abr-e molekuli-ye âhazidé

Fr.: nuage moléculaire associé   

A → molecular cloud that is physically or apparently related to a star formation region.

associate; → molecular; → cloud.

association
  آهزش؛ انجمن   
âhazeš; anjoman (#)

Fr.: association   

1) The act of associating, → associate; the state of being associated.
2) A group of → astronomical objects physically or apparently gathered in a particular area of sky, for example an → stellar association.
3) An organization of persons having a common interest. → dissociation.

Association, noun from → associate.

Âhazeš, verbal noun of → âhazidanassociate. Anjoman, for the meaning 3, from Mid.Pers. anjaman, from Av. han-jamana, from han- "together" + jamana, from gam- "to come;" cf. Skt. samgamana "gathering together."

association member
  هموند ِ آهزش   
hamvand-e âhazeš

Fr.: membre d'une association   

A celestial body making part of an astronomical association.

association; → member.

associative
  آهزشی، آهزنده   
âhazeši, âhazandé

Fr.: associatif   

1) Of, characterized by, resulting from, or causing association.
2) In a mathematical operation, being independent of the sequence in which the elements are grouped. For ex., if a + (b + c) = (a + b) + c, the operation indicated by + (addition) is associative.

Adj. from associate.

associative algebra
  جبر ِ آهزشی   
jabr-e âhazeši

Fr.: algèbre associative   

An algebra whose multiplication is associative.

associative; → algebra.

associative axiom
  بنداشت ِ آهزش   
bondâšt-e âhazeš

Fr.: axiome d'associativité   

A basic rule in → group theory stating that if a, b and c are members of a group then (a * b) * c and a * (b * c) are members of the group.

associative; → axiom.

associative law
  قانون ِ آهزشی   
qânun-e âhazeši

Fr.: loi associative   

In mathematics, the rule that states that the result of two identical operations is independent of the sequence of these operations. For ex., in the addition operation, a + (b + c) = (a + b) + c = a + b + c. Multiplication of numbers is also associative.

associative; → law.

associativity
  آهزندگی   
âhazandegi

Fr.: associativité   

Of or relating to association; state of being associative.

associative + → -ity.

assume
  آگربیدن، فرض کردن، فرضیدن   
âgarbidan, farz kardan, farzidan (#)

Fr.: supposer   

To take as granted or true; suppose.

M.E., from L. assumere "to take up," from ad- "to, up" + sumere "to take," from sub "under" + emere "to take."

Âgarbidan, from âgarb, → assumption.

assumption
  آگرب، فرض   
âgarb, farz (#)

Fr.: supposition   

A fact or statement (as a proposition, axiom, postulate, or notion) taken for granted.

M.E., from L.L. assumption, assumptio "taking up," from L. assumere, → assume.

Âgarb, from â-, nuance prefix, + garb, from Av./O.Pers. grab-, Av. gərəb- "to take, to seize;" cf. Mod.Pers. gereftan "to take; to assume;" Skt. grah-, grabh- "to seize, to take," graha "seizing, holding, perceiving;" M.L.G. grabben "to grab;" E. grab "to take or grasp suddenly;" PIE *ghrebh- "to seize."
Ar. farz "assumption, hypothesis."

assurance
  آتنزش   
âtenzeš

Fr.: assurance   

A positive declaration intended to give confidence; promise or pledge; guaranty; surety (Dictionary.com).

assure; → -ance.

assure
  آتنزیدن   
âtenzidan

Fr.: assurer   

1) To declare earnestly to; inform or tell positively; state with confidence to.
2) To give confidence to; encourage.

M.E. as(e)uren, assuren, from O.Fr. aseurer, from L.L. assecurare, from as-, variant of → ad-, + secur-, → secure, + -a- thematic vowel, + -re infinitive suffix.

Âtenzidan, from â- intensive prefix, + tenz, → sure, + -idan infinitive suffix, → -ize.

asterisk
  اخترک   
axtarak

Fr.: astérisque   

A small starlike symbol (*), used in printing or writing as a reference mark, as an indication of the omission of letters or words, to denote a hypothetical linguistic form, or for various arbitrary meanings.

