An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 13003 Search : far
reconciliation
  آشتی   
âšti (#)

Fr.: réconciliation   

1) An act of reconciling, as when former enemies agree to an amicable truce.
2) The state of being reconciled, as when someone becomes resigned to something not desired.
3) The process of making consistent or compatible (Dictionary.com).

From O.Fr. reconciliacion and directly from L. reconciliationem noun of action from p.p. stem of reconciliare. "to bring together again; regain," from → re- "again" + concilare "make friendly"

šti, from Mid.Pers. âštêh "peace;" Av. āšti- "peace, treaty of peace; agreement," āxšta-- "pacified, appeased."

record
  ۱) واگت؛ ۲) واگتیدن   
1) vâgat; 2) vâgatidan

Fr.: 1) enregistrement; 2) enregistrer   

1a) An act of recording.
1b) The state of being recorded, as in writing.
1c) Something on which sound or images have been recorded for subsequent reproduction, as a grooved disk that is played on a phonograph or an optical disk for recording sound (audiodisk) or images (videodisk).
2a) To set down in writing or the like, as for the purpose of preserving evidence.
2b) To set down or → register in some permanent form, as on a seismograph.
2c) To set down, register, or fix by characteristic marks, incisions, magnetism, etc., for the purpose of reproduction by a phonograph or magnetic reproducer; to make a recording of.

From M.E. recorden "to repeat, to report," from O.Fr. recorder "to get by heart," from L. recordari "to call to mind, remember," from → re- "back, again" + cor "heart" (as the metaphoric seat of memory, as in learn by heart).

Vâgat literally "to take, seize, to take back," cf. Ger. aufnehmen "to record," from nehmen "to take;" E. "take down" "to note down;" Šahmirzâdi vagatan "to take," Lâhijâni vitan "to take, seize," Aftari veytu "to take," Delijâni bitan "to take," var of Tâleši gate, Târi gata/ger, Sorxeyi gil, variants of gereftan, → concept.

rectangle
  راستگوشه   
râstgušé (#)

Fr.: rectangle   

A → quadrilateral all of whose angles are → right angles.

M.Fr. rectangle, from M.L. rectangulum "a triangle having a right angle," from rect-, combining form of rectusright + angulum, → angle.

Râstgušé, from râst, → right, + gušé "corner, angle;" Mid.Pers. gôšak "corner."

rectangular
  راستگوش   
râstguš (#)

Fr.: ractangulaire   

Having the base or section in the form of a rectangle. Shaped like a rectangle.

Adj. of → rectangle.

rectangular window
  روزنه‌ی ِ راستگوش   
rowzane-ye râstguš

Fr.: fenêtre rectangulaire   

A → window function that is constant inside a specified interval.

rectangular; → window.

rectification
  راستش   
râsteš

Fr.: rectification   

1) Math.: The process of determining the length of a curve.
2) Physics: Conversion of an alternating into a direct current.
3) Astro.: The process of rectifying a spectrum.

Verbal noun of → rectify.

rectified spectrum
  بیناب ِ راستیده   
binâb-e râstidé

Fr.: spectre rectifié   

A spectrum after correction for detector's → baseline.

Rectified p.p. of → rectify; → spectrum.

rectifier
  راستگر   
râstgar

Fr.: rectificateur   

1) General: A person or thing that rectifies.
2) Physics: A device for transforming an → alternating current into a → direct current.

Agent noun of → rectify.

rectify
  راستیدن، راست گرداندن   
râstidan, râstgardândan

Fr.: rectifier   

1) General: To make, put, or set right; to correct.
2) Electricity: To convert an → alternating current into a → direct current.
3) Chem.: To refine a substance, especially by repeated distillation or sublimation.

M.E. rectifien, from O.Fr. rectifier "to make straight," from L.L. rectificare "make right," from L. rectus "straight," cognate with Pers. râst, as below, → right + root of facere "to make, do, perform" (cf. Fr. faire, Sp. hacer), from PIE base *dhe- "to put, to do" (cf. Mod.Pers. dâdan "to give;" O.Pers./Av. dā- "to give, grant, yield," dadāiti "he gives; puts;" Skt. dadáti "puts, places;" Hitt. dai- "to place;" Gk. tithenai "to put, set, place;" Lith. deti "to put;" Czech diti, Pol. dziac', Rus. det' "to hide," delat' "to do;" O.H.G. tuon, Ger. tun, O.E. don "to do").

Râstidan, literally "to make straight, right," infinitive from râst cognate with L. rectus "straight," → right.

rectilinear
  راست-خط   
râst-xatt (#)

Fr.: rectiligne   

In a straight line; consisting of straight lines. → curvilinear

From recti- combining form of rectus, → right, + → line + -ar, variant of the adjective-forming suffix → -al.

Râst-xatt, from râst, → right, + xattline.

rectilinear propagation of light
  توچش ِ راست‌خط ِ نور   
tuceš-e râst-xatt-e nur

Fr.: propagation rectiligne de la lumière   

The motion of light in the first approximation, as evidenced from the formation of shadows and other every day experience. However, → diffraction

rectilinear; → propagation; → light.

rectilinear system
  راژمان ِ راست‌خط   
râžmân-e râst-xatt

Fr.: système rectilinéaire   

An optical system that is corrected for → distortion and → spherical aberration and therefore forms the image of a straight line as a straight line.

rectilinear; → system.

recur
  باز‌آمدن   
bâzâmadan

Fr.: se reproduire périodiquement, revenir   

To occur again, as an event, experience, etc.

