An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 12955 Search : far
universal astrolabe
  اسطرلاب ِ هرگانی   
ostorlâb-e hargâni

Fr.: astrolabe universel   

An → astrolabe which could be used at any → latitude.

universal; → astrolabe.

universal gas constant
  پایای ِ هرگانی ِ گاز‌ها   
pâyâ-ye hargâni-ye gâzhâ

Fr.: constante universelle des gaz   

Same as → gas constant.

universal; → gas; → constant.

universal IMF
   IMF ِ هرگانی   
IMF-e hargâni

Fr.: IMF universelle   

Same as → canonical IMF.

universal; → initial mass function.

universal quantifier
  چنداگر ِ هروین   
candigâr-e harvin

Fr.: quantificateur universel   

A symbol of → predicate logic which expresses that the statements within its scope are → true for everything, or every instance of a specific thing. The symbol ∀ "for all" is used as the universal quantifier. Universal quantifiers are normally used in logic in conjunction with predicate symbols, which say something about a variable or constant, in this case the variable being quantified.

universal; → quantifier.

Universal Time (UT)
  زمان ِ جهانی   
zamân-e jahâni

Fr.: temps universel   

A measure of time that conforms, within a close approximation, to the mean diurnal motion of the Sun and serves as the basis off all civil timekeeping. The local civil time for a position on the Greenwich meridian.

universal; → time.

Universal Time Coordinated
  زمان ِ جهانی ِ همرایانیده   
zamân-e jahâni-ye hamrâyânidé

Fr.: temps universel coordonné   

Sale as → Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).

Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).

universality
  هرگانیگی   
hargânigi

Fr.: universalité   

The character or state of being universal.

universal; → -ity.

universality of free fall
  هرگانیگی ِ افت ِ آزاد   
hargânigi-ye oft-e âzâd

Fr.: universlité de chute libre   

Same as → weak equivalence principle.

universality; → free; → fall.

universality of the IMF
  هرگانی ِ کریای ِ آغازین ِ جرم   
hargâni-ye karyâ-ye âqâzin-e jerm

Fr.: universalité de l'IMF   

The hypothesis whereby there exists a universal parent → distribution function which describes the stellar → initial mass function in individual star forming events. A consensus appears to have emerged in the community that the stellar IMF is largely invariant for star formation conditions as are found throughout the Local Group of galaxies at the present time. For details and discussion see Pavel Kroupa (2012), Recent advances on IMF research, arXiv.org/abs/astro-ph/1210.1211, and references therein.

universality; → initial mass function.

universe
  ۱) گیتی؛ ۲) هرگان   
1) giti (#); 2) hargân

Fr.: univers   

1) The totality of all matter and energy that exists in the vastness of cosmos whether known to human beings or not. Related concepts: → world, → cosmos, → multiverse.
2a) Math.: A → set made of → subsets that contains all the elements relevant to a particular discussion or problem.
2b) Statistics: The entire population under study.
See also: → all, → general, → omni-, → public, → total.

M.E., from O.Fr. univers, from L. universum "the universe," noun use of neuter of adj. universus "all together," literally "turned into one," from unus, → one, + versus, p.p. of vertere "to turn," akin to Pers. gar-, gardidan "to turn, to change" (Mid.Pers. vartitan; Av. varət- "to turn, revolve;" cf. Skt. vrt- "to turn, roll," vartate "it turns round, rolls;" L. vertere "to turn;" O.H.G. werden "to become;" PIE base *wer- "to turn, bend").

1) Giti "world, material world, time," variants jahân, keyhân, geyhân "world;" Mid.Pers. gêhân "world," gêtig "the material world; wordly;" Av. gaēθā- "being, world, matter, mankind," gaya- "life, manner of living", root gay- "to live" (present tense jiva-), O.Pers. gaiθā- "live-stock," cognate with Skt. jīv- "to live," jīva- "alive, living;" Gk. bios "life," L. vivus "living, alive," vita "life;" PIE base *gwei- "to live" (cf. O.E. cwic "alive;" O.C.S. zivo "to live;" Lith. gyvas "living, alive;" O.Ir. bethu "life," bith "age;" Welsh byd "world"). The Pers. words zistan "to live," zendé "alive," zendegi "life," and jân "vital spirit, soul; mind" belong to this family.
2) Hargân, from har "every, all, each," → holo-, + -gân suffix forming plural entities, from Mid.Pers. -gânag, -gâna, on the model of hamegân, → public.

university
  دانشگاه   
dânešgâh (#)

Fr.: université   

An institution of higher education composed of several faculties for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.