M.E. astarisc, from L.L. asteriscus, from Gk. asteriskos "small star," from aster-, → astro- + -ikos "diminutive suffix."

Axtarak, from axtar "star" → astro- + -ak "diminutive suffix."

asterism
  اخترگان   
axtargân

Fr.: astérisme   

A group of stars in the sky which are traditionally imagined to present a pattern within a → constellation. Examples include the → Big Dipper, the → Northern Cross, the → Square of Pegasus, and → Orion's Belt.

Gk. asterismos "a marking with stars, constellation," from aster, → astro- + → -ism.

Axtargân, from axtar "star" → astro- + -gân suffix denoting collective nature.

asteroid
  ۱) سیارک؛ ۲) اختروار   
1) sayyârak (#); 2) axtarvâr

Fr.: astéroïde   

1) A small rocky object orbiting the Sun. There are millions of asteroids moving in orbits in the main → asteroid belt, between → Mars and → Jupiter and in the → Kuiper belt. The largest and the first discovered, → Ceres, about 1,000 km in size, is now classified as → dwarf planet (2006 IAU General Assembly). The largest asteroid in the solar system (Ceres apart), is → Pallas, with a size of 582 × 556 × 500 km. On the other hand, the smallest asteroid ever studied is the 2 meters space rock 2015 TC25, which was observed when it made a close flyby of Earth in October 2015. See also → near-Earth asteroid; → binary asteroid.
2) Math.: A → hypocycloid with four → cusps in which the → radius of the rolling → circle is a → quarter of the radius of the fixed circle. It has the → parametric equations x = a cos3θ, y = a sin3θ, where a is the radius of the fixed circle.

Gk. asteroeides "star-like," from aster, → astro- + → -oid "like, resembling."

Sayyârak "small planet," from sayyâré, → planet, + -ak "diminutive suffix."
Axtarvâr, from axtar, → astro-, + -vâr, → -oid.

asteroid belt
  کمربند ِ سیارکها   
kamarband-e sayyârakhâ

Fr.: ceinture des astéroïdes   

The region of the → solar system located between → Mars and → Jupiter where over a million objects bigger than 1 km across orbit the Sun. Another region populated by minor bodies lies beyond the orbit of → Neptune, the → Kuiper belt.

asteroid; → belt.

asteroid designation
  نامگزینی ِ سیارک   
nâmgozini-ye sayyârak

Fr.: désignation des astéroïdes   

1) For an asteroid whose orbit is precisely known, a number and optionally a proper name, e.g. (7) Iris, (24101) Cassini, (99942) Apophis.
2) For an asteroid whose orbit is not known, a provisional designation composed of four elements: number.letter.letter.(optionally)number. The first number indicates the year of discovery. The first letter denotes the half-month of the discovery (A: first half of January, Y: second half of December; the letter "I" is excluded). The second letter and the following number indicate the order of discovery within the half-month. For example, the first asteroid discovered in the first half of May 1960 is: 1960 JA. Since more than 25 objects (without "I") might be detected within a half-month, the number following the second letter indicates the number of 25 discoveries. Hence, 2001 SD3 was discovered in the second half of September 2001 and was the (D =) 4 + (25 x 3) or the 79th object found during that period.

asteroid; → designation.

asteroid family
  خانواده‌ی ِ سیارکها   
xânevâde-ye sayyârakhâ

Fr.: famille d'astéroïde   

A group of asteroids that share the same or similar proper orbital elements (semi-major axis, eccentricity, inclination). In 1918, the Japanese astronomer K. Hirayama first recognized some non random concentrations of asteroid elements. He noticed that certain "groups" of asteroids had similar orbital elements, and hence he first introduced the concept of "asteroid families," and identified three of them: Koronos, Eos, and Themis. The names of these groups were chosen by the parent (brightest) asteroid that the smaller group asteroids follow. Some of the more common asteroid families include the Trojans, which are actually not an asteroid family, but a group of asteroids caught in the Sun-Jupiter gravitational equilibrium points known as L3 and L4 → Lagrangian points.

asteroid; → family.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>