From L. recurrere "to return, run back," → re- + currere "to run," → current.

Bâzâmadan "to come back, return," from bâz, → re-, + âmadan "to come, arrive, become" (present stem ây-); Av. ay- "to go, to come," aēiti "goes;" O.Pers. aitiy "goes;" Skt. e- "to come near," eti "arrival;" L. ire "to go;" Goth. iddja "went;" Lith. eiti "to go;" Rus. idti "to go."

recurrence
  باز‌آمد   
bâzâmad

Fr.: récurrence   

1) An act or instance of recurring.
2) Return to a previous condition, habit, subject, etc. (Dictionary.com). → recurrence relation.

Verbal noun of → recur.

recurrence relation
  باز‌آنش ِ باز‌آمد   
bâzâneš-e bâzâmad

Fr.: relation de recurrence   

A → sequence based on a → rule that gives the next → term as a → function of the previous term(s). For example, the sequence 3, 9, 21, 45,... can be represented by the recurrence relation un+1 = 2un + 3, where u1 = 3 and n ≥ 1.

recurrence; → relation.

recurrent
  باز‌آیند   
bâzâyand

Fr.: récurrent   

Occurring or appearing again, especially repeatedly or periodically (Dictionary.com). → recurrence nova.

Verbal adj. from → recur.

recurrent nova
  نو‌اختر ِ باز‌آیند   
now-axtar-e bâzâyand

Fr.: nova récurrente   

A → cataclysmic variable star that undergoes → outbursts similar to those found in novae.

recurrent; → nova.

recursion
  باز‌آیش   
bâzâyeš

Fr.: récursion, récursivité   

1) A running backward, return.
2) Math.: A process in which objects are defined by the repeated application of a rule or algorithm.

From L. recursionem (nominative recursio); → recurrent.

Bâzâneš, verbal noun of bâzâmadan, → recur.

recursive
  باز‌آیشی   
bâzâyeši

Fr.: récursif   

1) Pertaining to or using a rule or procedure that can be applied repeatedly.
2) Math.: Pertaining to or using the process of → recursion.

Adjective from → recursion.

recursive definition
  هدارش ِ باز‌آیشی   
hedâreš-e bâzâyeši

Fr.: définition récursive   

Math.: A definition of a function from which values of the same function can be calculated in a finite number of steps. In mathematical logic and computer science, a recursive definition is used to define an object in terms of itself. An example is the → factorial: n! = n*(n-1)!

recursive; → definition.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- a p abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi ads aes Age Alb Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app app arb are ari art ass ast ast ast Atl ato ato Aug aut awa azi bac bal Bar Bar Bay bea Bep Bet BIC bij bin bio bir bla bla blu blu bol Boo bou Bq bre bri bub B[e cal cal can car car Cas cat cau cel cen Cer cha cha cha che chi CI cir cir cla cle clo clu co- cob coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos cou cov cra cri cro cry cum cur cyc d'A dar dat DC dea dec dec dec def def deh Del den dep des det deu dia dif dif dif dim dip Dir dis dis dis dis dis div dom dos dou dri Dum dus dyn dyn ear eas ecl Edd eff Ein eje ele ele ele ele eli emb emi Enc ene ens eph epo equ equ eru eth Eul eve evo exc exc exi exo exp exp ext ext Fab fai Fan fea fem fer fie fil fir fir fla flo flu foc For for fos fra fre fre fro fun g m Gal gal gal gas gau gel gen geo geo geo gho gla gno gra gra gra gra Gre Gre gro gyr had hal har Har HD hea hel hel Her Her Hic hig hip hol hor hos hov Hub hun hyd hyd Hyd hyp IC ide ill ima imp imp inc inc ind ind inf inf inf inf inj ins ins int int int int int int int int inv Io ion iro isl iso iso Jal JHK Jul jur Kel Kep kin kne L2 Lag lam Lap lar lat law Lec len Lep lib lig lin lin lin liq lit loc log lon los low lum lun lux Lyr mac mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat May mea mec mel mer mes met met met mic mid mil Min Mir mix mod mod mom moo mor mov mul mur Na nar nat nea neg Nes neu New New Nic nod non non non Nor nov nuc nul num OB obl obs occ Ock off Ohm on- ope opi opt opt orb orb ord Ori ort OSI out ove ozo pal pan par par par par pat pec pen per per per per per Pfu pha pho pho pho phy pie pix Pla pla pla pla Pli Poi pol pol pol pol por pos pos pow pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua qui rad rad rad rad rad rad rak ran rat Ray rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev Rho Rie ril riv rog Ros rot rul S A Sag sam sat sca sca Sch Sco Sec sec sec seg sel sem sen set sha SHB sho sib sid sil sim sin sit sky slo Sne Soc sol sol sol sol son sou spa spa spe spe spe spe sph spi spo Squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste sto str str str sub sub sub sum sup sup sup sup sur sus sym syn T d tap tec tem ten tes the the the the thi thr tid tim tip ton tor tow tra tra tra tra tri tri tru tub tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni uno upp urg UX Van var veg vel ver vib vio vir vis Voi vow wan wat wav WC wea wel whi Wil wir WNh wor X-r yel Z C zer ZZ > >>