M.E., from O.Fr. universitei, from M.L. universitatem (nominative. universitas), in L.L. "corporation, society," from L., "the whole, aggregate," from universus "whole, entire," → universe.

Dânešgâh, from dâneš, → science, + -gâh "place; time" (Mid.Pers. gâh, gâs "time;" O.Pers. gāθu-; Av. gātav-, gātu- "place, throne, spot;" cf. Skt. gâtu- "going, motion; free space for moving; place of abode;" PIE *gwem- "to go, come").

univocal
  یکواز   
yekvâz

Fr.: univoque   

1) Having one meaning only.
2) A word or term that has only one meaning

L.L. univocus, from L. → uni- + voc-, vox, → voice. "voice,"

univocity
  یکوازی   
yekvâzi

Fr.: monosémie   

The character of being → univocal. Same as → monosemy.

univocal; → ity.

unknown
  نادانست   
nâdânest

Fr.: inconnu   

Math.: A → variable or → function whose → value is to be found.

un-, + known, p.p. of → know.

unordinary
  ناشونیک   
nâšunik

Fr.: non ordinaire   

Uncommon, unusual. → extraordinary.

un-; → ordinary.

unpolarized light
  نور ِ ناقطبیده   
nur-e nâqotbidé (#)

Fr.: lumière non polarisée   

A light whose electric vector of vibration is randomly oriented. Light is an → electromagnetic wave possessing an electric vector and an associated orthogonal magnetic vector. Both vectors are → transverse to the axis of propagation. In unpolarized light the electric and magnetic vibrations occur in all possible planes. Ordinary light emitted by the Sun, by a living room lamp, or by a candle flame is unpolarized light. → polarization.

un-; → polarized light.

unqualified
  ناچوناییده، ناچونامند   
nâcunâyid, nâcunâmand

Fr.: non qualifié   

Not qualified; not fit; lacking requisite qualifications (Dictionary.com).

un-; → qualified.

unreddened star
  ستاره‌ی ِ ناسرخیده   
setâre-ye nâsorxidé

Fr.: étoile non rougie   

A star whose light is not affected by→ interstellar absorption. → reddening

un-; → reddened star.

unresolved
  ناواگشوده   
nâvâgošudé

Fr.: non résolu   

Describing an image whose constituent or elementary parts are not resolved. → unresolved source.

un- + → resolved.

unresolved source
  خن ِ ناواگشوده   
xan-e nâvâgošudé

Fr.: source non résolue   

A source of radiation whose angular size is too small for details of its structure to be revealed.

unresolved; → source.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dog Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn e-f Ear ecl eco edu eig Ein ela ele ele ele Ele elo emi emp ene Enl env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh Exo exp exp ext ext f(R fac fam fat fee Fer Fib fig fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre Fre fri fun fuz Gal gal gal Gam gau Gay gen Geo geo geo geo gim glo gov gra gra gra gra gre gro Gun hab hal han Har haz hea hel hel Hen Her het Hig hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind Ind inf inf inf inf inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv ion ion Irr iso iso iso jan jit Jul jus Kel ker kin kni La lam lan Lap las lat Lay Led Len let lif lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou low lum lun Lym M d Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man mar mas mas mat mea mea mec mem mer Mes met met mho mic Mie Mil min mis MKS MOd mol Mon moo mot mul mul myo nak Nas nat neb neg neu neu New New nit noi non non nor nor nuc nuc nul nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi pai Pan par par Par par pas Pav Pel per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy Pip Pla pla PLA pla ple plu pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pot Pra pre pre pre Pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro pro Pto pul pur qua qua qua qua qui rad rad rad rad rad rad rai ran rar Ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel rep res res res res ret RHB rid rig ris roc Ros rot rub Rut Sag sam sat sca sca Sch sci Sea sec sec see sel sem sen set Sha sha shi shu sid sil sim sin SIS ski Slo smo Soc sol sol sol sol son sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi Spo squ sta sta sta sta Ste ste ste sto str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur Swa syn syn tab tar tel tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tit top tot tra tra TRA tra tre tri tri tru Tun Tus tym Typ ult unb und uni uni uns upp Urs vac van var Vei Ven ver vic Vir vir vis vol W 4 war wat wav wea wed wet wid win WN2 Wol wri xen yok zen zin > >>